Baoru Yang

Baoru Yang
University of Turku | UTU · Faculty of Technology

Ph.D in Food Chemistry; MSc. in Biochemistry; MSc

About

271
Publications
52,326
Reads
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7,896
Citations
Citations since 2016
181 Research Items
5631 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200

Publications

Publications (271)
Article
The effect of nonacylated and acylated anthocyanins on urinary metabolites in diabetic rats was investigated. Nonacylated anthocyanins extract from bilberries (NAAB) or acylated anthocyanins extract from purple potatoes (AAPP) was given to Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats for 8 weeks at daily doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg body weight. 1H NMR metabolomic...
Article
Full-text available
Torreya grandis nut is a chief functional food in China consumed for centuries. Besides its rich protein composition, increasing studies are now focusing on T. grandis functional proteins that have not yet identified. In this study, liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry detection of smaller and major proteins, revealed that the major...
Article
Secondary metabolites are a group of small molecules with critical roles in plants fitness in addition to their potential bioactivities in humans. Most of these compounds are associated with the flavor and quality formation of fruits or nuts during the development or the postharvest stages. Change in metabolic profiles and shifts underpinning the p...
Article
Torreya grandis is a characteristic rare economic tree species in subtropical mountainous areas. The kernels of T. grandis have rich content of organic acids, and malate is the predominant organic acid in T. grandis kernels. However, the contents, biosynthesis/metabolism pathway and transcriptional regulation of malate in developing T. grandis kern...
Article
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Current study aimed to evaluate the utilization of protein from brewers' spent grain (BSGP) on microstructural formation as well as rheological behavior, acidity and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) profile during the refrigerated storage. Three different BSGPs were provided including BSGP-C (extracted without enzymatic hydrolysis), BSGP-P (with protease...
Article
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The study aimed to investigate the capability of bath-ultrasonication and its combination with conventional water-bath and autoclave treatment in modifying the volatile composition of brewers’ spent grain (BSG). It was hypothesized that the treatments modified the volatile composition of BSG due to the sonochemical modification. The results demonst...
Poster
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Spent grain has been reported for enhancing the nutritional value of food products thus potentially as a future sustainable food ingredient. However, as it is a byproduct, society as potential consumers tend to consider BSG as waste. As a consequence, commercialization of BSG-added food products would be responded negatively by potential consumers....
Article
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Conventional agricultural practices favoring the use of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) increase the risk of GBH residues ending up in animal feed, feces, and, eventually, manure. The use of poultry manure as organic fertilizer in the circular food economy increases the unintentional introduction of GBH residues into horticultural and agricultur...
Article
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is essential for health but easily oxidized. Yet the influence of DHA’s exact location (sn-1, sn-2, or sn-3) in triacylglycerols on oxidative stability is currently unknown. This is the first study comparing oxidative stability of DHA in regio- and enantiopure triacylglycerols with or without RRR-α-tocopherol. Headspace s...
Article
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Human milk is an intricate, bioactive food promoting infant health. We studied the composition of human milk samples collected over an 8-month lactation using 1H NMR metabolomics. A total of 72 human breast milk samples were collected from ten Chinese mothers at eight different time points. The concentrations of ten human milk oligosaccharides (HMO...
Article
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Autoclave heating (AH) has been applied to modify the dietary fiber composition of dried brewers' spent grain (BSG) flour, which required multiple drying processes. The current study aimed to investigate the influence of the thermal levels and water ratio on AH, as an alternative, in altering the chemical compositions, antioxidant properties, and f...
Article
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Sea buckthorn berries have been reported to have beneficial effects on plasma lipid profile and cardiovascular health. This study aimed to investigate the impact of intervention with sea buckthorn berry puree on plasma metabolomics profile and gut microbiota in hypercholesterolemic subjects. A total of 56 subjects with hypercholesterolemia consumed...
Article
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In this study, protein isolate was prepared from Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) using alkaline pH-shift process. The aim of this research was to characterize the protein isolate and to study its potential in food models. A special focus was placed on characterization of odour profile and volatile compounds contributing to the odour profil...
Article
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Astringency removal is important for the quality of Torreya grandis nut and occurs after harvest. Here, we evaluated the effect of NaHCO3 treatment on astringency removal and compared the differential metabolites of the seed coat and kernel using a UHPLC QQQ-MS-based metabolomics approach. The result revealed the nut astringency was primarily enric...
Article
Full-text available
Water soluble coconut extract (WSCE) was reported as a suitable matrix for probiotic delivery as yogurt alternatives. The study aimed to evaluate the roles of brewers’ spent grain (BSG) derivatives in enhancing the properties of WSCE-based yogurt alternatives. BSG flour (BSGF) and 3 different protein extracts (BSGPs) including protein control (BSGP...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. The study aimed to investigate the biological properties of the protein fraction of brewers' spent grain (BSG) and its sediments as well as the techno-functional properties of BSG protein (BSGP). BSG was incubated with 0.5% protamex and a combination of protamex and flavourzyme, in addition to the control (incubation without protease). Th...
Article
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Objectives The fatty acid (FA) composition of breast milk is a relevant aspect related to the development of the lactating infant. The present study aimed at exploring correlations between dietary intake of macro- and micronutrients with the FA profile in breast milk, and the possible implication for infants' growth. Study Design Breast milk sampl...
Article
Full-text available
Since the dietary regimen rich in fruits is being widely recognized and encouraged, Citrus L. fruits have been growing in popularity worldwide due to their high amounts of health-promoting phytonutrients and bioactive compounds, such as flavonoids, phenolic acids, vitamins, carotenoids, pectins, and fatty acids. The diverse physicochemical properti...
Article
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Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) pickled in vinegar is a common product in the Nordic countries. Other weak acids are used to cook and preserve fish in other food cultures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of weak acids to produce safe and nutritious pickled fish products with varying sensory properties. The influence of...
Article
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Autoclave treatment (AT) modified the dietary fiber composition of brewers' spent grain (BSG), impacting its techno-processing properties. However, its impact on antioxidant properties and stability of polyphenolic compounds remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of AT on several antioxidant activities and polyphenolic compositi...
Article
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The similarity of the fat fraction in infant formulas rich in either bovine milk fat (MF) or vegetable oil (VO) to breast milk was evaluated by analyzing their lipid composition. Milk fat-rich formulas were highly similar (average similarity index 0.68) to breast milk compared to the VO-rich formulas (average similarity index 0.56). The highest dif...
Article
Regioisomeric analysis of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in natural oils and fats is a highly challenging task in analytical chemistry. Here we present a software (TAG Analyzer) for automatic calculation of regioisomeric composition of TAGs based on the mass spectral data from recently reported ultra-high performance liquid chromatography electrospray ion...
Article
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The sterile conk caused by the infection of the basidiomycete Inonotus obliquus (Chaga) is an important source of bioactive compounds. However, its structure and biochemistry are only generally understood. Solid state ¹³C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy have been utilized for the first time to investigate the sterile conk with non-invasive methods. The a...
Article
Marine eutrophication is a pervasive and growing threat to global sustainability. Macroalgal cultivation is a promising circular economy solution to achieve nutrient reduction and food security. However, the location of production hotspots is not well known. In this paper the production potential of macroalgae of high commercial value was predicted...
Article
Full-text available
Brewers’ spent grain (BSG) contains high amounts of dietary fiber, which may regulate the food matrix behaviour. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of spent grain on yogurt. Different levels of BSG were substituted in yogurt fermentation and its impacts on microstructural properties including surface chemical properties and confocal microstruct...
Article
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This study aimed to valorize brewer's spent grain (BSG) from a side-stream into protein ingredients suitable for human consumption. The impact of protease treatments was studied for solubilizing BSG proteins. Treatment with Protamex or simultaneous co-incubation of Protamex and Flavourzyme solubilized up to 60% of the total protein in BSG, whereas...
Article
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The phenolic profiles and other major metabolites in juices made from fruits of 17 cultivars and selections of European pears were investigated using UHPLC-DAD-ESI-QTOF-MS and GC-FID, respectively. A total of 39 phenolic compounds were detected, including hydroxybenzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavan-3-ols, procyanidins, flavonols, and arbuti...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to develop a biorefining process to recover proteins and dietary fibres from a food industry sidestream, canola (Brassica napus) oil pressing residues. The materials were treated with commercial protease, carbohydrase, and phytase to obtain protein-rich supernatants and fibre-rich precipitates. The compositions of these fractions we...
Article
Full-text available
Triterpenoids are among the bioactive components of Chaga, the sterile conk of the medicinal fungus Inonotus obliquus. Supercritical fluid extraction of Chaga triterpenoids was carried out with supercritical CO2, while a modified Folch method was used as a comparison. Three temperature-pressure combinations were tested varying between 314–324 K (40...
Article
Anthocyanins have been shown to have prebiotic properties. This study investigated the impact of nonacylated anthocyanins and acylated anthocyanins on fecal and cecal metabolites and colonic gut microbiota in diabetic state using ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics and metagenomic sequencing. Zucker diabetic fatty rats fed with high-fa...
Article
Enzymatic acylation of anthocyanin with fatty acid improves its lipophilic solubility and application potential. Nevertheless, evaluation of functional properties of product is premise for application. This study investigated the antimicrobial potential and the underlying mechanisms of an acylated anthocyanin, namely, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside–lauric...
Article
Full-text available
Fractionation is a potential way to valorize under-utilized fishes, but the quality of the resulting fractions is crucial in terms of their applicability. The aim of this work was to study the quality of protein isolates and hydrolysates extracted from roach (Rutilus rutilus) and Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) using either pH shift or enz...
Article
Full-text available
The dietary intake of fatty acids (FAs) affects the composition and distribution of FAs in the body. Here, a first-generation (n-3)-deficiency study was conducted by keeping young (age 21 ± 2 days) Sprague–Dawley male rats on a peanut-oil-based diet for 33 days after weaning in order to compare the effect of mild (n-3)-deficiency on the lipid compo...
Article
Full-text available
Water soluble coconut extract (WSCE) was reported as a suitable matrix for probiotic delivery as yogurt alternatives. The study aimed to evaluate the roles of brewers' spent grain (BSG) derivatives in enhancing the properties of WSCE-based yogurt alternatives. BSG flour (BSGF) and 3 different protein extracts (BSGPs) including protein control (BSGP...
Article
Full-text available
The potential of brewers’ spent grain (BSG) as a functional food ingredient has been investigated for having high nutritional value. A high amount of dietary fiber of BSG shows a high ability to bind water; thus, it tends to solidify food mixture. This characteristic has a beneficial effect in the utilization of BSG as a filler and texturizer in yo...
Article
Full-text available
Soluble sugars, malic acid, and ascorbic acid in 17 apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh.) and three wild forms (M. pumila ‘Saiwaihong’, M. prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. and M. micromalus Makino) from three major apple cultivation regions in China were quantified using gas chromatography equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Fructose was...
Article
Full-text available
Anthocyanins, the natural red and purple colorants of berries, fruits, vegetables, and tubers, improve carbohydrate metabolism and decrease the risk factors of metabolic disorders, but their industrial use is limited by their chemical instability. Acylation of the glycosyl moieties of anthocyanins, however, changes the chemical properties of anthoc...
Article
The phenolic compounds in juices and ciders made with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Schizosaccharomyces pombe from eleven Finnish apple cultivars were analyzed using liquid chromatographic and mass spectrometric methods combined with multivariate data analysis. In general, the ciders contained less phenolic compounds than corresponding apple juices....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Kalatalouden innovaatio-ohjelma Blue Products keskittyy kotimaisen kalan arvon lisäämiseen kehittämällä alihyödynnettyjen kalojen, kuten silakan ja särkikalojen käyttöä elintarvikkeissa ja uusissa, innovatiivisissa korkean lisäarvon erikoistuotteissa. Kuluttajien kiinnostus silakkaa ja särkikaloja kohtaan ympäristöystävällisenä ja terveellisenä ruo...
Article
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Black currants (Ribes nigrum) were fermented with Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces yeasts without added sugar to yield low-ethanol-content beverages. The effects of yeasts on the volatile compounds and sensory characteristics were analysed by HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O, and generic descriptive analysis. Ninety-eight volatile compounds were identified f...
Article
Full-text available
Baltic herring (Clupea harengus membras) is one of the most abundant commercially caught fish species from the Baltic Sea. Despite the high content of fat and omega-3 fatty acids, the consumption of Baltic herring has decreased dramatically over the last four decades, mostly due to the small sizes and difficulty in processing. At the same time ther...
Article
An increasing demand for natural food preservatives is raised by consumers. For Nordic berry species, abundance of phenolic compounds and potent activities of anti-oxidation and anti-bacteria enables a great potential as food preservatives. This review provides a systematic examination of current literature on phenolic profiles, anti-oxidative and...
Article
Full-text available
This work investigated the impact of malolactic fermentation on the metabolomic profile of sea buckthorn juice to optimize fermentation process for flavor modification. Six strains of L. plantarum were used with varied pH of the juice, cell acclimation, and fermentation time. ¹H-NOESY spectra were acquired from fresh and fermented juices with a tot...
Article
To study the effect of photoperiodic conditions on the chemical composition of potato tubers, seven cultivars, grown under controlled conditions, were evaluated for the content of free amino acids (FAA) and sugars. The differences in these compounds may have an effect on the susceptibility of acrylamide formation during potato processing as well as...
Article
The valorization of brewers’ spent grain (BSG) as an ingredient has been reported to increase the nutritional value of various food items. However, it diminishes its mechanical properties, technological processing properties, and the acceptability of the final food products. This study aims to modify the dietary fiber composition of BSG by autoclav...
Article
There is an increasing demand by consumers for low-alcohol beverages with enhanced flavors and potential health benefits. This study evaluated the effects of cultivars and fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Torulaspora delbrueckii on the chemical composition, antioxidant capacity and sensory properties of low-alcohol strawberry beverages...
Article
Studies have revealed more positive effects of berries' components over the years, representing a growing trend in their consumption. Phenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins, flavonols, and phenolic acids occur in different concentrations depending on the berry type. Significant trends to exploit the beneficial compounds were collected, with mostl...
Article
Full-text available
We ask how European food law impacts the transformative potential of alternative proteins, including single-cell proteins, plant-based novel proteins, cultured meat,macroalgae, and insects. The Novel Food Regulation may prove insurmountable for small companies, and it is demanding and time-consuming even for larger companies,dampening the transform...
Article
Phospholipids are important components of cell membranes, and they are linked to several beneficial health effects such as increasing plasma HDL cholesterol levels, improving cognitive abilities and inhibiting growth of colon cancer. The role of phospholipid regioisomers in all these health effects is, however, largely not studied due to lack of an...
Article
Full-text available
Phenolic compounds in apples 17 cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh.) and 3 wild forms (Malus sp.) were analyzed to study the impact of genetic background, growth site, and fruit bagging. The impact of altitude was studied in nine cultivars by analyzing fruits collected from orchards at three altitudes. Procyanidin B2 (71–628 μg/g fresh weight), ( −)-...
Article
Aqueous extracts from blackcurrant press cake (BC), Norway spruce bark (NS), Scots pine bark (SP), and sea buckthorn leaves (SB) were obtained using maceration and pressurized hot water and tested for their bioactivities. Maceration provided the extraction of higher dry matter contents, including total phenolics (TPC), anthocyanins, and condensed t...
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed to conduct a comparison of 8 different forms of brewery spent grain (BSG) on their polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity as part of their potential as a functional food ingredient. The BSGs were dried until they reached a stable weight, grounded to pass through a 385 µm sieve and were vacuum packed in non-transparent pac...
Article
Full-text available
Anthocyanins have been reported to possess antidiabetic effects. Recent studies indicate acylated anthocyanins have better stability and antioxidative activity compared to their nonacylated counterparts. This study compared the effects of nonacylated and acylated anthocyanins on hepatic gene expression and metabolic profile in diabetic rats, using...
Article
Full-text available
Macroalgae-based products are increasing in demand also in Europe. In the European Union, each category of macroalgae-based products is regulated separately. We discuss EU legislation, including the law on medicinal products, foods including food supplements and food additives, feed and feed additives, cosmetics, packaging materials, fertilizers an...
Article
Full-text available
The polysaccharides of the sterile conk of Inonotus obliquus (Chaga) have demonstrated multiple bioactivities. The mycelium of this basidiomycete, obtained after submerged cultivation, has been considered a feasible alternative to the sterile conk for the production of polysaccharides. However, previous research has paid little attention to the dif...
Article
The effects of different enzymes, their dosages, and incubation times on juice yield and chemical composition of lingonberry juice were assessed. Nonvolatile composition including sugars, acids and phenolic compounds (anthocyanins, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonols and flavan-3-ols) was analyzed using GC-FID, LC-DAD and LC-MS methods, whereas the vo...
Article
Full-text available
Malolactic fermentation using sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) juice as raw material was performed with six different strains of Lactobacillus plantarum. Increasing juice pH from 2.7 to 3.5 or adapting cells to low pH (i.e., acclimation) prior to inoculation allowed malolactic fermentation with all tested strains. Moreover, reducing pH of the g...
Article
Full-text available
Scope Structurally stable acylated anthocyanins have potential in various food applications but the effects of acylation and methoxysubstitution on anthocyanin metabolism are poorly understood. This is the first study thoroughly investigating phenolic metabolites, their time‐wise changes and pharmacokinetics following an acute intake of methoxysubs...