Béatrice Faivre

Béatrice Faivre
University of Lorraine | UdL · CRAN - Centre de Recherche en Automatique de Nancy, Health-Biology-Signalling

Professor

About

69
Publications
3,757
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862
Citations
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September 1994 - present
University of Lorraine
Position
  • Professor Hematology

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Currently in cancer treatment, one premise is to use antiangiogenic therapies in association with chemotherapy or radiotherapy to augment their efficacy by benefiting from the vascular “normalization” induced by antiangiogenic therapy. This concept defines the time during which the tumor blood vessels adopt normal-like morphology and functionality,...
Article
Full-text available
Antiangiogenics are widely used in cancer treatment in combination with chemotherapy and radiotherapy for their vascular effects. Antiangiogenics are supposed to induce morphological and functional changes in the chaotic tumor vasculature that would help enhance the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapy and radiotherapy through the amelioration of t...
Article
Full-text available
Glioma initiating cells (GICs) represent a subpopulation of tumor cells endowed with self-renewal and multilineage differentiation capacity but also with innate resistance to cytotoxic agents, a feature likely to pose major clinical challenges towards the complete eradication of minimal residual disease in glioma patients. In this work, GICs were o...
Article
Full-text available
Specific phenotypic effects of PTEN in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remain poorly defined without a direct causal connection between the loss of PTEN function and the progression of cancer. Here, we describe a potential role for PTEN in cancer progression. Using an shRNA targeting PTEN in HNSCC cells, we show that the loss of PTEN...
Article
Antiangiogenic and vascular disrupting agents are in the current cancer therapeutic armamentarium. A better understanding of the intricate mechanisms ruling neovessel survival within tumors during or after treatment is needed. Refinement of imaging and a growing knowledge of molecular biology of tumor vascularization provide new insights. It is nec...
Article
Overexpression of EGFR plays a key-role in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and justifies the extensive use of cetuximab, a monoclonal anti-EGFR antibody, as well as EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI), which have been reported to inhibit tumor cell growth and the secretion of pro-angiogenic factors by tumor cells, such as VEGF...
Article
The implication of loss of PTEN expression in resistance to targeted therapy has already been described in many tumor types. The absence of response to anti-EGFR agents in PTEN-deficient tumors relies on persistent activation of signaling pathways downstream of pEGFR. To investigate the role of PTEN loss of expression in head and neck squamous cell...
Article
Full-text available
The implication of loss of PTEN expression in resistance to targeted therapy has already been described in many tumor types. The absence of response to anti-EGFR agents in PTEN-deficient tumors relies on persistent activation of signaling pathways downstream of pEGFR. To investigate the role of PTEN loss of expression in head and neck squamous cell...
Article
This article characterizes the vascular effects following vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy with a photosensitizer which actively targets endothelial cells. This strategy was considered by coupling a chlorin to a heptapeptide targeting neuropilin-1 in human malignant glioma-bearing nude mice. A laser Doppler microvascular perfusion monitor was...
Article
Full-text available
Serological status in case of Toxoplasma gondii infection needs to be established either before or at the beginning of a pregnancy. However, clinical biologists are often facing conflicting serological results that are difficult to interpret: we report here the case of a woman in her 30th week of pregnancy. Both her IgM and IgG were negative at the...
Thesis
La thérapie anti-angiogénique est en pleine émergence dans le traitement des cancers. Si les résultats sont prometteurs, cette thérapie n'est pas sans risque. Ce travail a pour objectif de montrer le terrain vasculaire sur lequel agit la thérapie anti-angiogénique dans le cas de pathologies cancéreuses et de comprendre les risques thrombotiques enc...
Article
Protein C-loaded nanoparticles coated with monomethoxypoly (ethylene oxide) (MPEO) were prepared by double emulsion/solvent evaporation using water-soluble biocompatible copolymers of MPEO and polylactide, as surfactants of the secondary emulsion. The nanoparticle preparation was optimized to obtain the best yield of encapsulated protein C and prov...
Article
Full-text available
The idea to develop a blood substitute was stimulated by the need of military in the last two world wars and by transmission of pathogenic germs (Hepatitis B in 1960, HIV in 1980 and Hepatitis C in 1990) during blood transfusion that limited the donor blood transfusion. There are two main groups of blood substitutes: perfluorocarbon emulsions and h...
Article
Full-text available
The idea to develop a blood substitute was stimulated by the need of military in the last two world wars and by transmission of pathogenic germs (Hepatitis B in 1960, HIV in 1980 and Hepatitis C in 1990) during blood transfusion that limited the donor blood transfusion. There are two main groups of blood substitutes: perfluorocarbon emulsions and h...
Article
Volume loading solutions used therapeutically (albumin, dextrans, modified gelatins and hydroxylstarches) are simple plasma substitutes and cannot ensure oxygen transport. The search for erythrocyte substitutes initially seemed utopian, but this goal is now within our reach, in the form of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) for example. The cl...
Article
The hypertension induced by haemoglobin-based oxygen carriers could be a result of different pharmacological and physicochemical factors. To investigate whether production of superoxide anion (O2*-) and release of endothelin could be the factors responsible. We studied the variation in mean arterial pressure (MAP) in guinea pigs by carrying out a 5...
Article
Full-text available
Haemoglobin initiates free radical chemistry. In particular, the interactions of peroxides with the ferric (met) species of haemoglobin generate two strong oxidants: ferryl iron and a protein-bound free radical. We have studied the endogenous defences to this reactive chemistry in a rabbit model following 20% exchange transfusion with cell-free hae...
Article
Several reports indicated that cell-free hemoglobin induced vasoconstriction. This phenomenon was due to different pharmacological (NO trapping, vasoactive agents release and endothelial uptake...) and physical (viscosity and oxidative process of cell-free hemoglobin...) factors. We have previously showed that the blood pressure increase would be d...
Article
Free hemoglobin (Hb) present at high concentration in plasma--in case of hemolysis, hemoglobin based oxygen carrier (HBOC) administration or in case of subarachnoid hemorrhage--induce hypertension as result of vasoconstriction. In this context, we studied on an exchange transfusion (ET) model at 50% of hematocrit with a HBOC, the distribution of th...
Article
The hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC), like dextran-benzene-tetracarboxylate-hemoglobin (Dex-BTC-Hb), which are present at high concentrations in plasma disturb arterial pressure and induce hypertension. To study if the increase of mean arterial pressure (MAP) is due to the presence of cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) inside abdominal aortic wall, w...
Article
Human hemoglobin (Hb) conjugated to benzene tetracarboxylate substituted dextran produces a polymeric Hb (Dex-BTC-Hb) with similar oxygen affinity to that of red blood cells (P(50)=28-29 mm Hg). Under physiological conditions, the oxygen affinity (P(50)) of Dex-BTC-Hb is 26 mm Hg, while that of native purified human HbA(0) is 14 mm Hg, but it exhib...
Article
The cardiovascular effects of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) are mainly related to their nitric oxide (NO) scavenging properties but other effects such as the impact of these hemoglobins on the endothelial cell (EC) biology are not well understood. We hypothesized that HBOCs could modify EC functions by altering gene expression, in partic...
Article
BACKGROUND : Hb-based oxygen carriers (HbOCs) have vasoactive effects that are still poorly understood. Factors known to have vasoactive effects, such as plasma, whole-blood viscosity, and the rheologic behavior of RBCs, are modulated by HbOCs in vitro, but few in vivo studies have been performed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS : Rabbits were phlebotomiz...
Article
Infusion of hemoglobin-based oxygen-carrying solutions (HBOCs) produce an immediate rise in blood pressure with most solutions, both in animals and humans, as a result of systemic and pulmonary vasoconstriction. Autoregulation of the O2 supply by the microvasculature has been proposed as a phenomenon involved in the vasoconstriction elicited by HBO...
Article
Hb-based oxygen carriers (HbOCs) have vasoactive effects that are still poorly understood. Factors known to have vasoactive effects, such as plasma, whole-blood viscosity, and the rheologic behavior of RBCs, are modulated by HbOCs in vitro, but few in vivo studies have been performed. Rabbits were phlebotomized (30%) and resuscitated with unmodifie...
Article
Full-text available
Hb-based O(2)-carrying solutions (HbOCs) have been developed as red blood cell substitutes for use in patients undergoing hemodilution. Variously modified Hb with diverse solution properties have been shown to produce variable hemodynamic responses. We examined, through pulsed-Doppler velocimetry, the systemic and renal hemodynamic effects of dextr...
Article
The in vivo behavior of monomethoxypoly(ethylene oxide)-poly(lactic acid) (MPEO20-PLA45/PLA (75/25)) nanoparticles in comparison with PLA ones was studied in guinea pig. Indeed, the aim of this study was to bring to the fore the in vivo stealth character of these copolymer nanoparticles and to identify the phagocytic circulating cells involved in t...
Article
Circulating volume expansion for intentional hemodilution and/or resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock can be performed with hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) which, in addition to oxygen transport, have vasoactive effects through poorly documented mechanisms. Among these, the effects of HBOC on red blood cell (RBC) rheology are relatively unkno...
Article
Full-text available
The endothelium is the production site of several potent vasoactive factors that contribute to the modulation of the vascular tone. Because hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) have been demonstrated to cause vasoconstriction and thereby increase arterial pressure by interacting with endothelium-derived factors such as nitric oxide and endotheli...
Article
Full-text available
The cardiovascular effects of human albumin (Alb) and three human hemoglobin (Hb) solutions, dextran-benzene-tetracarboxylate Hb, alphaalpha-crosslinked Hb, and o-raffinose-polymerized Hb were compared in anesthetized rabbits undergoing acute isovolemic hemodilution with Hct reduction from 41.4 +/- 2.7 to 28.8 +/- 1.6%. The impact of the vasoconstr...
Article
Hemoglobin solutions are potential resuscitative fluids with volume expanding and oxygen delivery abilities developed to reduce the use of blood transfusion. Most hemoglobin solutions in clinical trials increase transiently arterial pressure by inhibiting nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation. Our objective was to compare the effects on central hemod...
Article
Circulating volume expansion for intentional hemodilution and/or resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock can be performed with hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) which, in addition to oxygen transport, have vasoactive effects through poorly documented mechanisms. Among these, the effects of HBOC on red blood cell (RBC) rheology are relatively unkno...
Article
Oxidation of hemoglobin is constant and normal in red blood cells and in all biological media. The knowledge of the mechanisms which manage oxidation state is perhaps sufficient to treat acquired and some hereditary methemoglobinemia. But in case of transfusional treatment with hemoglobin based oxygen carrier (HBOC), some preclinical investigations...
Article
The amount of circulating methemoglobin in healthy humans is the result of a balance between methemoglobin production (from autooxidation and oxidation) and hemoglobin reduction. Hemoglobin autooxidation and oxidation are very complex and are not well understood. This article analyses the literature on hemoglobin autooxidation, oxidation and reduct...
Article
Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) are potential blood substitutes with plasma expanding properties, and physiological oxygen transport and delivery ability. The use of such solutions would make it possible to reduce the need of red blood cells transfusion in specific clinical applications like hemodilution. Besides, HBOCs improve oxygenation...
Article
Purpose : The hemoglobin-based blood substitutes in development possess very interesting pharmacological characteristics but they generate some hemodynamic side effects, an arterial hypertension due to a vasoconstriction, which require better understanding. To explain these effects, the likely hypothesis is that vasoconstriction could be the conseq...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of Dextran-Benzene-Tetracarboxylate-Hemoglobin (Dex-BTC-Hb), a chemically-modified hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, on the vascular tone were compared to those of standard solutions by measuring the carotid blood flow velocity, the mean arterial pressure, the heart rate and respiratory frequency, in anesthetized Hartley guinea pigs afte...
Article
The effects of Dextran-Benzene-Tetracarboxylate-Hemoglobin (Dex-BTC-Hb), a chemically-modified hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, on the vascular tone were compared to those of standard solutions, i.e. the animal's own blood and a 50 g/l albumin solution, by measuring the carotid blood flow velocity, the mean arterial pressure, the heart rate and res...
Article
The effects of Dextran-Benzene-Tetracarboxylate-Hemoglobin (Dex-BTC-Hb), a chemically-modified hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, on the vascular tone were compared to those of standard solutions, i.e. the animal's own blood and a 50 milligrams albumin solution, by measuring the carotid blood flow velocity, the mean arterial pressure, the heart rate...
Article
With the aim of assessing of dextran-benzene-tetracarboxylate hemoglobin as an oxygen carrier, we studied histological changes in the intestinal loop in anesthetized guinea pig. The intestinal tissue being very sensitive to hypoxia, an innervated loop was vascularly perfused with open-flow during one hour at zero hematocrit. To estimate the capacit...
Article
With the aim of assessing of dextran-benzene-tetracarboxylate hemoglobin as an oxygen carrier, we studied histological changes in the intestinal loop. The intestinal tissue being very sensitive to hypoxia, in the anesthetized guinea pig, an innervated loop was vascularly perfused with open-flow during one hour at zero hematocrit. To estimate the ca...
Article
While conducting pharmacological investigations into oxygen carriers, it is important to study the in vitro and in vivo rheological behavior of blood cells in the presence of such preparations. With regard to the original nature of human hemoglobin bound to benzene tetracarboxylate substituted dextran (Dex-BTC-Hb), it seemed necessary to study its...
Article
A solution of human hemoglobin bound to benzene tetracarboxylate substituted dextran, whose physicochemical characteristics are defined in part I, was evaluated in vivo as a potential red blood cell substitute. Further experiments show: - the confirmation of a lack of acute toxicity in mice and guinea pigs after injection of 12.5%, 25% and 50% of t...
Article
In 1990, McGown demonstrated in vitro a limitation of extracellular methemoglobin (metHb) formation by releasing and recycling of ascorbic acid by red blood cells. In order to investigate the autoxidation of free or modified hemoglobin in plasma and the possibility of reproducing McGown's phenomenon in vivo, we performed a 50% blood mass exchange i...
Article
Purification of hemoglobin (Hb) solutions suggested as oxygen carriers is an imperative necessity. All processes currently used clear out the solutions of almost the totality of impurities that are able to negatively influence the transfusional efficiency of Hb. We have studied the stability (metHb measurement) of Hb purified by DEAE dextran chroma...
Article
The hemoglobin solution covalently linked to dextran benzene tetracarboxylate (dex-BTC) described in Part I, offered the following characteristics: [Hb] = 70 g/l, non modified Hb less than 15%, metHb less than 5%, P50 close to blood value, viscosity and oncotic pressure near to physiological values (37 degrees C). It was biocompatible, stable in pl...
Article
Histocompatibility assessment of 70 g/l stroma-free hemoglobin solutions pyridoxylated or not, and purified or not, was carried out using vascular perfusion of the intestine of rats. Mechanical and ultrastructural changes in the organ and the arteriovenous difference of PO2 were compared to those obtained with albumin, gelatin and dextran. Overlapp...

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Project (1)
Project
Develop good patient management behaviors at the pharmacy, with over-the-counter medications.