Basanta Kumar Das

Basanta Kumar Das
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture | CIFA · Fish Health Management Division

About

617
Publications
164,531
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5,798
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2009 - present
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (617)
Article
Full-text available
The assemblage pattern of macrobenthic invertebrates concerning environmental variables on a spatiotemporal scale from river Tamas, a tributary of river Ganga was studied during the period 2017–2019. Altogether 27 genera of Gastropoda (10), Bivalvia (7), Insecta (7), and Annelida (3) belonging to 15 families, and 9 orders were recorded across six s...
Chapter
Sustainable development and economic growth require minimization of ecological footprint by modifying the manner in which goods and resources are produced and consumed in a responsible manner. Agriculture is the largest user of natural resources like water and land. At the same time it also produces huge amount of wastes. The efficient management o...
Article
Emergence of antibiotic resistance has threatening consequences not only for human health but also for animal health issues in agriculture. Several animal pathogenic bacteria have developed antibiotic resistance and managing the same has tremendous cost repercussions and may lead to total harvest loss. Hence in the present study, efforts are made t...
Article
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The occurrence, abundance, and distribution of phytoplankton have been investigated upstream and downstream of three barrages on the river Ganga at Bijnor, Narora, and Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 104 phytoplankton species belonging to eight phyla (Bacillariophyta, Charophyta, Chlorophyta, Cryptophyta, Cyanophyta, Euglenophyta, Miozoa...
Article
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Heavy metals are ubiquitous and deleterious contaminant present in the aquatic ecosystem. Their concentration has increased magnificently due to anthropogenic wastes, geochemical composition, farming and mining activities. Fishes are susceptible to heavy metal contamination and fishes live in aquatic environment which made them inevitable exposure...
Article
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Ichthyophthirius multifiliis , a ciliated parasite causing ichthyophthiriasis (white spot disease) in freshwater fishes, results in significant economic loss to the aquaculture sector. One of the important predisposing factors for ichthyophthiriasis is low water temperature (i.e., below 20°C), which affects the health and makes freshwater fishes mo...
Article
Length–weight relationships of seven small indigenous fishes collected from the middle and lower stretch of the Tapti River in India were determined. The specimens were caught with drag nets (0 mm mesh size), gill nets (10–20 mm knot‐to‐knot mesh length) and scoop nets (0 mm) from the Maharashtra, and Gujarat state stretches of the Tapti River from...
Article
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The present study demonstrates the spatial analysis and mapping of fish and different measures of environmental parameters and fish diversity of Pong reservoir, Himachal Pradesh, using Kriging spatial interpolation methods for geographical information system mapping. Seasonal data on environmental parameters, potential fish habitat and fish diversi...
Article
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The floodplain wetlands are amenable to different forms of enhancement options including culture-based fisheries (CBF). Fish production potential of this system is very high, but realized average actual production is still on the lower side. This reflects unscientific and poor management of resources. Therefore, on-field studies were carried out in...
Article
The present study explored and assessed the spatio-temporal variations in diversity, abundance, composition of macrozoobenthic community, and their relationship with environmental parameters in a tropical small reservoir, India. Periodical samples of macrobenthic community and environmental variables were collected from four sampling stations cover...
Article
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The present study aims to understand the spatio-temporal dynamics in habitat ecology and fish assemblage and determine the relationship of habitat transition and fish distribution in a large riverine-reservoir cascade system (Sardar Sarovar Reservoir part in Madhya Pradesh). This study was carried out along a 125-km riverine-reservoir interface (RR...
Article
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Fishing baits used in Hook and line fishery in the deep pool of Hogenakkal in river Cauvery, India was described
Article
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The Ganga River is the major source of drinking water for humans over the decades. It is also the ecological niche for millions of relict species, i.e., for a variety of planktons, benthic organisms, fish, and various other aquatic organisms. The blasting population resulted in an enhanced rate of pollution in the river system emanating from variou...
Article
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Butachlor herbicide belongs to the family of chloroacetanilide group, widely used for control of grass and broadleaf weeds in paddy fields however, its repeated application may result in aquatic pollution. Butachlor residue has been detected in aquatic environments, which may produce toxic effects on non-target organisms including fish. Keeping thi...
Article
Nanosizing antiparasitic formulation has tremendous potential to control parasite infection by rectifying drawbacks of conventional formulations. The present study investigates synthesis optimization of cypermethrin nanoemulsion using PEG diblock copolymers through a spontaneous emulsification technique. Synthesis parameters of nanoemulsion were op...
Article
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A study was undertaken to determine population parameters and stock status of three commercially important catfishes viz. Eutropiicthys vacha (Hamilton, 1822), Clupisoma garua (Hamilton, 1822) and Ailia coila (Hamilton, 1822) from middle and lower stretch of the River Ganga. Monthly length and weight data of three species from Patna, Buxar and Bhag...
Article
Present study is the first attempt to assess effectiveness of supplementary stocking of the fingerlings of Indian major and minor carps on fish yield, per capita fish production and fishers’ income and analysis of relationship between stocking density versus yield and yield versus water area in floodplain wetlands of North Eastern India. Data on cu...
Article
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Water quality of the Ganga River system is changing day by day due to multifold increase in population, especially near the banks of river Ganga, and associated exponential amplification of anthropogenic activities also played a remarkable role in it. The ecologically important lower and estuarine stretch of river Ganga comprising 7 different sampl...
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Fisheries and aquaculture are the fastest-growing food-producing sector and rapidly becoming an important element for the global food security since they are the primary source of seafood and high animal protein in the human diet. Genome editing offers new possibilities such as the clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR...
Article
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The perennial river Ganga is recognized as one of India’s largest rivers of India, but due to continuous anthropogenic activities, the river’s ecosystem is under threat. Next-generation sequencing technology has transformed metagenomics in the exploration of microbiome and their imperative function in diverse aquatic ecosystems. In this study, we h...
Article
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Present study deals with the application of statistical and geostatistical modelling to analyse spatio-temporal variation in water quality of selected 466 km in the lower stretch of river Ganga (545 km). Six important physicochemical parameters, e.g. water temperature, transparency, pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity and specific conductivity, each o...
Article
Anthropogenic activities is are primarily responsible for causing pollution in the environment including aquatic ecosystems. River Ganga is also affected by this problem. Our object of study is to assess the heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Fe and Zn) status of drains sludge, which is introduced into the river from Kolkata/Howrah and also to find accu...
Article
Riverine fisheries will have a knock-on effect due to the changes in water flow and increased irrigation in the agriculture sector to cope with the climate change impact. The present study showed a very high perception existing in the fishing community about climate change observed in the last 10 years. About 95% of fishermen understand temperature...
Article
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Food and feeding habits of Tenualosa ilisha collected from two sampling locations in Brahmaputra River, Assam, India for a period of 12 months from May 2018 to April 2019 were studied. Index of preponderance revealed semi-digested animal matter (25.92 %) as the most dominant food item followed by Bacillariophyta (23.32 %). 31 genera of phytoplankto...
Article
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Charan beel is a closed floodplain wetland located in Baksa district, Assam. Culture-based fisheries (CBF) and pen culture demonstrated in the beel to enhance fish production and income of tribal fishers in a participatory mode. For CBF, advanced carp fingerlings @ 3,000 no. ha-1 were stocked in the beel in December, 2020. CIFRIHDPE pens were also...
Article
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The present study was conducted for 240 days to evaluate the effects of stocking density based on growth attributes, digestive enzymes, muscular composition, biochemical and physiological responses of Labeo rohita fingerlings in tropical inland open water cages. L. rohita (30.35 ± 1.08 g) were randomly distributed into three treatments, namely low...
Article
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An investigation was carried out to comprehend the altitudinal variation of phytoplankton and their distribution pattern in River Teesta. Phytoplankton were recorded at two different altitude levels of the river. A total of 35 genera of phytoplankton were recorded with dominated by diatoms. The altitudinal differences reflected comparatively high g...
Article
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The rapid degradation, overexploitation, and encroachment of floodplain wetlands have led to considerable decline in fish diversity and production from these invaluable aquatic resources threatening livelihood of the dependent fishers. The climate change evident in the fast few decades has further aggravated the problem of eutrophication causing wa...
Article
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The pattern of spatial fish assemblage, diversity, habitat, and potential impact of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was studied in a tropical reservoir of central India during June 2018–July 2019. A total of 21 species under six orders nine families and 18 genera were recorded which is comparatively low than previous records. The fish abundanc...
Article
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Arsenic-contaminated food including farmed fish is one of the main routes of human exposure. Fish farmed in contaminated environment accumulates arsenic in different tissues with great variability. Thus, it is utmost important to quantify the risk associated with different farmed fish species in arsenic-contaminated aquaculture systems. In the pres...
Article
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The present study illustrates a holistic account of zooplankton community dynamics in relation to physicochemical variables in the tidal creeks of Indian Sundarbans estuarine system. Eleven water variables and zooplankton samples were collected in a monthly basis from the six sampling locations between July 2016 and June 2018. Out of the 11 water p...
Conference Paper
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Florfenicol (FF), a synthetic wide-spectrum antibacterial agent approved by FDA for use in aquaculture since 2011, is palatable, well-tolerated and effective in both fresh and saline water aquaculture which is known for treatment of fish disease caused by susceptible bacteria. In the present study the pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, and withdraw...
Article
Ganga river is one of the important water bodies harbouring different aquatic communities especially sedentary benthic organisms. We determined several macrobenthic molluscan faunas including 24 species comprising of 18 gastropods and 6 bivalves. The maximum species diversity with a value of 2.08 was recorded during monsoon, whereas the species ric...
Article
Arsenic (As) is the most toxic metalloid and class I carcinogen present in the drinking water affecting around 200 M people worldwide. Among various strategies microalgal biofilm based As removal is considered as most suitable option. However, sustainable technologies for As removal from water is scanty. In the present study, banana pseudostem wast...
Article
The present study was carried out to study the larval skeletal development in Labeo calbasu by using modified double skeletal staining technique with Alizarin Red and Alcian blue. The larval samples were obtained after induced breeding of wild L. calbasu germplasm of river Ganga. Samples from 2dph (day post hatching) to 20dph were preserved in 4% n...
Preprint
The relation of fish size with that of its otolith of pama croaker, Otolithoides pama (Hamilton, 1822) was established. Fish specimens were collected from the bagnet catch from Narmada estuary, India for a period of 8 months (November 2018 to June 2019). To understand the relationship between fish and otolith size, the sagittal otoliths were extric...
Article
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The growth and sustainability of freshwater aquaculture are highly dependent on economic feed which is the major running cost. Fish feed industries depend on the high-priced fish meal (FM) as protein source in feed formulations. In this context, a nutrient-rich, and palatable insect meal–based fish feed was developed incorporating the black soldier...
Article
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The large population residing in the northern region of India surrounding Delhi mostly depends on water of River Yamuna, a tributary of mighty Ganga for agriculture, drinking and various religious activities. However, continuous anthropogenic activities mostly due to pollution mediated by rapid urbanization and industrialization have profoundly aff...
Article
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East Kolkata Wetland (EKW) is one of the largest sewage-fed wetlands in the world, which support the livelihood of thousands of peoples. However, at present, EKW system has become ecologically vulnerable due to the discharge of toxic waste through the sewage canal from the Kolkata metropolitan city. Hence, it becomes very important to understand th...
Article
An investigation was carried out to comprehend the altitudinal variation of phytoplankton and their distribution pattern in River Teesta. Phytoplankton were recorded at two different altitude levels of the river. A total of 35 genera of phytoplankton were recorded with dominated by diatoms. The altitudinal differences reflected comparatively high g...
Article
Full-text available
Aulacoseira granulata (Ehrenberg) Simonsen 1979 are considered as the eco-variable species which varies in density and diversity along with their morphological traits with the interference of environmental changes, so it is considered as one of the major ecological indicators of the water quality of lotic as well as lentic aquatic ecosystems. To as...
Article
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The geographic information systems (GIS) play an important role in all geospatial aspects of assessment, monitoring, and management of inland open water resources for strategic development in the fsheries sector. In India, reservoir fsheries development is one of the fagship programme and several initiatives have been taken up towards enhancement a...
Article
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The metalloid arsenic is one of the persistent toxic elements that has affected a vast population of human being across the globe. Its lethal and unsafe levels in drinking water have been witnessed by more than 100 million people in the South and South-east Asia alone. Literatures suggest that contaminated groundwater is the potential source for ar...
Article
Globally, bacterial gill disease is one of the most prominent bacterial diseases affecting both marine and freshwater fishes. This study aimed to investigate diseased Labeo rohita, Labeo catla and Oreochromis niloticus with gill discoloration, tail rot and skin ulcer that resembe the typical sign of bacterial gill disease from East Kolkata Wetlands...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first study conducted on the food and feeding habits of the yellowtail mullet (Minimugil cascasia), in the Ganga River (India). The gut contents of 276 individuals (TL: 45.32–89.79 mm) were investigated. Dominant food items of the yellowtail mullet included three diatoms, namely Cyclotella sp., Amphora sp., and Aulacosiera sp.; one gree...
Article
In the present study, the fish distribution and assemblage pattern in relation to environmental variables were studied in the canals of Indian Sundarbans. The Permutational analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) depicted the significant variation of water variables between the seasons (F = 10.40; p = 0.001), and stations (F = 1.96; p = 0.011). A total of...
Chapter
River Cauvery, the major peninsular river in India has been impounded by a number of dams and barrages which has totally modified the habitat of the river impacting the migration of fishes. A recent survey revealed that the entire river stretch has reduced depth and regulated flow especially during lean season allowing the submerged macrophytes to...
Article
Full-text available
Culture-based fisheries and pen culture technologies demonstrated in Bamuni beel, Assam through community participation to support income and livelihood of local tribal fishers. Little or no supplementary stocking was practiced in the beel, resulting in low fish production and modest net annual income to the community members during 2019-20. Advanc...
Article
Water quality is a critical environmental issue, because all forms of life depend on water. The present study focused on the spatiotemporal trends of 22 physicochemical parameters of the water in the Chaliyar River, which originates from the Western Ghats, Kerala, in India, and drains into the Arabian Sea. Water samples were collected from eight st...
Article
Wetland fisheries are most vulnerable to climate and anthropogenic change, and therefore, vulnerability assessment is essential for the formulation of prudent management strategies. In the present study, vulnerability assessment was carried out in nine floodplain wetlands from three districts of West Bengal using stakeholder perception and ecologic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Jharkhand is one of the pioneering states to implement cage culture of fish in its reservoirs. More than 4,000 cages are installed in different reservoirs of Jharkhand. However, fish diseases and mortality are a major constraint or challenge in cage culture in the state. A survey was conducted, based on a structured and tested questionnaire, in 170...
Article
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The present study describes the rearing and growth performance of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fry in experimental trial performed in earthen pond ecosystem located adjacent to river Rupnarayan for developing in-situ rearing protocol of fry collected from the wild sources. The seed was collected during May, 2020 from the river and stocked in two differ...
Poster
Full-text available
Fisheries enhancement through pen culture of Indian major carp Labeo catla for small scale beel fishers of NE region, India during COVID pandemic: A regional study
Poster
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Delineating stock structure of Indian Shad, Tenualosa ilisha from Indian part of Brahmaputra using holistic approach for sustainable management
Poster
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Understanding breeding phenology of Tenualosa ilisha and role of climatic variables in a tropical river
Conference Paper
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Umiam reservoir (25°39'30'' N and 91°43'51''E) is a small reservoir (water spread area 500 ha) located in Ri-Bhoi district in Khasi hills region of Meghalaya at an altitude of 900 m above mean sea level. There is no organized fishery in this reservoir and is an open-access capture fishery. Subsistence fishing and limited commercial fishing (using g...
Article
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The present communication is based on the report of a single specimen of spot-fin porcupine fish, Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1785 from the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system which is a new record to the systems. The specimen was collected from a bag net catch during February 2021 at Fraserganj fishing areas of the lower stretch of Hooghly-Matlah estuari...
Article
Deepor Beel is a prominent floodplain wetland and a Ramsar site of northeastern (NE) India (Ramsar site no. 1207) covering a 40.14 km2 area and connected to River Brahmaputra. It provides numerous economic (e.g., livelihood and nutritional security) and ecological benefits (e.g. moderation of floods, groundwater recharge, repository of biodiversity...
Article
The understanding of patterns in fish assemblages is imperative for management and conservation plans. There is a dearth of information on the environmental factors affecting the fish community structure in the reservoirs built on the intermittent rivers of India. We hypothesized that the environmental factors most likely influenced the patterns in...