Beatriz Lopez

Beatriz Lopez
University of Portsmouth · Department of Psychology

PhD in Psychology

About

37
Publications
14,201
Reads
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1,336
Citations
Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
601 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - present
University of Portsmouth
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
Autism is a developmental disorder defined by social and communication impairments. Current theoretical approaches and research studies however conceptualise autism as both static and independent from the social context in which it develops. Two lines of research stand out from this general trend. First, research from the neuroconstructivist approa...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the emergence of triadic interactions through the example of book sharing. As part of a naturalistic study, 10 infants were visited in their homes from 3-12 months. We report that (1) book sharing as a form of infant-caregiver-object interaction occurred from as early as 3 months. Using qualitative video analysis at a micro-leve...
Article
Full-text available
Current views suggest that autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by enhanced low-level auditory discrimination abilities. Little is known, however, about whether enhanced abilities are universal in ASD and how they relate to symptomatology. We tested auditory discrimination for intensity, frequency and duration in 21 adults with ASD an...
Article
Full-text available
Play has proved to have a central role in children's development, most notably in rule learning (Piaget, 1965; Sutton-Smith, 1979) and negotiation of roles and goals (Garvey, 1974; Bruner et al., 1976). Yet very little research has been done on early play. The present study focuses on early social games, i.e., vocal-kinetic play routines that mothe...
Article
Full-text available
The present study asks when infants are able to selectively anticipate the goals of observed actions, and how this ability relates to infants' own abilities to produce those specific actions. Using eye-tracking technology to measure on-line anticipation, 6-, 8- and 10-month-old infants and a control group of adults were tested while observing an ad...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade, biomarker discovery has become a key goal in psychiatry to aid in the more reliable diagnosis and prognosis of heterogeneous psychiatric conditions and the development of tailored therapies. Nevertheless, the prevailing statistical approach is still the mean group comparison between “cases” and “controls,” which tends to ignor...
Code
Questionnaire to assess phenomenological characteristics of autobiographical memory.
Code
Cuestionario para evaluar las características fenomenológicas de la memoria autobiográfica. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.29923.71201/1
Article
Background This study investigated sensory processing in a sample of Spanish children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Specifically, the study aimed to explore (1) the prevalence and distribution of atypical sensory processing patterns, (2) the relationship between adaptive and maladaptive behaviour with atypical sensory processing and (3) the...
Article
Food neophobia has been shown to be associated with a range of personality traits (including anxiety, lower sensation seeking) and additionally sensory aspects of food such as taste and texture. Running parallel to that work, research has demonstrated higher incidences of food neophobia in autistic populations and separately evidence of hypersensit...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To date, the literature on perception of affective, pragmatic, and grammatical prosody abilities in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been sparse and contradictory. It is interesting to note that the primary perception of syllable stress within the word structure, which is crucial for all prosody functions, remains relatively unexplored...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to determine the extent to which Reality Monitoring content analysis can provide useful information when discriminating between actual versus false statements. Participants were instructed to either describe a traffic accident as eyewitness actual role or to describe the accident as a simulated victim. Data were analysed in terms o...
Article
Full-text available
Social stimuli are known to both attract and direct our attention, but most research on social attention has been conducted in highly controlled laboratory settings lacking in social context. This study examined the role of social context on viewing behaviour of participants whilst they watched a dynamic social scene, under three different conditio...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine the phenomenological qualities of self-reported negative and positive memories. The study was conducted in the Gaza Strip, Palestine, and a total of 134 autobiographical memories about negative and positive events were analyzed using a version of the Phenomenological Questionnaire for Autobiographical Mem...
Article
Full-text available
Responses in eyewitness identification of a person in a line-up may be based on two types of recovery experiences, remember and know experiences. Remember responses involve eyewitness identification of the target person as an episodic memory task, because it implies retrieving information about the target person in the place and at the time of the...
Article
Task-switching performance is often used as a measure of executive control functions. Various task-switching studies in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) found, in contrast to expectations, no impairments in cognitive flexibility. Here, we studied whether the role of memory for arbitrary task rules can explain these findings, and how stu...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to extend Lee and Hobson's (1998) findings regarding self-conceptualisation in autism by using a more verbally able sample. The study also investigated the ability to conceptualise self through other. Sixteen typically developing and sixteen adolescents with ASD matched for chronological and verbal mental age were administered a mo...
Conference Paper
Un testimonio o una declaración es un relato de memoria que un testigo realiza sobre unos hechos previamente presenciados. Podemos establecer dos fuentes diferentes origen de las falsas declaraciones: a) las falsas memorias o recuerdos erróneos producto del olvido y la distorsión de la memoria y b) la mentira consistente en omitir o distorsionar de...
Conference Paper
Se ha generado una fuerte polémica acerca de las características de las memorias autobiográficas. Por un lado están los autores que afirman que las memorias traumáticas tienen características diferentes a las memorias sobre otros hechos autobiográficos. Se ha establecido, por ejemplo, que estas memorias difieren de otras memorias autobiográficas po...
Chapter
Full-text available
Se realizó una investigación sobre el efecto de interferencia que provocan las fotografía previas sobre los procesos de reconocimiento de personas con sospechoso presente y sospechoso ausente. Los resultados muestran una gran cantidad de falsas identificaciones en las ruedas de sospechoso ausente. La rueda de sospechoso ausente previa provocó una d...
Conference Paper
Background: People with autism suffer from impaired executive functions. There are various executive functions (e.g., mental flexibility and inhibitory control) but all are not equally affected in autism, possibly because these different functions are implemented in different brain circuits. More research is necessary to characterize which executiv...
Conference Paper
El objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en analizar el efecto de la descripción previa de una cara sobre su posterior reconocimiento, y explorar la influencia que este factor tiene sobre la familiaridad engañosa de una cara cebo. Para ello se utilizó un diseño 2 (descripción previa) x 2 (familiaridad engañosa). El procedimiento consistió en most...
Article
This study aimed to test the assumption drawn from weak central coherence theory that a central cognitive mechanism is responsible for integrating information at both conceptual and perceptual levels. A visual semantic memory task and a face recognition task measuring use of holistic information were administered to 15 children with autism and 16 t...
Data
Full-text available
Questionnaire used in different versions to evaluate memories for trauma in victims from war, earthquake, and torture in different countries, and also to study differences from negative to positive memories.
Article
Dyslexia is a neurocognitive deficit primarily expressed in reading difficulties, but also affecting non-linguistic performance. Several studies report that dyslexics perform differently in the attentional blink paradigm, which indicates an impaired capacity to rapidly shift visual attention. However, attentional shifting can occur at different lev...
Article
La teoría de coherencia central (Frith, 1989) ha tenido un gran impacto en el estudio del autismo. Aunque esta teoría ha sido acertada en explicar aspectos del autismo que otras teorías no pueden explicar, la teoría de coherencia central sufre de una desventaja teórica importante, a saber, la imprecisión de la definición del concepto de coherencia...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study 120 autobiographical memories about traumatic events, with negative valence, and about happy events, with positive valence, were compared. In order to analyse the phenomenological characteristics of both type of memories an specific questionnaire based on the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (Johnson et al., 1988) and on th...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen adolescents with autism and seventeen typically developing children, matched for chronological age, were tested in a whole versus part paradigm in which participants matched a face target either to a complete face or to a face feature. Previous studies showed an accuracy advantage in whole‐face matching, indicating a holistic processing a...
Article
This research investigated the proposal that children with autism are impaired in processing information in its context. To date, this proposal rests almost exclusively on evidence from verbal tasks. Given evidence of visuo-spatial proficiency in autism in other areas of functioning, it is possible that the ability to use context is spared in the v...
Article
Three experiments examined the role of attention in explaining dyadic (child-adult) and triadic (child-adult-object) joint attention difficulties in autism. Experiments 1 and 2 investigated children's ability to orient to an adult's attention bid and to follow the direction of a human or nonhuman cue. Experiment 3 tested ability to disengage and sh...
Article
Three experiments examined the role of attention in explaining dyadic (child-adult) and triadic (child-adult-object) joint attention difficulties in autism. Experiments 1 and 2 investigated children's ability to orient to an adult's attention bid and to follow the direction of a human or nonhuman cue. Experiment 3 tested ability to disengage and sh...

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