Barbara Imhof

Barbara Imhof
Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien · Department of Architecture

PhD

About

82
Publications
33,042
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
320
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - present
Universität Kassel
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Architektonisches Entwerfen / Architectural Design https://www.uni-kassel.de/fb06/fachgebiete/architektur/architektonisches-entwerfen/startseite.html
May 2019 - present
University of Applied Arts Vienna
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • Co-Corporeality addresses responsive spaces in the era of biomediality with the aim to establish an interaction between a human and a living material. https://cocorporeality.net/
June 2013 - February 2016
Universität für angewandte Kunst Wien
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (82)
Chapter
1970 erschien »Das Museum der Zukunft. 43 Beiträge zur Diskussion über die Zukunft des Museums« mit Vorstellungen zur erwarteten und erwünschten Entwicklung dieser Institution. 50 Jahre danach ist es Zeit für eine Revision: 43 neue Beiträge internationaler Autor*innen aus der Museumspraxis verschiedener Sparten, aus Theorie, Vermittlung, Kunst und...
Article
Full-text available
The future of human space exploration is aimed at long-term missions to Moon and Mars. Currently, plans are elaborated by NASA, ESA, CNSA and others for a return to the lunar environment within the next decade as an intermediate step towards the goal of reaching the surface of Mars. For sustenance and crew comfort the crew of such long-duration mis...
Article
Full-text available
Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the most promising techniques for on-site manufacturing on extraterrestrial bodies. In this investigation, layerwise solar sintering under ambient and vacuum conditions targeting lunar exploration and a moon base was studied. A solar simulator was used in order to enable AM of interlockable building elements ou...
Article
Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the most promising techniques for on-site manufacturing on extraterrestrial bodies. In this investigation, layerwise solar sintering under ambient and vacuum conditions targeting lunar exploration and a moon base was studied. A solar simulator was used in order to enable AM of interlockable building elements ou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the greatest risks humanity faces is Climate Change. Evidence on sea-level rise and extreme weather events supports that climate systems are changing as well as our relationship to climate. Changes are taking place at the global and national level, on built structures at the city and community level, yet we construct an understanding of clim...
Article
Full-text available
Imagine evolving swarms of robots interacting and by doing so reshaping and cultivating our habitat. This habitat could be here on Earth, on a distant planet or moon, or within a self-contained spacecraft. What would these robots look like and made of what type of material? What kind of information, hardware or software? What are the architectural...
Article
Full-text available
Vital natural resources are depleting and being wasted in today’s industrialized and agricultural processes. Critical planetary boundaries’ have been transgressed with major effects on biodiversity loss and climate change. Necessary elements for our daily life such as nitrogen and phosphorus, are being lost through household wastewater. The EU-fund...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future missions to the Moon will require the utilization of the local resources in order to make them affordable. The EU-funded RegoLight project advances existing 3D printing technologies and methodologies for the purpose of shaping lunar regolith, a readily available resource on the Moons surface, through the means of concentrated sunlight that s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the European MOONWALK Project, a Human Machine Interface (HMI) prototype has been developed, with the objective of simulating and improving the exchange of information of the Extravehicular (EV) Crew with Mission Control during planetary Extravehicular Activities (EVAs), while imitating the limited situational awareness and increased autonom...
Chapter
Full-text available
When an article about one of the largest biospheric projects entitled “Noah’s Ark—The Sequel” (Reingold 1990) appeared in September 1990, the author Edwin Reingold could not anticipate that Biosphere 2 would become the proof that constructing a closed ecology is one of the toughest challenges for humankind and for long-term spaceflight. It is not c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last few years, different concepts have been investigated in the context of building human-tended bases in extra-terrestrial environments through ISRU. NASA has conducted a 3D printed habitat challenge in 2015, which put international focus on the topic. Amongst microwave sintering, contour crafting and other Additive Manufacturing (AM) tech...
Article
Full-text available
Water is ubiquitous and essential, yet we struggle to understand it from a systems perspective. Water is a terrestrial closed-loop system involving individuals, communities, cities and geographies, and as such, might it serve as a metaphor for sustainable design? We identify four locations and frame their connections through water and society. This...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation of the MOONWALK Project during the ESA ASTRA conference in Leiden, Netherlands. The MOONWALK project had as objective to develop simulations for human and robotic missions to Moon and Mars, including astronaut-robot cooperation schèmes.
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the approach of biomimetic design in architecture applied to the theme of growth in biology by taking two exemplary research projects at the intersection of arts and sciences. The first project, ‘Biornametics’, dealt with patterns from nature; the second project ‘Growing as Building (GrAB)’ took on biological growth as a specif...
Chapter
Natural lunar analogues are terrestrial analogue environments like deserts, craters or other surfaces on Earth which are representative for terrain, soil, etc. of the Moon. Artificial lunar analogues are human-made terrestrial facilities and/or tools that provide conditions that are analogue to specific conditions on the Moon or to conditions in hu...
Article
Full-text available
We detail the overall structural architecture for a Class III Mars habitat intended for human exploration missions, constructed utilizing a robust and simple \textit{in-situ} resource utilization (ISRU) approach we have termed `lava casting'. The habitat concept is based on a hybrid approach, with structural elements of a central habitat arriving f...
Book
The book explores different pathways of experimenting with biology and architecture in the new field of Living Architecture. It takes architectural visions of a selfgrowing house and looks at growth patterns and dynamics from nature to apply them to architectural visions. The book presents ideas, approaches and concepts for grown structures develop...
Book
Full-text available
a step further into the future of human space exploration Executive Study MOONWALK
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary results of the qualification and testing campaign for the Self Deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE). Developed under a three year European Commission FP7 grant, the SHEE is a rigid segment deployable habitat test bed designed for use in space analogous environments. The objective of the SHEE project wa...
Conference Paper
In light of upcoming plans for human Moon/Mars missions, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and its partners are developing a greenhouse to be tested at the German Neumayer station III in Antarctica: the EDEN ISS project. One critical component of future human exploration of unknown worlds will be the supply of edible food for crewmembers. Thus, dev...
Article
Full-text available
UR FUTURE IS CAST IN LAVA 3D-printed Mars habitat using a novel construction technique called ‘lava-casting’. The habitat is made up of one inflatable dome brought from Earth, for critical crew areas, connected to a series of smaller domes, housing laboratory space and working areas. LavaHive incorporates recycled components as a key element of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In view of lunar exploration, which is foreseen to be one of the next steps in human space exploration, Lunar Analogues are and will continue to be powerful tools to support the development, demonstration and validation of new technologies and operational concepts. Furthermore Lunar Analogues will serve as an environment for Astronaut training, Beh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary results of the qualification and testing campaign for the Self Deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE). Developed under a three year European Commission FP7 grant, the SHEE is a rigid segment deployable habitat test bed designed for use in space analogous environments. The objective of the SHEE project is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Plant cultivation in large-scale closed environments is challenging and several key technologies necessary for space-based plant production are not yet space-qualified or remain in early stages of development. The EDEN ISS project foresees development and demonstration of higher plant cultivation technologies, suitable for future deployment on the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As future planetary missions evolve from local exploration in the vicinity of the lander (up to a few km) to more regional operations (with a reach beyond tens of km), the need for a safe and efficient traverse will be greater than ever. To address these challenges, the EU FP7 FASTER project [1] has tackled for the past 4 years the Forward Acquisit...
Article
Full-text available
SPACESHIP ECOLOGIES The study and translation of ancient Greek texts reveals that the whole Greek world and philosophy was reflected in their language and in the meaning of the words which sometimes had more holistic meanings than one would associate with them today. To define the spaceship ecologies the authors would like to introduce “oikos”, the...
Article
Full-text available
Technological spin-offs from space design integrate seamlessly into our daily lives but the confined conditions of extraterrestrial shuttles seldom serve as Earthly inspiration. Space entrepreneur Susmita Mohanty profers that living conditions in outer space can inform and exchange with cramped environments down below, such as the worker-housing an...
Article
Full-text available
In 2014, the CAAS Collective, in collaboration with Swiss student Rüede Anne-Marlene, explored the “city” as a “spaceship” metaphor using graphical representations of information (data). They attempted to map terrestrial tendencies, human density, consumption and waste. This CAAS journal presents four sets of visual data for comparing and contrasti...
Article
Full-text available
Robots are likely to play an important part as support for future human exploration missions on Mars and Moon. Robotic assistants have the potential to improve the efficiency and safety of human surface activities. The control of robots in space is non-trivial because astronauts are limited in their movements by a bulky spacesuit and missing or red...
Article
Full-text available
The arts offer alternative insights into reality, which are explored by science in general, and broadened by the activities conducted by the European Space Agency [4] and other space agencies. Similar to the way the members of ESA are ambassadors for spaceflight and science, artists and cultural professionals are ambassadors for human expression, e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Self-deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE) project (www.shee.eu) is developing a test bed to evaluate the potential of changeable-geometry architectures in both space and terrestrial environments. Funded by the European Commission under an FP7 contract, the three year development program which started in 2013 will produce a habitat...
Conference Paper
The MOONWALK project (http://www.projectmoonwalk.net/) is a three year cooperative R&D project funded by the European Commission under the FP7 programme. The goal of the project is to develop and test technologies and training procedures for astronaut-robot cooperation in earth-analogue environments as it applies to Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVA)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While past visions of future cities were often inspired by space and exploration of the unknown, and thus based in science fiction, we propose future visions of the city based in science fact; that which is known and learned from our accumulated space exploration experience. Technological spin-offs from space design could integrate into our daily l...
Article
Human interaction with technology has been a central characteristic of space architecture. Both from the user's and designer's angle, crewed space-based platforms are essentially habitable machine systems, while the ground-segment infrastructure is permeated with information systems. From a system-of-systems perspective, the planning and utilisatio...
Article
The Self-deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE) presents a unique platform for multidisciplinary analog research and mission simulation for future planetary exploration. This project is currently under development through a grant from the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union (EU-FP 7) by a large interdisciplinary team of ex...
Article
Moonwalk is a 3-year cooperative research and development (R&D) project funded by the European Commission. The goal of the project is to develop and test technologies and training procedures for astronaut-robot cooperation in earth-analogue environments as it applies to Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVA) on Moon and Mars. Surface EVA will primarily i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses six case studies of sleeping bag design, one used by astronauts onboard the Space Shuttle and another currently being used on the ISS, which was developed by a Russian company. Two inflatable designs, one by Wubbo Ockels for ESA and one by the University of Technology in Munich in cooperation with NASA are chosen as case studies...
Book
Full-text available
What is the architect doing in the jungle? How can architects and natural scientists immerge into a fruitful dialogue to generate new insights for cross-disciplinary innovation? The book contributes to the current discussion of arts-based research taking the example of the interdisciplinary research project BIORNAMETICS – Architecture Defined By Na...
Article
Self-deployable autonomous habitats are needed, in particular, in extreme environments where there is no infrastructure and heavy machinery available. Self-deployable habitats will mitigate construction safety risks and reduce costs due to their subsystems coupling and compact transportation size. Robotic construction integrated into architecture i...
Chapter
Full-text available
A formal discussion about the ornament might have started with Owen Jones work “The Grammar of Ornament” at the end of the 19th century and Jones becoming a well-known English architect and stylist ‘pro ornament’: “From universal testimony of travellers it would appear, that there is scarcely a people, in however early a stage of civilization, with...
Chapter
Full-text available
The project BIORNAMETICS was a one-year project, scheduled from May 2010 to September 2011. The Austrian Science Fund FWF selected the project together with five others from the 57 entries applying for funding in the arts-based research programme PEEK in 2009.
Article
Until now, human factors in the discipline that is concerned with the interactions between humans and other elements of a system have not been taken into account appropriately, which is why the level of performance on space stations, from the Mir to the current International Space Station, is reportedly low. As underlined by the European Cooperatio...
Article
Full-text available
In light of the renewed international interest in lunar exploration, including plans for setting up a permanent human outpost on the Moon, the need for next generation earth-based human space mission simulators has become inevitable and urgent. These simulators have been shown to be of great value for medical, physiological, psychological, biologic...