Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez

Bárbara Oliván-Blázquez
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Psychology and Sociology

PhD in Medicine and Psychiatry. Degree in Psychology, Degree in Physical therapy and Degree in Occupational therapy
University of Zaragoza (Spain)

About

160
Publications
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1,623
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Education
September 1994

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
Photovoice (PV) is an innovative learning methodology that is gaining relevance in higher education, but research about it is still scarce. Case-based Learning (CBL), for its part, has proven to generate a higher level of student engagement and significant learning. Therefore, due to the lack of evidence related to PV learning, the main aim of this...
Article
Background: Challenges of polypharmacy and the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in older patients require further investigation. This retrospective study analyzed the progression of polypharmacy and anticholinergic burden in older patients in a primary care setting before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: T...
Article
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A prominent feature of COVID-19, both in the short and long term, is the reduction in quality of life (QoL) due to low functionality scores and the presence of fatigue, which can hinder daily activities. The main objective of this study is to compare the functional status, level of physical activity, fatigue, and QoL of patients with Long COVID to...
Article
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Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic necessitated the implementation of various measures within closed institutions like prisons to control the spread of the virus. Analyzing the impact of these measures on the health of inmates is crucial from a public health perspective. This study aimed to explore inmates’ subjective perception of the COVID-19 loc...
Article
Background By 2050, the number of people aged 60 years and older will have doubled worldwide and the most common mental disorders in this age group are currently depressive symptoms and anxiety. This study aimed to analyze the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (BADLs and IADLs, respectively) in older adults; socio‐demographic, clini...
Article
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Background Long COVID can still be considered as a novel disease. Although several clinical guidelines on the management of this disease have already been published, treatment options are still limited. This has left these patients frustrated in seeking treatment, and they express a willingness to try anything to manage their symptoms. The objectiv...
Article
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Background Long COVID is a multisystemic condition which affects quality of life and implies a multidisciplinary treatment approach. There is still limited evidence on management techniques for this syndrome. “Telerehabilitation” could be an important tool when addressing the symptoms of this patients with the aim of increasing their quality of lif...
Preprint
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Smoking is a growing public health issue that has a negative influence on social and psychological well-being. The presence of certain personal factors on health-promoting behavior influences mental well-being and less dependence on tobacco in the population. We aimed to explore the relationship between tobacco dependency, the degree of severity of...
Preprint
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The main objective of this study is to analyse the clinical efficacy of medium-term telerehabilitation in the recovery of patients with Long COVID using ReCOVery APP, administered in the Primary Health Care (PHC) setting. The second objective is to identify significant patterns associated with an improvement in their quality of life predicted by ot...
Article
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Introduction Long COVID patients have experienced a decline in their quality of life caused, in part but not wholly, by its negative emotional impact. Some of the most prevalent mental symptoms presented by Long COVID patients are anxiety, depression and sleep disorders. Objectives The objective of this study is to increase understanding of the af...
Article
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Introduction The “Post-COVID Syndrome” affects approximately 10% of people who have been infected with Covid-19. These people have a physical and mental impact. Objectives The objective of this study is to analyze factors related to poorer mental health in these patients from primary health care. Methods Cross-sectional study. The study populatio...
Article
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We found that patients with cocaine addiction had greater atten-tional impulsivity compared to HC. In addition, they showed reduced CCF in a cluster that encompassed the left insula and the supramarginal gyrus (SMG) and in one in the left medial orbito-frontal cortex. Moreover, the CCF in the left medial orbitofrontal cortex was correlated with the...
Article
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Purpose To analyse: (1) Changes in clinical parameters and in the use of social healthcare resources by patients with alcohol abuse disorder between the six months prior to the start of the pandemic and the first year of the pandemic. (2) The factors related to a worsening of clinical parameters among patients with alcohol abuse disorder. Methods...
Article
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Introduction: The epidemiology of Post COVID Condition is not yet known. There are different treatment options, but they are not recommended or suitable for all those affected. For this reason and due to the lack of health treatment, many of these patients have tried to carry out their own rehabilitation through the use of community resources. Ob...
Article
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Background: Depression and anxiety disorders are a significant and growing health problem that has a significant impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. The onset and severity of mental health problems have been related to various biological, psychosocial, and behavioral variables. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explor...
Article
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Background Depression and anxious symptoms are prevalent in the general population, and their onset and persistence may be linked to biological and psychosocial factors, many of which are lifestyle-related. The way we manage our care, physical and emotional health and/or discomfort is highly influenced by our own abilities, skills and attitudes des...
Article
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Background: Long COVID patients suffer a negative impact on their quality of life, as well as their functioning, productivity or socialization. There is a need to better understand the individual experience and circumstances surrounding these patients. Objective: To characterize clinical picture of Long COVID patients and to identify factors ass...
Article
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The main objective of this study is to analyze the clinical efficacy of telerehabilitation in the recovery of Long COVID patients through ReCOVery APP for 3 months, administered in the Primary Health Care context. The second objective is to identify significant models associated with an improvement in the study variables. An open-label randomized c...
Article
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Background: An estimated 280 million individuals suffer from depression. Brief group interventions in Primary Healthcare Centres (PHCs) are recommended. One goal of these interventions is to educate people about healthy lifestyle habits, as they prevent the development of depression. This study aims to analyse the one-year follow-up results about...
Preprint
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Introduction: Anticoagulation treatment with VKA presents an optimal risk-benefit balance in patients with a Time in Therapeutic Range (TTR) >70%. Pharmacist integration in the primary health care team, using innovative tools such as the SAME-TT2R2 and pharmacogenetics information, could enhance the management of anticoagulated patients. This study...
Article
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Background/objectiveThe COVID-19 pandemic and consequent physical distancing has made it difficult to provide care for those with Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD). As a secondary analysis of a clinical trial, the aim of this study was to explore potential mechanisms through which three online-delivered approaches, added to treatment as usual, i...
Article
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Background Digital health interventions are effective for hypertension self-management, but a comparison of the effectiveness and implementation of the different modes of interventions is not currently available. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of SMS, smartphone application, and website interventions on improving blood pressure in ad...
Article
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Background Digital health interventions have shown promising results for the management of type 2 diabetes, but a comparison of the effectiveness and implementation of the different modes is not currently available. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of SMS, smartphone application, and website-based interventions on improving...
Article
Purpose of the research: Cognitive stimulation (CS) is defined as activities that involve cognitive processing, usually conducted in a social context and often in a group. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a personalized-adapted CS program in older adults on global cognition, neuropsychological constructs, activities of daily living (ADLs...
Article
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Background Affective disorders are a debilitating and very prevalent problem throughout the world. Often these are associated with the onset of comorbidities or a consequence of chronic diseases. Anxiety and depression are associated with poor social and personal relationships, compromised health. We aimed to synthesize evidence from studies measur...
Article
Cognitive stimulation is essential for successful aging. The influence of sex and socio-occupational elements on this area remains unknown. This study aimed to analyze the possible mediation of those elements in the effectiveness of a cognitive stimulation program in primary care. A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 232 adults aged 65 ye...
Preprint
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Background: Long COVID pathology affects patient quality of life. Different telerehabilitation (TR) strategies are being implemented to improve post-COVID symptoms. The main objective of this study is to analyze the efficacy of the ReCoVery Application (APP) over a three-month period. A second objective is to identify significant models associated...
Article
Full-text available
Background Long COVID patients have experienced a decline in their quality of life due to, in part but not wholly, its negative emotional impact. Some of the most prevalent mental health symptoms presented by long COVID patients are anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders. As such, the need has arisen to analyze the personal experiences of these p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic pain is a common complaint having distressing consequences for those that suffer from it. Pain and depression concur within the context of comorbidity, and both share underlying stress conditions. Sense of coherence (SOC) is a factor that determines how well an individual manages stress and stays healthy. Its relationship with...
Article
There are multiple indices based on positive psychology and the economics of happiness for measuring, evaluating and developing social policies. Based on univariable scales, they reflect a more hedonic view rather than a complex perspective on social reality and human behavior, which renders them unfit for purpose in the field of sociology. This pa...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Describir las agendas comunitarias creadas por los equipos de atención primaria (EAP) aragoneses, analizar las características de dichos EAP y explorar factores relacionados con la puesta en marcha de las agendas. Método Estudio observacional descriptivo de las agendas comunitarias y los EAP aragoneses que las han creado desde la...
Article
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Objective: To analyse the overall effectiveness and cost-efficiency of a mobile application (APP) as a community health asset (HA) with recommendations and recovery exercises created bearing in mind the main symptoms presented by patients in order to improve their quality of life, as well as other secondary variables, such as the number and severi...
Conference Paper
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La Universidad de Zaragoza organiza las XV Jornadas de Innovación Docente e Investigación Educativa, que se celebrarán del 18 al 20 de enero de 2023 en el edificio Paraninfo, con el lema “Docencia, Innovación Social y Transferencia”. Desde estos tres ejes analizaremos líneas futuras de desarrollo y las necesidades específicas que plantea su potenci...
Article
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Background: A method of determining the initial symptoms and main prognostic identifiers for COVID-19 can be a key tool for physicians, especially primary care physicians. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the prognosis of patients with COVID-19 from two different demographic regions according to baseline and main symptoms, age,...
Article
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Background The high prevalence of depression is partly attributable to the poor response of patients to first-line antidepressants. Multimodal programs that promote a healthy lifestyle are successful in treating depression when used as a complementary therapy, but their medium- and long-term benefits have not been demonstrated for patients with tre...
Article
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Introduction Multiple studies have examined the individual and socio-demographic variables that can contribute to the development of burnout in teachers. Although the evidence supports that this syndrome is generated through the interaction between the aspects of the organization and those of the person, little attention has been spent on the impac...
Article
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Background Primary health care (PHC) professionals may play a crucial role in improving early diagnosis of depressive disorders. However, only 50% of cases are detected in PHC. The most widely used screening instrument for major depression is the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), including the two-, eight- and nine-item versions. Surprisingly, th...
Article
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Background: The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had a huge impact on the psychological wellbeing of the population, however, few studies have analysed the psychological consequences for the most vulnerable groups, particularly those suffering from depression and anxiety, and specifically in men. The objective of this study is to analyse...
Article
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Objectives: Determine the changes in clinical, pharmacological and healthcare resource use parameters, between the 6 months prior to the lockdown and the 6 months following its end, in a population with hypertension who did not have a diagnosis of COVID-19. Methods: Real world data observational study of 245,979 persons aged >16 years with hyperten...
Preprint
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Background: The restrictions introduced to stop the spread of the COVID-19 virus have also had a direct impact on people with chronic diseases and especially on diseases to which lifestyles are relevant in their control and management, such as diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), etc. The lockdown measures implement...
Article
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There is currently little scientific evidence available that allows us to understand patterns of knowledge, risk perception, attitudes, and behaviours among adolescents in relation to COVID-19. This study aims to analyse the relationship between knowledge about COVID-19, risk perception, and psychological variables and the adherence to preventive m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Long COVID patients have experienced a decline in their quality of life caused, in part but not wholly, by its negative emotional impact. Some of the most prevalent mental symptoms presented by Long COVID patients are anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders. Therefore, the need has arisen to establish the personal experiences of thes...
Article
Full-text available
Background Depression symptoms are prevalent in the general population, and their onset and continuation may be related to biological and psychosocial factors, many of which are related to lifestyle aspects. Health promotion and lifestyle modification programmes (LMPs) may be effective on reducing the symptoms. The objective of this study was to an...
Article
Full-text available
The lockdown measures imposed to stop the spread of the virus have affected the general population, but particularly people with chronic diseases such as diabetes. An observational real world data pre-post study of 86,615 individuals over the age of 16, having a medical history in the Aragon (Spain) Health Service and diagnosed with diabetes, witho...
Article
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Background Social media is now a common context wherein people express their feelings in real time. These platforms are increasingly showing their potential to detect the mental health status of the population. Suicide prevention is a global health priority and efforts toward early detection are starting to develop, although there is a need for mor...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose The impact of COVID-19 and its control measures have exacerbated existing mental health conditions. Although the deleterious effects of mental health problems are well known, fewer studies have examined the links between the Social Determinants of Health (SDHs) and depression. This study provides insights into the relationshi...
Article
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Introduction The arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic modified the functions of Primary Care (PC) teams, which were forced to focus their resources on the diagnosis and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. The disrupted healthcare of individuals with pre-existing mental disorders (depression or anxiety), as well as the psychological decompensatio...
Article
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Spain has become one of the countries most affected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with the highest testing rates, and one of the worst-performing countries in the fight against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. There are no studies related to the consumption of health resources and the economic cos...
Article
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Active learning methodologies, such as flipped classroom (FC), generate a higher level of student engagement, greater dynamism in learning and more significant interactions with course content. Some other active methodologies used in the academic environment are problem-based learning (PBL) and case study (CS). There are few studies that analyse FC...
Article
Full-text available
Background Depression is a prevalent condition that has a significant impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. The onset and persistence of depression have been linked to a variety of biological and psychosocial variables. Many of these variables are associated with specific lifestyle characteristics, such as physical activity, diet,...
Article
Full-text available
Background The health system responsiveness is a concept developed by the World Health Organization that measures patients’ expectations for the non-medical care they receive. The aim of this study is to assess primary care responsiveness as seen by people with mental illness and to analyse the factors associated with poor responsiveness. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
The disruption in healthcare attention to people with alcohol dependence, along with psychological decompensation as a consequence of lockdown derived from the COVID-19 pandemic could have a negative impact on people who suffer from alcohol abuse disorder. Observational real world data pre-post study included 9966 men aged >16 years registered as h...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescence is a period with physical, psychological, biological, intellectual, and social changes in which there is usually little perception of risk. COVID-19 has generated constant situations of change and uncertainty worldwide. During the pandemic, the acquisition of preventive behaviors has been relevant. Various studies carried ou...
Article
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Late-life cognitive decline ranges from the mildest cases of normal, age-related change to mild cognitive impairment to severe cases of dementia. Dementia is the largest global burden for the 21 st century welfare and healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to analyze the neuropsychological constructs (temporal orientation (TO), spatial orien...
Preprint
Full-text available
The disruption in healthcare attention to people with alcohol dependence, along with psychological decompensation consequence of lockdown derived from COVID-19 pandemic, could have a negative impact on people who suffers from alcohol abuse disorder. Retrospective observational study of 9,966 men aged ˃16 years registered as having diagnosis of alco...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patien...
Article
Full-text available
Depression constitutes a major public health problem due to its high prevalence and difficulty in diagnosis. The Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) scale has been identified as valid, reproducible, effective, and easy to use in primary care (PC). The purpose of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the HSCL-25 and validate its...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Social media is now a common context wherein people express their feelings in real time. These platforms are increasingly showing their potential to detect the mental health status of the population. Suicide prevention is a global health priority and efforts toward early detection are starting to develop, although there is a need for mor...
Book
Full-text available
El enfoque que proponemos consiste en considerar la pandemia como un "hecho social total", en términos maussianos. Y es que el coronavi-rus es un fenómeno que pone en juego la totalidad de las dimensiones de lo social. Por tanto, este texto tiene como objetivo exponer, de forma clara y precisa, los efectos de la pandemia en diferentes áreas de la v...
Article
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Background: The prognosis of older age COVID-19 patients with comorbidities is associated with a more severe course and higher fatality rates but no analysis has yet included factors related to the geographical area/municipality in which the affected patients live, so the objective of this study was to analyse the prognosis of patients with COVID-1...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la capacidad de respuesta del sistema de salud percibida por pacientes crónicos de atención primaria, así como los factores asociados a esa percepción. Método Estudio transversal basado en entrevistas a pacientes mayores de 18 años diagnosticados de al menos una enfermedad crónica que visitaron los centros de atención pri...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Existe evidencia de que la orientación feminista de las personas es un predictor significativo de la concienciación ante la violencia de género y la capacidad de intervenir. El objetivo de este estudio es validar la versión en español de la Feminism and the Women's Movement Scale (FWMS), que evalúa la orientación feminista. Métod...
Article
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Background The objective of this study is to deepen our understanding of perceptions towards Primary Health Care Response Capacity by specifically using patients with and without mental disorders, as well as family doctors and a manager, in order to compare and endorse perspectives. For it, a qualitative study was performed. In-depth interviews wer...
Article
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Social needs are universal and their fulfilment is considered to be a prerequisite for happiness and well-being. Currently, the assertion that income or revenue alone are insufficient to explain inequality of well-being and happiness in the evaluation of social policies is becoming ever more widespread in the social sciences. Therefore, numerous qu...