Barry Bogin

Barry Bogin
Loughborough University | Lough · School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

PhD, MA, BA

About

248
Publications
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Introduction
Barry Bogin does research in Biological Anthropology. Current project are: 1) Evolution of human life history; 2) Community effects and strategic growth; 3) Interventions needed to change Social-Economic-Political-Emotional (SEPE) systems to improve child health. Barry was Professor of Anthropology at University of Michigan-Dearborn and at Loughborough University, United Kingdom. He is an active member of The Center for Academic Research (CARTA) https://carta.anthropogeny.org
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - present
Loughborough University
Position
  • Professor of Biological Anthropology

Publications

Publications (248)
Article
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Carl Bergmann was an astute naturalist and physiologist. His ideas about animal size and shape were important advances in the pre-Darwinian nineteenth century. Bergmann’s rule claims that that in cold climates, large body mass increases the ratio of volume-to-surface area and provides for maximum metabolic heat retention in mammals and birds. Conve...
Conference Paper
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Mr. Oktay Kaynak, an independent researcher, was in charge of local arrangements. Twenty participants were included: seven from Russia, eight from Turkey, three from the United Kingdom, and one each from Portugal and Japan. The first purpose of the conference was to highlight current research on human biological approaches in studies of human evolu...
Chapter
Full-text available
We humans are the most social of all mammals. If reared in isolation, we fail to develop physically and mentally, and the brain may fail to reach normal size. The typical human infant is physically helpless, therefore in constant physical and behavioral contact with caregivers (viz: our concept of biocultural reproduction). One issue we address is...
Article
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A century’s research has shown that inequality in society makes everyone less healthy, including rich people. Despite this, almost nothing has been done to address the problem (see Nature 592, 674–680; 2021). Inequality increases every year in most nations, and affects every aspect of our lives.
Article
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Background There is a recurring and seamless interaction between the biology of human development and the social-economic-political emotional (SEPE) environment. The SEPE environment influences the quality of the material conditions for human biology and, simultaneously, human growth in height and other dimensions provide social and moral signals t...
Article
Open Access from DOI: https://doi.org/10.52905/hbph.v1.7 There is a close association between human biology, epidemiology and public health. Exposure to toxic elements is one area of such associations and global concerns. The Bengal Delta Plain (BDP) is a region where contamination of ground water by arsenic has assumed epidemic proportions. Apart...
Article
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This study analyzes the influence of grandmothers’ household residency on the presence of low height-for-age and excessive fat (FMI = fat mass [kg]/height [m2]), waist circumference, and sum of triceps and subscapular skinfolds in a sample of 247 6- to 8-year-old urban Maya children from Yucatan, Mexico. Between September 2011 and January 2014, we...
Article
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Background Stunting is defined by the public health community as a length- or height-for-age <−2 SD of a growth standard or reference and is claimed to be caused by poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation. Material and Methods Stunting is common at all income levels in middle- and low-income countries. At the hi...
Article
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Objective Prevalence of stunting is frequently used as a marker of population-level child undernutrition. Parental height varies widely in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is also a major determinant of stunting. While stunting is a useful measure of child health, with multiple causal components, removing the component attributable to pa...
Article
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Current methods for infant and child nutritional assessment rely on anthropometric measurements, whose implementation faces technical challenges in low- and middle-income countries. Anthropometry is also limited to linear measurements, ignoring important body shape information related to health. This work proposes the use of 2D geometric morphometr...
Article
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Objectives: Cohort variation in adult height expresses both the impact of socio-economic change on human biology in a wide temporal perspective and social inequalities within populations. We aimed to test the use of joinpoint regressions to identify periods in which changes in height trends were statistically significant. Methods: Data correspon...
Book
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I am pleased to announce the publication of Patterns of Human Growth, 3rd edition Barry Bogin 2021. The book may be purchased in paper or as an eBook from Cambridge University Press. Here is the description from the book cover. This new, completely revised and updated edition provides a synthesis of the forces that shaped the evolution of the h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of the present study was to assess the changes in urinary oxytocin concentration during the period between five days before, and on the day of match, among rugby and handball players. Methods The study used a repeated measures design with the relative oxytocin level as the outcome variable measured at two subsequent points of ti...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Stunting (height-for-age < -2 sd) is one of the forms of undernutrition and is frequent among children of low- and middle-income countries. But stunting perse is not a synonym of undernutrition. We investigated association between body height and indicators of energetic undernutrition at three critical thresholds for thinness used in pu...
Article
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Background Adrenarche involves maturation of the hypothalamic‐pituitary‐adrenal axis and increased production of dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulfate ester, dehydroepiandrosterone‐sulfate (DHEA‐S). It occurs at ages 6 to 8 in industrialized populations, marking the transition from childhood to juvenility and cognitive development at middle childh...
Article
Background: This systematic review aimed at collecting, analyzing and summarizing scientific studies focusing on psychosocial factors that influence linear growth among humans. Methods: The online database "PubMed" was used in order to acquire suitable scientific studies. These studies were evaluated based on clearly defined criteria that determine...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Influence of nutrition in human growth failure, especially stunting, is a well-accepted idea. The present study assesses the influence of nutrition and non-nutritional factors on height growth in a short stature population. Material and methods: The present study was conducted among the children and adolescents of Sikkim, India. The sample siz...
Article
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This study documents differences in childhood IQ trajectories of Guatemala City children, aged 6–15 years and born 1961–1993, according to school attended, height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ) and over time (Flynn effect). IQ data come from the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala Longitudinal Study of Child and Adolescent Development. IQ was measured using...
Article
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Previous studies have demonstrated a negative, significant impact on birthweight associated with the current economic crisis in Spain, which has also been reported for other European countries. Effects by parity are not known. Our aim is to compare the trends in low birthweight (LBW) by parity in Spain from 1996 to 2016. Using the National Vital St...
Article
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Background: WHO documents characterize stunting as, "…impaired growth and development that children experience from poor nutrition, repeated infection, and inadequate psychosocial stimulation." The equation of stunting with malnutrition is common. This contrasts with historic and modern observations indicating that growth in height is largely inde...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
We are pleased to to reply to the comments of Tanjung et al. about our article 'Stunting is not a synonym of malnutrition' (Eur J Clin Nutr. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0439-4). We provide additional current and historical evidence that stunting is not a synonym of malnutrition.
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To analyze the relationship of birth weight, birth order, breastfeeding duration, and age of introduction of solid foods with height, fat mass, and fat-free mass in a sample of Maya children when aged 6 to 8 years old. Methods: We collected data on anthropometry, body composition, children's birth weight, birth order, early feeding p...
Chapter
Globalization is an economic force to bring about a closer integration of national economies. Globalization also has effects on human biology. Food globalization brings about Nutritional transition, the most common being a shift from a locally grown diet with minimally refined foods, to the modern diet of highly processed foods, high in saturated F...
Chapter
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The postnatal life cycle of the social mammals, including the nonhuman primates, has three basic stages of development: infant, juvenile, and adult. Human beings are unusual and add a childhood stage after infancy and an adolescence stage after the juvenile stage. The human pattern of life history in both brain and body growth entails a large inves...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Plasticity in the growth of body segments between populations has been researched in relation to migration, temporal change and high-altitude studies. We study the within population variation in body segments, thus controlling for some of the environmental and genetic differences that could be at play in between populations studies. We...
Article
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Objective To investigate changes in socio-economic inequalities in growth in height, weight, BMI and grip strength in children born during 1955–1993 in Guatemala, a period of marked socio-economic-political change. Design We modelled longitudinal data on height, weight, BMI and hand grip strength using Super-Imposition by Translation and Rotation...
Chapter
We critically analyze definitions of Growth stunting and low height-for-age, Height-for-age on the arbitrary cut-off points that classify people dichotomously as “Stunted” or “non-stunted.” We discuss how individuals may be included or excluded in one of such categories, depending on the Standard or references used, and list inherent Health implica...
Chapter
Today a considerable proportion of Yucatecan Maya reside in urban areas, with the city of Merida being a site with a long history of settlement. The Maya bring with them a historical legacy of poverty and abusive treatment during the more than 500 years of European and then Mestizo domination. This chapter discusses, from a human ecology perspectiv...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Noch immer gründen heutige Analysen genetischer Zwillings- und Familienstudien auf mathematischen Ansätzen des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts, namentlich von Galton, Pearson und Fisher, und führen zu konventionellen Schätzwerten für die Heritabilität der Körperhöhe zwischen h² = 0,87 und h² = 0,93 bei Männern und zwischen h² =...
Article
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The clinical audience is wedded to the idea that stunting is nutritional. Also among the nutrition community there is “convergence on the use of length‐for‐age as the indicator of choice in monitoring the long‐term impact of chronic nutritional deficiency” [1]. These discernments are puzzling. The associations between nutrition and growth, and also...
Article
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Adult height is the most commonly used biological indicator to evaluate material and emotional conditions in which people grew up, allowing the analysis of secular trends associated with socio-economic change as well as of social inequalities among human populations. There is a lack of studies on both aspects regarding urban populations. Our study...
Article
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Background: Nutritional interventions to prevent stunting of infants and young children are most often applied in rural areas in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Few interventions are focused on urban slums. The literature needs a systematic assessment, as infants and children living in slums are at high risk of stunting. Urban slums are c...
Article
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Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate the association between physical growth in preadult life with five outcomes at ages 64 to 76: weight, body mass index (BMI), estimated body fat percentage, hand grip strength, and mortality. Methods Super‐imposition by translation and rotation (SITAR) growth curves of 40 484 Guatemalan indi...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood IQ has been used to predict later life outcomes across disciplines in epidemiology, education, and psychology. Most often only a single childhood IQ test is available or is used for these purposes in the belief that IQ is stable across the life course. The primary aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal stability of individuals’...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between birth mode and fat mass index (FMI = fat mass [kg]/height [m]²), and z‐score values of waist circumference (WCZ) and sum of triceps and subscapular skinfolds (SumSkfZ) in a sample of 256 6‐ to 8‐year‐old urban Maya children from the cities of Merida and Motul in Yucatan, Me...
Article
Full-text available
Children in slums are at high risk of acute malnutrition and death. Cost-effectiveness of community-based management of severe acute malnutrition programmes has been demonstrated previously, but there is limited evidence in the context of urban slums where programme cost structure is likely to vary tremendously. This study assessed the cost-utility...
Data
Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), DALYs averted, and cost per DALY averted under different social weighting scenarios comparing the treatment and prevention programme versus ICDS standard care. DALY[K;r] denotes the applied age weighting constant (K) and discount rate (r). (DOCX)
Data
Database including all cases during the time period with data for anthropometric measurements. (XLSX)
Data
Cost centres and their descriptions for Aahar acute malnutrition programme. (DOCX)
Data
Detailed costs per cost centres and average costs per children in USD for the community based treatment and prevention programme. (DOCX)
Data
Mean Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), Years of Life Lost (YLL), Years of Life lived with Disability (YLD) for the community based treatment and prevention programme (Aahar acute malnutrition programme) versus ICDS standard care only (base scenario) disaggregated for SAM, MAM and normal. (DOCX)
Technical Report
Full-text available
The primary purpose of the study was to obtain information about the processes of growth and maturation that operate in children and adolescents, and how those processes influence changes over time in learning and other school related behavior. A second purpose of the study was to establish reference data, or norms, of growth for Guatemalan childre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mr. Oktay Kaynak, an independent researcher, was in charge of local arrangements. Twenty participants were included: seven from Russia, eight from Turkey, three from the United Kingdom, and one each from Portugal and Japan. The first purpose of the conference was to highlight current research on human biological approaches in studies of human evolu...
Article
Full-text available
Human nutritional ecology encompasses the biocultural relationships between people and their food. From a biological perspective, food is central to life because of the essential nutrients it provides, which are needed for growth, repair, and maintenance of the body. From a medical perspective, food is central because of the consequences of diet an...
Chapter
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Summary The Bangladeshi population is one of the fastest growing ethnic groups within the UK. In 2011 the Bangladeshi population resident in England and Wales was 447,201, or 0.8 per cent of the total UK population; this is an increase of just over 50 per cent from the previous census in 2001 (ONS, 2012). Additionally, this group is reported to be...
Chapter
This chapter describes Project MINA, an intergenerational and transnational project using a mixed-methods approach to investigate migration, nutrition, and ageing in two generations of Bangladeshi women living in the UK or Sylhet, Bangladesh. Results indicate that varied migration histories and changing family structures play an important role in i...
Article
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Comunicamos resultados centrales de un proyecto multidisciplinario que abordó la corporeidad humana como un producto social, histórico, inmerso en un campo de ejercicio del poder. Nuestros estudios de grupos mayas en Mérida, Yucatán, realizados en los últimos quince años, evidencian las consecuencias a largo plazo de las condiciones de vida en que...
Article
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Objective: to evaluate the impact of the economic crisis on the disparities in the prevalence and risk of low birth weight (LBW) according to the maternal socioeconomic profile. Methods: the data analysed corresponds to 1,779,506 single births to Spanish mothers in the years 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2015. The temporal changes in available mate...
Article
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Aim: To scrutinize to what extent modern ideas about nutrition effects on growth are supported by historic observations in European populations. Method: We reviewed 19thand early 20thcentury paediatric journals in the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, the third largest European library with an almost complete collection of the German medical literatur...
Article
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Hominin skeletal remains from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa, represent a minimum of 15 individuals of the extinct species Homo naledi. We examined the dental material from this sample in order to assess the life-history stages of individuals in the sample, in particular to determine the minimum number of individuals in the sample as a whole, a...
Article
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Background: We define migrants as people who move from their place of birth to a new place of residence. Migration usually is directed by "Push-Pull" factors, for example to escape from poor living conditions or to find more prosperous socio-economic conditions. Migrant children tend to assimilate quickly, and soon perceive themselves as peers with...
Article
Objectives: To analyze whether living conditions, experienced by mothers and adult daughters during their childhood, are associated with age at menarche (AAM) in daughters. Methods: From September, 2011, to January, 2014, AAM and childhood living conditions were collected from a sample of 246 dyads of Maya mothers (mean age = 59.60 years, SD = 8...
Poster
Full-text available
Low level of physical activity (PA) is linked with lower physical performance, higher prevalence of chronic conditions and poorer physical and mental health and well-being. Migration, ethnicity and female gender are found to be linked with more social, cultural and environmental barriers to participation in PA than are noted for the general populat...
Article
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Background: Delayed childbearing is considered a risk factor for maternal-foetal health. As in other higher-income countries, in Spain age at maternity has steadily increased during the last two decades. Aim: To quantify the impact of the delay in the age at maternity on small for gestational age (SGA) categories of <3rd, 3rd-5th and 5th-10th pe...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: In 2008, an immature hominin defined as the holotype of the new species Australopithecus sediba was discovered at the 1.9 million year old Malapa site in South Africa. The specimen (MH1) includes substantial post-cranial skeletal material, and provides a unique opportunity to assess its skeletal maturation. Methods: Skeletal maturity...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Birthweight by gestational age charts enable fetal growth to be evaluated in a specific population. Given that maternal profile and obstetric practice have undergone a remarkable change over the past few decades in Spain, this paper presents new Spanish reference percentile charts stratified by gender, parity and type of delivery. They h...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Average adult height of a population is considered a biomarker of the quality of the health environment and economic conditions. The causal relationships between height and income inequality are not well understood. We analyze data from 169 countries for national average heights of men and women and national-level economic factors to t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The postnatal life cycle of the social mammals, including the nonhuman primates, has three basic stages of development: infant, juvenile, and adult. Human beings are unusual and add a childhood stage after infancy and an adolescence stage after the juvenile stage. The human pattern of life history in both brain and body growth entails a large inves...
Chapter
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: By the end of this chapter you should be able to: • summarize the purposes for which each of the currently used measures of nutritional status has been developed, and the scope of their individual usefulness and their limitations • outline the broad choices of different types of available measures of nutritional status, comprising (a) d...
Article
Full-text available
Humans have evolved to be smart enough to take personal and collective decisions about how we want to behave. We can overcome bullying and we could get used to it.