Bart Depreitere

Bart Depreitere
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Neurosciences

MD, PhD

About

187
Publications
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3,302
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Publications

Publications (187)
Article
Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumors (DLGNT) are rare neoplasms of the central nervous system. We describe the generation of patient-derived models from a DLGNT that metastasized to the peritoneal cavity via a ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a child. The original tumor contained a KIAA1549:BRAF fusion with a chromosome 1p deletion and correspon...
Article
Brain tumors are still a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children, despite extensive research. An individualized therapy is warranted to combat the heterogeneity present in these tumors. Therefore, this study aims at developing patient-derived models from both low- and high-grade tumors. As such, the heterogeneity in these tumors can be f...
Article
Computed tomography (CT) brain imaging is routinely used to support clinical decision-making in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Only 7% of scans, however, demonstrate evidence of TBI. The other 93% of scans contribute a significant cost to the healthcare system and a radiation risk to patients. There may be better strategies to identify...
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Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of rehabilitation strategies on disability, pain, pain-related fear, and return-to-work in patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative conditions or adult isthmic spondylolisthesis. Methods: Six electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating...
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Objective To compare outcomes between patients with primary external ventricular device (EVD)–driven treatment of intracranial hypertension and those with primary intraparenchymal monitor (IP)–driven treatment. Methods The CENTER-TBI study is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal observational cohort study that enrolled patients of all TBI seve...
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Complex metabolic disruption is a crucial aspect of the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Associations between this and systemic metabolism and their potential prognostic value are poorly understood. Here, we aimed to describe the serum metabolome (including lipidome) associated with acute TBI within 24 h post-injury, and its relatio...
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Purpose Traumatic brain injury (TBI) rates in the elderly population are rapidly increasing worldwide. However, there are no clinical guidelines for the treatment of elderly TBI to date. This study aims at describing injury patterns and severity, clinical management, and outcomes in elderly TBI patients, which may contribute to specific prognostic...
Article
Background Despite being well established, acute surgery in traumatic acute subdural haematoma is based on low-grade evidence. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of a strategy preferring acute surgical evacuation with one preferring initial conservative treatment in acute subdural haematoma. Methods We did a prospective, observational, comparat...
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Abstract Background The rapidly increasing number of elderly (≥ 65 years old) with TBI is accompanied by substantial medical and economic consequences. An ASDH is the most common injury in elderly with TBI and the surgical versus conservative treatment of this patient group remains an important clinical dilemma. Current BTF guidelines are not based...
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Background Previous studies indicated that about 20% of the individuals undergoing back surgery are unable to return to work 3 months to 1 year after surgery. The specific factors that predict individual trajectories in postoperative pain, recovery, and work resumption are largely unknown. The aim of this study is to identify modifiable predictors...
Article
Background Frailty is known to be associated with poorer outcomes in individuals admitted to hospital for medical conditions requiring intensive care. However, little evidence is available for the effect of frailty on patients’ outcomes after traumatic brain injury. Many frailty indices have been validated for clinical practice and show good perfor...
Article
Background Cerebrovascular autoregulation (CA) regulates cerebral vascular tone to maintain near‐constant cerebral blood flow during fluctuations in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Preclinical and clinical research has challenged the classic triphasic pressure‐flow relationship, leaving the normal pressure‐flow relationship unclear. Methods and...
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Background Trauma-induced coagulopathy in traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains associated with high rates of complications, unfavorable outcomes, and mortality. The underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Embedded in the prospective multinational Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) stu...
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Background In traumatic brain injury (TBI), large between-center differences in treatment and outcome for patients managed in the intensive care unit (ICU) have been shown. The aim of this study is to explore if European neurotrauma centers can be clustered, based on their treatment preference in different domains of TBI care in the ICU. Methods P...
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Background Prehospital care for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies with some emergency medical systems recommending direct transport of patients with moderate to severe TBI to hospitals with specialist neurotrauma care (SNCs). The aim of this study is to assess variation in levels of early secondary referral within European SNCs and...
Article
Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) rates in the elderly are increasing worldwide, mainly due to fall accidents. However, TBI's impact on elderly patients' lives has not been thoroughly investigated. Research question This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at describing post-TBI incidence of functional decline, dependency, nursing hom...
Article
Introduction Neurocognitive problems associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can interact with impairment resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research question We aimed to identify neurocognitive problems associated with probable PTSD following TBI in a civilian sample. Material and methods The study is part of the CENTER-TB...
Article
High-grade glioma are the main cause of cancer-related death in children. Despite extensive research, their prognosis remains poor with very few treatment options. This can be attributed to the highly heterogeneous and plastic nature of glioma tumor cells and their interactions with the microenvironment, although quantitative data are still largely...
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Importance An interview is considered the gold standard method of assessing global functional outcomes in clinical trials among patients with acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, several multicenter clinical trials have used questionnaires completed by a patient or caregiver to assess the primary end point. Objective To examine agreement b...
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Purpose To review the evidence on the relative prognostic performance of the available prognostic scores for survival in spinal metastatic surgery in order to provide a recommendation for use in clinical practice. Methods A systematic review of comparative external validation studies assessing the performance of prognostic scores for survival in i...
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Controlled cortical impact (CCI) on porcine brain is often utilized to investigate the pathophysiology and functional outcome of focal traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as cerebral contusion (CC). Using a finite element (FE) model of the porcine brain, the localized brain strain and strain rate resulting from CCI can be computed and compared to th...
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Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an extremely heterogeneous and complex pathology that requires the integration of different physiological measurements for the optimal understanding and clinical management of patients. Information derived from intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring can be coupled with information obtained from heart rat...
Article
Background In patients with severe brain injury, withdrawal of life-sustaining measures (WLSM) is common in intensive care units (ICU). WLSM constitutes a dilemma: instituting WLSM too early could result in death despite the possibility of an acceptable functional outcome, whereas delaying WLSM could unnecessarily burden patients, families, clinici...
Article
Objective Cerebral contusions (CC) represent a frequent lesion in traumatic brain injury, with potential morbidity from mass effect and tissue loss. Better understanding of the mechanical etiology will help to improve head protection. The goal of this study is to investigate the threshold for mechanical impact parameters to induce CC in an in vivo...
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Managing traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with a cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) near to the cerebral autoregulation (CA)-guided "optimal" CPP (CPPopt) value is associated with improved outcome and might be useful to individualize care, but has never been prospectively evaluated. This study evaluated the feasibility and safety of CA-guided C...
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Full-text available
Background In patients with severe brain injury, withdrawal of life-sustaining measures (WLSM) is common in intensive care units (ICU). WLSM constitutes a dilemma: instituting WLSM too early could result in death despite the possibility of an acceptable functional outcome, whereas delaying WLSM could unnecessarily burden patients, families, clinici...
Article
Full-text available
Background Prehospital care for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies with some emergency medical systems recommending direct transport of patients with moderate to severe TBI to hospitals with specialist neurotrauma care (SNCs). The aim of this study is to assess variation in levels of early secondary referral within European SNCs and...
Article
Background Fluid therapy—the administration of fluids to maintain adequate organ tissue perfusion and oxygenation—is essential in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with traumatic brain injury. We aimed to quantify the variability in fluid management policies in patients with traumatic brain injury and to study the effect of this va...
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Background After traumatic brain injury (TBI), fever is frequent. Brain temperature (BT), which is directly linked to body temperature, may influence brain physiology. Increased body and/or BT may cause secondary brain damage, with deleterious effects on intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and outcome. Methods Collabora...
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Objectives: In selected patients with symptomatic spinal metastasis from solid tumors, surgery improves quality of life. Since selection is key, inaccurate survival prognostication may result in poor decisions and outcomes. However, most prognostic scores suffer from suboptimal external validation and subsequent mediocre performance. This warrants...
Article
Background In patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) the burden of intracranial pressure (ICP) and its contribution to outcomes remains unclear. In this multicenter study, the independent association between intensity and duration, or “dose,” of episodes of intracranial hypertension and 12-month neurological outcomes was investigat...
Chapter
Introduction: Monitoring of cerebral autoregulation (CA) in patients with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can provide an individual 'optimal' cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) target (CPPopt) at which CA is best preserved. This potentially offers an individualized precision medicine approach. Retrospective data suggest that deviation of CPP from CP...
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PurposeLow back pain (LBP) is a major public health problem worldwide. Significant practice variation exists despite guidelines, including strong interventionist focus by some practitioners. Translation of guidelines into pathways as integrated treatment plans is a next step to improve implementation. The goal of the present study was to analyze in...
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Background Several methods have been proposed to measure cerebrovascular autoregulation (CA) in traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the lack of a gold standard and the absence of prospective clinical data on risks, impact on care and outcomes of implementation of CA-guided management lead to uncertainty. Aim To formulate statements using a Delphi co...
Book
This book gathers the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Intracranial Pressure and Neuromonitoring, held in Leuven, Belgium in September 2019. It provides an overview of the current understanding, underlying research and future perspectives concerning pathophysiology, biophysics, monitoring and management in traumatic and non-traum...
Article
Background Fatigue is one of the most commonly reported subjective symptoms following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aims were to assess frequency of fatigue over the first 6 months after TBI, and examine whether fatigue changes could be predicted by demographic characteristics, injury severity and comorbidities. Methods Patients with acute TBI...
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Full-text available
Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumors (DLGNT) are rare neoplasms of the central nervous system and have been included in the 2016 update of the WHO classification. This is the first description of a DLGNT disseminating to the peritoneal cavity via a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) in a child. We describe an 11-year old girl who received a VPS...
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Full-text available
Bridging veins (BVs) drain the blood from the cerebral cortex into dural sinuses. BVs have one end attached to the brain and the other to the superior sagittal sinus (SSS), which is attached to the skull. Relative movement between these two structures can cause BV to rupture producing acute subdural haematoma, a head injury with a mortality rate be...
Article
Fever may aggravate secondary brain injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to identify episodes of temperature increases through visual plot analysis and algorithm supported detection, and to describe associated patterns of changes in on brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2). Data derive from the high-resolution cohort o...
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The regional dynamic mechanical properties of mouse, rat, pig, and human brain tissue were compared directly in this first-of-its-kind study. Our results suggest the use of pig or mouse brain tissue as suitable surrogates to characterise human brain tissue. The importance of this work is highlighted by the extensive use of constitutive data from an...
Article
Purpose The Quality of Life after Brain Injury overall scale (QOLIBRI-OS) measures health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to derive value sets for the QOLIBRI-OS in three European countries, which will allow calculation of utility scores for TBI health states. Methods A QOLIBRI-OS value...
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Finite element models of the human head are used widely to simulate TBI loading scenarios, to improve the understanding of the mechanical pathogenesis of head trauma. The reliability of such computational models depends strongly on the accuracy of the mechanica...
Article
Background Although rehabilitation is beneficial for individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), a significant proportion of them do not receive adequate rehabilitation after acute care. Objective Therefore, the goal of this prospective and multicenter study was to investigate predictors of access to rehabilitation in the year following injury i...
Article
Effects of treatment-associated variables on cerebrovascular autoregulation (CA) in acute brain injury patients remain unclear. As deficient CA is associated with worse outcomes and ideas about CA-steered management are emerging, this question is relevant. We investigated effects of norepinephrine and propofol infusion rates and hemoglobin concentr...
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Background We aimed to study the associations between pre- and in-hospital tracheal intubation and outcomes in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and whether the association varied according to injury severity. Methods Data from the international prospective pan-European cohort study, Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research for TBI (C...
Article
Background The European Union (EU) aims to optimize patient protection and efficiency of health-care research by harmonizing procedures across Member States. Nonetheless, further improvements are required to increase multicenter research efficiency. We investigated IRB procedures in a large prospective European multicenter study on traumatic brain...
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Background The benefits of surgery for symptomatic spinal metastases have been demonstrated, largely based on series of patients undergoing debulking and instrumentation operations. However, as cancer treatments improve and overall survival lengths increase, the incidence of recurrent spinal cord compression after debulking may increase. The aim of...
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Objective We aimed to explore the added value of common machine learning (ML) algorithms for prediction of outcome for moderate and severe traumatic brain injury. Study Design and Setting We performed logistic (LR), lasso, and ridge regression with key baseline predictors in the IMPACT-II database (15 studies, n=11,022). ML algorithms included sup...
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Introduction Controversy exists about the optimal treatment for patients with a traumatic acute subdural haematoma (ASDH) and an intracerebral haematoma/contusion (t-ICH). Treatment varies largely between different regions. The effect of this practice variation on patient outcome is unknown. Here, we present the protocol for a prospective multicent...
Article
Background The burden of traumatic brain injury (TBI) poses a large public health and societal problem, but the characteristics of patients and their care pathways in Europe are poorly understood. We aimed to characterise patient case-mix, care pathways, and outcomes of TBI. Methods CENTER-TBI is a Europe-based, observational cohort study, consisti...
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Full-text available
Low back pain (LBP) and radicular pain are very common health problems. They are rarely caused by serious underlying pathology and will usually recover spontaneously in time. In about one third of the cases however, the pain and functional impairment will persist one year after onset, being responsible for high health care costs and work absence. T...
Article
Background: High level evidence on management of spinal disorders is scarce, which results in guidelines being of limited practical use for practitioners. Care pathways are complex interventions intended for the mutual decision making of organization of care processes for a well-defined group of patient. Aim: The goal of this project was to desi...
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Impairment of cerebrovascular autoregulation (CAR) is common after brain injury, although the pathophysiology remains elusive. The mechanisms of vascular dysregulation, their impact on brain function, and potential therapeutic implications are still incompletely understood. Clinical assessment of CAR remains challenging. Observational studies sugge...
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Traumatic brain injury patients frequently undergo tracheal intubation. We aimed to assess current intubationpractice in Europe and identify variation in practice. We analysed data from patients with traumatic brain injuryincluded in the prospective cohort study collaborative European neurotrauma effectiveness research intraumatic brain injury (CEN...
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Introduction Individualising therapy is an important challenge for intensive care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Targeting a cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) tailored to optimise cerebrovascular autoregulation has been suggested as an attractive strategy on the basis of a large body of retrospective observational data. The o...
Article
Reliable computer models are needed for a better understanding of the physical mechanisms of skull fracture in accidental hits, falls, bicycle - motor vehicle & car accidents and assaults. The performance and biofidelity of these models depend on the correct anatomical representation and material description of these structures. In literature, a st...
Article
Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is one of the most frequent traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) with high mortality rate. Bridging vein (BV) ruptures is a major cause of ASDH. The KTH finite element head model includes bridging veins to predict acute subdural hematoma due to BV rupture. In this model, BVs were positioned according to Oka et al. (1985)....
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Full-text available
Purpose Bracing is frequently prescribed following lumbar surgery for degenerative conditions. However, previous studies failed to demonstrate the advantage of postoperative lumbar bracing in both short- and long-term outcome in terms of pain, quality of life and fusion rate. The purpose of this study was to assess the prescription patterns and rat...
Article
Objective: Spinal metastases represent the most common site of bony metastases and frequently reduce quality of life. A beneficial effect of surgery and radiotherapy versus radiotherapy alone has been demonstrated in symptomatic patients. The goal of our study was to perform a cost-utility analysis of surgery for spinal metastases based on patient...
Article
Objective: Decisions concerning the rehabilitation process and return to play (RTP) after cervical spine surgery in a general sporting population can be difficult and may be influenced by several factors. Moreover, no clear guidelines for this are currently available. The aim of this study was to create tentative guidelines for rehabilitation and...
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Aim: Surgery for spinal metastases can improve symptoms, but sometimes complications can negate the benefits. Operations may have different indications, complexities and risks, and the choice for an individual is a tailor-made personalised decision. Previous prognostic scoring systems are becoming out of date and inaccurate. We designed a risk cal...