Barry Costa-Pierce

Barry Costa-Pierce
University of New England (USA) · School of Marine & Environmental Programs

PhD University of Hawai'i

About

132
Publications
52,987
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2,388
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
1053 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Full-text available
Aquaculture is nothing new. It has a long, fascinating history that stretches from antiquity at least 8,000 years ago. What is new is the evolution of aquaculture in modern times into highly intensive monocultures which arose in the 1970–1980's. Modern aquaculture production has grown worldwide but remains concentrated in Asia due to the: (1) incre...
Article
Full-text available
To limit compromising the integrity of the planet, a shift is needed towards food production with low environmental impacts and low carbon footprint. How to put such transformative change towards sustainable food production whilst ensuring food security into practice remains a challenge and will require transdisciplinary approaches. Combining exper...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of the world's coastal zones are acidifying because of excess nitrogen from eutrophication, says Dr. Barry Costa-Pierce Interest and excitement about the power of restorative aquaculture are ballooning, sparking discussion amongst the seafood industry, researchers and non-pro t organizations about mariculture's potential for climate ch...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal and estuarine food webs receive large inputs of both autochthonous and allochthonous detritus, which serves as an important dietary input for a variety of detritivorous and omnivorous organisms. Surfactants, which aid digestion by solubilizing hydrophobic lipids, are found in the gut-fluids of many fish and invertebrate consumers. To develo...
Article
Full-text available
For over 50 years, government fishery agencies have recognized the need to transition excess fishing capacity in coastal waters to aquaculture. For the most part, investment strategies to move wild capture and harvest efforts into aquaculture have failed since the technology and capital expense for entry, such as large fish pens, was not conducive...
Article
Full-text available
A recent publication by Belton et al. raises points for policy-makers and scientists to consider with respect to the future of aquaculture making recommendations on policies and investments in systems and areas of the world where aquaculture can contribute most. Belton et al. take an ‘us versus them’ approach separating aquaculture by economics, li...
Article
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The Principles and Practices of Ecological Aquaculture and the Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture
Article
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As kelp cultivation increases around the world, so does the need for farm management strategies that produce specific crop characteristics, optimize yield, widen harvesting windows, and prevent biomass loss. Distal-end trimming of macroalgae has been recommended as a farm management method addressing these needs. In this study, we trimmed cultivate...
Article
Full-text available
Aquaculture can have negative environmental impacts, adding to the suite of anthropogenic stressors that challenge coastal ecosystems. However, a growing body of scientific evidence indicates that the commercial cultivation of bivalve shellfish and seaweed can deliver valuable ecosystem goods and services, including provision of new habitats for fi...
Article
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Aquaculture of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis in the Gulf of Maine is a growing industry at a time when wild mussel populations are threatened by a rapidly changing ocean. Intertidal mussel beds have largely disappeared in the region raising concerns over the long-term viability of mussel farming. Histology and lipid fatty acid analysis were used t...
Article
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Detritus is a frequent, poorly defined, component of bivalve growth and carrying capacity models. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportional contributions of detrital material derived from primary producers (phytoplankton, macroalgae, Spartina alterniflora , and terrestrial leaf litter) to particulate organic matter (POM) and blue...
Article
Hydrodynamic characteristics are needed to optimize the design of kelp aquaculture systems. To support this need, the objective of this study was to resolve both the normal and tangential drag forces acting on a dense aggregate of kelp blades using full scale physical model tests. The physical model was designed to match the exposed length, individ...
Presentation
Full-text available
A single kelp longline was designed for an exposed site in the Gulf of Maine. The structural properties of the kelp were taken from prior measurements of fresh samples of Saccharina latissima. Hydrodynamic properties were derived from prior tank tests of a physical model of a 1-m section of a kelp longline with 3-m long kelp fronds. Normal and axia...
Article
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The challenge of developing rural communities is to combine socioeconomic enhancement and environmental conservation. Sustainable aquaculture using low-trophic level native small fish could be an important tool to aid in the challenge. Lambari are a fish group widely distributed on neotropical and subtropical watersheds, which can be a good model f...
Article
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A summary on Maine's potential eel harvesting capacities.
Article
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Mercury (Hg) contamination testing was conducted on winter-caught male spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) in southern New England and results compared to available data on Hg concentrations for this species. A limited risk-reward assessment for EPA (eicosapentanoic acid) and DHA (docosahexanoic acid) lipid concentrations of spiny dogfish was complet...
Article
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The role of bivalve mariculture in the CO 2 cycle has been commonly evaluated as the balance between respiration, shell calcium carbonate sequestration and CO 2 release during bio-genic calcification. However, this approach neglects the ecosystem implications of cultivating bi-valves at high densities, e.g. the impact on phytoplankton dynamics and...
Chapter
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The growth in world aquaculture required to meet the demands of society will result in ever-increasing pressure upon aquatic and terrestrial resources. There are also potential consequences on the environment and on biodiversity, as well as inevitable societal impacts. There is growing adoption of aspects of the ecosystem approach to aquaculture (E...
Conference Paper
Ecological aquaculture is an alternative model of aquaculture development that uses ecological principles as the organizing paradigm for the development of sustainable aquaculture. Ecological aquaculture farms are “aquaculture ecosystems” designed to deliver both economic and social profit. The emerging field of ecological aquaculture recognizes th...
Article
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Managers are moving from a model of managing individual sectors, human activities, or ecosystem services to an ecosystem-based management (EBM) approach which attempts to balance the range of services provided by ecosystems. Applying EBM is often difficult due to inherent tradeoffs in managing for different services. This challenge particularly hol...
Book
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Comparisons of production, water and energy efficiencies of aquaculture versus an array of fisheries and terrestrial agriculture systems show that non- fed aquaculture (e.g. shellfish, seaweeds) is among the world’s most efficient mass producer of plant and animal proteins. Various fed aquaculture systems also match the most efficient forms of terr...
Book
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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) are pleased to present Farming the Waters for People and Food, the Proceedings of the Global Conference on Aquaculture 2010. The Global Conference on Aquaculture 2010, organized jointly by FAO, the Network of Aquaculture C...
Chapter
Full-text available
Worldwide aquaculture production of finfish and shellfish species is an ever increasing sector of food production and now represents nearly half (48%) of all aquatic species intended for human consumption . It is thought that the increased aquaculture production is driven primarily by the vacuum created as a consequence of the static (or declining)...
Chapter
Aquaculture is nothing new. There have been many “blue revolutions” throughout human history. Aquaculture arose multiple times in many indigenous societies where coastal population densities of “seafood-eating peoples” increased beyond the carrying capacities of the natural, aquatic ecosystems to supply them. But modern, high intensity, and “expose...
Article
Ecosystem-based management (EBM), despite the best efforts of managers, researchers, and policy makers, often falls short of its intended purpose resulting in inadequate protection of resources. Coastal habitats are particularly vulnerable to poor management due to high use and potential for user conflict. EBM can be improved when it is informed by...
Article
Increasing growth in the aquaculture industry demands ecosystem-based techniques for management if that growth is to be ecologically sustainable and promote equity among users of the ecosystems in which it occurs. Models of carrying capacity can be used to responsibly limit the growth of aquaculture in increasingly crowded coastal areas. Narraganse...
Article
Lagoons are some of the most productive systems on the planet — not only for aquaculture, but for fisheries, recreation, and as nurseries for many important species. These systems are also highly susceptible to degradation. Aquaculture is a rapidly increasing industry capable of impacting these sensitive systems. Dense human populations and intensi...
Book
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An illustrated manual in comics format on how to culture the common carp in floating cages. The techniques described were actually developed in the common carp culture in Bandung, Indonesia, and can be easily adapted to other sites.
Book
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Gives comprehensive and well-illustrated techniques in comics format for establishing and maintaining an inexpensive hatchery for common carp, based on the techniques adopted in the common carp culture in Indonesia.
Article
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Ecohistories of aquaculture suggest that aquaculture is a natural part of human development throughout history and that modern, industrial aquaculture could strengthen its social and ecological roots by articulating its evolution along a sustainability trajectory and by adopting fully the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) ecosystems approach...
Book
Full-text available
U.S. mariculture production of bivalve molluscs-those cultivated in the marine environment-has roughly doubled over the last 25 years. Although mariculture operations may expand the production of seafood without additional exploitation of wild populations, they still depend upon and affect natural ecosystems and ecosystem services. Every additional...
Article
The benefits of integrated aquaculture-agriculture farming systems are reviewed from an economic point of view, particularly with respect to reduction in cost of production, improvement in efficiency of resource utilization and increase in profit of operation. Bio-economic factors affecting the profitability of integrated farming are discussed. Thi...
Article
The ecology of water and sediment microbial communities was examined over a 28-week period in semi-intensive prawn monoculture ponds and fish/prawn polyculture ponds stocked with commercial densities of silver and grass carp but fed at 50% and 1% of control feeding rates. Fish polycultures at reduced feeding rates had little effect on phytoplankton...
Article
Fry and fingerlings production of a pelagic tilapia from Lake Malawi, Oreochromis karongae subgenus Nyasalapia (Trewavas), was lower (4.07 ± 5.09, 10–21 fry female−1 month−1) than reported for other tilapias (about 135 fry female−1 month−1). Although seasonality was very pronounced in all experimental systems, the use of net bags (hapas) improved f...
Article
This paper presents a review of all introductions of various carp species: Common carp, Cyprinus carpio (L.), but also major Chinese and Indian carp into Africa. The historical background of the present situation of carp culture is provided for 16 African countries. This contribution shows that, despite important efforts at aquaculture and fisherie...
Article
As currently practiced, freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man), aquaculture in Hawaii requires large inputs of supplementary feed, water and labour. The high cost of these inputs greatly restricts profit potential. An experiment was conducted to compare an alternative prawn production system which used lower feeding rates and fish pol...
Book
In the United States, approximately two thirds of coastal rivers and bays are moderately to severely degraded by nutrient pollution. Nonetheless, the problem of nutrient pollution is still debated. Rhode Island is in the formative stages of undertaking what many are calling a "grand experiment" in reducing nutrient input to the Narragansett Bay eco...
Chapter
Introduction: the global protein - ecological crisisThe social ecology of aquacultureDefining ecological aquacultureNeed to incorporate ecological aquaculture into the planning for sustainable fisheriesChoosing the most efficient protein-production system for a crowded planetAquaculture pollution and habitat lossesExamples of ecological aquaculture...
Chapter
IntroductionResearch to develop VAEs in AfricaImpacts on farm productivityTechnology adoption and transmissionEcological footprintsEnvironment, economics and food securityRealizing the potentialInformation ttransfer and sustained adoptionImprovements in productivityEconomical threshold for commercial transformation
Chapter
IntroductionThe social ecology of ancient HawaiiHawaiian integrated aquaculture ecosystemsFreshwater taro fishpond ecosystemsOther freshwater pond ecosystemsBrackishwater pond ecosystemsNearshore mariculture ecosystemsNearshore fish trapsThe context of the Hawaiian innovations in the evolution of mariculture ecosystems
Chapter
IntroductionThe case study of resettlement aquaculture in IndonesiaInstitutional framework and planning processFarming systems extensions and training programsTraditional training methodsFarmer participatory traning methodsEstablishment of community integrated aquaculture schoolsFarmer-to-farmer visitsStudy tours to nations with relevant experience...
Chapter
IntroductionThe Mozambique tilapia in FijiMaterails and methodsResults and discussionConclusions Recommendations
Article
This paper explores the application of the US Sea Grant model of applied research, extension, and education to two case studies in Latin America: Coastal Ecuador and the Gulf of Fonseca. The analysis is based on a series of meetings and roundtables with in-country partners and leaders of the US Sea Grant program. We conclude that the Sea Grant mode...
Article
— A floating, double-net hatchery system for a red tilapia hybrid Oreochromis spp. was developed and tested in a eutrophic reservoir in West Java, Indonesia. Objectives of the studies were to test the effects of different male and female broodstock rotation times on fingerling production and compare production of the double-net system with other st...
Article
Full-text available
The Salton Sea is a highly saline lake that has long supported sportfishery and large populations of fish-eating birds. A study was initiated in 1999 to assess the status of orangemouth corvina (Cynoscion xanthulus), bairdiella (Bairdiella icistia) and tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus × O. urolepis). Multimesh (50 × 2 m) gillnets were set at nine s...
Article
In response to a request by American Fisheries Society President Christopher Kohler, we examined the current status of open ocean aquaculture in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the United States, interest in open ocean aquaculture activities, the regulatory environment, and the potential for sustainable development. There is currently little i...
Article
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Predicted increases in wastewater flows from seven megacities by 2050 show that even with large capital investments in sewage treatment to treat an ever-increasing volume of wastewater, nitrogen loadings to coastal oceans will continue to increase dramatically. Furthermore, it is uncertain if nations will be able to afford the huge capital investme...
Book
Fishery products are the world's most important source of animal protein, especially for the poor. Meeting the basic human needs for protein foods in the future will be a difficult challenge, especially as demand for fish has doubled since the 1950s. Realistically we can not expect to catch more food from the sea, so we must now turn to farming the...
Chapter
Full-text available
In light of the increasing demand for fish, the challenge for planners now is to accelerate aquaculture development and to plan for new production, making urban areas not only centres of marketing and distribution, but also of production, particularly using urban wastewater. This book includes papers from authors in the USA, Europe and Asia that re...
Chapter
In light of the increasing demand for fish, the challenge for planners now is to accelerate aquaculture development and to plan for new production, making urban areas not only centres of marketing and distribution, but also of production, particularly using urban wastewater. This book includes papers from authors in the USA, Europe and Asia that re...
Article
The American Fisheries Society's 2005-2009 Strategic Plan is a revision of the 1999-2004 Strategic Plan and has features that are similar to the earlier Plan. It is organized around three focus areas that are identical to the "major goals" detailed in the 1999-2004 Strategic Plan. Each focus area contains a series of goals ("subgoals" in the previo...