Bart Hiemstra

Bart Hiemstra
University of Groningen | RUG · Department of Critical Care

About

30
Publications
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304
Citations
Introduction
Bart Hiemstra currently works at the Department of Critical Care, University of Groningen. Bart does research in Anaesthetics, Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology. Their current project is 'Simple Intensive Care Studies I (NCT02912624)'.

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
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Background The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence, incidence, prognostic factors, and outcomes of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients receiving contemporary thrombosis prophylaxis. Methods We conducted a pooled analysis of two prospective cohort studies. The outcomes of interest were in-hospital pulmonary embolism...
Article
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Objective Lactate has been shown to be preferentially metabolized in comparison to glucose after physiological stress, such as strenuous exercise. Derangements of lactate and glucose are common after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Therefore, we hypothesized that lactate decreases faster than glucose after return-to-spontaneous-circulation (...
Article
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Background Prognostic assessments of the mortality of critically ill patients are frequently performed in daily clinical practice and provide prognostic guidance in treatment decisions. In contrast to several sophisticated tools, prognostic estimations made by healthcare providers are always available and accessible, are performed daily, and might...
Article
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Critically ill patients constitute a highly heterogeneous population, with seemingly distinct patients having similar outcomes, and patients with the same admission diagnosis having opposite clinical trajectories. We aimed to develop a machine learning methodology that identifies and provides better characterization of patient clusters at high risk...
Article
Objective : To develop and validate Clinical Diversity In Meta-analyses (CDIM), a new tool for assessing clinical diversity between trials in meta-analyses of interventions. Study design and setting : The development of CDIM was based on consensus work informed by empirical literature and expertise. We drafted the CDIM tool, refined it, and valida...
Preprint
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Introduction Despite extensive research, the goal of unravelling patient heterogeneity in critical care remains largely unattained. Combining clustering analysis of routinely collected high-frequency data with the identification of features driving cluster separation may constitute a step towards improving patient characterization. Methods In this...
Article
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Background: Critical care ultrasonography (CCUS) is increasingly applied also in the intensive care unit (ICU) and performed by non-experts, including even medical students. There is limited data on the training efforts necessary for novices to attain images of sufficient quality. There is no data on medical students performing CCUS for the measur...
Article
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Background: In critically ill patients, auscultation might be challenging as dorsal lung fields are difficult to reach in supine-positioned patients, and the environment is often noisy. In recent years, clinicians have started to consider lung ultrasound as a useful diagnostic tool for a variety of pulmonary pathologies, including pulmonary edema....
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Purpose: The aim was to compare non-invasive blood pressure measurements with invasive blood pressure measurements in critically ill patients. Methods: Non-invasive blood pressure was measured via automated brachial cuff oscillometry, and simultaneously the radial arterial catheter-derived measurement was recorded as part of a prospective observ...
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Background: All clinical research benefits from transparency and validity. Transparency and validity of studies may increase by prospective registration of protocols and by publication of statistical analysis plans (SAPs) before data have been accessed to discern data-driven analyses from pre-planned analyses. Main message: Like clinical trials,...
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Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in up to 50% of all critically ill patients and hemodynamic abnormalities are assumed to contribute, but their nature and share is still unclear. We explored the associations between hemodynamic variables, including cardiac index and right ventricular function, and the occurrence of AKI in critically il...
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Background: Hemodynamic assessment of critically ill patients is a challenging endeavor, and advanced monitoring techniques are often required to guide treatment choices. Given the technical complexity and occasional unavailability of these techniques, estimation of cardiac function based on clinical examination is valuable for critical care physi...
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Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, where the alveoli in the affected area are filled with pus and fluid. Although ventilated patients are at risk, not all ventilated patients develop pneumonia. This suggests that the sputum environment may possess antimicrobial activities. Despite the generally acknowledged importance of antimicrobial activity...
Article
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Background: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in critically ill patients is associated with a markedly increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to establish the predictive value of clinical examination for AKI in critically ill patients. Methods: This was a sub-study of the SICS-I, a prospective observational cohort study of critical...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Hemodynamic assessment of critically ill patients is a challenging endeavor, and advanced monitoring techniques are often required to guide treatment choices. Given the technical complexity and occasional unavailability of these techniques, being able to estimate cardiac function based on clinical examination is a valuable tool for criti...
Article
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Objectives: Caregivers use clinical examination to timely recognize deterioration of a patient, yet data on the prognostic value of clinical examination are inconsistent. In the Simple Intensive Care Studies-I, we evaluated the association of clinical examination findings with 90-day mortality in critically ill patients. Design: Prospective sing...
Article
Objectives: Risks of random type I and II errors are associated with false positive and false negative findings. In conventional meta-analyses, the risks of random errors are insufficiently evaluated. Many meta-analyses, which appear conclusive, might, in fact, be inconclusive because of risks of random errors. We hypothesize that, for interventio...
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Background: Cardiac output measurements may inform diagnosis and provide guidance of therapeutic interventions in patients with hemodynamic instability. The FloTrac™ algorithm uses uncalibrated arterial pressure waveform analysis to estimate cardiac output. Recently, a new version of the algorithm has been developed. The aim was to assess the agree...
Article
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Purpose: Clinical examination is often the first step to diagnose shock and estimate cardiac index. In the Simple Intensive Care Studies-I, we assessed the association and diagnostic performance of clinical signs for estimation of cardiac index in critically ill patients. Methods: In this prospective, single-centre cohort study, we included all a...
Article
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Longitudinal evaluations of critically ill patients by combinations of clinical examination, biochemical analysis and critical care ultrasonography (CCUS) may detect adverse events of interventions such as fluid overload at an early stage. The Simple Intensive Care Studies (SICS) is a research line that focuses on the prognostic and diagnostic valu...
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Background Dopamine has been used in patients with cardiac dysfunction for more than five decades. Yet, no systematic review has assessed the effects of dopamine in critically ill patients with cardiac dysfunction. Methods This systematic review was conducted following The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We searched for...
Article
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Background: Over the past decade, prehospital and in-hospital treatment for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has improved considerably. There are sparse data on the long-term outcome, especially in elderly patients. We studied whether elderly patients benefit to the same extent compared with younger patients and at long-term follow up as comp...
Data
Supplements – Supplemental material for Long-term outcome of elderly out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors as compared with their younger counterparts and the general population
Article
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Purpose In the Simple Intensive Care Studies-I (SICS-I), we aim to unravel the value of clinical and haemodynamic variables obtained by physical examination and critical care ultrasound (CCUS) that currently guide daily practice in critically ill patients. We intend to (1) measure all available clinical and haemodynamic variables, (2) train novices...
Article
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Purpose of review: In the acute setting of circulatory shock, physicians largely depend on clinical examination and basic laboratory values. The daily use of clinical examination for diagnostic purposes contrasts sharp with the limited number of studies. We aim to provide an overview of the diagnostic accuracy of clinical examination in estimating...
Article
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Introduction: Outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains poor. With the introduction of automated external defibrillators, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) the prognosis of patients after OHCA appears to be improving. The aim of this study was to evaluate short and long-term outcome a...
Article
A subgroup of patients presenting with suspected ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have no culprit lesion during coronary angiography (false-positive STEMI). Little is known about patient- and system-related factors that are associated with false-positive STEMI. We evaluated the incidence, correlates, delay, final diagnosis, and outcome of...
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Increased myocardial infarct (MI) size is associated with higher risk of developing left ventricular dysfunction, heart failure and mortality. Experimental studies have suggested that metformin treatment reduces MI size after induced ischaemia but human data is lacking. We aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on MI size in patients presenti...