Bahar Güntekin

Bahar Güntekin
Istanbul Medipol University · School of Medicine

PhD

About

185
Publications
22,758
Reads
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3,502
Citations
Citations since 2016
96 Research Items
2367 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Introduction
Prof.Dr. Bahar Güntekin has completed her Ph.D. degree in Biophysics at Dokuz Eylül University in 2006. She worked as the vice director of İstanbul Kültür University Brain Dynamics Research Center between the years of 2006-2016. She was appointed as Professor of Biophysics in 2016 at İstanbul Medipol University School of International Medicine. Her research area mainly focuses on the analysis of Cognitive Functions with the methodology of EEG-Brain Dynamics in both healthy controls and in different pathologies. She was awarded as Outstanding Young Scientist by Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA) in 2015 and by METU Parlar Foundation in 2016.
Additional affiliations
August 2006 - December 2014
T.C. Istanbul Kultur University
Position
  • Assoc. Prof. Dr.; Vice Dİrector
August 2006 - April 2016
T.C. Istanbul Kultur University
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (185)
Article
Method and concepts of brain oscillations pervade the neuroscience literature, especially in cognitive processes. Electrophysiological changes in patients with cognitive impairment will provide fundamental knowledge, not only for clinical studies but also, in turn, for understanding cognitive processes in healthy subjects. This review includes desc...
Article
The analysis of the functional correlates of "brain oscillations" has become an important branch of neuroscience. Although research on the functional correlates of brain oscillation has progressed to a high level, studies on cognitive disorders are rare and mainly limited to schizophrenia patients. The present review includes the results of the cha...
Article
The differentiation of "facial expressions" is a process of higher mental activity, which has considerable applications in "psychology of moods and emotions". We applied the approach of event-related oscillations (EROs) to investigate the modulation of electrical manifestations related to emotional expression in EEG recordings of 20 healthy subject...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, the brain's oscillatory responses have invaded the literature. The studies on delta (0.5-3.5Hz) oscillatory responses in humans upon application of cognitive paradigms showed that delta oscillations are related to cognitive processes, mainly in decision making and attentional processes. The present manuscript comprehensively rev...
Article
Abnormalities in cortical sources of resting-state eyes closed electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms recorded by hospital settings (10-20 montage) with 19 scalp electrodes characterized Alzheimer's disease (AD) from preclinical to dementia stages. An intriguing rsEEG application is the monitoring and evaluation of AD progression in large populati...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifaceted neurodegenerative disorder accompanied by mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as a crucial non-motor manifestation. Event-related oscillations (EROs) are suggested to reflect cognitive status associated with subcortical structures in neurodegenerative conditions. In this study, thirty-six individuals with PD-M...
Article
Abnormalities in cortical sources of resting-state eyes-closed electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms recorded by hospital settings (10–20 electrode montage) with 19 scalp electrodes provide useful markers of neurophysiological dysfunctions in the vigilance regulation in patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD). Here we tested whether thes...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an important brain disease associated with aging. It involves various functional and structural changes which alter the EEG characteristics. Although numerous studies have found changes in delta, theta, alpha, and beta power, fewer studies have looked at the changes in the resting state EEG gamma activity characteristics...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder caused by degeneration in dopaminergic neurons. During the disease course, most of PD patients develop mild cognitive impairment (PDMCI) and dementia, especially affecting frontal executive functions. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that PDMCI patients may be characterized by abnormal neurophy...
Article
The human brain has limited storage capacity often challenging the encoding and recall of a long series of multiple items. Different encoding strategies are therefore employed to optimize performance in memory processes such as the strategy for the overall number of items to be stored (chunking). Additionally, related to the position of an item wit...
Article
Full-text available
The coupling of gamma oscillation (~ 40+ Hz) amplitude to the phase of ongoing theta (~ 6 Hz) oscillations has been proposed to be directly relevant for memory performance. Current theories suggest that memory capacity scales with number of gamma cycles that can be fitted into the preferred phase of a theta cycle. Following this logic, transcranial...
Article
Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) is the most diffuse neurodegenerative disorder belonging to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia in old persons. This disease is provoked by an abnormal accumulation of amyloid-beta and tauopathy proteins in the brain. Very recently, the first disease-modifying drug has been licensed with reserve (i.e., Ad...
Article
Introduction: This report examines the effects of a multimodal rehabilitation program which includes cognitive, physical, and somatosensory rehabilitation after right temporo-parietal tumor resection on cognitive, motor, somatosensory, and electrophysiological parameters. Case description: A 22-year-old patient presented with sensory loss in the...
Article
Here we tested if the reactivity of posterior resting-state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) alpha rhythms from the eye-closed to eyes-open condition may differ in patients with dementia due to Lewy Bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (ADD), as a functional probe of the dominant cortical neural synchronization mechanisms regulating the vigilance in...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past few years, it has become standard to describe brain anatomical and functional organisation in terms of complex networks, wherein single brain regions or modules and their connections are respectively identified with network nodes and the links connecting them. Often, the goal of a given study is not that of modelling brain activity bu...
Article
Background: Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare neurological disease caused by the pathological accumulation of tau protein. The primary pathological features of CBD include progressive neurodegenerative processes resulting in remarkable frontoparietal and basal ganglia atrophy. Objective: Like in many other neurodegenerative disorders, th...
Article
Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterized by intracellular Lewy bodies in the brain neurons and clinical symptoms including cognitive impairment and flucations, motor symptoms, and hallucinations with some differences, namely non‐motor symptoms appear earlier in DLB over PDD patients (McKeith et a...
Article
Impairment of facial expression recognition in dementia is one of the cognitive deficits that could affect the social life of dementia patients. The severity of the facial expression recognition in different types of dementia has not been fully addressed. Previous studies showed that EEG event‐related oscillation (ERO) studies could reveal the brai...
Article
The neurophysiological differences between Parkinson’s disease mild cognitive impairment (PD‐MCI) and cognitively normal Parkinson’s disease (PD‐CN) have been poorly understood, covering limited electrophysiological interpretation. Delta event‐related oscillations (ERO) are recognized as a useful electrophysiological indicator of cognitive decline...
Article
Here we tested the hypothesis that gender may diversely affect resting state eyes‐closed electroencephalographic (rsEEG) alpha (8‐12 Hz) rhythms recorded in normal elderly (Nold) seniors and patients with Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment (ADMCI). Clinical and rsEEG datasets in 69 ADMCI and 57 Nold individuals ‐ matched as demograph...
Article
Keeping in mind Başar’s theory of event‐related EEG oscillations, here we hypothesize that transient increases in delta rhythms in quiet wakefulness may enhance global cortical arousal as revealed by the desynchronization of alpha rhythms in normal (Nold) seniors with some derangement in Alzheimer’s disease dementia (ADD). Clinical and EEG datasets...
Article
Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) are the most common types of dementia. ADD and PDD have different pathophysiology and clinical profile. It is important to understand mechanisms underlying pathophysiology, clinical symptoms, and the electrophysiological differences between these two types of dementia. Event‐...
Article
The performance of facial expression recognition is affected both in neurocognitive disorders and in healthy elderly. Emotional content processing is expected to be adversely affected in dementia and as well in Parkinson's disease patients. The present study aims to compare the impaired facial expression recognition between different types of demen...
Article
The rsEEG alpha rhythms reflect cortical neural synchronization mechanisms underpinning the inhibition of sensory, cognitive, and motor areas in parietal, temporal, and occipital cortex during a condition of low vigilance. Here we tested the hypothesis that age may diversely affect rsEEG alpha (8‐12 Hz) rhythms recorded in normal elderly (Nold) sen...
Article
In normal old (Nold) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) persons, a high cognitive reserve makes them more resistant and resilient to brain neuropathology and neurodegeneration. Here we tested whether these effects may affect neurophysiological oscillatory mechanisms generating dominant resting state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) alpha rhythms in Nold a...
Article
Background Early differentiation between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is important for accurate prognosis, as DLB patients typically show faster disease progression. Cortical neural networks, necessary for human cognitive function, may be disrupted differently in DLB and AD patients, allowing diagnostic differentiati...
Article
In the present retrospective and exploratory study, we tested the hypothesis that sex may affect cortical sources of resting state eyes-closed electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms recorded in normal elderly (Nold) seniors and patients with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (ADMCI). Datasets in 69 ADMCI and 57 Nold individuals wer...
Article
Full-text available
The body recognition process includes complex visual processing, the sensation, perception, and distinction stages of the stimulus. This study examined this process by using the time–frequency analysis of EEG signals and analyzed the obtained data by using the event-related oscillations method. This study aimed to examine the oscillatory brain resp...
Article
Cerebrospinal and structural-molecular neuroimaging in-vivo biomarkers are recommended for diagnostic purposes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other dementias; however, they do not explain the effects of AD neuropathology on neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning cognitive processes. Here, an Expert Panel from the Electrophysiology Professional...
Article
Background: In relaxed adults, staying in quiet wakefulness at eyes closed is related to the so-called resting state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms, showing the highest amplitude in posterior areas at alpha frequencies (8-13 Hz). Objective: Here we tested the hypothesis that age may affect rsEEG alpha (8-12 Hz) rhythms recorded in norma...
Article
Full-text available
Background Recognition of facial expressions (FEs) plays a crucial role in social interactions. Most studies on FE recognition use static (image) stimuli, even though real-life FEs are dynamic. FE processing is complex and multifaceted, and its neural correlates remain unclear. Transitioning from static to dynamic FE stimuli might help disentangle...
Article
Full-text available
Anatomical and dynamical connectivity are essential to healthy brain function. However, quantifying variations in connectivity across conditions or between patient populations and appraising their functional significance are highly non-trivial tasks. Here we show that link ranking differences induce specific geometries in a convenient auxiliary spa...
Article
Full-text available
The Electrophysiology Professional Interest Area (EPIA) and Global Brain Consortium endorsed recommendations on candidate electroencephalography (EEG) measures for Alzheimer's disease (AD) clinical trials. The Panel reviewed the field literature. As most consistent findings, AD patients with mild cognitive impairment and dementia showed abnormaliti...
Article
Vascular contribution to cognitive impairment (VCI) and dementia is related to etiologies that may affect the neurophysiological mechanisms regulating brain arousal and generating electroencephalographic (EEG) activity. A multidisciplinary expert panel reviewed the clinical literature and reached consensus about the EEG measures consistently found...
Article
Extending Başar's theory of event-related EEG oscillations, here we hypothesize that even in quiet wakefulness, transient increases in delta rhythms may enhance global cortical arousal as revealed by the desynchronization of alpha rhythms in normal (Nold) seniors with some derangement in Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD). Clinical and EEG datasets...
Article
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second‐most common neurodegenerative disorder that affects 2–3% of the population ≥ 65 years of age and may belong to cognitive deficits and dementia in 50% of cases. Disease with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is emerging as another important cause of dementia in pathological aging. PD and DLB are both due to intra‐neuronal Lewy...
Article
Several researchers have reported the impairment of recognition of facial expressions in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients. AD had reduced theta and alpha responses compared to healthy controls during the recognition of facial expressions (Güntekin et al. 2019). Gamma responses also have a crucial role in the recognition of facial expression in hea...
Article
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second‐most common neurodegenerative disorder that affects 2–3% of the population ≥ 65 years of age and may belong to cognitive deficits and dementia in 50% of cases. Disease with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is emerging as another important cause of dementia in pathological aging. PD and DLB are both due to intra‐neuronal Lewy...
Article
In normal old (Nold) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) persons, a high cognitive reserve (CR) makes them more resistant and resilient to brain neuropathology and neurodegeneration. Here, we tested whether these effects may affect neurophysiological oscillatory mechanisms generating dominant resting state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) alpha rhythms in...
Article
Objective Here we tested if cortical sources of resting state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms may differ in sub-groups of patients with prodromal and overt dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) as a function of relevant clinical symptoms. Methods We extracted clinical, demographic and rsEEG datasets in matched DLB patients (N = 60) and control A...
Article
Introduction The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected the economy, daily life, and mental/physical health. The latter includes the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in clinical practice and research. We report a survey of the impact of COVID-19 on the use of clinical EEG in practice and research in several countries, and the recommendations of a...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to memory impairment and executive and visuospatial dysfunction as the disease progresses. Alpha activity on EEG has been related to cognition in previous studies. We aimed to investigate the correlation between alpha activity and neuropsychometric tests (NPTs) in PD patients. Fifty...
Article
The healthy maturation of the brain is one of the intriguing topics that need to be investigated to understand human brain and child development. The present study aimed to investigate the development of memory processes both for auditory and visual memory using electroencephalography (EEG)-Brain Dynamics methodologies. Sixteen healthy children bet...
Article
The research on the abnormalities of event-related oscillations in Parkinson's disease (PD) was mostly studied with cognitively normal patients. The present study aims to show the adverse effects of cognitive decline in PD patients via the EEG-Brain Oscillations approach by comparing the electrophysiological responses in two modalities, i.e. audito...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease among the elderly with a progressive decline in cognitive function significantly affecting quality of life. Both the prevalence and emotional and financial burdens of AD on patients, their families, and society are predicted to grow significantly in the near future, due to a prol...
Article
Compared with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD) shows peculiar clinical manifestations related to vigilance (i.e., executive cognitive deficits and visual hallucinations) that may be reflected in resting state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms. To test this hypothesis, clinical and rsEEG rhythms in age-, sex-, and education-m...
Article
Full-text available
Characterizing brain activity at rest is of paramount importance to our understanding both of general principles of brain functioning and of the way brain dynamics is affected in the presence of neurological or psychiatric pathologies. We measured the time-reversal symmetry of spontaneous electroencephalographic brain activity recorded from three g...
Article
Full-text available
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is used not only in the treatment of pain but also in the examination of sensory functions. With aging, there is decreased sensitivity to somatosensory stimuli. It is essential to examine the effect of TENS application on the sensory functions in the brain by recording the spontaneous electroenceph...
Article
Facial Expression (FE) recognition is a major marker of emotional ability. Behavioral studies show that FE recognition ability decreases with aging. Studying how event-related brain oscillations change with normal aging is important to better understand the underlying mechanisms of emotional processes. The aim of this study is to investigate change...
Article
We have evaluated an 82 years old PD patient who has acutely developed VH secondary to acute visual loss that was associated with increased electroencephalographic activity in the gamma range over the parietal, occipital and frontal regions. In this respect, we have tested the therapeutic effect of occipital lobe oriented rTMS application and its e...
Preprint
Characterising brain activity at rest is of paramount importance to our understanding both of general principles of brain functioning and of the way brain dynamics is affected in the presence of neurological or psychiatric pathologies. We measured the time-reversal symmetry of spontaneous electroencephalographic brain activity recorded from three g...
Article
Behavioral studies have shown that the recognition of facial expressions may be impaired in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The identification and recognition of a facial expression might be represented by event-related brain oscillations. The present study aims to analyze EEG event-related oscillations and determine the electrophysiologica...
Article
Background Studies on Event Related EEG Brain Oscillations presented essential results on the understanding of cognitive brain function and cognitive decline in different pathologies. Event related oscillatory dynamics in Parkinson’s disease (PD) have not been studied comprehensively. In the last three years, our group aimed to fulfill this critica...
Article
Background Event-related beta responses are related to the visual cognitive process. Beta phase-locking had decreased in subjects with cognitive deficits. Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) have similar pathophysiology and have different clinical symptoEEG event-related responses in neurodegenerative diseases are...
Article
Objectives: The present study aims to evaluate the amplitude and latency of event-related potentials (ERPs) P100, N170, VPP and N230 in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to healthy elderly controls, using a passive viewing task of emotional facial expressions. Methods: Twenty-four individuals with mild to moderate AD and 23 demo...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Dementia is a major neurocognitive disorder that characterized by a significant cognitive decline (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Event-related theta responses are associated with cognitive processes and are increased during increased cognitive loading (Başar-Eroglu et al., 1992; Demiralp et al., 1994; Yener et al., 2007). T...