Bart Wille

Bart Wille
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Developmental, Personal, and Social Psychology

Professor

About

70
Publications
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Introduction
Professor Industrial-Organizational Psychology at Ghent University. I study psychological individual differences in the context of OB/HRM/careers. Specific research topics include career development and management, person-environment fit, vocational interest, leadership, multirater assessments and dark side personality. This work has been published in journals such as Jounal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Research Methods, Personnel Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, and Journal of Vocational Behavior. I also serve on the editorial boards of Journal of Vocational Behavior, Journal of Counseling Psychology, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, and the International Journal of Testing.

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Recent advances in personality theory and research have led to the introduction of the “Too-much-of-a-good-thing-effect” in the relationship between conscientiousness and desirable outcomes, challenging the “more is better” idea that has been dominating research on this trait for a long time. Thus, the question arises as to how people evaluate thei...
Article
Full-text available
Although previous research has shown that both trait and state conscientiousness are positively associated with a wide range of positive life and work outcomes, some studies indicate that acting in a conscientious way is effortful, and that behaving outside one’s conscientiousness related comfort zone (i.e., acting counterhabitual) may lead to cogn...
Article
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Pupils’ and students’ learning in the workplace and dual education has drawn increased attention because it is, among others, relevant in combating youth unemployment, increasing individual employability, and organisations’ ability to provide high quality services and products. However, research focusing on pupils’ and students’ readiness to partic...
Article
Polynomial regression is a proven method to calculate person-environment (PE) interest fit between the RIASEC (realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising and conventional) interests of a student and the RIASEC profile of a study program. The method has shown much larger effects of PE interest fit on academic achievement than earlier a...
Article
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Organizations allocate considerable resources in surveys aimed at assessing how employees perceive certain job aspects. These perceptions are often modeled as latent constructs (e.g., job satisfaction) measured by multiple indicators. This approach, although useful, has several drawbacks such as a strong reliance on local independence and a lower p...
Article
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This paper documents the translation and adaptation of the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale+Cooperation Scale (CAAS+C; Savickas & Porfeli, 2015) to the Brazilian context and provides initial validity evidence for this instrument by testing its internal structure and exploring its relationships with external variables (i.e., Big Five traits, social supp...
Preprint
Multisource leadership ratings rely on the assumption that –in addition to the leader’s self-evaluation– different rater groups (i.e., subordinates, peers and superiors) bring in unique perspectives and thus provide a more well-rounded analysis of the leader’s behavior. However, the way in which multisource data are typically treated in research of...
Article
Full-text available
Multisource leadership ratings rely on the assumption that –in addition to the leader’s self-evaluation– different rater groups (i.e., subordinates, peers and superiors) bring in unique perspectives and thus provide a more well-rounded analysis of the leader’s behavior. However, the way in which multisource data are typically treated in research of...
Article
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Research on the consequences of acting out of character yielded mixed findings. One reason might be that these studies have typically focused on one personality dimension a time, while personality is multidimensional. In the present paper, we study the affective consequences of acting out of character, accounting for personality’s multidimensional...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is an introduction to International Journal of Testing special issueon equity and fairness in testing and assessment in schooladmissions.
Article
Student fail rates in the first year of open access academic higher education can become dramatically high. The present study in Flanders, Belgium examines how performance on program-specific basic skillsets can identify students at risk at the start of their curriculum in 21 bachelor programs (N = 6,624), months before actually failing their exams...
Article
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Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
Article
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It has been argued that passion can take both harmonious and obsessive forms (Vallerand et al., 2003). This paper examines this dualistic model of passion specifically for passion in relation to work and contributes to this literature in two ways. First, an extensive set of both general (Big Five) and maladaptive personality traits are related to h...
Article
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Voorstel 1. Laat partners aan elkaar pensioenrechten doneren (prof. dr. Luc Van Ootegem en prof. dr. Elsy Verhofstadt) Voorstel 2. Schrap loonlastverminderingen voor oudere werknemers (prof. dr. Bart Cockx en dr. Sam Desiere) Voorstel 3. Verlaag pensioenopbouw bij langdurige werkloosheid (prof. dr. Stijn Baert) Voorstel 4. Voer deeltijds pensioen p...
Article
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) enrolments in higher education are declining while the STEM gender gap of female underrepresentation seems to widen. The present study addresses both issues by exploring how the fit between a student's vocational interests and the STEM field contributes to a (non-) STEM study choice. Data was...
Article
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The idea that increased levels of extraversion are beneficial to well-being is widespread. Drawing on the idea that behaving discordant to one’s trait level is demanding and effortful to maintain, and that repeated taxations of one’s self-regulatory resources are unpleasant, we examined the relationship between cumulative counterdispositional extra...
Article
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This study uses survey data among both a random sample (N = 500) and a convenience sample (N = 2,919) of Flemish adults to assess public support for 24 potential labour market reforms. The results show that there is a lot of public support for (both encouraged and mandatory) training and community service for the unemployed and for the so-called 'j...
Article
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Research on the relationship between psychopathy and leadership effectiveness has adopted very different perspectives on psychopathy. To advance this field of research, the current paper introduces an overarching framework of “successful psychopathy” (Lilienfeld et al., 2015) to the leadership domain, comprising three conceptual models (the differe...
Article
Dit artikel gebruikt resultaten van een survey van zowel een toevalssteekproef (N = 500) als een gemakssteekproef (N = 2919) bij meerderjarige Vlamingen om het draagvlak voor 24 potentiële arbeidsmarkthervormingen na te gaan. Enerzijds tonen de resultaten aan dat er een groot draagvlak is voor (aangemoedigde én verplichte) opleiding en gemeenschaps...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Call for Proposals: Special Issue on equity and fairness in school admissions testing and assessments.
Article
Although numerous studies have investigated Borderline Personality Pathology (BPP) in relation to unfavorable family-life outcomes, its relationship with job correlates is poorly understood. Using a fine-grained analysis, the present study examined the link between BPP and job burnout. Focusing on both the overall BPP score as well as on the facets...
Article
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Research has shown that vocational interests are important predictors of a number of life outcomes. Therefore, understanding individuals' vocational interests can also help to explain and predict their attitudes, behavior, and motives. The goal of the present study was to examine changes in vocational interests over time and explore whether these c...
Article
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The vast majority of vocational research adopts a variable-centered approach. Implicit in this approach is the assumption that the population under study is homogeneous, and that therefore we can use a set of “averaged” parameters to describe it. Person-centered methods are a family of methods that relax this assumption of population homogeneity, v...
Article
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In the Netherlands and Flanders, vocational interest inventories are frequently used to address (study) career dilemmas. In contrast to their popularity in practice, in the Dutch language region, there is relatively little research looking at vocational interest(s) (inventories). This artide introduces the Spherical Model of Vocational Interests an...
Article
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Prior research demonstrated that narcissism fosters the attainment of higher managerial ranks in organizations. However, it is not known whether climbing the corporate ladder also fosters the development of narcissism over time. Whereas prior work consistently adopted a unidirectional perspective on narcissism and career attainment, this study pres...
Article
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Each student faces the challenge of choosing a study program that matches his or her vocational interest. A good person-environment fit (PE fit) between student and study program influences study success and persistence, prerequisites to obtaining the desired degree. But which criterion should be used when presenting advice sets of study options to...
Article
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The extent to which a good person-environment (PE) interest fit between student and study program leads to better study results in higher education is an ongoing debate wherein the role of the study program environment has remained inadequately studied. Unanswered questions include: how diverse study programs are in the interests of their student p...
Data
SIMON-I questionnaire. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Although personality is typically conceptualized in industrial, organizational, and vocational psychology as enduring and stable, an increasing volume of research now shows that personality changes throughout the lifespan, with work being a potentially important influence of trait development. This paper reviews and integrates the emergent literatu...
Article
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In their focal article, Reynolds, McCauley, Tsacoumis, and the Jeanneret Symposium Participants (2018) stress the importance of context in leadership assessment. For instance, they argue that senior executives work in a different context compared to lower-level managers and that this should be taken into account. A simple example is that the compet...
Preprint
In this commentary on Miner et al. (2018), we highlight the role of both individual differences and social-structural factors for gender representation in STEM. We emphasize that women are active agents in guiding their own careers and that women make choices which optimize their goal pursuit in light of their individual differences traits, persona...
Chapter
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In de context van duaal leren -waarbij leerlingen een aanzienlijk deel van hun tijd leren op een werkplek- is het belangrijk om niet alleen scholen maar ook (andere) arbeidsorganisaties te leren zien als relevante contexten voor leren (Messmann & Mulder, 2015). Hoewel kennis, vaardigheden en attitudes zich kunnen ontwikkelen in heel veel verschille...
Article
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It is widely believed that female and male leaders have fundamentally different characteristics and styles, which are thought to explain why organizations with more gender-diverse top management teams perform somewhat better. Unfortunately, few studies have concretely specified such differences or examined whether men and women in leadership roles,...
Article
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Work psychologists have devoted considerable attention to studying how personality traits can best be conceptualized and assessed in ‘high-stakes’ contexts such as selection or hiring decisions. Lievens argued that two selection methods, Situational Judgement Tests and Assessment Centre exercises, by standardizing and contextualizing personality me...
Article
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A new, Holland-based Interest Inventory is proposed, intended to facilitate the transition from secondary to tertiary education. Specific interest items were designed to grasp activities that are prevalent during tertiary studies, including an Academic-track-scale to assist in the choice between academic and vocational-oriented programs. Interest p...
Article
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This article describes the too little/too much (TLTM) scale as an innovation in rating scale methodology that may facilitate research on the too-much-of-a-good-thing effect. Two studies demonstrate how this scale can improve the ability to detect curvilinear relationships in leadership research. In Study 1, leaders were rated twice on a set of lead...
Article
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This study advanced knowledge on charisma by (1) introducing a new personality-based model to conceptualize and assess charisma and by (2) investigating curvilinear relationships between charismatic personality and leader effectiveness. Moreover, we delved deeper into this curvilinear association by (3) examining moderation by the leader’s level of...
Chapter
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Research on careers, career development, and career management has been growing rapidly in vocational psychology, IWO psychology, management, and organizational behavior. Studies across these different fields have adopted a myriad of definitions, models, and methodologies for studying individual careers. We review these diverse conceptualizations o...
Article
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The current study investigates the usefulness of the DSM-5 maladaptive trait model to better understand the building blocks of the dark triad personality traits. Specifically, differential associations with 25 maladaptive personality facets are examined to uncover similarities and differences between the dark triad traits (objective 1). In addition...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the role of personality in occupational specialty choice, to better understand how and in what ways personality traits might influence vocational development after a person has chosen a career. Design/methodology/approach – The study tested hypotheses in a sample of UK medical students, each of...
Article
The assessment and research of vocational interests have a long history in psychology. Our bibliometric analysis shows a steep rise in publication numbers focused on vocational interests immediately after John Holland's (1959) seminal work and a newly awakened impetus especially in German-speaking countries since the 1990's. Contemporary research f...
Article
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The potential socialization effects of entrepreneurial work are largely underresearched. In this longitudinal study, we quantify socialization effects of self-employed work by examining the career progression in a sample of college students between their final college year (T1) and 15 years later. We focus on both changes in “dark traits” such as n...
Article
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Purpose – The Impostor Phenomenon (IP) refers to the intense feelings of intellectual fraudulence, often experienced by high achieving individuals. The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) examine the trait-relatedness of the IP; (2) investigate the potential impact of impostor tendencies on relevant work attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction and or...
Article
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The past years have been witness to a renewed attention for vocational interests in both theory and practice. In this context the present research aims to illustrate the relevance of finer-grained interest information next to more general information at the domain level. A recently developed and Holland-based interest instrument is presented and va...
Article
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Neubert, Mainert, Kretzschmar, and Greiff (2015) plea to integrate the 21st century skills of complex problem solving (CPS) and collaborative problem solving (ColPS) in the assessment and development suite of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychologists, given the expected increase in nonroutine and interactive tasks in the new workplace. At t...
Article
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As employees grow older, do their attitudes regarding work change over time? Can such long-term changes be understood from a personality development perspective? The present study addressed these fundamental questions by tracking 504 young professionals' work attitudes (i.e., job satisfaction and work involvement) and Big Five personality traits ov...
Article
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Although work is a core part of life, the direction of influence from personality to work has typically been conceived as only unidirectional. The present study aims to contribute to the literature by considering reciprocal relations between personality and occupational characteristics, drawing on current perspectives from personality psychology (i...
Article
The convergent and discriminant validity of two methods to assess a broad spectrum of aberrant personality tendencies was examined in a large sample of managers who were administered the NEO-PI-R (N = 11 862) and the Hogan Development Survey (N = 6774) in the context of a professional development assessment. Five-Factor Model (FFM) aberrant compoun...
Article
Introduction/objective. - There is a dearth of research on the validity of computerized personality reports. The present study examined the validity of such reports using various methodologies. Method. - Convergence between personality self-ratings on items and self- and peer-ratings on personality descriptive text blocks used for compiling compute...
Article
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This paper focuses on the role of personality at different stages of people's working lives. We begin by reviewing the research in industrial, work, and organizational (IWO) psychology regarding the longitudinal and dynamic influences of personality as an independent variable at different career stages, structuring our review around a framework of...
Article
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Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of co-workers receiving recognition on two types of responses, namely emotions (positive and negative) and behavioral intentions (interpersonal counterproductive behavior and interpersonal citizenship behavior). Design/methodology/approach - This study is an experimental scenario study wi...
Article
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This study proposes and tests an alternative methodology to conceptualize and assess aberrant personality tendencies at work beyond the dark triad. A sample of college alumni (N= 247) were administered the NEO PI‐R prior to entering the labor market and 15 years later when their professional careers had unfolded. Drawing on the dimensional perspect...
Article
The relationships between two measures proposed to describe personality pathology, that is the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-3) and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), are examined in an undergraduate sample (N = 240). The NEO inventories are general trait measures, also considered relevant to assess disordered personality, whe...
Article
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The present investigation contributes to research on the dispositional source of intrinsic (subjective) career success in three general ways. First, two indicators of career success were considered, i.e. perceived employability and work–family conflict, which closely align with the characteristics of contemporary boundaryless careers. Second, facet...
Article
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We investigated the effects of varying two types of information in feedback reports on feedback reactions in the context of managerial skill development. We found that favorable reactions increased when a high amount of procedural information was given. Furthermore, unfavorable reactions diminished when participants received low specific informatio...
Article
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Although empirical research on this topic is scarce, personality traits and vocational interests have repeatedly been named as potential individual level predictors of job change. Using a long-term cohort study (N = 291), we examined RIASEC interest profiles and Big Five personality scores at the beginning of the professional career as predictors o...

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