Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez

Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Psychology and Sociology

PhD in Medicine and Psychiatry. Degree in Psychology, Degree in Physical therapy and Degree in Occupational therapy
University of Zaragoza (Spain)

About

115
Publications
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1,229
Citations
Education
September 1994

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Background: The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had a huge impact on the psychological wellbeing of the population, however, few studies have analysed the psychological consequences for the most vulnerable groups, particularly those suffering from depression and anxiety, and specifically in men. The objective of this study is to analyse...
Article
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Objectives: Determine the changes in clinical, pharmacological and healthcare resource use parameters, between the 6 months prior to the lockdown and the 6 months following its end, in a population with hypertension who did not have a diagnosis of COVID-19. Methods: Real world data observational study of 245,979 persons aged >16 years with hyperten...
Preprint
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Background: The restrictions introduced to stop the spread of the COVID-19 virus have also had a direct impact on people with chronic diseases and especially on diseases to which lifestyles are relevant in their control and management, such as diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), etc. The lockdown measures implement...
Article
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There is currently little scientific evidence available that allows us to understand patterns of knowledge, risk perception, attitudes, and behaviours among adolescents in relation to COVID-19. This study aims to analyse the relationship between knowledge about COVID-19, risk perception, and psychological variables and the adherence to preventive m...
Preprint
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Introduction: Long COVID patients have experienced a decline in their quality of life caused, in part but not wholly, by its negative emotional impact. Some of the most prevalent mental symptoms presented by Long COVID patients are anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders. Therefore, the need has arisen to establish the personal experiences of thes...
Article
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Background Depression symptoms are prevalent in the general population, and their onset and continuation may be related to biological and psychosocial factors, many of which are related to lifestyle aspects. Health promotion and lifestyle modification programmes (LMPs) may be effective on reducing the symptoms. The objective of this study was to an...
Article
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The lockdown measures imposed to stop the spread of the virus have affected the general population, but particularly people with chronic diseases such as diabetes. An observational real world data pre-post study of 86,615 individuals over the age of 16, having a medical history in the Aragon (Spain) Health Service and diagnosed with diabetes, witho...
Article
Background Social media is now a common context wherein people express their feelings in real time. These platforms are increasingly showing their potential to detect the mental health status of the population. Suicide prevention is a global health priority and efforts toward early detection are starting to develop, although there is a need for mor...
Article
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Background and purpose The impact of COVID-19 and its control measures have exacerbated existing mental health conditions. Although the deleterious effects of mental health problems are well known, fewer studies have examined the links between the Social Determinants of Health (SDHs) and depression. This study provides insights into the relationshi...
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Introduction The arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic modified the functions of Primary Care (PC) teams, which were forced to focus their resources on the diagnosis and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. The disrupted healthcare of individuals with pre-existing mental disorders (depression or anxiety), as well as the psychological decompensatio...
Article
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Spain has become one of the countries most affected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with the highest testing rates, and one of the worst-performing countries in the fight against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. There are no studies related to the consumption of health resources and the economic cos...
Article
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Active learning methodologies, such as flipped classroom (FC), generate a higher level of student engagement, greater dynamism in learning and more significant interactions with course content. Some other active methodologies used in the academic environment are problem-based learning (PBL) and case study (CS). There are few studies that analyse FC...
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Background Depression is a prevalent condition that has a significant impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. The onset and persistence of depression have been linked to a variety of biological and psychosocial variables. Many of these variables are associated with specific lifestyle characteristics, such as physical activity, diet,...
Article
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Background The health system responsiveness is a concept developed by the World Health Organization that measures patients’ expectations for the non-medical care they receive. The aim of this study is to assess primary care responsiveness as seen by people with mental illness and to analyse the factors associated with poor responsiveness. Methods...
Article
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The disruption in healthcare attention to people with alcohol dependence, along with psychological decompensation as a consequence of lockdown derived from the COVID-19 pandemic could have a negative impact on people who suffer from alcohol abuse disorder. Observational real world data pre-post study included 9966 men aged >16 years registered as h...
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Background: Adolescence is a period with physical, psychological, biological, intellectual, and social changes in which there is usually little perception of risk. COVID-19 has generated constant situations of change and uncertainty worldwide. During the pandemic, the acquisition of preventive behaviors has been relevant. Various studies carried ou...
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Late-life cognitive decline ranges from the mildest cases of normal, age-related change to mild cognitive impairment to severe cases of dementia. Dementia is the largest global burden for the 21 st century welfare and healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to analyze the neuropsychological constructs (temporal orientation (TO), spatial orien...
Preprint
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The disruption in healthcare attention to people with alcohol dependence, along with psychological decompensation consequence of lockdown derived from COVID-19 pandemic, could have a negative impact on people who suffers from alcohol abuse disorder. Retrospective observational study of 9,966 men aged ˃16 years registered as having diagnosis of alco...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patien...
Article
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Depression constitutes a major public health problem due to its high prevalence and difficulty in diagnosis. The Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) scale has been identified as valid, reproducible, effective, and easy to use in primary care (PC). The purpose of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the HSCL-25 and validate its...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Social media is now a common context wherein people express their feelings in real time. These platforms are increasingly showing their potential to detect the mental health status of the population. Suicide prevention is a global health priority and efforts toward early detection are starting to develop, although there is a need for mor...
Book
Full-text available
El enfoque que proponemos consiste en considerar la pandemia como un "hecho social total", en términos maussianos. Y es que el coronavi-rus es un fenómeno que pone en juego la totalidad de las dimensiones de lo social. Por tanto, este texto tiene como objetivo exponer, de forma clara y precisa, los efectos de la pandemia en diferentes áreas de la v...
Article
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Background: The prognosis of older age COVID-19 patients with comorbidities is associated with a more severe course and higher fatality rates but no analysis has yet included factors related to the geographical area/municipality in which the affected patients live, so the objective of this study was to analyse the prognosis of patients with COVID-1...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la capacidad de respuesta del sistema de salud percibida por pacientes crónicos de atención primaria, así como los factores asociados a esa percepción. Método Estudio transversal basado en entrevistas a pacientes mayores de 18 años diagnosticados de al menos una enfermedad crónica que visitaron los centros de atención pri...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Existe evidencia de que la orientación feminista de las personas es un predictor significativo de la concienciación ante la violencia de género y la capacidad de intervenir. El objetivo de este estudio es validar la versión en español de la Feminism and the Women's Movement Scale (FWMS), que evalúa la orientación feminista. Métod...
Article
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Background The objective of this study is to deepen our understanding of perceptions towards Primary Health Care Response Capacity by specifically using patients with and without mental disorders, as well as family doctors and a manager, in order to compare and endorse perspectives. For it, a qualitative study was performed. In-depth interviews wer...
Article
Social needs are universal and their fulfilment is considered to be a prerequisite for happiness and well-being. Currently, the assertion that income or revenue alone are insufficient to explain inequality of well-being and happiness in the evaluation of social policies is becoming ever more widespread in the social sciences. Therefore, numerous qu...
Preprint
Background: The prognosis of patients with COVID-19, with older age and comorbidities, is associated with a more severe course and higher fatality rates but no analysis has yet included factors related to the geographical area/municipality in which the affected patients live. So the objective of this study is to analyse the prognosis of patients wi...
Article
Full-text available
Journalists are at particular risk of work-related stress and burnout. The objective of this study is to describe and analyze the principal factors involved in the appearance of burnout in communication professionals, as well as the possible interactions between them and with self-reported health, and to observe whether the variables involved are t...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Major depression is a highly prevalent pathology that is currently the second most common cause of disease-induced disability in our society. The onset and continuation of depression may be related to a wide variety of biological and psychosocial factors, many of which are linked to different lifestyle aspects. Therefore, health system...
Article
Full-text available
Background Breast cancer (BC) is a major public health issue. More than one out of five women treated for breast cancer will develop lymphedema in an upper extremity. Current evidence advocates transdisciplinary oncological rehabilitation. Therefore, research in this area is necessary since limited consensus having been reached with regard to the b...
Article
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Introduction: Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) has a high prevalence and can be exacerbated by poor physical health and economic hardships, which have become common stressors during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The therapeutic approaches used to treat these patients are not always available, may be not be accepted by some patients, and often...
Article
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Background: COVID-19 is an ongoing global pandemic. Since the detection of the first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, the current pandemic has affected more than 25.3 million people worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coagulation abnormalities and prognosis in a cohort of patients...
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Objective To determine the attitudes towards equality and prevention of gender-based violence, and analyze variables associated with a higher awareness of gender-based violence by students of the health sciences and social work degrees. Method A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out. The sample consisted of 437 students of the health s...
Article
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A health system’s responsiveness is the result of patient expectations for the non-medical care they receive. The objective of this study was to assess mental patients’ responsiveness to the health system in primary care, as related to the domains of dignity, autonomy, confidentiality, and communication. Data were collected from 215 people over the...
Article
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Introduction and Objective The early identification of depressive patients having a poor evolution, with frequent relapses and/or recurrences, is one of the priority challenges in this study of high prevalence mental disorders, and specifically in depression. So, this study aims to analyze the factors that may be associated with an increased risk o...
Article
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Negotiation is the main mean of conflict resolution. Despite its capital importance, little is known about influencing variables or effective interventions. Mindfulness has shown to improve subjects’ performance in different settings but until now, no study has shown its impact in negotiation. The aim of this study is to analyze which variables are...
Conference Paper
Background Primary care is the ideal setting for promotion and prevention intervention. Multiple risk behaviour interventions present several advantages over single-risk lifestyle interventions. Multiple risk behaviour interventions could be easily implemented in primary care to prevent non-communicable disease and depression. Aim To test the effe...
Article
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Background Depression is one of the most prevalent health problems, frequently being a medium- and long-term condition, with a high comorbidity rate and with frequent relapses and recurrences. Although numerous studies have compared the effectiveness of specific antidepressant therapy drugs and have assessed relapses, scientific evidence on the rel...
Article
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Purpose: Health factors that enhance an individual’s ability to perceive and maintain health and well-being are referred to as "health assets". Of these assets, resilience, mindfulness and self-compassion are considered to be of special importance. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between these psychological constructs on...
Article
The inclusion of active learning methodologies in university degrees, such as Flipped Classroom and Role-playing require a higher degree of student involvement, greater dynamism in learning and increased content interaction. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Flipped Classroom and Role-Playing (FC + RP) methods...
Article
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Background: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune chronic enteropathy of the small intestine caused by exposure to gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. CD is not easy to diagnose due to its unspecific symptomatology, especially in adults, a diagnosed/undiagnosed ratio of 1:7 is estimated. CD does not have its own code in the International...
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En los últimos años la educación superior está promoviendo el uso de metodologías activas para la mejora del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En este artículo se analiza la utilidad del storytelling en la enseñanza de Psicología Social. A tal fin, 363 estudiantes universitarios participaron en la investigación, realizando una práctica grupal en la...
Article
The aims of this work were to evaluate whether the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia with memantine is associated with significant changes in metabolite concentrations in the brain, and to explore any changes in clinical outcome measures. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed of the right anterior and posterior insula, both hippocampi...
Article
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Background The flipped classroom (FC) is a pedagogical approach that means that the activities that have traditionally taken place within the classroom are carried out outside the classroom. Fundamentally it implies the way in which the student studies the subject. This change of perspective in teaching—learning has raised many questions regarding...
Article
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The validation of Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)-short version was performed in a general population of a city in a region of Galicia (Spain), the sample was composed of randomly selected Spanish Health Care patients (N = 845). The results on the goodness of fit of the non-hierarchical, five-dimensional factorial model met the criteri...
Article
La relación entre ser humano y máquina ha dado lugar a la aparición de conceptos como el de cíborg. Se trata de un concepto que ha ido modificando su significado inicial, hasta llegar a definir al individuo que surge como interacción entre el humano y la máquina. La presente investigación analiza el papel que están desempeñando en la actualidad los...
Article
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Major depression etiopathogenesis is related to a wide variety of genetics, demographic and psychosocial factors, as well as to environmental factors. The objective of this study is to analyze sociodemographic and environmental variables that are related to the prevalence of depression through correlation analysis and to develop a regression model...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Major depression is a highly prevalent condition. Its pathogenesis is related to a wide variety of biological and psychosocial factors and among these is factors related to lifestyle. Lifestyle-based interventions seem to be appropriate strategies as coadjutant treatment. The objective of this study is to explore and identify expectati...
Article
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Self-efficacy is a fruitful construct on psychological research, including the educational setting. The present study is focused on measuring the writing self-efficacy. Specifically, we translated into Spanish the “Self-Efficacy for Writing Scale” (SEWS; Bruning, Dempsey, Kauffman, McKim, & Zumbrunn, 2013) and assessed its psychometric properties o...
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Objective Spanish primary healthcare teams have the responsibility of performing health-promoting community activities (CAs), although such activities are not widespread. Our aim was to identify the factors related to participation in those activities. Design Two case – control studies. Setting Performed in primary care of five Spanish regions....
Article
Resumen Introducción Existe una elevada variabilidad en la adecuación de las solicitudes de determinaciones de laboratorio para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de la hipertensión arterial, la dislipemia y la diabetes mellitus (factores de riesgo cardiovascular), siendo esta una de las actividades preventivas y asistenciales más importantes y numerosa...
Article
Nursing staff has been identified as one of the main risk groups for the development of burnout. The objective of this study is to analyze the ability of self-compassion mindfulness related to burnout in nurses of intensive care units. The results show that the level of burnout of nursing staff is inversely related to their level of self-compassion...
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STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, parallel randomized clinical trial. BACKGROUND: Myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are implicated in shoulder pain and functional limitations. An intervention intended to teat MTrPs is dry needling. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of dry needling in addition to evidence-based personalized physical therapy trea...