Balakrishnan Parasuraman

Balakrishnan Parasuraman
University of Malaysia, Kelantan | UMK · Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business

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47
Publications
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266
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
172 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023010203040
2017201820192020202120222023010203040

Publications

Publications (47)
Chapter
Understanding safety culture in an organization can make a significant contribution to changing employee attitudes and behaviors in relation to workplace health and safety. Many studies have shown the importance of element that leads to broad behaviors, or culture actions, that are considered essential to the development of a positive safety cultur...
Chapter
The national unemployment rate is calculated as a proportion of the entire labour force that is unemployed. It is usually regarded as a significant measure of a country’s labour market’s performance which has resulted in graduate unemployment and necessity of actions should be taken on this matter. The low job placement rate can be attributed to th...
Article
The aim of this paper is to explore the importance of guidance and counselling in school Educational System. The aim of education has a vital role in the development and abilities of students. Current school education has become an exchanging process between the achievement of aptitude and the competition. Problem faced by the student in the factor...
Article
This article discusses the various learning styles of students in the teaching and learning process in the classroom. Among the learning style models discussed in this article are such as Dunn and Dunn learning style model, Kolb learning style model, Felder Silverman learning style model, VAK learning style model, Visual, Audio, ‘Read and Write’ an...
Conference Paper
This paper will be discussed critically according on the need of employers on graduates employability skills. The emerging of new digital technologies tremendously leads a new way to doing a job. To cope with a need of client almost all jobs in all sectors looking for a new skills to retrain and reskilling their employees. Employers also seeking a...
Article
Wage are the greatest pushing factor for many workers to work and positively relates to employee life satisfaction. Meanwhile, fringe benefits improve the skills and knowledge of workers and enhance the organization’s reputation. Minimum wage policies around the world uphold the principle to provide a basic living wage for their workers. Neverthele...
Preprint
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Social Enterprise Companies is becoming a new form of vehicle applied by social entrepreneurs who are addressing social problems. This case study discusses on SASTRA Education Development, a social enterprise company that was incorporated in 2014 to address and support the challenges in Malaysian School Counselling Department. It elaborates the pur...
Article
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The aim of this study is to discuss the use of the inquiry method in the teaching and learning process. The inquiry method is a student-centered learning approach with the concept of students who are actively involved in the teaching and learning activity under the monitoring and supervision of teachers. This study describes how to implement the in...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to discuss the role of teachers in reflective teaching. The scope of this study is focused on explanations of reflective teaching from three experts. Reflective teaching is a holistic thought that enables a teacher to make choices and take alternative actions and allows teachers to think to improve teaching and learning dec...
Article
The Ranau Earthquake that struck on 5, June 2015 was a new disaster in Sabah and caused many Sabahan in panic. The unpredicted disaster also caused serious impact on all aspects of life in Sabah. The earthquake has caused severe damage to ten primary schools and eight secondary schools in the vicinity of the epicenter; although no casualties were r...
Article
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The Indian labour movement in the estates in Kedah, occurs within a short period of time without bringing any new changes to them. The experience of Indian labourers who joined the INA during the Second World War enabled them to join the labour movements to overcome oppression against them. The Indian labour movement in the estates in Kedah has und...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on safety culture have been increasing and several proposed models have been developed and evaluated to identify their key dimensions contributed to many occupational sectors. However, less of safety culture studies focused at education sector especially in Malaysia. This study aims to seek a deeper understanding of the structures of safety...
Article
When we hear about the word marketing, few concepts will trigger our mind. We generally will relate to ‘Marketing Mix Principle’ which consist of fundamental such as place, price, product and people. As every organisation claim, people are their most important assets, similarly, the universities have these assets/people where they are the building...
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of the conceptual paper is to discuss development of a proposed conceptual framework in exploring the relationship between psychological, behaviour and situational dimension towards safety culture in Malaysian education sector focusly in Vocational College (VC). Previous literature showed fewer frameworks that have been established...
Article
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Keselamatan merupakan isu pekerjaan yang penting untuk ditangani kerana implikasinya kepada organisasi.Kajian budaya keselamatan semakin meningkat di kebanyakan sektor pekerjaan. Bagaimanapun, kurangtumpuan kajian budaya keselamatan di sektor pendidikan terutamanya di Malaysia. Kajian ini dijalankanuntuk menguji faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi buda...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The importance of safety culture has been the focus of research attention in many sectors in Malaysia for many years in order to achieve a positive safety environment at a workplace. However, the safety culture among teachers in education sector has rarely been examined especially in school. Four factors were focused in this study; safety policies,...
Article
Full-text available
It has been observed that the retention of a professional and qualified staff has become a challenge in the education industries as the turnover rate has been significantly increased in recent years. This is due to the drastic changes in the work environment that have caused an impact on the employees’ perception of the chosen career. The loss of k...
Article
Full-text available
The post-colonial state in Malaysia has been driven primarily by the logic of pacification and accumulation, as reflected in its sustained reliance on export-oriented industrialisation and high levels of political control. These fundamental characteristics of the Malaysian state are reproduced in the realm of employment relations, which are dominat...
Article
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The contract of employment is the main instrument governing an employment relationship, with explicit deliberations on the rights and duties of parties to the contract, namely the employer and the employee. In a collective bargaining process, trade unions will scrutinise the terms and conditions of a contract of employment to seek possibilities of...
Article
Full-text available
EP is one crucial aspect of the employment relationship in both private and public organisations in many countries. In 2001, Poole, Lansbury and Wiles developed a model for comparative EP, which they named the Favourable Conjunctures Model. So far, this model has only been applied in developed countries such as the United States of America, United...
Article
The economic meltdown began in Thailand in July 1997 and spread to other countries in the region, such as Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and South Korea. This phenomenon was later called the contagion effect. To improve economic foundations, Thailand, Indonesia, and South Korea decided to ask for and received rescue packages from the Interna...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have proved that there is a significant relationship between depression, prolonged stress and mental health. The purpose of this study is to find out the relationship between stress, addiction to alcohol and sexual behavior to mental health among multiethnic secondary school students in Sabah. About 500 secondary school students, of...
Article
The success of an organization is measured by the term organization effectiveness. In the literature, the concept of union effectiveness attempts to indicate how well unions perform in achieving their goals and there is emphasis on the importance of using multiple criteria to assess organization effectiveness. However, only a few studies have utili...
Article
Full-text available
Quality management (QM) literature highlights that service quality is a critical determinant of organizational competitiveness. The ability of an organization implements service quality program will positively motivate customers’ perceive value; this may lead to increased their satisfaction. The nature of this relationship is less emphasized in ser...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a considerable degree of interest in the notion of joint consultation committee (JCC). In this paper, we examine process of JCC in Malaysian and Indonesian postal industries. The research focused on the implementation of JCC as a form of employee participation, followed by an evaluation of the model that best explained the practices...
Article
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This paper provides empirical evidence on the differences in the job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in Sabah with respect to gender, service category, job title, tenure and place of origin. It also attempts to identify the work dimension factors that affect the job satisfaction of the teachers and to ascertain how these factors relate...
Article
Full-text available
This paper attempts to explain the various concepts related to self-directed learning and also the various theories and models regarding adult participation and also non-participation in self-directed learning programs. Because of the extensive amount of previous literature and research findings dealing with self-directed learning, it is necessary...
Article
Full-text available
Gaining and understanding of the motivation which drives adults to commit to, and complete, higher education through distance learning is an important requirement for the design and the delivery of adult programs for educational institutions in Malaysia and abroad. Through an in-depth empirical examination, this paper provides the insight of one in...
Article
Employee participation refers to a wide variety of policies, mechanisms, and practices that enable employees to take part in decision-making, frequently at the level of the enterprise or workplace. The subject of employee participation (EP) in the organisation has attracted a great deal of international interest as attested by the considerable amou...
Article
Full-text available
Employee participation (EP) is an important area of research in the industrial relations field (Heller, Pusic, Strauss and Wilpert 1998; Markey, Gollan, Hodgkinson, Chouragui and Veersma 2001; Harley, Hyman and Thompson 2005) The literature discusses two different forms of EP: direct and indirect participation. This paper will discuss indirect part...
Article
Full-text available
To examine treatment costs of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adult outpatients given oral (p.o.) levofloxacin or cefuroxime axetil as initial therapy. Patients with a primary diagnosis of CAP were enrolled in a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-label, active-controlled Phase III clinical trial. Both inpatients and outpatients were a...
Article
In multivariate analysis, WTP varied with fear of transfusion and education level, as expected. The probability of purchasing Epoetin-continuously decreased with price in 10 of 12 observations. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate high internal consistency of the survey. Patients indicated considerable WTP for Epoetin-to reduce the risk of allogeneic...
Article
The objective of this study was to examine the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)-related costs of inpatient treatment, comparing intravenous (IV) levofloxacin with IV ceftriaxone as initial primary therapy Resource- utilization data were collected alongside phase III clinical-trial data. The results showed a statistically significant total cost di...
Article
A qualitative case study method is predominantly used in the field of education, political sciences, sociology, anthropology, organisational studies, industrial relations and so forth (Yin, 2003; Mertens, 2005; Kitay & Callus, 1998; Whitfield & strauss, 2000; Silverman, 2005; Hartley, 2004; Yusoff, 2001). Many of this literature is focus on the con...
Article
Employee participation through communication and consultation was one of the intended outcomes of the Code of Conduct for Industrial Harmony 1975 in Malaysia (hereafter referred as the 'Code'). The Code is subdivided into sections on employment policy, training, payment policy, redundancy and retrenchment, collective bargaining and collective agree...

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