Béatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist

Béatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist
Stockholm University | SU · Department of Psychology

PhD, Associate professor
Research

About

99
Publications
771,137
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Introduction
Béatrice Marianne Ewalds-Kvist does research at the Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden as well as at Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Finland. Béatrice M does research in Biological Psychology and Clinical Psychology. Current research concerns psychology and medicine.
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - present
Stockholm University
Position
  • Affiliated
June 2012 - present
University of Turku
Position
  • Affiliated
January 2010 - August 2012
Stockholm University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Factors such as respondent's sex, age, experience of mental illness and marital status have been found to impact public prejudices toward persons with mental illness. Aims: The impact of respondents' sex, age, real-life experience and marital status on their attitudes towards mental illness was the focus of this study. Methods: Alt...
Article
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The interconnection between moral distress, moral sensitivity, and moral resilience was explored by constructing two hypothetical scenarios based on a recent Swedish newspaper report. In the first scenario, a 77-year-old man, rational and awake, was coded as "do not resuscitate" (DNR) against his daughter's wishes. The patient died in the presence...
Article
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Ms B’s in United Kingdom and Ms P’s in Finland choices in life when dealing with acute ventilator-assisted tetraplegia were analyzed by means of Viktor E. Frankl’s existential analysis/logotherapy. The freedom of will to existential meaning and to worth in one’s suffering realizes in the attitudinal change the person chooses or is forced to adopt w...
Article
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Introduction: Music is commonly played in operating theatres. Music was shown to diminish stress of the surgical team along with reducing the patient's anxiety before surgery. On the other hand, it has been revealed that music might give rise to negative effects of divided attention causing distraction in surgical routines. Therefore, we aimed to s...
Article
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Background Postoperative hernia-repair complications are frequent in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This fact challenges surgeons’ decision about hernia mesh management in these patients. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the hernia mesh repair in IBD patients with emphasis on risk factors for postoperative complications. Meth...
Article
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Background Retrograde ‘fundus-first’ cholecystectomy (FF) signifies the dissection that starts from the fundus of the gallbladder to the infundibulum in case structures of Calot's triangle cannot be identified. Although feasible in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), FF remains an underutilized approach in difficult cases. We aimed to systematically...
Article
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The World Health Organization (WHO), concludes that child maltreatment is a global concern calling for a multi sectoral interdisciplinary approach. School professionals, such as social workers, teachers, and health care professionals are in positions to discover and report maltreatment enabling social workers to intervene. However, a variety of rep...
Article
Aims A higher surgical trainee combatted patients’ deaths and disasters from COVID-19. The trainee treated daily COVID-19-positive patients. In May 2020, he recognized symptoms of COVID-19. Throat swab test confirmed the suspicion of contagion. We aimed to study the acute stress disorder (ASD) during the COVID-19 pandemic in the surgical trainee....
Article
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Surgery is known to be a craft profession requiring individuals with specific innate aptitude for manipulative skills, and visuospatial and psychomotor abilities. The present-day selection process of surgical trainees does not include aptitude testing for the psychomotor and manual manipulative skills of candidates for required abilities. We aimed...
Article
the present study demonstrated that the patients who listened to their favorite music after surgery experienced less pain compared to their controls. Research with a long-term follow-up and a larger sample size could shed more light over the efficacy of listening to favorite type of music on postoperative pain.
Article
Introduction Aerosol generating procedures such as laparoscopic surgery are known to be associated with increased risks of viral transmission to the healthcare workers. The safety of laparoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic was therefore debated. We aimed to systematically review the literature regarding the safe use of laparoscopy during COVID-19....
Article
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Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery may be advantageous for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients because it leads to fewer complications than open surgery. However, it could still lead to pulmonary and cardiovascular complications in CF patients. We aimed to systematically review the use of laparoscopic surgery in CF patients. Methods: A systematic review...
Article
Introduction The transmission of COVID-19 virus since the outbreak of viral pneumonia due to SARS-CoV-2 gave rise to protective operative measures. Aerosol generating procedures such as laparoscopic surgery are known to be associated with increased risks of viral transmission to the healthcare workers (HCW). The safety of laparoscopy during the pan...
Article
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Medical students’ specialty preference (SP) for future areas of expertise in the context of their profession has always been in focus of interest. The purpose of this study was fourfold: 1. To disclose medical students’ SP; 2. To reveal SP’s underlying extrinsic, intrinsic or dual motivations; 3. To assess medical students’ trait emotional intellig...
Article
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Background: There are concerns and diverse experiences related to infertility and childlessness. The lived experience of infertile people from various cultures needs to be explored. Objective: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Iranian women experiences of their infertility. Materials and Methods: The data comprised interviews about f...
Article
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Altogether 700 college students aged 18 to 24 years (M = 20.81, SD = 1.29) originating from six universities in China participated in this study. The current aim was to find out whether a student’s sense of purpose in life mediated the relationship between his/her psychological capital (PsyCap) comprising hope, generalized self-efficacy, resilience...
Article
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Introduction The use of technology in surgical education has rapidly evolved. Blended learning refers to provision of online instruction platforms by international technology companies, prompting a combination of face-to-face teaching with computer-mediated tuition. This nonsystematic literature review focuses on online teaching platforms with appl...
Article
Interparental Conflict Relative to Suicidal Ideation in Chinese Adolescents: The Roles of Coping Strategies and Meaning in Life Rongwei Zhang1,2, Dan Li1*, Fei Chen3, Béatrice M. Ewalds-Kvist4,5 and Shihong Liu1 1 Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China, 2 Department of Social Science, Fujian Polytechnic of Information...
Article
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The aim of this study was to explore the paths between interparental conflict and Chinese adolescents' suicidal ideation. Altogether 931 adolescents (M age = 17.84, SD = 0.77, females = 531) completed the Dyadic Consensus Scale, Self-Report Coping Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, and Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation questionnaires. Media...
Book
Erik Ewalds spends five years in the Finnish wars between 1940-to 1944: winter war, armistice and continuation war. He is summoned to military service on January 17, 1940, and is unarmed during the winter war. On January 20, he writes his first letter to the 17-year-old Gunvor Hällfors. Their war experiences are documented on over 4,000 handwritten...
Article
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Background. Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted behaviour. Current research shows that there is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. The aim was to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Risk and protective factors relative to drug use were...
Data
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Altogether 23 generations of selectively bred mice were analyzed by means of repeated measures
Data
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Moral stress, moral climate and moral sensitivity among psychiatric professionals
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted here is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. This study aimed to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Also risk and protective factors relative to drug use were a focus of interest. Method:...
Preprint
Background: Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted here is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. This study aimed to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Also risk and protective factors relative to drug use were a focus of interest. Method:...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate attitudes towards mental illness displayed by student nurses' with previous contact with mentally disordered persons prior to education in psychiatric nursing and to evaluate trends in attitudes towards mental illness exhibited by student nurses and the public in Sweden. Methods: Altogether 246 student nurses enrolled in t...
Article
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This study explored the self-rated competence of 52 Swedish psychiatric nurses in three clinical environments: forensic psychiatry, general psychiatric inpatient care, and clinical non-residential psychiatric care. A questionnaire wtih 56 statements from nine areas of expertise was completed. Forensic nurses were more skilled in safety and quality...
Article
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Research on ethical dilemmas in health care has become increasingly salient during the last two decades resulting in confusion about the concept of moral distress. The aim of the present paper is to provide an overview and a comparative analysis of the theoretical understandings of moral distress and related concepts. The focus is on five concepts:...
Article
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Negative and stigmatizing attitudes towards persons with mental illness must be dealt with to facilitate the sufferers' social acceptance. The present study aimed at survey Swedish attitudes towards persons with mental illness related to factors impacting these attitudes. New CAMI-S based on the questionnaire "Community Attitudes to Mental Illness...
Article
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Wheel-running and treadmill running physical exercise have been shown to alleviate parkinsonism in both laboratory and clinical studies. MPTP was administered to C57/BL6 mice using two different procedures: (a) administration of a double-dose regime (MPTP 2 × 20 or 2 × 40 mg/kg, separated by a 24-h interval), vehicle (saline 5 ml/kg) or saline (veh...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between work-related moral stress, moral climate and moral sensitivity in mental health nursing. By means of the three scales Hospital Ethical Climate Survey, Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and Work-Related Moral Stress, 49 participants' experiences were assessed. The results of linea...
Article
Sex difference in open field activity after learning as studied. Both Swiss albino female and male mice increased their activity after maze learning. However, the learning induced open field activity increase of the males was significantly higher than that of the females. The males were also initially more active than the females. No significant se...
Article
Experimental and control groups of mice were initially matched on the basis of their open field activity. Experimental groups were trained in one of six types of learning tasks: (1) active avoidance conditioning with light and sound signals as conditioned stimuli and electric shocks as uncoditioned stimulus, (2) learning of a linear 5-point maze, (...
Article
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The authors examined pre- and postpartum open-field (OF) behavior and maternal responsiveness in mice that they bidirectionally selected for OF thigmotaxis. The authors tested 40 female mice under 3 conditions: prepartum OF, postpartum OF, and a pup retrieval test. In both OF conditions, the high OF thigmotaxis (HOFT) mice were more thigmotactic bu...
Article
We examined: (a) the response to bidirectional selection for open-field (OF) thigmotaxis in mice for 23 generations and (b) the effects of repeated exposure (during 5 days) on different OF behaviors in the selectively bred high OF thigmotaxis (HOFT) and low OF thigmotaxis (LOFT) mice. A total of 2049 mice were used in the study. Prior to the testin...
Article
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Sixty-five women (aged 32 - 54 yrs) were assessed at 2 months before to 8 months after total abdominal hysterectomy on four separate occasions. Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMAS), the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI), Measurement of Masculinity-Femininity (MF), Likert scales and semantic differentials fo...
Article
In 2 experiments, the authors examined 69 mice selectively bred for high or low levels of open-field (OF) thigmotactic behavior (high open-field thigmotaxis [HOFT] and low open-field thigmotaxis [LOFT], respectively). They found that the strains differed in defecation during the 60-min exposure to the OF. Furthermore, the strains differed with rega...
Article
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The main purpose of this research was to investigate whether the difference in open-field (OF) thigmotaxis between mice selectively bred for high and low levels of wall-seeking behavior originated from genetic or acquired sources. Unfostered, infostered, and crossfostered mice were compared in two experiments in which the effects of strain, sex, an...
Article
Altogether 112 Finnish males (aged 25 - 67 years) participated in the present research. Of these, 35 underwent conventional and 77 no-scalpel [NS] vasectomy. All were assessed immediately before and 1 year after the vasectomy, by means of Beck's Depression Inventory [BDI], Taylor's Anxiety Scale [TAS], the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory [BDHI], an...
Article
Swiss albino mice (Mus Musculus L.) were studied in an open field (OF). The question whether laboratory rodents were more attracted to a nest equipped with familiar odoriferous cues from the home-cage bedding or to signals of an unfamiliar newborn pup inserted in the OF was addressed. The results of the three quantitatively recorded OF behaviors, a...
Article
The present paper deals with cognitive therapy and its efficacy (low cost/high benefit) for personality-disordered patients. Persons exhibiting sudden shifts from one mood state to another (borderline-personality) benefit from schema-focused cognitive therapy, where early maladaptive schemas comprising, among others, unconditional beliefs about one...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a bidirectional selective breeding experiment involving 1,287 mice. It was conducted by means of Δ-ambulation- that is, by summing positive and negative learning-associated alterations in open-field ambulation over a 5-day period of training. Δ-ambulation remained constant, but a selection response was found in ma...
Article
Sex differences in strategies of coping with novel situations were studied in three strains of mice with regard to metabolism and open-field and maze activity as well as learning-induced adjustment. The 140 mice were selectively bred for high (Turku Aggressive [TA]) and low (Turku Nonaggressive [TNA]) levels of aggressiveness and originated from a...
Article
Swiss albino mice (Mus Musculus L.) were studied in an open field (OF). The question whether laboratory rodents were more attracted to a nest equipped with familiar odoriferous cues from the home-cage bedding or to signals of an unfamiliar newborn pup inserted in the OF was addressed. The results of the three quantitatively recorded OF behaviors, a...
Article
The present study assessed the life spans in two lines of mice selectively bred for high (Turku Aggressive, TA) and low (Turku Nonaggressive, TNA) levels of aggression. The maintained parental Swiss albino strain (N), normally distributed with regard to aggression, served as a control line. It was found that the TNA males had a significantly shorte...
Article
The open-field- (OF) dependent parameters ambulation, thigmotactical wall-seeking, radial latency, retrieving and pullus index were tested in both nulliparous and primiparous females as well as in unmated and mated males of the Swiss albino strain. The mice were housed under separate conditions and recorded in the absence as well as the presence of...
Article
Three experiments were conducted on female Swiss albino mice in order to determine whether open-field (OF) ambulation and thigmotaxis (wall-seeking) alter both as functions of reproductive phases such as estrus, mating, gestation, partus, lactation, weaning, as well as of presence, absence and OF location of a newborn pup. The results revealed incr...
Article
Three experiments were conducted on female Swiss albino mice in order to determine whether open-field (OF) ambulation and thigmotaxis (wall-seeking) alter both as functions of reproductive phases such as estrus, mating, gestation, partus, lactation, and weaning, as well as of presence, absence and OF location of a newborn pup. The results reveal in...
Article
The effects of age and situation-specific experience on maze learning and learning-sensitive open-field parameters (OFP) in Swiss albino male mice were studied. We tested the mice longitudinally by means of repeated measures and in cross-section by taking independent samples between the ages of 1-16 months. Mice with situation-specific experience i...
Article
Both male (n = 244) and female (n = 223) Swiss albino mice displayed a U-shaped pattern of thigmotaxis (wall-seeking) in a circular open-field (OF) before and after a daily maze-running. A significant increase of mice's tendency to occupy the inner partitions of the OF after the maze trial on the last three out of five days of training was observed...
Chapter
Aggressive female mice (Turku Aggressive, TA selection 52) were better maze learners, ambulated more, were more thigmotactic, and reared more than nonaggressive female mice (Turku Non-Aggressive, TNA, selection 52). Aggressive TA females seemed to be more influenced by maze running than by open-field (OF) characteristics when compared to the nonagg...
Article
Maze training was shown to affect qualitative aspects of the learning-sensitive open-field (OF) ambulation in male Swiss albino mice. The changes in thigmotactic (wall-seeking) behaviour were most pronounced when significant signs of learning occurred, usually on the third day of training. Also daily changes in thigmotaxis from before to after trai...
Article
Significant differences were observed in thigmotaxis, ambulation, and latency to move (time to start ambulating) between highly aggressive (TA) and low aggressive (TNA) male mice. The former displayed more thigmotaxis, ambulated more, and had a shorter latency to move than the TNA animals. Also they voided a greater number of urinary spots and defe...
Article
Full-text available
During the 11-yr. period of 1976 to 1986 leukemia or lymphoma treatment at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki was electively discontinued for the children in 90 different families. Of the 53 (59%) patients (mean age 6.4 yr. at diagnosis and 12.8 yr. at completion of questionnaires) who agreed to participate in the present study, 48 had...
Article
Fifty-three children (mean age 6.4 at diagnosis, 12.8 years at completion of questionnaires) identified as having acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (48) or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (5) during the 11-year period of 1976-1986 participated in the present study. Patients' and parents' perceptions of malignancy-related changes in significant relationships, of t...
Article
Cross-sectional comparisons between haemophiliacs and their healthy classmates were made in the years 1971-72 and 1987-88. The more recent set of data indicated no difference in respect to school absenteeism and school achievements between haemophiliacs and classmates in contrast to the older data, which showed such differences. In 1987-1988 the pe...