Beatriz González López-Valcárcel

Beatriz González López-Valcárcel
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos en Economía y Gestión

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249
Publications
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Publications

Publications (249)
Article
Full-text available
Background Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics is the most important driver of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of the HAPPY PATIENT project is to evaluate the adaptation of European Union (EU) recommendations on the prudent use of antimicrobials in human health by evaluating the impact of a multifaceted intervention targeting different...
Article
Resumen: Se realiza una reflexión en torno a tres grandes palancas para reconstruir el sistema sanitario: la gobernanza, la integración asistencial y la digitalización. España tiene niveles preocupantes de calidad de la democracia y de confianza de la población en sus políticos, y se requieren grandes cambios en la Administración pública para conse...
Article
Objective Some hormonal and targeted treatment options are available in the first line of metastatic HR+ & HER2- breast cancer. This study aimed to quantify the preferences of Iranian breast cancer patients regarding the levels of attributes of hypothetical treatment options. Methods The discrete choice experiment included 16 orthogonally designed...
Conference Paper
Background Fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fiscal policies have been recommended to increase F&V consumption, but their potential impact on health and inequalities are not well described.We therefore explored the potential benefits of five different fiscal policies on F&V con...
Article
Full-text available
It is unclear what the effects of taxes on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are on consumer behaviour and which consumers may be affected the most. We evaluate the effect of the SSB tax introduced in Catalonia (but not in the rest of Spain) in May 2017 using loyalty card data of monthly purchases by 900,000 households from May 2016 to April 2018. U...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Some hormonal and targeted treatment options are available in the first line of metastatic HR1 & HER2-breast cancer. This study aimed to quantify the preferences of Iranian breast cancer patients regarding the levels of attributes of hypothetical treatment options. Methods: The discrete choice experiment included 16 orthogonally designed...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La pandemia de COVID-19 ha afectado de manera particularmente intensa a España, pese a su nivel de desarrollo y la elogiada solidez de su Sistema Nacional de Salud. Para comprender qué ha pasado e identificar cómo mejorar la respuesta creemos imprescindible una evaluación independiente multidisciplinaria de la esfera sanitaria, política y s...
Article
Full-text available
Objective We address the hypothesis that the extraordinary sandstorm occurred on 22-24 February 2020 might have a role in the different cumulated incidence of COVID-19 cases between the islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, since it obliged to reduce significantly air traffic and forced to suspend all major carnival street events in all most locati...
Article
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Background: Few studies have quantitatively estimated the income elasticity of demand of voluntary private health insurance (VPHI) in countries with a universal National Health Service. Most studies to date have uses cross-sectional data. Methods: In this paper we used a longitudinal database from the Bank of Spain to analyse the financial behav...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study was aimed at evaluating the appropriateness of use and interpretation of rapid antigen detection testing (RADT) and antibiotic prescribing for acute pharyngitis six years after a multifaceted intervention. Design Before-and-after audit-based study. Location Primary care centres in eight autonomous Communities. Participants G...
Article
This paper analyses risk-integration and the degree of dependence between the Values-at-Risk (VaRs) estimates for the two major pharmaceutical stock markets in the world: USA and China. To do this, we study the dependence and fractional cointegration properties among risks. Using daily returns for an eleven-year period, we estimated the VaRs obtain...
Article
In this paper we explore the consequences of the economic crisis on the Spanish adult health with special emphasis on the effects of unemployment. We use the conceptual model of Dahlgren and Whitehead. We analyze longitudinal microdata from the Survey of Living Conditions (ECV) 2006-2011 and cross-sectional microdata from the National Health Survey...
Article
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Background: The Canary Islands is one of the Spanish Regions with the highest obesity prevalence, and one of the Autonomous Communities that was hit hard by the economic crisis that arrived to Spain in 2008. This research studies the education-related inequalities in adult obesity in the Canary Islands and their evolution in recent years, consider...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To test the heterogeneity of the effect of a change in pharmaceutical cost-sharing by therapeutic groups in a Spanish region. Methods Data: random sample (provided by the Canary Islands Health Service) of 40,471 people covered by the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) in the Canary Islands. The database includes individualised monthl...
Data
Monthly follow-up effect of the cost-sharing on the pharmaceutical consumption by therapeutic groups (without the excluded drugs). The table contains Difference-in-Difference estimates from linear regression models with robust standard errors. Each cell contains results of the model from different therapeutic groups. All regressions include age and...
Data
Monthly follow-up effect of the cost-sharing change on the pharmaceutical consumption by comorbidities. The table contains Difference-in-Differences estimates from linear regression models with robust standard errors. Each cell contains results of the model from different therapeutic groups. All regressions include age and age2, and time dummies. W...
Data
Monthly prescription percentage of the excluded drugs from coverage, since September 1st, 2012. This table only shows those therapeutic groups that contain some medicines included in the list of drugs that changed from a cost-sharing scheme to a payment of 100%, from September 1st, 2012. That is to say, diabetes drugs, gastrointestinal drugs, analg...
Data
Monthly follow-up effect of the cost-sharing change on the pharmaceutical consumption by therapeutic groups (low-income pensioners). The table contains Difference-in-Differences estimates from linear regression models with robust standard errors. Each cell contains results of the model from different therapeutic groups. All regressions include age...
Data
ZIP file that includes the database text file and an excel file that serves as guide for correctly understand the database variables. (ZIP)
Data
Zip file that includes an excel file with the Daily Defined Dose variable. (ZIP)
Data
Monthly follow-up effect of the cost-sharing change on the pharmaceutical consumption by therapeutic groups (middle-income working population). The table contains Difference-in-Differences estimates from linear regression models with robust standard errors. Each cell contains results of the model from different therapeutic groups. All regressions i...
Preprint
Introduction: Some hormonal and targeted treatment options are available in the 1st line of metastatic HR+ HER2-breast cancer. This study aimed to quantify the preferences of Iranian breast cancer patients regarding the benefits, costs, risks, and routes of administration of hypothetical treatment options. Methods: The author used a targeted litera...
Article
Aims Few studies have evaluated the long‐term impact of interventions on antibiotic prescription for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). This study was aimed at evaluating the use of antibiotics prescribed for LRTIs by general practitioners (GP) who underwent a multifaceted intervention carried out six years earlier. Methods GPs who had com...
Article
Full-text available
La reciente crisis económica vivida en España, pese al sufrimiento y pérdida de bienestar ocasionadas, no parece haber afectado de una manera severa, al menos a corto plazo, a la mortalidad y la salud autopercibida de la población general. No obstante, sí se ha producido un impacto negativo sobre la salud mental, especialmente entre los varones. As...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have demonstrated the existence of simple, unidimensional socioeconomic gradients in body mass index (BMI). However, in the present paper we move beyond such traditional analyses by simultaneously considering multiple demographic and socioeconomic dimensions. Using the Spanish National Health Survey 2011–2012, we apply intersectionalit...
Data
Estimated differences between intersectional strata average BMI values and the overall population average BMI. Predicted strata effects from both models are sorted by values of model 1 from the lowest to the highest values. Values considered conclusive are specified with *. Shaded cells represent the minimum and maximum values of the predicted stra...
Article
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Objective: To measure and assess differences by educational level in the place of death for cancer patients, and to determine whether patterns of geographical disparities are associated with access to palliative care services in the municipality of residence. Method: We analysed the death certificates of adults (older than 24) who died of cancer...
Article
Ownership of hospitals matters with respect to financial performance, but the literature on this topic is scarce and largely focussed on for-profit versus non-for-profit hospitals. In contrast, this paper focusses on the for-profit hospital and, specifically, on the insurance companies as hospital dominant shareholders with respect to other types o...
Article
Full-text available
Despite proposed conceptual frameworks of eating behaviors, little is known about environmental factors contributing to changes in food habits. Few studies have reported the external influence of tourism on the inhabitants’ eating patterns. The present study aimed to investigate whether tourism pressure affects Canary Islands inhabitants’ adherence...
Article
Full-text available
In January 2006, the Spanish government enacted a tobacco control law that banned smoking in bars and restaurants, with exceptions depending on the floor space of the premises. In January 2011, further legislation in this area was adopted, removing these exceptions. We analyse the effect produced on cigarette sales by these two bans. We approach th...
Article
Full-text available
Hernández-Quevedo C, Gonzalez Lopez-Valcarcel B, Porta M. Short-term adverse effects of austerity policies on mortality rates: What could their real magnitude be? American Journal of Public Health 2018; 108: 983-985.
Article
The temporal variation in vegetation cover in aeolian sedimentary systems, especially those in arid regions, provides an indication of environmental change. Based on this, the objective of this paper is to design a simple method for classifying the vegetation density of arid aeolian sedimentary systems through the digital processing of aerial image...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Newcomb-Benford’s Law (NBL) proposes a regular distribution for first digits, second digits and digit combinations applicable to many different naturally occurring sources of data. Testing deviations from NBL is used in many datasets as a screening tool for identifying data trustworthiness problems. This study aims to compare public avail...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Few studies have evaluated the long-term effects of educational interventions on antibiotic prescription and the results are controversial. This study was aimed at assessing the effect of a multifaceted practice-based intervention carried out 6 years earlier on current antibiotic prescription for respiratory tract infections (RTIs). M...
Article
Obesity is increasingly becoming a source of discrimination in many domains of living, including at the workplace. In this study, we estimate obesity-related discrimination in work settings in Spain and explore its potential sources. We use data from the European Health Interview Survey conducted in 2009–2010. Our models control for a comprehensive...
Article
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The Bayesian structural time series model, used in conjunction with a state–space model, is a novel means of exploring the causal impact of a policy intervention. It extends the widely used difference–in–differences approach to the time series setting and enables several control series to be used to construct the counterfactual. This paper highligh...
Data
Appendix S1. Survey questionnaire Appendix S2. Table S1. Nutritional facts of the food and beverages of the experiment (information in grams) Appendix S3. Estimated effect of price promotion at baseline Table S2. Bivariate probit coefficients of price promotion at baseline (t = 0) and their standard errors corrected with bootstrap (250 replications...
Book
Full-text available
In this book we pursue some answers to the following questions: What procedures are used to determine whether new technologies should be publicly funded? What is the role of each stakeholder in the prioritisation process? What type of evidence in necessary to decide priorities? When setting priorities, are trade-offs between the different objective...
Article
Corruption is a major problem, and not only in developing countries. It impedes economic growth, weakens the rule of law and undermines the legitimacy of institutions. Although it has been studied at national level from different perspectives, there is a recent growing body of research on local corruption. As far as we know, these latter studies fo...
Article
Full-text available
A randomised control trial was conducted to determine changes in the food and drink choices of adolescents following their participation in a 50-min nutrition workshop. The experiment was conducted at 104 schools in Barcelona (126 classes, 3,291 adolescents). Schools were randomly selected and stratified by district and by public or private status....
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Cost-sharing scheme for pharmaceuticals in Spain changed in July 2012. Our aim was to assess the impact of this change on adherence to essential medication in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the region of Valencia. Methods Population-based retrospective cohort of 10 563 patients discharged alive after an ACS in 2009–2011....
Article
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Background: Social health inequalities in adult population are partly due to socioeconomic circumstances in childhood. A better understanding of how those circumstances affect health during adulthood may improve the opportunities for reducing health disparities. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of parental socioeconomic sta...
Article
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Introduction: General practitioners (GP) in Spain do not have access to rapid tests and adherence to guidelines is usually suboptimal. The aim of the study is to evaluate the estimated number of antibiotics that could have been saved if GPs had appropriately used these tests and had followed the guidelines. Design: Observational study. Setting:...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is a well-documented social gradient in obesity in most developed countries. Many previous studies have conventionally categorised individuals according to their body mass index (BMI), focusing on those above a certain threshold and thus ignoring a large amount of the BMI distribution. Others have used linear BMI models, relying on...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, a...
Article
This paper reviews economic and medical research publications to determine the extent to which the measures applied in Spain to control public health spending following the economic and financial crisis that began in 2008 have affected healthcare utilization, health and fairness within the public healthcare system. The majority of the studies exami...
Article
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Fundamentos: En 2012 cambió la legislación española que regulaba el copago farmacéutico de la prestación farmacéutica del Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS). El objetivo fue conocer si este cambio afecta al consumo de los medicamentos para enfermedades crónicas, tales como antidiabéticos, antitrombóticos y fármacos contra padecimientos obstructivos de...
Article
Full-text available
El absentismo de pacientes a la consulta externa especializada (CEE) repercute directa y negativamente en la calidad asistencial, nivel de satisfacción de los usuarios y en la economía de los hospitales. Nuestro objetivo fue conocer las razones y los factores asociados con dicho fenómeno, aproximar costes y proponer recomendaciones.
Article
In Spain's 'MIR' system, medical school graduates are ranked by their performance on a national exam and then sequentially choose from the available residency training positions. We took advantage of a unique survey of participants in the 2012 annual MIR cycle to analyze preferences under two different choice scenarios: the residency program actual...
Article
Purpose – Employee satisfaction appears in any discussion about how employees can contribute to organizational performance. The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between employee satisfaction and organizational performance; this later measured with three firm-level performance outcomes (return over assets, operating margin, and reve...