Beatrice Beebe

Beatrice Beebe
Columbia University | CU · Department of Psychiatry

PhD

About

166
Publications
52,685
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7,451
Citations
Citations since 2016
57 Research Items
2936 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500

Publications

Publications (166)
Article
Background: Studies have shown that infant temperament varies with maternal psychosocial factors, in utero illness, and environmental stressors. We predicted that the pandemic would shape infant temperament through maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and/or maternal postnatal stress. To test this, we examined associations among infant t...
Article
Full-text available
Intersubjectivity refers to two non-verbal intersubjective relations infants experience during their first year that are precursors to the emergence of words. Trevarthen, a pioneer in the study of intersubjectivity, referred to those relations as primary and secondary intersubjectivity. The former, a dyadic coordination between the infant and her c...
Article
Humans are ubiquitously exposed to neurotoxicants in air pollution, causing increased risk for psychiatric outcomes. Effects of prenatal exposure to air pollution on early emerging behavioral phenotypes that increase risk of psychopathology remain understudied. We review animal models that represent analogues of human behavioral phenotypes that are...
Article
Background: Humans are ubiquitously exposed to air pollutants including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Although most studies of prenatal exposures have focused on psychopathology in childhood or adolescence, the effects of air pollutants on early emerging individual differences in reactivity and regulation are of growing concern. Our stud...
Article
Very few studies have assessed infant capacity for bidirectional, contingent communication at birth, and to our knowledge there are none with preterm infants in the neonatal period. Presence versus absence of such interactive contingency makes a difference for our theories of development. We examined whether preterm infants can contingently coordin...
Article
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Introduction: Previously, we found that reported infant rhinorrhea and watery eyes without a cold (RWWC) predicted school age exercise-induced wheeze, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations. These findings were independent of allergic sensitization, and we theorized that increased parasympathetic tone underlay the association. We also r...
Article
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The 20th anniversary of the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster is a powerful moment in our history. We feel honored to be invited by Rachel Altstein to participate in this issue of Psychoanalytic Perspectives. In the current paper, we take a retrospective look at some early work we did with the women who were pregnant on September 11, 2001, when the...
Article
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We describe a collaborative treatment of a woman in face-to-face psychoanalytic psychotherapy (with Larry Sandberg), whose persistent gaze aversion was a symptom immune to interpretive efforts. After many years of treatment, the patient agreed to engage in video feedback sessions (with Beatrice Beebe), which have occurred for the past decade. The f...
Article
We thank our reviewers for their discussions and we appreciate the opportunity to dialogue about our work with Sandra. Some responses express our shared point of view, others our individual reflections. For clarity, we indicate the point of view at the beginning of each section.
Article
Full-text available
The potential effects of maternal trauma on mother–infant interaction remain insufficiently studied empirically. This study examined the effects of the September 11, 2001, trauma on mother–infant interaction in mothers who were pregnant and widowed on 9/11, and their infants aged 4–6 months. Split‐screen videotaped interaction was coded on a one‐se...
Article
Prior studies of mother-infant interaction have generally used a variable-centered approach to associate face-to-face communication with psychosocial outcomes. Herein, we use a person-centered approach to identify clusters of infants who exhibit similar behavioral profiles during face-to-face communication with their mothers. Four infant communicat...
Book
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This book has the hard task to cover an interdisciplinary area in which psychoanalysis has to deal with infant research. The development of infant research methodologies is illustrated in the present book by the contribution written by Beatrice Beebe, whose ‘journey’ leads us through the ‘creating’ of a discipline with its creators, her traveling c...
Article
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Although preterm infants are at risk for social deficits, interventions to improve mother–infant interaction in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are not part of standard care (SC). Study participants were a subset from a randomized controlled trial of a new intervention for premature infants, the Family Nurture Intervention (FNI), designed t...
Article
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Increasingly psychoanalysis is attempting to integrate the essential “backdrop” of the implicit, nonverbal moment-by-moment process into the narrative domain of language and symbols. We present vignettes from an analytic case of a 3- to 5-year-old child, treated by the first author, to illustrate the integration of the verbal narrative with the imp...
Article
The relations among maternal depression risk, maternal mind-mindedness, and infants' attachment behavior were longitudinally examined in a community sample of mother-infant dyads. Maternal self-reported depression risk was measured at the infant ages of 6 weeks, 4 months, and 12 months. Maternal mind-mindedness, assessed from mothers' comments abou...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new maternal intrusion behavior, moving a toy or hand “into-the-face” of the infant, and we investigate its bi-directional associations with infant-initiated shared attention, infant distress, and infant gaze, during mother–infant face-to-face play at 12 months. The play was videotaped split-screen, with infants seated in a high chair...
Article
This study investigated mother-infant communication in relation to Blatt’s measures of adult personality organization, namely, interpersonal relatedness and self-definition, defining the higher ends of these two measures as dependency and self-criticism, respectively. A nonclinical sample of 126 mother-infant dyads provided the data. An evaluation...
Article
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Daniel Stern changed the face of psychoanalysis, as well as that of infant research. He was a brilliant, innovative, and playful thinker. Psychoanalysis particularly values his contributions on the relevance of infant research to adult clinical practice and theory, for which he is best known. But this work has its foundation in his early empirical...
Article
Fotopoulou and Tsakiris in their target paper offer a theoretical and methodological corrective in their argument for the need to reclaim the physical body of the individual for a fuller understanding of the origins and maintenance of the sense of a unified, regulated, relational self. While we share their injunctive to mindfully not throw out the...
Article
This study examines the movement behavior of a therapist and her client during one dance/movement therapy (DMT) session, through the lens of mother-infant face-to-face communication research conducted with video microanalysis. Dance/movement therapy and mother-infant interaction research have in common a focus on the details of movement patterns an...
Poster
Full-text available
This study examines infant facial movement patterns in relation to the relative dependent or self-critical status of the mother. This study weaves microanalytic contingency analsysis (Beebe) with a model of maternal depression (Blatt) with a specific approach to movement analysis (Kestenberg Movement Profile). Growing movements, or expansions in bo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Microanalysis research on 4-month infant-mother face-to-face communication operates like a "social microscope" and identifies aspects of maternal sensitivity and the origins of attachment with a more detailed lens. We hope to enhance a dialogue between these two paradigms, microanalysis of mother-infant communication and maternal sensitivity and em...
Article
Full-text available
Principles of a dynamic, dyadic systems view of mother–infant face-to-face communication, which considers self- and interactive processes in relation to one another, were tested. The process of interaction across time in a large low-risk community sample at infant age 4 months was examined. Split-screen videotape was coded on a 1-s time base for co...
Article
Full-text available
This is a longitudinal study of traumatic play activity using The Children’s Developmental Play Instrument (CDPI). The CDPI is a multidimensional observational measure based upon a four-level model of play activity: Segmentation; Descriptive Analysis; Component Analysis and Functional Analysis. We studied one child and his mother, participants in a...
Article
Full-text available
Edward Tronick operates at the interface of empirical analysis of mother-infant communication, systems theories, and psychoanalysis. He has been a leader in the articulation of the implications of systems views for child development research. Systems views of mother-infant interaction, and of development more broadly, increasingly provide one theor...
Article
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Head orientation in face-to-face interactions between mothers and infants is an important component of their communicative processes. Manual coding, however, is laborious. Obtaining inter-observer reliability is difficult, with disagreements mostly being related to the on- and offsets of a limited number of orientation categories. We used a motion...
Article
Full-text available
Myron Hofer's integration of research and theory into a synthesized view of evolution and development is a powerful and elegant achievement. He argues that the epigenetic revolution provides a way to integrate evolution and development, which were considered separate processes for most of the twentieth century. Moreover, Hofer argues that our under...
Article
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In this paper I describe my personal journey in infant research and psychoanalysis. I describe my work with Daniel Stern and Joseph Jaffe in infant research, and with Frank Lachmann in psychoanalysis. I note some of the people and ideas that influenced me along the way. Video microanalysis taught me to see how the intricate process of mother-infant...
Chapter
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As New Yorkers and as therapists, we were enveloped in the searing loss, sorrow and unease that shattered our safety on September 11, 2001. We created the “Mothers, Infants and Young Children of September 11, 2001 Primary Prevention Project” to reach out to the grieving widows who were pregnant when their husbands died in the collapse of the World...
Chapter
Full-text available
Early theorists paved the way for an understanding of the importance of the parent- child relationship (Bowlby 1958, 1960; Fairbairn 1963; Spitz & Cobliner 1965; Winnicott 1956, 1965). Bowlby, an avid student of nature and of Darwin's nineteenth century theory of evolution, shifted research in infant development away from Sigmund Freud's concentrat...
Article
Full-text available
Microanalysis research on 4-month infant-mother face-to-face communication operates like a "social microscope" and identifies aspects of maternal sensitivity and the origins of attachment with a more detailed lens. We hope to enhance a dialogue between these two paradigms, microanalysis of mother-infant communication and maternal sensitivity and em...
Article
Full-text available
Associations of 6-week maternal depressive symptoms (CES-D) with 4-month mother−infant self- and interactive contingency patterns during face-to-face play were investigated in a community sample of 132 dyads. Self- and interactive contingency were defined as predictability within (self-contingency) and between (interactive contingency) two partners...
Article
Full-text available
A microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant face-to-face communication predicted 12-month infant disorganized (vs. secure) attachment outcomes in an urban community sample. We documented a dyadic systems view of the roles of both partners, the roles of both self- and interactive contingency, and the importance of attention, orientation and touch, and...
Article
Full-text available
Despite important recent progress in understanding disorganized attachment, we still lack a full understanding of the mechanisms of disorganized attachment formation and transmission prior to 12 months. In this paper we lay out our recommendations for the study of the 4-month origins of disorganized attachment. In our subsequent Paper II we report...
Book
The group of papers presented in this volume represents ten years of involvement of a group of eight core therapists, working originally with approximately forty families who suffered the loss of husbands and fathers on September 11, 2001. The project focuses on the families of women who were pregnant and widowed in the disaster, or of women who we...
Article
Full-text available
Since spring 2002, the Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001, has been providing diverse pro bono therapeutic services for women who were pregnant when widowed by the World Trade Center attacks of September 11, 2001. This primary prevention Project attempted to facilitate grieving in the families and to promote opti...
Article
This article describes the tri-partite treatment of a mother and child, Lydia and Ryan, in the context of the Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001. Lydia and Ryan witnessed the attack on the World Trade Center from their home. Lydia, terrified, tried to protect her baby, who later developed atypical behaviors, whic...
Article
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“As long as we meet as a group, we will have a Project, whether the mothers are able to come to sessions or not.” Anni Bergman The therapists of the Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001 have continued to meet every other week in a mutually supportive two-hour peer-supervision group since the inception of the Projec...
Article
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We outline the central clinical theories that informed the Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001. We looked to Bowlby, Winnicott, Mahler, and Ainsworth for the core ideas about the nature of loss and the mother-infant relationship. We also looked to empirical infant research and the microanalysis of videotaped mothe...
Article
The Project for Mothers, Infants, and Young Children of September 11, 2001, is described in this issue. This group of articles represents 10 years of involvement of a group of eight core therapists, working originally with approximately 40 families who suffered the loss of husbands and fathers on September 11, 2001. We focused our efforts on the fa...
Article
Full-text available
Associations of maternal self-report anxiety-related symptoms with mother-infant 4-month face-to-face play were investigated in 119 pairs. Attention, affect, spatial orientation, and touch were coded from split-screen videotape on a 1-s time base. Self- and interactive contingency were assessed by time-series methods. Because anxiety symptoms signa...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the association of 6-week maternal self-report depressive symptoms measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) with 4-month infant vocal affect qualities. This was part a larger study which examined many additional domains of both infant and maternal behavior. Infant vocal affect qualities were ex...
Article
Full-text available
2010) 'The origins of 12-month attachment: A microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant interaction', Attachment & Human Development, 12: 1, 3 — 141 To link to this Article:terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-sellin...