Behnaz Schofield

Behnaz Schofield
University of the West of England, Bristol | UWE Bristol · Department of Health and Applied Social Sciences

PhD

About

19
Publications
1,503
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871
Citations
Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
124 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023051015202530

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Background There are potential health gains such as reducing early deaths, years spent in ill-health and costs to society and the health and care system by encouraging NHS staff to use encounters with patients to help individuals significantly reduce their risk of disease. Emergency department staff and paramedics are in a unique position to engage...
Article
Background The optimal airway management strategy for in-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. Methods An online survey and telephone interviews with anaesthetic and intensive care trainee doctors identified by the United Kingdom Research and Audit Federation of Trainees. Questions explored in-hospital cardiac arrest frequency, grade and specialty o...
Article
Full-text available
Background General practice in the UK faces continuing challenges to balance a workforce shortage against rising demand. The NHS England GPForward View proposes development of the multidisciplinary, integrated primary care workforce to support frontline service delivery, including the employment of paramedics. However, very little is known about th...
Article
Full-text available
Peer education (PE) has been used successfully to improve young peoples’ health-related behaviour. This paper describes a qualitative evaluation of the feasibility of university healthcare students delivering PE, covering self-care and antibiotic use for infections, to biology students in three UK schools (16–18 years), who then educated their peer...
Article
Full-text available
Peer education (PE) interventions may help improve knowledge and appropriate use of antibiotics in young adults. In this feasibility study, health-care students were trained to educate 16-18 years old biology students, who then educated their non-biology peers, using e-Bug antibiotic lessons. Knowledge was assessed by questionnaires, and antibiotic...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most people with sore throat do not benefit from antibiotic treatment, but nearly three-quarters of those presenting in primary care are prescribed antibiotics. A test that is predictive of bacterial infection could help guide antibiotic prescribing. Calprotectin is a biomarker of neutrophilic inflammation, and may be a useful marker of...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective: Health status in childhood is correlated with educational outcomes. Emergency hospital admissions during childhood are common but it is not known how these unplanned breaks from schooling impact on education outcomes. We hypothesised that children who had emergency hospital admissions had an increased risk of lower educat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common reason for primary care consultations and antibiotic prescribing in children. Options for improved pain control may influence antibiotic prescribing and consumption. Objective The Children’s Ear Pain Study (CEDAR) investigated whether or not providing anaesthetic–analgesic ear drops reduced antibioti...
Article
Background: Qualitative studies have provided important insights into how hospital pharmacists' work changes when electronic medication management (EMM) systems are introduced. Quantitative studies of work practice change are rare. Despite the use of EMM systems internationally, there are no cross-country comparative studies of their impact on hea...
Article
Background: Mental disorders and alcohol misuse are common in families but their effects on the physical health of children are not known. We investigated the risk of emergency hospital admissions during childhood associated with living with an adult who has a mental health disorder, or who had an alcohol-related hospital admission. Methods: We...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Electronic prescribing (ePrescribing) systems are rapidly being introduced into National Health Systems (NHS) hospitals in England following their widespread earlier adoption into primary care settings. Such systems require substantial changes in the way pharmacists organise their work and perform their roles. There is however as yet l...
Article
The current scandal surrounds the global breast implant scare of silicone implants made by France's Poly Implant Prothese (PIP) Company. An ensuing review recognized that efforts in investigating the distress caused to so many women were hampered by a lack of reliable and comprehensive information about all the adverse incidents relating to PIP bre...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are the top priority for preventive cardiology. The first EUROASPIRE survey among patients with established CHD in nine countries in 1995-96 showed substantial potential for risk reduction. A second survey (EUROASPIRE II) was done in 1999-2000 in the same countries to see whether preventive card...
Article
Background Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are the top priority for preventive cardiology. The first EUROASPIRE survey among patients with established CHD in nine countries in 1995–96 showed substantial potential for risk reduction. A second survey (EUROASPIRE II) was done in 1999–2000 in the same countries to see whether preventive card...
Article
To measure the potential for secondary coronary prevention in the UK, the British Cardiac Society undertook a national survey (ASPIRE). A random sample of 12 district general hospitals indentified 25 consecutive patients, <70 yrs of each sex, admitted for AMI >6 months prior to the survey, who were then invited for prospective interview & examinati...
Article
Background. The three major European scientific societies in cardiovascular medicine - the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), the European Atherosclerosis Society and the European Society of Hypertension - published in October 1994 joint recommendations on prevention of coronary heart disease in clinical practice. Patients with established coron...
Article
Full-text available
To measure the potential for secondary prevention of coronary disease in the United Kingdom. Cross sectional survey of a representative sample of coronary patients from a retrospective review of hospital medical records and patient interview and examination. Stratified random sample of 12 specialist cardiac centres and 12 district general hospitals...

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