Beatriz Diez

Beatriz Diez
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Departamento de Genética Molecular y Microbiología

PhD

About

407
Publications
17,271
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (407)
Article
At present, there is no simple, first principles–based, and general model for quantitatively describing the full range of observed biological temperature responses. Here we derive a general theory for temperature dependence in biology based on Eyring–Evans–Polanyi’s theory for chemical reaction rates. Assuming only that the conformational entropy o...
Chapter
Drylands play a significant role in the global biogeochemical cycling of nutrients (carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus) through abiotic (geological, atmospheric, and hydrological) and biotic (animals, insects, plants, and microorganisms) pathways. They act as important carbon reservoirs and are estimated to store over 30% of the global soil organic c...
Article
Full-text available
Although crucial for the addition of new nitrogen in marine ecosystems, dinitrogen (N2) fixation remains an understudied process, especially under dark conditions and in polar coastal areas, such as the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP). New measurements of light and dark N2 fixation rates in parallel with carbon (C) fixation rates, as well as analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Marine ammonia oxidizers that oxidize ammonium to nitrite are abundant in polar waters, especially during the winter in the deeper mixed-layer of West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) waters. However, the activity and abundance of ammonia-oxidizers during the summer in surface coastal Antarctic waters remain unclear. In this study, the ammonia-oxidation r...
Article
Full-text available
Viruses exert diverse ecosystem impacts by controlling their host community through lytic predator-prey dynamics. However, the mechanisms by which lysogenic viruses influence their host-microbial community are less clear. In hot springs, lysogeny is considered an active lifestyle, yet it has not been systematically studied in all habitats, with pho...
Article
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is one of the most widely used synthetic plastics in the packaging industry, and consequently has become one of the main components of plastic waste found in the environment. However, several microorganisms have been described to encode enzymes that catalyze the depolymerization of PET. While most known PET hydrolas...
Article
Full-text available
Proteorhodopsin-bearing microorganisms in the Southern Ocean have been overlooked since their discovery in 2000. The present study identify taxonomy and quantify the relative abundance of proteorhodopsin-bearing bacteria and proteorhodopsin gene transcription in the West Antarctic Peninsula’s coastal waters.
Article
Full-text available
Viruses are the most abundant biologic entities in marine systems and strongly influence the microbial community composition and diversity. However, little is known about viral communities’ adaptation and diversification in the ocean.
Article
Volatile organic silicon compounds (VOSiC) are harmful pollutants to the biota and ecological dynamics as well as biogas-based energy conversion systems. However, there is a lack of understanding regarding the source of VOSiCs in biogas, especially arising from the biochemical conversion of siloxane polymers such as polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS). Th...
Article
Full-text available
Fjords are sensitive areas affected by climate change and can act as a natural laboratory to study microbial ecological processes. The Chilean Patagonian fjords (41–56°S), belonging to the Subantarctic ecosystem (46–60°S), make up one of the world’s largest fjord systems. In this region, Estuarine Water (EW) strongly influences oceanographic condit...
Preprint
At present, there is no simple, complete, and first principles-based model for quantitatively describing the full range of observed biological temperature responses. Here, we derive a theory exhibiting these features based on the Eyring-Evans-Polanyi theory governing chemical reaction rates, and which is applicable across all scales from the micro...
Article
Full-text available
Current warming in the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) has multiple effects on the marine ecosystem, modifying the trophic web and the nutrient regime. In this study, the effect of decreased surface salinity on the marine microbial community as a consequence of freshening from nearby glaciers was investigated in Chile Bay, Greenwich Island, WAP....
Article
Full-text available
Several cyanobacterial species are dominant primary producers in hot spring microbial mats. To date, hot spring cyanobacterial taxonomy, as well as the evolution of their genomic adaptations to high temperatures, are poorly understood, with genomic information currently available for only a few dominant genera, including Fischerella and Synechococc...
Article
Full-text available
Sewage-associated viruses can cause several human and animal diseases, such as gastroenteritis, hepatitis, and respiratory infections. Therefore, their detection in wastewater can reflect current infections within the source population. To date, no viral study has been performed using the sewage of any large South American city. In this study, we u...
Preprint
Full-text available
The detection of viruses in sewage is a method of environmental surveillance, which allows evaluating the circulation of different viruses in a community. This study presents the first results of sewage surveillance to detect the circulation of SARS-CoV-2 virus in Santiago, Chile. Using ultracentrifugation associated with RT-qPCR, we detected SARS-...
Article
Full-text available
Deficient disinfection systems enable bacteria to form in drinking water; these can invade plumbing systems even if the pipes are composed of antibacterial materials such as copper. Severe copper corrosion by microorganisms and their subsequent release into the water system are evidenced by the blue water phenomenon. Proper monitoring and control c...
Article
Full-text available
The true-branching cyanobacterium Fischerella thermalis (also known as Mastigocladus laminosus) is widely distributed in hot springs around the world. Morphologically, it has been described as early as 1837. However, its taxonomic placement remains controversial. F. thermalis belongs to the same genus as mesophilic Fischerella species but forms a m...
Article
Mangroves in the Northwest Coast of South America are contaminated with heavy metals due to wastewater discharges from industries, affecting the biota from this environment. However, bacteria proliferate in these harsh environmental conditions becoming possible sentinel of these contaminations. In this study, bacterial community composition was ana...
Article
Full-text available
We used the 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing approach to investigate the microbial diversity and community composition in several Costa Rican hot springs alongside the latitudinal axis of the country, with a range of temperatures (37–63°C), pH (6–7.5) and other geochemical conditions. A principal component analyses of the physicochemical parameters sho...
Article
Full-text available
In Antarctic coastal waters where nutrient limitations are low, viruses are expected to play a major role in the regulation of bloom events. Despite this, research in viral identification and dynamics is scarce, with limited information available for the Southern Ocean (SO). This study presents an integrative-omics approach, comparing variation in...
Article
Full-text available
For tolerating extreme desiccation, cyanobacteria are known to produce both compatible solutes at intracellular level and a copious amount of exopolysaccharides as a protective coat. However, these molecules make cyanobacterial cells refractory to a broad spectrum of cell disruption methods, hindering genome sequencing, and molecular studies. In fa...
Article
Full-text available
Phytoplankton blooms taking place during the warm season drive high productivity in Antarctic coastal seawaters. Important temporal and spatial variations exist in productivity patterns, indicating local constraints influencing the phototrophic community. Surface water in Chile Bay (Greenwich Island, South Shetlands) is influenced by freshwater fro...
Article
Full-text available
Composition, carbon and nitrogen uptake, and gene transcription of microbial mat communities in Porcelana neutral hot spring (Northern Chilean Patagonia) were analyzed using metagenomics, metatranscriptomics and isotopically labeled carbon (H13CO3) and nitrogen (15NH4Cl and K15NO3) assimilation rates. The microbial mat community included 31 phyla,...
Data
Total transcripts (cDNA) assigned to phototrophic processes. (a) Transcripts associated with photosystems PSI (psaA gene) and PSII (psbA gene) in oxygenic photosynthesis. (b) Transcripts (pufM, fmoA, pscA and bchC genes) associated with anoxygenic photosynthesis. Each bar represents a different temperature and daily period. Transcripts were normali...
Data
Diurnal carbon and nitrogen assimilation rates recorded at 58 and 48°C in Porcelana microbial mats. Nitrogen fixation data from Alcamán et al. (2015). The black bars represent the C or N assimilation rates in the dark.
Data
Process and pathways analyzed with principal genes associated and encoding protein. All this was used as diagnostic for phototrophy, autotrophy, and nitrogen cycle transformations.
Data
Taxonomic assignment of Chloroflexi by metagenomic (DNA; white bars) and metatranscriptomic reads (cDNA day: gray bars; cDNA night: black bars) at the Order (a) and genus (b) levels at the three temperatures studied.
Data
Total transcripts (cDNA) associated with the autotrophic carbon fixation pathways. CC, Calvin–Benson–Basham cycle (rbcL gene); 3HP, 3-hydroxypropionate bi-cycle (mcr gene); HH, hydroxypropionate-hydroxybutyrate cycle (atoB gene). Transcripts were normalized by RPKM.
Data
Total transcripts (cDNA) associated with specific carbon fixation pathways. (a) 3-Hydroxypropionate bi-cycle (mcr, prpE, and mcl genes) and (b) hydroxypropionate-hydroxybutyrate atoB, crt, abfD, sucD genes) cycle. Transcripts were normalized by RPKM.
Data
Results of high throughput sequencing: raw reads, quality reads, percentage of reads corresponding to ribosomal RNA, non-ribosomal genes, non-redundant (NR) hits and percentage of the latter that could be taxonomically assigned. Numbers of sequences are shown in millions.
Data
Taxonomic assignment of Cyanobacteria by metagenomic (DNA; white bars) and metatranscriptomic reads (cDNA day: gray bars; cDNA night: black bars) at the three temperatures studied. (a) Proportion of cyanobacterial reads in different Orders. (b) Proportion of Stigonematales reads in different genera.
Data
Total reads assigned to Proteobacteria by 16S rRNA sequences recovered from metagenomes. Rhodospirillales (alphaproteobacteria) and Burkholderiales (betaproteobacteria) were the most abundant orders at the lowest temperature. Note that the vertical scale is logarithmic.
Data
Total transcripts (cDNA) assigned to nitrogen cycle pathways: ammonia transporter (amt gene), nitrate assimilation (narB gene), ammonia assimilation (glnA gene), ammonia oxidation (amoA gene), N2 fixation (nifH gene), DNRA (nrfA gene), and denitrification (nosZ gene). Transcripts were normalized by RPKM.
Data
Total percentage of Bacteria and Archaea phyla present in the entire temperature gradient of Porcelana hot spring at noon and night (N) periods.
Data
Best hits and % similarity in the SILVA database of the most relevant organisms found in Porcelana mat.
Article
Full-text available
Larger volumes of sea ice have been thawing in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) during the last decades than during the past 800,000 years. Brackish brine (fed by meltwater inside the ice) is an expanding sympagic habitat in summer all over the CAO. We report for the first time the structure of bacterial communities in this brine. They are composed o...
Article
In the Porcelana Hot Spring (Northern Patagonia), true-branching cyanobacteria are the dominant primary producers in microbial mats, and they are mainly responsible for carbon and nitrogen fixation. However, little is known about their metabolic and genomic adaptations at high temperatures. Therefore, in this study, a total of 81 Fischerella therma...
Article
Full-text available
Phytoplankton biomass during the austral summer is influenced by freezing and melting cycles as well as oceanographic processes that enable nutrient redistribution in the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP). Microbial functional capabilities, metagenomic and metatranscriptomic activities as well as inorganic 13C- and 15N-assimilation rates were studied...
Poster
Full-text available
Porcelana Geysers are located on the slopes of Barranco Colorado volcano, southern Chile, and is characterized by having a lateral hydrothermal fluid transport and an important CO2 content, having high gas exsolution rates on the surface at temperatures above 80°C. But it does not seem to be enough to explain the genesis of columnar travertines mor...
Article
Lake Big Momela, one of the East African soda lakes in Northern Tanzania characterised by highly saline-alkaline conditions, making them inhospitable to a range of organisms, although supporting massive growths of some adapted planktonic microorganisms that serve as food for birds, such as Lesser Flamingo. The temporal dynamics of plankton, with an...
Article
Cyanobacteria are widely distributed primary producers with significant implications for the global biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen. Diazotrophic cyanobacteria of subsection V (Order Stigonematales) are particularly ubiquitous in photoautotrophic microbial mats of hot springs. A stigonematal cyanobacterium isolated from the Porcelana h...
Article
The concentration of greenhouse gases, including nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and compounds such as total dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSPt), along with other oceanographic variables were measured in the ice-covered Arctic Ocean within the Eurasian Basin (EAB). The EAB is affected by the perennial ice-pack and has seasonal microalgal blooms,...
Article
Full-text available
Unicellular cyanobacteria are ubiquitous photoautotrophic microbes that contribute substantially to global primary production. Picocyanobacteria such as Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus depend on chlorophyll a-binding protein complexes to capture light energy. In addition, Synechococcus has accessory pigments organized into phycobilisomes, and Pro...
Data
The distribution of picocyanobacteria in the Indian Ocean in relation to priority stations and size fractions. Closest BLAST hits are given to the right of the heat maps. A. Chlorophyll-binding proteins (Pcb/IsiA) and B, Phycobilisome α-subunits and C, phycobilisome ß-subunits of Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. (EPS)
Data
Distribution of genes related to nutrient and oxidative stress in cyanobacteria. The sensor-response histidine kinase encoding genes, involved in signaling phycobilisomes degradation under low nutrient conditions (nblS, K07769) and high light stress (hliA (putative high light inducible protein)), as well as genes for the putative nickel-containing...
Data
Metadata for the 18 sampling stations along the east-west Indian Ocean transect, and the Atlantic and Pacific stations including for comparisons at the present study. (DOCX)
Data
HOMOVA test [36] as implemented in MOTHUR, v.1.33.3 [37], based on the JTT-sequence distances calculated in PROTDIST [38]. (DOCX)
Data
AMOVA test [36] as implemented in MOTHUR, v.1.33.3 [37], based on the JTT-sequence distances calculated in PROTDIST [38]. (DOCX)
Data
Light-harvesting phycobilisome β-subunits (cpe, cpc, apc) rooted trees. The trees were inferred using maximum likelihood showing samples from Indian Ocean, Atlantic and Pacific locations (colored dots), taxonomy (red: Synechococcus; blue: Prochlorococcus), and the closer match to the database from each sequenced. Scale bar indicates expected number...