Balasubramanian Paramasivan

Balasubramanian Paramasivan
National Institute of Technology Rourkela | NITR · Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering (BM)

PhD

About

119
Publications
25,733
Reads
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1,790
Citations
Introduction
Our current research areas of interest is in the field of bioenergy, environmental engineering and management, rural technologies and sustainable development
Additional affiliations
December 2009 - August 2012
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Position
  • Terrestrial environmental quality monitoring in the Larsen & Toubro port construction site, Ennore, Chennai
Description
  • Assessing the various physicochemical and biological characteristics of water quality on in and around the construction sites of Ennore port in Chennai, India.
January 2009 - August 2012
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Position
  • Capacity building workshop on water quality analysis for rural habitations on various blocks of Krishnagiri district, Tamilnadu, India’
Description
  • The uses of field water quality testing kit were demonstrated and hands on training were given for stakeholders about the preparation and use. Awareness workshops were accomplished on necessitate of portable water quality analysis.
July 2007 - December 2009
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Position
  • Development of Mathematical model for Cleanup of Chromium contaminated aquifer
Description
  • Accomplished various experiments to estimate biokinetics of individual species as CRB, IRB, SRB. The interaction between CRB, IRB, SRB and the effect of electron acceptors like Fe (III), SO2-4 on chromium reduction was also investigated.
Education
July 2007 - July 2012
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Field of study
  • Environmental Biotechnology
July 2005 - July 2007
Anna University, Chennai
Field of study
  • Environmental Management
July 2001 - May 2005

Publications

Publications (119)
Article
The organic and inorganic pollutants in water stream are due to the various industrial activities, consequent to the higher level environmental contamination. Considering the high toxicity and persistent property of wastewater pollutants, sequestration before discharge into water bodies becomes an important obligation. The conventional treatment me...
Article
The present study evaluated the carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration potential of Thalassiosira pseudonana using the influencing key climatic datasets of an Indian coal based power plant through a biophysical energy balance model developed on MATLAB platform with ODE45s solver. The maximum average areal biomass productivity was predicted to be 111.39...
Article
SCOBY, a biofilm of cellulose containing the symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast, is a by-product of Kombucha tea fermentation. Several studies on the kombucha SCOBY are being carried out to exploit all the possibilities of dealing with this cellulose as a suitable raw material in fields like food technology, biomaterial preparation, fashion an...
Article
Since human urine alone contributes to 90% of phosphorous (P) and 50–70% of nitrogen (N) load to municipal wastewater, retrieval of nutrients in the form of struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) from urine has gained much attention as it can act as an excellent slow-release fertilizer for plant growth. The present study aimed to comprehend the ef...
Article
Pyrolysis is a thermochemical pathway widely used for the conversion of biomass into useful products such as biochar, bio-oil, and syngases. A recent surge in the adoption of the pyrolysis process at realtime scenarios for the appropriate management and conversion of residues demands the modeling of the pyrolysis process. Prediction of algal biocha...
Article
The looming scarcity of phosphorus rock and intensification of its extraction for fertilizing applications has triggered the researchers to work upon a potential alternative such as struvite precipitation from wastewaters. Struvite production at commercial scale requires the support of novel prediction tools to smoothen the planning and execution p...
Article
Full-text available
Developing sustainable materials for recovering and recycling nutrients from wastewater is critically needed for nutrients such as phosphorus that have a diminishing supply. Struvite crystallization is emerging as a promising strategy for phosphorus recovery which can be enhanced with seeding through microalgal biochar. The main bottleneck of using...
Article
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This work aims to present the thermal behaviour and pyrolytic kinetics of coconut shell (CS) at various heating rates of 10–50 °C/min to explore the potential of co-gasification with palm kernel shells (PKS) at varying proportions of 10–50%. The degradation profiles have been observed, and the activation energy (Ea) for CS (91.47–50.79 kJ/mol) was...
Article
Hydrothermal processing of microalgae is regarded as a promising technology to generate multitude of energy based and value-added products. The niche of hydrothermal technologies is still under infancy in terms of the technical discrepancies related to research and development. Thus, the present review critically surveyed the recent advancements li...
Article
The biohydrogen production from algal biomass could ensure hydrogen's sustainability as a fuel option at the industrial level. However, some bottlenecks still need to be overcome to achieve the process's economic feasibility. This review article highlights the potential of algal biomasses for producing hydrogen with a detailed explanation of variou...
Article
Kombucha beverage produced through fermentation of sugared tea using bacteria and yeast has gained attention for its beneficial health benefits. However, the cost linked to the raw materials often increases the upstream process expenses, thereby the overall operating expenditures. Thus, there is a need to explore alternative waste and cost-effectiv...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, a facile, eco-friendly, and controlled synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using Prunus nepalensis fruit extract is reported. The biogenically synthesized Au NPs possess ultra-active intrinsic peroxidase-like activity for the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of H2O2. Chemical analysis of t...
Chapter
The ultimate goal of heavy metal contaminated soil remediation is to increase crop yields on the premise of ensuring food production safety. Soil contaminated by heavy metals threatens the quality of agricultural products and human health. Hence, it is necessary to choose appropriate economic and effective remediation techniques to control the dete...
Article
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The investigation of microwave pyrolysis behavior and interactive effects of process parameters through machine learning is necessary to systematically determine the combined effects on the yield and characteristics of biochar. This study involves the prediction of microwave biochar yield and its property using various machine learning approaches....
Article
The alarming decline in phosphate raw materials and increase in eutrophication has escalated interest in struvite research. This manuscript presents scientometric analysis on struvite for fertilizing applications to comprehend the evolution and transformation of the field, investigate the existing challenges, research gaps, and developments to gain...
Article
Microalgae as an alternative feedstock for sustainable bio-products have gained significant interest over years. Even though scientific productivity related to microalgae-based research has increased in recent decades, translation to industrial scale is still lacking. Therefore, it is essential to understand the current state-of-art and, identify r...
Article
Renewable and sustainable biofuel production from algal biomass has been explored vigorously due to the owing potential of overcoming the limitations of first and second-generation biofuel feedstocks. Thermochemical conversion technologies are considered promising routes for bioenergy production from algal biomass and have been extensively investig...
Article
Malachite green pollution in the aquatic environment results in health hazards such as cancer and respiratory problems. Effective methods need to be developed to remove malachite green from wastewater. Here, we studied the adsorption of malachite green by a low-cost microalgal biochar (AB) and a novel microalgal-kombucha-SCOBY composite biochar (AK...
Article
The commercialization of by-product of Kombucha SCOBY (Symbiotic consortium of bacteria and yeast) could be the sustainable way of transforming waste into value-added products. This study aims at developing a robust machine learning model for the prediction of SCOBY yield. Concentrations of tea, sucrose, SCOBY, inoculum, pH, temperature, and fermen...
Article
Full-text available
The growing need to cater to the energy demand coupled with the urge to mitigate greenhouse gas footprint in the energy sector has led to the exploration of biofuels, such as bioethanol, as a renewable and sustainable source. However, the desire for freshwater in bioethanol production is extremely high and hence it is considered as a high water foo...
Article
Full-text available
The transition towards a bio-based economy has led to an unprecedented surge in fresh water consumption that renders biofuel a high water footprint product. The depleting fresh water resources have exacerbated the situation which necessitates the exploration of non-potable water for biorefinery purposes. In the current study, seawater is used as a...
Article
Conventional thermochemical conversion techniques for biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass is often non-selective and energy inefficient. Microwave assisted pyrolysis (MAP) is cost and energy-efficient technology aimed for value-added bioproducts recovery from biomass with less environmental impacts. The present review emphasizes the per...
Article
Depletion of hydrocarbons is forcing to find alternative resources to meet the energy demand of the growing population. Microbial biodiesel as a fuel can act as a cheaper and eco-friendly alternative to fossil fuel. Single-cell oil (SCO) consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen grown over the lignocellulosic biomass using oleaginous microorganisms...
Article
Bacterial cellulose produced during Kombucha fermentation has recently received lots of attention owing to its desirable mechanical and physicochemical properties and is exploited for different food, textiles and environmental applications. However, lack of information on process feasibility often hinders large-scale manufacturing of Kombucha-based...
Article
Full-text available
Nanomaterial-based artificial enzymes (or nanozymes) have attracted great attention in the past few years owing to their capability not only to mimic functionality but also to overcome the inherent drawbacks of the natural enzymes. Numerous advantages of nanozymes such as diverse enzyme-mimicking activities, low cost, high stability, robustness, un...
Article
Microwave assisted pyrolysis (MAP) is an efficient technology for the production of biochar. However, its large-scale application is limited due to lack of process optimization resulting in lower yield. Identification of significantly influencing parameters is essential for efficient optimization. Thus, in present study, screening of factors like t...
Article
Conventional microalgal drying consumes huge time and contributes to 60-80% of downstream process costs. With the aim to develop an effective and rapid drying process, the present study evaluated the performance of microwave based drying (MWD) with a power range of 360-900 W and compared with the conventional oven drying (OD) at 40-100 °C. MWD was...
Article
The strength of rural area in pioneering technologies encountering the current challenges of biogas research has been less addressed. Scientometric analysis has been carried out to understand research trends, perspectives and promising future prospects of biogas technology in rural development. 1427 publications have been retrieved from scientific...
Article
Formidable increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels and the economic and environmental unfeasibility of the existing industrial carbon capture technologies have diverted the focus towards microalgae which can trap CO2, grow and, are processed into value-added products. Despite the enormous potential, the real-time adoption of algae-based...
Article
Adverse detrimental impacts of environmental pollution over the health regimen of people has driven a shift in lifestyle towards cleaner and natural resources, especially in the aspects of food production and consumption. Microalgae are considered a rich source of high value metabolites to be utilized as plant growth biostimulants. These organisms...
Article
Microalgae have gained attention as feedstock for value-added chemicals production. The extraction potential of four different organic solvents such as methanol, chloroform, dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and acetone was assessed for obtaining chlorophyll (Chl a and Chl b), and total carotenoids over 48 h at every 4 h intervals utilizing mixed microalg...
Article
Algal biofuels have received wide attention in recent years for its potential to reduce the dependence on conventional fossil fuels. Despite the portrayed advantages of high growth rate, carbon sequestration and waste remediation; large scale application of microalgal biofuels is still lacking because of the lower percentage of extractable lipids o...
Article
Over the years, algae have found wide scope of utility in a variety of environmentally beneficial processes like biofuel production, removal of heavy metals from wastewater sources for potential bioremediation, monitoring water pollution and source of animal nutrition. However, the conventional harvesting methods pose a set-back in terms of energy,...
Article
Biodiesel, as a green fuel, acts as a potential candidate to supplement conventional fossil fuels. This research study targets green environment (using biodiesel) and clean environment (reduce wastewater) by producing biodiesel through oleaginous biomasses (Yarrowia lipolytica, Metschnikowia pulcherrima and Lipomyces starkeyi) grown on pulp and pap...
Article
Chronic wounds are developed as a consequence of prolonged wound healing and due to bacterial infection and its resistance. An antimicrobial dressing could be fabricated by integration of activated carbon (AC), keratin and homogenized aqueous garlic extract. The constituents were inspected independently for the evaluation of their efficiency as wou...
Article
Biochar production has been explored wisely through different reactors and resulted in higher biochar yield with better quality. Besides the comprehension of production parameters, allothermal reactors has been less explored in terms of biochar production and its potential characteristics after activation. The current study presents the production...
Article
With increase in world population and demand, phosphorus minerals are being exploited for its application as a fertilizer. At the same time, nutrient-loaded wastewaters cause eutrophication and algal blooms in aquatic bodies. Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) crystallization can be a sustainable approach to recover nutrients from effluents rich in magnesium...
Article
Full-text available
Hexavalent chromium is a toxic heavy metal getting discharged into the environment and water bodies through various industrial processes. Conventional analysis methods call for expensive equipment and complicated sample pretreatment that made unsuitable for onsite detection. Paper is used as an enzyme immobilization platform because of its property...
Article
Although urine constitutes less than 1% volume of the total wastewater, it adds up 50-80% of the nutrient load [Phosphates (PO4³⁻) and Nitrates (NO3⁻), Ammonium (NH4⁺)] in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Recovery of Phosphorous (P) and Nitrogen (N) from urine diminishes the eutrophication impact as well it could act as a sustainable source of...
Article
The rising population relies heavily on expensive phosphate (P) fertilizers for its agricultural productivity that qualms the national food security. Globally, there is a growing concern for the profound reliance on finite phosphorite reservoirs for commercial phosphate fertilizers’ qualitative and quantitative production. On the contrary, uncontro...
Chapter
Full-text available
“Phytoremediation,” application of green plants to process and regulate the waste materials in soil, water, and the air is an important part of the new field of ecological engineering. Phytoremediation has been addressed as among the promising and eco-friendly processes for the decontamination of several environmental pollutants. In recent years, i...
Chapter
Being primary producers, microalgae play an indispensable role in the interactions of biotic and abiotic communities in any aquatic ecosystem and withhold the ability to survive in oligotrophic to eutrophic environments. The changes that occur in the water quality due to municipal, industrial, pharmaceutical, agricultural, and biological wastes lea...
Chapter
Being primary producers, microalgae play an indispensable role in the interactions of biotic and abiotic communities in any aquatic ecosystem and withhold the ability to survive in oligotrophic to eutrophic environments. The changes that occur in the water quality due to municipal, industrial, pharmaceutical, agricultural, and biological wastes lea...
Article
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the extraction efficiency methods followed by freeze-drying of bioactive brown seaweed polysaccharides (BSPs). Brown seaweeds such as Sargassum wightii, Spatoglossum asperum, Colpomenia sinuosa, Padina tetrastromatica were considered in this study. Conventional solvent extraction (CSE), and advanced ex...
Article
Optimization of microalgae cultivation to reduce the associated costs is one of the major objectives in a biorefinery model. The present study optimized the microalgal cultivation using 4.5–8.5 % v/v of DHU (diluted human urine) as a cost-effective resource, in a bubble column photobioreactor (BCPBR) under real-time conditions. Media with 5.5 % DHU...
Article
Beneficial microbes in soil biota are known to enhance plant growth by stimulating the nutrient supply and by devising certain mechanisms to cope up with the biotic (diseases) or abiotic (salinity, drought, and pollution) stresses. Owing to their effectiveness and sustainability concerns, the application of microbes in the agricultural sector has s...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents the effect of heating rate on thermal degradation behavior and kinetics of the imported bituminous coal (IC) and co-gasification of its blended form with palm kernel shells (PKS) of oil palm industry waste at different blending ratios. Thermogravimetry and pyrolytic kinetics of IC were determined by heating up to 1000 °C at vario...
Article
Full-text available
Pyrolysis is the fundamental thermochemical reaction for both combustion and gasification processes aimed at the conversion of a wide array of biomass wastes into many desirable products. The main products of biomass pyrolysis are biochar, bio-oil, and flue gases (which includes methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide). The present a...
Article
A probable strategy for increasing the economic sustainability of algal technology would involve the utilization of microalgal biomass as biofertilizer by off-setting the high production costs. The present study focusses on the utilization of mixed algal consortia as biofertilizer for analysing the growth rate of tomato plant. Algal extracts (20-10...
Article
Full-text available
Scale-up and commercialization of biodiesel is often delimited by costly feedstock that adds up to the process costs. These underlying issues demand the exploration of unconventional cheap feed to improve the process economics. Conversion of waste cooking oil (WCO) into biodiesel could reduce the process costs by 60–70%. However, the continuous exp...
Article
Conventional hydroponic units producing disease free plants with 30-40% faster growth rate are regarded as a promising agricultural alternative in case of unfertile/metal contaminated soil. However, most nutrients in hydroponics medium remain unused and are drained off creating environmental pollution. To reduce the nutrient load and eutrophication...
Article
The use of porous silicon (PS) for biosensing applications is now emerging as it offers desired properties such as better surface-volume ratio, tunable pore size, ease of fabrication, and compatibility with the current silicon-based technology. These superior properties make PS as a promising candidate for the immobilization of biomolecules with hi...
Article
In this study, individual and combinations of heavy metals were tested at different pH for their inhibition potential by horseradish peroxidase (HRP). At pH of 6.4, maximum velocities for a single substrate concentration of hydrogen peroxide was observed. The double reciprocal of Lineweaver-Burk plot gave the same values of Km and decreased Vmax re...
Article
Microalgae hold a promising potential for generating third-generation biofuel as well as for biological carbon sequestration. However, translation of algal technology to field scale is often hindered by a lack of appropriate data and economic challenges. Pertaining to these issues, a pre-estimate of the site-specific productivity of microalgae at r...
Article
Full-text available
Phenolic compounds such as catechol and resorcinol are toxic and persistent pollutants in the aqueous environment. Detection procedures such as chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods are time-consuming and require sophisticated instruments with skilled manpower. Development of a simple, cost effective, portable and disposable paper based bi...
Article
Utilization of waste resources is necessary to harness the long-term sustainability of algal technology. The study focused on the use of human urine as the basic nutrient source for culturing native microalgal consortium and further optimized the process parameters using response surface methodology. A full factorial, central composite rotatable de...
Article
This study evaluates the use of engineered biochar as a heterogeneous solid acid catalyst for transesterification of algal oil derived from a native microalgal consortium. Biochar derived from sugarcane bagasse, coconut shell, corncob and peanut shell were evaluated for catalytic activity following surface modification. Peanut shell pyrolyzed at 40...
Article
Flocculation is one of the common technique to harvest microalgae, where the negatively charged algal cells coalesce together to form larger flocs that settle under gravity. Though several inorganic flocculants have been applied for algal biomass recovery, the dosage varies depending on the algal strain-specific features. Thus, the selection of ino...
Article
Gut microbiome evidenced as the assembling mode of action facilitates the relationship of environmental factors (such as diet and lifestyle) with colorectal cancer. The cytotoxic and anticancer studies of the enzymatically extracted polysaccharides from selected Indian seaweeds (such as S. wightii, E. compressa, and A. spicifera) on Raw 264.7 macro...
Article
Sukinda Valley, one of the highly polluted areas of the world is generating tons of mining waste and causing serious health and environmental issues in its surroundings. Several reports are available reporting the severity of hexavalent chromium, yet little efforts have been made to address the pollution and its remediation due to a lack of proper...
Article
Background Nutritional well-being is the prerequisite condition for a sustainable improvement in human welfare. Human gut microbiota plays a magnificent role in balancing the condition of metabolic syndrome management. Currently, the gut microbiome mediated immune system is gaining attention for the treatment of several health ailments such as dia...
Article
The present study evaluates the nature of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) formed through alkali-catalyzed transesterification of waste cooking oil (WCO) using methanol, ethanol as well as in combination, where the sequential addition of ethanol followed by methanol is done keeping the molar ratio of alcohol to oil constant (5:1), with sodium hydro...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, biochar was produced from three biomass feedstocks such as fruits of Cassia fistula and Caesalpinia sp. and barks of Eucalyptus globulus. The samples of the obtained biochar were characterized for pH, physiochemical properties, surface morphology, and surface functional groups. The obtained biochar samples were further studied with/w...
Article
In the present study, the proximal composition of selected Indian seaweeds such as S. wightii, E. compressa, A. spicifera and their polysaccharide extraction by various enzymes (pancreatin, cellulase and pepsin) was carried out along with its detailed characterization. In addition, their antioxidant activity and prebiotic score was evaluated with L...
Article
The present work describes the inhibition studies of free as well as immobilized urease by different heavy metals. Porous silicon (PS) films prepared by electrochemical etching were used for urease immobilization by physical adsorption. The enzyme was subjected to varying concentrations of Cr⁶⁺, Cr³⁺, Cu²⁺, Fe²⁺, Cd²⁺ and Ni²⁺ and analyzed for the...
Article
Full-text available
Seawater can reduce the freshwater footprint in bioethanol industries by replacing it in several bioprocessing steps in bioethanol production. However, the yeasts must be salt tolerant and be able to produce ethanol in seawater. In the present study, the salt tolerance capacity of two ethanologenic yeasts was checked in YPD and YPX media in the pre...
Article
The study investigated the ability of plant based natural coagulants from Azadirachta indica; Ficus indica; Moringa oleifera; Citrus sinensis; Punica granatum and Musa acuminata to harvest the microalgal biomass. Influence of eluent type (water and NaCl) and concentration (1–5 N) on coagulant extraction; coagulant dosage (1–5 g) and volume (20–100...
Chapter
Consumption of contaminated food has raised the number of outbreaks of fatal foodborne illness in last four decades. In most of the cases, pathogenic bacterial contamination has played the eminent role in these epidemic outbreaks. Listeria monocytogenes, a ubiquitous, Gram-positive, intracellular pathogenic bacterium has emerged as a leading causat...
Article
Increased global warming due to the vehicular and industrial emissions has led to the development novel carbon sequestration technologies. In this investigation, exhaust gas from an internal combustion (IC) engine was used to grow microalgae. For this purpose, a twin cylinder, four stroke, water cooled direct injection (DI) developing power of 7.36...
Chapter
Heavy metal contaminations due to effluent discharge from industries are serious environmental problem since the last several decades. The remediation of heavy metals is of major concern because of their property of toxicity effects to living systems, recalcitrant and persistent occurrence in the environment. Although several methods are reported o...