Bàrbara Segura

Bàrbara Segura
University of Barcelona | UB · Department of Medicine

PhD

About

116
Publications
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3,989
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - July 2019
University of Barcelona
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (116)
Article
COVER ILLUSTRATION Larger cohorts of multi‐site MRI data are crucial for neuroimaging research. Harmonization strategies become necessary. The WHARMPA method is user‐friendly and provides a powerful solution to clean the analyses by removing variability associated with the differences between sites. These Weighted HARMonization PArameters encode gl...
Article
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Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is associated with high likelihood of prodromal Parkinson's disease (PD) and is common in de novo PD. It is associated with greater cognitive impairment and brain atrophy. However, the relation between structural brain characteristics and cognition remains poorly understood. We aimed to investigate s...
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Background: The criteria for PD-MCI allow the use of global cognitive tests. Their predictive value for conversion from PD-MCI to PDD, especially compared to comprehensive neuropsychological assessment, is unknown. Methods: The MDS PD-MCI Study Group combined four datasets containing global cognitive tests as well as a comprehensive neuropsychol...
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Background The presence of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) contributes to increase cognitive impairment and brain atrophy in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the impact of sex is unclear. We aimed to investigate sex differences in cognition and brain atrophy in PD patients with and without probable RBD (pRBD). Methods Magnetic resona...
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Multi-site MRI datasets are crucial for big data research. However, neuroimaging studies must face the batch effect. Here, we propose an approach that uses the predictive probabilities provided by Gaussian processes (GPs) to harmonize clinical-based studies. A multi-site dataset of 216 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and 87 healthy subjects (HS)...
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Background and Objective: Brain atrophy and cognitive impairment in neurodegenerative diseases are influenced by sex. We aimed to investigate sex differences in brain atrophy and cognition in de novo Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Methods: Clinical, neuropsychological and T1-weighted MRI data from 205 PD patients (127 males: 78 females) and 69...
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Recent studies associated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) with severe cognitive impairment and brain atrophy. However, whole-brain functional connectivity has never been explored in this group of PD patients. In this study, whole-brain network-based statistics and graph-theoretical approaches were used t...
Article
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a neurodegenerative disorder that presents with a variety of clinical symptoms. Part of the clinical heterogeneity within DLB has been related to the atrophy/sparing of the hippocampus. We extended that previous research by investigating whether different atrophy patterns exist in DLB, beyond and above the atrophy...
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Brain age is a widely used index for quantifying individuals’ brain health as deviation from a normative brain aging trajectory. Higher-than-expected brain age is thought partially to reflect above-average rate of brain aging. Here, we explicitly tested this assumption in two independent large test datasets (UK Biobank [main] and Lifebrain [replica...
Article
Isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is a harbinger for developing clinical synucleinopathies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a tool for understanding the brain bases of iRBD and its evolution. This review systematically analyzed original full text articles on structural and functional MRI in patients w...
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Background and Purpose Multiple system atrophy(MSA) is a rare adult-onset synucleinopathy that can be divided in two subtypes depending on whether the prevalence of its symptoms is more parkinsonian or cerebellar (MSA-P and MSA-C, respectively). The aim of this work is to investigate the structural MRI changes able to discriminate MSA phenotypes....
Article
Objective: Life expectancy and obesity rates have drastically increased in recent years. An unhealthy weight is related to long-lasting medical disorders that might compromise the normal course of aging. The aim of the current study of brain connectivity patterns was to examine whether adults with obesity would show signs of premature aging, such...
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Background: Probabilistic tractography, in combination with graph theory, has been used to reconstruct the structural whole-brain connectome. Threshold-free network-based statistics (TFNBS) is a useful technique to study structural connectivity in neurodegenerative disorders; however, there are no previous studies using TFNBS in Parkinson's diseas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain age is a widely used index for quantifying individuals brain health as deviation from a normative brain aging trajectory. Higher than expected brain age is thought partially to reflect above-average rate of brain aging. We explicitly tested this assumption in two large datasets and found no association between cross-sectional brain age and st...
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Full-text available
Background Parkinson's disease (PD) is a heterogeneous condition. Cluster analysis based on cortical thickness has been used to define distinct patterns of brain atrophy in PD. However, the potential of other neuroimaging modalities, such as white matter (WM) fractional anisotropy (FA), which has also been demonstrated to be altered in PD, has not...
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Background Idiopathic Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD) is recognized as the prodromal stage of the alpha-Synucleinopathies. Although some studies have addressed the characterization of brain structure in IRBD, little is known about its progression. Objective The present work aims at further characterizing gray matter progression t...
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Excessive body mass index (BMI) has been linked to a low-grade chronic inflammation state. Unhealthy BMI has also been related to neuroanatomical changes in adults. Research in adolescents is relatively limited and has produced conflicting results. This study aims to address the relationship between BMI and adolescents’ brain structure as well as t...
Article
Cognitive remediation is able to improve activation patterns in the frontal lobe but only few data on neuroconnectivity has been reported yet. Resting-state approach is a neuroimaging methodology with potentiality for testing neuroconnectivity in the context of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia. A resting-state fMRI data was acquired in part o...
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Background Some studies have showed how Cognitive Remediation is able to improve activation patterns in the frontal lobe. However, only few data on neuroconnectivity has been reported yet. Resting-state fMRI approach seems to be a promising methodology with potentiality for testing neuroconnectivity. Methods A randomized and controlled trial was c...
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Background: Resting-state functional MRI has been proposed as a new biomarker of prodromal neurodegenerative disorders, but it has been poorly investigated in the idiopathic form of rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD), a clinical harbinger of subsequent synucleinopathy. Particularly, a complex-network approach has not been tested to...
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Recent studies combining diffusion tensor-derived metrics and machine learning have shown promising results in the discrimination of multiple system atrophy (MSA) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. This approach has not been tested using more complex methodologies such as probabilistic tractography. The aim of this work is assessing whether the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background/Objectives Excessive body mass index (BMI) has been linked to a low-grade chronic inflammation state. Unhealthy BMI has also been related to neuroanatomical changes in adults. However, research in adolescents is relatively limited and has produced conflicting results. This study aims to address the relationship between BMI and adolescent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Life expectancy and obesity rates have drastically increased in recent years. An unhealthy weight is related to long-lasting biological deregulations that might compromise the normal course of development and jeopardize the so-called “successful aging”. The aim of the current study was to test whether an obesity status could mimic the functional or...
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Background: Structural connectivity is a promising methodology to detect patterns of neural network dysfunction in neurodegenerative diseases. This approach has not been tested in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Objectives: The aim of this study is reconstructing the structural connectome to characterize and detect the pathways of degenera...
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Background: Olfactory impairment increases the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (IRBD). Knowing the test properties of distinct olfactory measures could contribute to their selection for clinical or research purposes. Objective: To compare the accuracy in distinguishing IRBD pa...
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Neural substrates of empathy are mainly investigated through task-related functional MRI. However, the functional neural mechanisms at rest underlying the empathic response have been poorly studied. We aimed to investigate neuroanatomical and functional substrates of cognitive and affective empathy. The self-reported empathy questionnaire Cognitive...
Article
Background: Three cortical atrophy patterns were previously identified in non-demented Parkinson's disease patients using a data-driven approach based on cortical thickness data: i) parieto-temporal pattern of atrophy with worse cognitive performance (pattern 1), ii) occipital and frontal cortical atrophy with younger disease onset (pattern 2), an...
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Objective: In this study we investigate cortical and subcortical gray matter structure in patients with Idiopathic REM-sleep behavior disorder (IRBD), and their relation to cognitive performance. Methods: This study includes a sample of 20 patients with polysomnography-confirmed IRBD and 27 healthy controls that underwent neuropsychological and T1-...
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Background: Recent studies using resting-state functional connectivity and machine-learning to distinguish patients with neurodegenerative diseases from other groups of subjects show promising results. This approach has not been tested to discriminate between Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) patients. Objectives: Our fi...
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La obesidad se ha relacionado con cambios estructurales en los ganglios basales y alteraciones en dominios transversales como la velocidad de procesamiento. El objetivo del presente estudio es investigar la relación entre velocidad de procesamiento y volumen de los ganglios basales en adolescentes con y sin obesidad. Treinta y tres participantes ob...
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Overweight and stress are both related to brain structural abnormalities. The allostatic load model states that frequent disruption of homeostasis is inherently linked to oxidative stress and inflammatory responses that in turn can damage the brain. However, the effects of the allostatic load on the central nervous system remain largely unknown. Th...
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Hippocampal subfields have different vulnerability to the degenerative processes related to aging, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the temporal evolution in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is unknown. The purposes of the current work are to describe regional hippocampal changes over time in a sample of PD patient...
Article
Objective: The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSI...
Article
The capacity to regulate urges is an important human characteristic associated with a range of social and health outcomes. Self-regulatory capacity has been postulated to have a limited reserve, which when depleted leads to failure. The authors aimed to investigate the neural correlates of self-regulatory fatigability. Functional MRI was used to de...
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Gray/white matter contrast (GWC) decreases with aging and has been found to be a useful MRI biomarker in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but its utility in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients has not been investigated. The aims of the study were to test whether GWC is sensitive to aging changes in PD patients, if PD patients differ from healthy controls (H...
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The description of brain networks as graphs where nodes represent different brain regions and edges represent a measure of connectivity between a pair of nodes is an increasingly used approach in neuroimaging research. The development of powerful methods for edge-wise group-level statistical inference in brain graphs while controlling for multiple-...
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Introduction: Cortical brain atrophy detectable with MRI in non-demented advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) is well characterized, but its presence in early disease stages is still under debate. We aimed to investigate cortical atrophy patterns in a large sample of early untreated PD patients using a hypothesis-free data-driven approach. Methods:...
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Objective: Overweight (body mass index or BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) and stress interact with each other in complex ways. Overweight promotes chronic low-inflammation states, while stress is known to mediate caloric intake. Both conditions are linked to several avoidable health problems and to cognitive decline, brain atrophy, and dementia. Since it was propo...
Article
The main objective of "Lifebrain" is to identify the determinants of brain, cognitive and mental (BCM) health at different stages of life. By integrating, harmonising and enriching major European neuroimaging studies across the life span, we will merge fine-grained BCM health measures of more than 5,000 individuals. Longitudinal brain imaging, gene...
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Background: Growing evidence highlights the relevance of posterior cortically-based cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) as possible biomarkers of the evolution to dementia. Cross-sectional correlational studies have established a relationship between the degree of atrophy in posterior brain regions and visuospatial and visuoperceptual (...
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Background: Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) is relevant because it is a marker for evolution to dementia. However, the selection of suitable tests to evaluate separate cognitive domains in mild cognitive impairment related to PD remains an open question. The current work aims to investigate the neuroanatomical co...
Article
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Background: Olfactory dysfunction is present in a large proportion of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) upon diagnosis. However, its progression over time has been poorly investigated. The few available longitudinal studies lack control groups or MRI data. Objective: To investigate the olfactory changes and their structural correlates in no...
Article
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There is growing interest in the potential of neuroimaging to help develop non-invasive biomarkers in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, connection-wise patterns of functional connectivity were used to distinguish Parkinson?s disease patients according to cognitive status using machine learning. Two independent subject samples were assessed...
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AIM To examine the effects of cognitive remediation therapies on brain functioning through neuroimaging procedures in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS A systematic, computerised literature search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline and PsychInfo databases. The search was performed through February 2016 without any restrictions on language or p...
Article
We analyzed the efficacy of functional remediation, in a sample of patients with bipolar disorder who presented with subsyndromal symptoms. From a total sample of 239 patients with bipolar I and II disorder, according to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria, entering a randomized clinical trial, those patients who presented with subsyndromal symptoms were...
Article
Background: The study of functional connectivity by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in asymptomatic LRRK2 mutation carriers could contribute to the characterization of the prediagnostic phase of LRRK2-associated Parkinson's disease (PD). The objective of this study was to characterize MRI functional patterns during the resting state in a...
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Introduction Cognitive impairment in the euthymic phase is a well-established finding in bipolar disorder. However, its brain structural and/or functional correlates are uncertain. Methods Thirty-three euthymic bipolar patients with preserved memory and executive function and 28 euthymic bipolar patients with significant memory and/or executive im...
Data
Mean activations and de-activations in the two patient groups and the controls from the 1-back vs. baseline contrast. Areas of significant activations (red- yellow) and deactivations (blue) in the three groups of subjects. The right side of the image is right side of the brain. MNI coordinates for each one of the axial slices are shown in the last...
Data
Individual demographic, behavioral and fMRI data. (XLSX)
Data
Mean activations and de-activations in the two patient groups and the controls from the 2-back vs. baseline contrast. Areas of significant activations (red- yellow) and deactivations (blue) in the three groups of subjects. The right side of the image is right side of the brain. MNI coordinates for each one of the axial slices are shown in the last...
Data
Clusters of significant activation/de-activation in the comparison between the 1-back vs. baseline, 2-back vs. baseline and between the 1-back vs. 2-back contrasts. (DOCX)
Data
Demographic and psychopathological characteristics in the fMRI sample (SDs in brackets). (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Clinical variability in the Parkinson's disease phenotype suggests the existence of disease subtypes. We investigated whether distinct anatomical patterns of atrophy can be identified in Parkinson's disease using a hypothesis-free, data-driven approach based on cortical thickness data. Methods: T1-weighted 3-tesla MRI and a comprehen...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Functional remediation is a novel intervention with demonstrated efficacy at improving functional outcome in euthymic bipolar patients. However, in a previous trial no significant changes in neurocognitive measures were detected. The objective of the present analysis was to test the efficacy of this therapy in the enhancement of neuro-p...
Article
The network approach is increasingly being applied to the investigation of normal brain function and its impairment. In the present review, we introduce the main methodological approaches employed for the analysis of resting-state neuroimaging data in Parkinson's disease studies. We then summarize the results of recent studies that used a functiona...