Balakrishnan Deepanraj

Balakrishnan Deepanraj
Jyothi Engineering College | JECC · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Ph.D

About

79
Publications
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Today, with the increase in industrialization, the disposal of organic sludge formed after industrial activities has started to pose a serious problem. For this reason, biogas production from such organic wastes under anaerobic conditions is very valuable in terms of both sustainable environmental policy and renewable energy recovery. In this study...
Article
The thermodynamic analysis of crushed gravel sand and biomass evaporator assisted solar still (CBSS) using the second law has been explored in this study, and the results have been compared to conventional solar still (CSS) in same climatic conditions of Coimbatore city in India. The saline water and air vapour were pre-heated before entering the s...
Article
At present, intensive research on the integration of natural pigments has been seen to provide an alternative to ruthenium dye as a photosensitizer for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). Hence, this research work is the first of its kind to investigate how pH affects the stability of anthocyanin pigments derived from the ripe fruits of Malabar spin...
Article
When it comes to electrocatalysis, the creation of nanodevices, the research of energy and the environment, and diagnostics, nanoporous materials are an asset. Nanoporous membranes, which can be used to filter water, have recently been the subject of new research and are summarized in this review. These membranes are used to remove salts and metall...
Article
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One of the most important problems affecting the environment today is the inability to adequately treat wastewater containing dyes. Among of the many treatment processes used in the treatment of dye-containing wastewater, photocatalytic based wastewater treatment processes attract the attention of scientists as a new, economically feasible, and pro...
Poster
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CALL FOR PAPERS Nanotechnology continues to be a transformative path for new technologies, driving the creation of new smart materials with desirable characteristics that can be used in a great variety of applications. Many of these applications require the use of advanced functional graded materials. Functionally graded nanomaterials (FGNMs) are...
Article
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Experimental investigation on the abrasive wear performance and corrosion behavior of hybrid aluminium metal matrix composites (HAMMCs) reinforced with different weight fractions of silicon carbide (SiC) and boron carbide (B4C) (2.5, 5 and 7.5%) with a constant weight fraction of 2% graphite (Gr) is carried out. HAMMCs were fabricated through cost...
Article
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In this work, the influence of variation in volume fractions of silicon carbide (SiC) particles and boron carbide (B4C) particles reinforced in 99.8% pure aluminum matrix mixed with 2% graphite (Gr) is studied. Three different proportions of hybrid aluminium metal matrix composite (HAMMC) are casted using the stir casting technique. The effect of p...
Article
Full-text available
Increased consumption of fossil fuels and growing concerns regarding environmental pollution triggered by burning fossil fuels have directed investigators to search for renewable fuels as an alternative. Among different opportunities explored to replace diesel as sole fuel, biodiesel produced from vegetable oils is ascertained as one of the strong...
Article
Full-text available
In the contemporary era, our planet has been experiencing an unprecedented energy shortage and degradation of the environment. The exhaustion of crude oil reserves, fluctuation in fuel prices, and the escalating environmental pollution problems are driving the researchers worldwide to search for sustainable alternative fuels. This study discusses a...
Article
The worldwide prawn industry strives for better production and environmental sustainability. Shrimp feed is one of the most expensive aquaculture inputs; therefore, it must be cost-effective and environmentally safe. Fish meals in aquaculture are becoming unsustainable due to the cost and environmental concerns. The effects of a biogas sludge meal...
Article
In the present study, wetland grass (common reed) and cow manure were used as substrates for biogas production during 45-days hydraulic retention reaction. The fermenter has a total volume of 200 L and a working volume of 150 L. Following biogas generation, methane enhancement processes were combined with a chemical process. The solvents including...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulosic biomass has arisen as a solution to our energy and environmental challenges because it is rich in feedstock that can be converted to biofuels. Converting lignocellulosic biomass to sugar is a complicated system involved in the bioconversion process. There are indeed a variety of techniques that have been utilized in the bioconversio...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important non-coding, single-stranded RNAs possessing crucial regulating roles in human body. Therefore, miRNAs have received extensive attention from various disciplines as the aberrant expression of miRNAs are tightly related to different types of diseases. Furthermore, the exceptional stability of miRNAs has presented them...
Chapter
Biosorption is an efficient technology that is widely used globally to eliminate numerous pollutants from wastewater. Using this approach, various biosorbents have been identified, tested, and used to remove hazardous pollutants such as heavy metals, dyes, pharmaceutical compounds, and radionuclides at both the lab and industrial levels. Biosorbent...
Conference Paper
Energy demand has increased due to the development of industrialization and urbanization. As a result, renewable energy sources satisfy the energy demand of human, social and economic development since fossil fuels are limited in natural resources and causing global warming in the environment. In current scenarios, scientists worldwide focus on ren...
Conference Paper
Microalgae-based biofuels are an appropriate alternative to fossil fuels due to their sustainable merits over terrestrial feedstock. Microalgae is a unicellular and simple multicellular autotrophic microorganism consists of high nutrition and photosynthetic utilization degree. Microalgae are abundant in the environment in seawater, freshwater, and...
Article
Full-text available
In this research, the productivity, economic, and enviro-economic analysis of single slope solar stills using block magnets (BMSS) and disc magnets (DMSS) were performed under the climatic conditions of Coimbatore city (latitude, 11° 01′ 68″ N, and longitude, 76° 95′ 58″ E), in India, 2019. The results observed in BMSS and DMSS were compared with c...
Article
Full-text available
In this technical world, the properties and internal structure of materials renders a vital part in building up of the components for various specific purposes and improvise their efficiencies in a better way. The combination of copper with other metals is always an interesting one. In this, brass of grade BS90 is an alloy of zinc added with copper...
Article
We are reporting a rapid, expedient and extracellular method for the synthesis and characterization of lipase immobilized magnetic nanoparticles. This point of view is effortless, financially viable, and steady for a prolonged time, consistent at room temperature. In the present study, an Aspergillus Niger (KP001169) fungi were irradiated in the pr...
Article
Increasing fuel prices and depletion of conventional sources of energy has promoted research in non-conventional sources like biodiesel from non-edible seeds and industrial wastes. The present work focuses on the elicitation of biodiesel from the seeds of capparis spinosa L. The crude bio-oil extracted from the seeds of capparis spinosa L transeste...
Article
Full-text available
In the current study, anaerobic digestion method efficiency on biogas production and chemical oxygen demand (COD) degradation was assessed through a sequence of laboratory-scale batch experimentations to compute the role of chosen process parameters, viz., solid concentration (5–15%), pH (5–9), temperature (30–60 °C), and co-digestion (0–40% of pou...
Chapter
In this work, fabrication, characterization and machining of hybrid aluminium metal matrix composite (HAMMC) strengthened through 4% copper particles and 7.5% SiC particles was performed. For fabrication of hybrid composite, powder metallurgy (P/M) route was chosen and characterization was carried out. The machining study was performed by a nontrad...
Article
The progress of single crystal followed by C4H6O6 (tartaric acid) and BaCl2 (barium chloride) (TABC; third-order nonlinear optics semi-organic) was synthesized with slow evaporation method using distilled water at room temperature. TABC single crystal was introduced into various characterizations like X-ray diffraction to determine inter atomic cel...
Article
Reducing fossil fuel reliance is considered a great challenge for several progressive emerging economies. The development of alternative renewable fuels tends to improve energy security as well as diminish fuel supply vulnerability. This paper details an enhanced protocol intended for the manufacture of hemp biodiesel over two-stage base catalyzed...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, researchers have shown more interest towards biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils. The main advantages of biodiesel as a fuel includes biodegradability, non-toxicity, renewability and low emission profiles. In this study, crude mixed oil was used as feedstock for biodiesel production using Heterogeneous Catalyst synthesized...
Article
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Presently, biodiesel is considered as an effective alternate fuel owing to its high sustainability and robustness. This paper concentrates on the biodiesel production from waste beef tallow rendered from subcutaneous and intramuscular wastes discarded from leather tanneries and slaughterhouses. The maximum fat content was estimated to be 92.5% and...
Article
Full-text available
Single crystals of tartaric acid lithium sulfate (TALS), a semi-organic nonlinear optical crystal has been successfully grown by slow evaporation solution growth technique. Single crystals were grown in a life span of 3 weeks. The grown crystals were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction to identify the lattice parameters. Fourier Trans...
Article
This present study focus on the process optimization and characteristic assessment of waste animal fat (WAF) biodiesel based on the influence of fatty acids characterized in it. WAFs were rendered from leather fleshing (subcutaneous fat, 85.64%) and slaughterhouse (intramuscular fat, 8.46%) wastes using dry rendering technique, wherein the maximum...
Article
Single crystals of urea potassium dichromate (UPDC) were successfully grown by slow evaporation method at normal room temperature. Single-crystal X-ray diffractometer was utilized to measure the lattice parameters and to confirm the crystal system. The functional groups present in the grown UPDC crystal have been identified by the FTIR spectral ana...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the experimental investigation of machining parameters such as cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut influence over surface roughness parameters (Ra, Ry and Rt) during turning AISI 4340 steel. Further, in order to achieve smaller surface roughness parameter values, the machining parameters are optimized using Taguchi's tec...
Article
Full-text available
This present work, investigate the heat treatment behaviour of Al6061 aluminium alloy experimentally and optimizing the results of tensile, impact strength and resistance over the identified input variables viz., aging temperature, medium of cooling and time period of heat treatment using The Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal...
Article
Single crystals of Glycine Potassium dichromate (GPDC) were successfully grown by slow evaporation method at an ambient temperature. Single crystal X-Ray diffractometer was utilized to measure the lattice parameters and to confirm the crystal system. The functional groups present in the grown GPDC crystal have been identified by the FTIR spectral a...
Article
Full-text available
Solid concentration is considered as one of the most important parameters governing the anaerobic digestion process. In this present study, four solid concentration levels (10%, 15%, 20% and 25% of total solids), were tested to evaluate the effect on biogas production from rapeseed oil cake. Four laboratory scale batch reactors with 2 L volume were...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of curing and microwave power levels on energy analysis, drying characteristics, modeling and quality parameters of turmeric slices in microwave dryer. Drying experiments were carried out for fresh and cured turmeric slices. Four microwave power levels of 30%, 50%, 80% and 100% with the total output...
Article
This study assessed remediation of sulfate-rich wastewater using microalgal biomass of Chlorella pyrenoidosa as the sole electron donor for sulfidogenic enrichment culture obtained from lignite mine spoils (NLC India Ltd.). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene showed that the microbial culture used, mainly composed of bacteria closely related to...
Article
This work presents the effect of autoclave, microwave and ultrasonication pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of food waste co-digested with poultry manure. Four batch reactors with 2 L volume each were used for the study. The reactors were operated with a hydraulic retention time of 30 days and stirred twice a day. The daily biogas production, cum...
Article
Biofuel blends produced from Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) and Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) oil were evaluated for their combustion properties. Two kinds of blends (regular diesel with Jatropha and Karanja oil) were prepared at 20% volume to the diesel and tested as alternative fuels in single cylinder (vertical), water-cooled, direct injection diesel e...
Article
Full-text available
Exhaust gas re-circulation is a method used in compression ignition engines to control and reduce NOx emission. These emissions are controlled by reducing the oxygen concentration inside the cylinder and thereby reducing the flame temperature of the charge mixture inside the combustion chamber. In the present investigation, experiments were perform...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, biogas production through anaerobic digestion of food waste was investigated by applying four factor-four level Taguchi design under experimental conditions such as solid concentration (5%–12.5% TS), pH (6–9), temperature (30–60 °C), and co-digestion of poultry waste (10%–40%). Multi-objective techniques such as grey relational analy...
Article
In the present study, the influence of process parameters and pretreatment on biogas production, volatile solid degradation and COD degradation during anaerobic digestion of food waste were experimentally investigated. Using Taguchi based Grey relational analysis, the optimum condition for anaerobic digestion was found. Taguchi technique was couple...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, effect of tool speed and direction of tool rotation of friction stir welding (FSW) process on the cast MMC is analyzed. Aluminum 6061 alloy reinforced with 20% silicon carbide particles added with 2% molybdenum disulphate is prepared by die casting process. Macro and micro-structural analysis is performed to study the size and shape o...
Conference Paper
In the present study, the effect of various pretreatments (autoclave, microwave and ultrasonication) on the biogas yield from food waste was experimentally analyzed in laboratory-scale batch reactors of 2 liter volume each with a working volume of 1.6 liter. The solid concentration, pH, temperature and C/N ratio values taken in all the reactors wer...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the effects of dimethoxymethane (DMM) blends on combustion characteristics, fuel economy, emissions and engine’s power. Experiments were carried out on a single-cylinder, four-stroke compression ignition engine of direct injection with volume fractions of DMM blends of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% v/v starting from base diesel. Experime...
Article
Enhancement of biogas production by adding external substrates as a co-digestion material is one of the solution to increase energy self-sufficiency of the anaerobic digestion process. The aim of this work is to analyze the impact of anaerobic co-digestion of poultry manure with food waste on the biogas production. Experiments were conducted on a r...
Article
In the present study, biogas production from food waste through anaerobic digestion was carried out in a 2 l laboratory-scale batch reactor operating at different temperatures with a hydraulic retention time of 30 days. The reactors were operated with a solid concentration of 7.5% of total solids and pH 7. The food wastes used in this experiment we...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of laboratory experiments carried out on an anaerobic digestion of food waste with respect to the effect of solid concentration and pH. Total solid (TS) content ranging from 5.0% to 15.0% and pH value ranging from 5 to 9 were analyzed. Laboratory scale experiments using 2 l bioreactors were performed in batch mode op...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, drilling parameter optimization is carried out during drilling Al-2%Gr-6%SiC-2%B4C, hybrid Metal Matrix Composite to study its performance by measuring the cutting forces generated and metal removal rate (MRR). Three parameters viz., cutting speed, feed rate and drill bit diameter are varied through four levels to develop the experime...
Article
Full-text available
Diesel engines are widely used in the surface transport system. They are the main source of economic growth of a nation. Nowadays, awareness of the environment compels people to adopt stringent emission norms. The rapid depletion of fossil fuels and the increase in the emission levels have caused concerns globally. An eco-friendly alternate is requ...
Chapter
Commercial energy has become very essential for the modern human living. There is shortage of commercial energy forms due to the fast depletion of fossil fuels and increase in the demand for energy due to increase in population coupled with industrialization. To overcome the above problem, renewable energy sources can be invoked and made ready to s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Irrepressible urbanization has resulted in release of excessive and erratic food waste, which contains abundant organic matter and can suitably be harnessed to produce biogas by controlled decomposition with microorganisms. The yield of biogas apparently depends on parameters like solid content, pH, temperature, C/N ratio, mixing/agitation, retenti...
Article
Full-text available
Depleting petroleum resources, ever increasing petroleum price and the rapid addition of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere rekindle the researchers to develop new techniques to obtain clean and sustainable energy from the renewable sources. There are many such resources existing in reality and ready to serve the mankind on demand. Out of t...
Article
Full-text available
In the present investigation a two phase thermosyphon has been fabricated to investigate the effect of operating parameters on the heat transport capability. The system consists of evaporator section, adiabatic section and condenser section with thermocouples located on the wall of thermosyphon. Electric heater was fixed on the bottom of the evapor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Food waste contains a substantially large amount of organic matter, which can be digested anaerobically to produce biogas. In this present study, biogas yield of food waste was evaluated in a laboratory scale anaerobic batch reactor. The effect of solid concentrations (5, 7.5, 10, 12.5 and 15%) on the yield of biogas was investigated at mesophilic...
Article
Full-text available
In the present investigation a volatile fraction of Pinus resin called Turpentine has been experimented in a direct injection diesel engine under HCCI combustion mode. The engine chosen to experiment is a single cylinder DI diesel engine and modified in such a way to ignite Turpentine in a diesel engine under HCCI mode. As the Turpentine has a high...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the review of different pretreatment techniques that are used to enhance the biogas production by anaerobic digestion. The pretreatment facilitates the substrates for full biodegradation during anaerobic digestion in spite of their complex physical and chemical structure. Various pretreatment techniques include mechanical, therm...
Article
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Expressor is a device used in railway locomotives, consisting of two individual units called the compressor and exhauster. Compressor is used to compress the air and the exhauster is used to create vacuum. The function of the intercooler in expressor is to cool the air, which comes out of the low-pressure compressor, and send it to the highpressure...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of biodiesel fuels derived from vegetable oils as a substitute for conventional petroleum fuel in diesel engines is receiving an increasing amount of attention. This interest is based on a number of properties of biodiesel, including the fact that it is produced from a renewable resource, its biodegradability, and its potential to reduce ex...
Chapter
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This paper deals with the optimization and analysis of grinding parameters in external centerless grinding process. Taguchi’s technique is used to analyze effects of grinding parameters on surface roughness of the workpiece, specific energy consumption, and the roundness error produced during grinding AISI 1040 steel using aluminum oxide-grinding w...