Badar Iqbal

Badar Iqbal
Professor Extraordinarius; College of Graduate Studies; University of South Africa; Pretoria (South Africa) Monarch University; Faculty of Economics and Finance; Zug; Switzerland · Economics and Finance Monarch Business School Switzerland

PH.D; DBA; M.Com; DSW B.A. (Hons) Economics; Enlist as an Expert in the Directory of South African Scientists [ASSAf].
Editing a Special Issue on FDI [Divestment] for [JCEFTS] for Emerald Journal Cite Score 2.6.

About

139
Publications
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271
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Introduction
These days I am editing FOUR global SCOPUS indexed Journals on International Economics. My areas of interest are International Business; economics; Development of Economics and agricultural economics. I am serving as Chief Editor, Editor; Co-editor; Guest Editor to different global journals indexed in SCOPUS and WOS. Serving Sage Monograph Editor. Editing Emerald Journal [JCEFTS]; Cite Score 2.6
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (139)
Article
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It is a well-established notion that "growth and development" are the necessities for everyone who is living on the landscape of the earth. These are the two faces of the same coin: growth promotes development and development accelerates the growth and the needed purchasing of the people [sin-quo-non] for enhancing the quality of life of the People...
Article
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COVID-19 took the world by surprise as no country was prepared for it. In a short time, from epidemic, it became a pandemic. It disrupted social, economic, demographic, statistical and political status of the countries across the world. However, the worst affected were the economies of the developing world.
Preprint
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academic research and attainments
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This chapter provides an outline of the role of social media analytics in digital marketing. It includes an introduction to digital marketing and social media analytics. The contribution of the chapter offers theoretical insights into the conceptual aspect along with the growing significance of social media platforms and the analytics of the data c...
Article
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The Global Forum on Steel Excess Capacity (GFSEC) brought into policy-making on the excess capacity that the steel producing countries appear to be battling is a conglomeration of more than 30 countries. The group members consist of both G20 countries and the OECD countries. Both India and People's Republic of China have tied themselves to the goal...
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This chapter will aim to explicate the challenges posed by global warming or the climate change conditions on food security especially from the point of view of India. The negative impact of global warming has been seen, especially in developing economies, on the agricultural yields leading towards food insecurity. The four pillars of food security...
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This study employs the gravity model to estimate the extent of the contribution of six African trade blocs to the global economy using the gravity model spanning from 1980 to 2018. The gravity equation that models the export contributions of the six selected African RECs to the global export is estimated. The estimated gravity model reveals that th...
Article
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Ontroduction to Special Issue on RCEP
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International trade directs towards economic growth if the policy measures and economic infrastructure are well enough and strong to handle the changes. Though trade wars are chaotic and have long-term consequences, implications, and effects, the ultimate aim is to maintain fair trade between economies. The present paper aims to discuss the trade w...
Chapter
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Role of FDI in digitalization and environmental sustainability are basic crux of the book chapter. It discussed different concepts and application in the ear of globalization with special context of digitalization and environmental sustainabilit.
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The newly elected US President Joe Biden received a call from the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulating on his win and hoping to have bolstered relations between the two countries in the future. With coming in power of Joe Biden as the US President a significant shift in foreign policy is expected. This will be a concern for the future...
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The newly elected US President Joe Biden received a call from the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulating on his win and hoping to have bolstered relations between the two countries in the future. With coming in power of Joe Biden as the US President a significant shift in foreign policy is expected. This will be a concern for the future...
Book
This book illustrates the impact of increasingly prominent global phenomena, such as digitalisation and climate change, on the international activities of both small and large multinationals. As it highlights, extant management research does not fully explain such emergent topics as Internet platforms, digital business models, and the decision-maki...
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This study examines how agricultural trade and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) influence inclusive growth in developing countries, using the case of West Africa. It engages data obtained from various World Bank sources for 15 West African countries that are members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) for the period 2000–2019....
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Islampromotescharitybothatanindividualaswellasatthecommunity/societylevel.Charityhasbeen mostamoralissueratherthananeconomiconethoughitaffectsthesocietyintermsofeconomics. Mainstreameconomicshasignoredtheapplicationofcharitymodelandhowitcanresultinreducing economicdisparities.Unfortunately,charityhasbeenignoredbyresearchersinthecontextofitbeing ane...
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financial grant creates an avenue to reduce poverty, inequality and to improve equitable economic development. The objective of this paper is to examine the effect of social financial grant increases on poverty alleviation in South Africa. The paper inclines on prior poverty theories of economic growth, which highlights the use of social financial...
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The present study explores the socioeconomic scenario of the South Asian region before and after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. It analyses the long run and short-run association between human development, unemployment and the economic growth of the region using the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model before...
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Capitalaccountliberalizationhasalwaysbeenatthecoreofeconomicpolicymaking.Chinaisa countrywhichhaschosentogogradualinopeningupthecapitalaccount.Thepresentresearch seekstomanoeuvreaspectsofcapitalaccountliberalizationfortheChineseeconomy.Anempirical investigation is run for ascertaining the particular influence capital controls has had on foreign dir...
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Is there any Need for Environmental Emergency across the globe? This is one of the most cortical issue which has to be looed at on war footing. The goes in answering this question.
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After the end of Second World War; two global forums namely-General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTA) were established. The GATT was called as "rich countries club", and UNCTAD was known as "poor countries club", and they were responsible to regulate the global trade. In order to ex...
Chapter
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In the present global scenario, the structure of organizations is changing in the form of a highly competitive workplace, advanced technology, and a growing outlook of customers. To make itself adjusted in such a dynamic environment, the role of big data which is already growing exponentially is highly significant in the achievement of efficiency a...
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The first three industrial revolutions were all about the mechanization of production using water and steam power; electric power; electronics and information technology respectively. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (FIR) is the off-shoot of the digital revolution [the third revolution]. Exponential expansion through merging technology is what lea...
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The paper aims to determine the relationship between access to electricity and economic performance. The study covered 14 countries of the ECOWAS region and used data ranging from 1990 to 2016. The Pool Mean Group estimator, in an ARDL setting, was used to estimate the short and long run dynamics of access to electricity on growth. The analysis was...
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The paper aims to determine the relationship between access to electricity and economic performance. The study covered 14 countries of the ECOWAS region and used data ranging from 1990 to 2016. The Pool Mean Group estimator, in an ARDL setting, was used to estimate the short and long run dynamics of access to electricity on growth. The analysis was...
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The monograph under review is devoted to a multilateral analysis of the Bangladesh economy and the prospects for its development in the modern world. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the financial and industrial sectors of the economy, industrial policy, the prospects for an innovative economy in Bangladesh.
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Higher educational institutions (HEI) have lately involved the marketing approach both locally and globally. While almost all HEI now involve marketing of education service, there is no comprehensive assessment indicator available for the marketing intensity. Marketing intensity as a new term is the holistic involvement of an organization into mark...
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BRICS emerged after the collective potential was identified and popularized by O'Neil (2001). BRICS countries form a group where every country has equal right to assert its view and influence the policy. The yearly summit of BRICS witnesses rotating chairs of Presidentship. However, there is no formal agreement or notification regarding the leader...
Article
Climate change has become the most challenging problem and task for every one living on the earth. The most unfortunate thing is that neither the developed countries nor the developing economies are serious on this task and as a result, on concrete solution has come so far. There has been more myth rather reality. As the time running very fast, it...
Article
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At the international business level, divestment is not a new term. It has been seen as a significant part of business strategy for both home and host economies. Keeping this perspective, the aim of the present study will be to give an overview of foreign divestment from the perspective of various studies, reasons for the occurrence of divestment an...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter will be to explicate about the Copyright in Digital Business. The study will begin with highlighting the overview of Copyright law and digital business scenario. The chapter will further scrutinize the issues and challenges associated with the Copyright in Digital Business. The present study hold a descriptive methodology by...
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Purpose- The aim of this study is to elucidate over the One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative of China through looking at it from asian perspective. The study begins with highlighting the evaluation of the Maritime Silk road from the traditional Silk Road. The chapter further inspects the opportunities and challenges which will come ahead in the path...
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Innovation is understood by different people differently and there is no reason to think otherwise until and unless innovation is objectified. Several measures have been developed to represent innovation in one or the other form. At times, due to dearth of data on innovation, proxies are used that may not represent innovation in its true sense. One...
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Chinese President Jinping initiated one of China’s grandiose foreign policy initiatives in 2013. He emphasized on the reconstruction of Silk Road Economic Belt and a twenty-first century Maritime Silk Road (MSR), together referred as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The BRI presents opportunity for trade, investment, and jobs between China and Asian...
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The difference between growth and development is not subtle but substantially huge and the gap is ever increasing. The dividing line is social indicators. Countries witnessing high growth rates for decades are not equal performers in development when social indicators are observed. India is an emerging economy on the one hand and a developing on th...
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Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) has 40 percent of the world population and shares 20 percent of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This paper seeks to evaluate business opportunities with the BRICS for Canadian businesses through a framework of global competitiveness. Global competitiveness is tracked over a 16-year per...
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The looming of a vindictive spirit owing to dishevelled trade relations amidst China and the US seems to be near. Never has it been so apparent than now. The US has had itself as the largest economy on the world stage and China’s attempt at shuffling this incumbency has led the US to open a tariff fire on Chinese imports. The tariff brawl appears t...
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This paper is an attempt to examine the trends and significant determinants of China’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) in Asia. In order to find out the important determinants of China’s OFDI in Asia, this study applies the panel data regression technique. The time period from 2006 to 2015 is taken into consideration. Econometric analysis...
Chapter
SMEs are considered the backbone of the Latin American economic region as they represent an overwhelming majority of private enterprises in the region and account for 99% of businesses and employ 67% of employees. One of the elements in which SMEs need assistance is their involvement in the IT-enabled services (ITES) both for greater efficiency and...
Chapter
The concept of business model is not new now, but organizations construct, identify, and innovate their models from the beginning of the business itself. The purpose of this study is to understand the importance of e-commerce business models and explore their connections to provide an overview of the concept of business model. In this study, the au...
Chapter
Purpose- The aim of this study is to illuminate over the growth and development of the Industrial Sector in India. The study highlights the performance of Industrial sector on the basis of various economic indicators. The chapter further examines the recent initiatives taken by the Government of India for the sustainable development of Indian econo...
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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is considered to be influenced not only by quantitative factors but also by qualitative factors. However, the present literature related to FDI focus more on quantitative factors rather than qualitative factors. One reason is that FDI is itself based on a quantitative benchmark (10% or more investment in equity). The...
Article
Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment has remained an exhaustive endeavour for the researchers and at times it becomes a Pollyanna for policy making. The present piece of research is an attempt to gauge the determinants of FDI for India and Sri Lanka. The plausible determinants are selected for empirical testing such as Market Size, Inflation,...
Chapter
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Innovation is understood by different people differently and there is no reason to think otherwise until and unless innovation is objectified. Several measures have been developed to represent innovation in one or the other form. At times, due to dearth of data on innovation, proxies are used that may not represent innovation in its true sense. One...
Article
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India is an increasingly attractive destination for foreign investments, and the country is also becoming a significant source of outward foreign investments. The increasing engagement of the Indian corporations in the world markets is an indication of the maturity reached by Indian industries as well as the extent of their participation in an over...
Chapter
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SMEs are considered the backbone of the Latin American economic region as they represent an overwhelming majority of private enterprises in the region and account for 99% of businesses and employ 67% of employees. One of the elements in which SMEs need assistance is their involvement in the IT enabled services (ITES) both for greater efficiency and...
Chapter
BRICS has emerged as a very strong grouping since its first summit held in 2009. India has joined BRICS with conviction and certain objective. These objectives are represented as India’s strategy towards BRICS. The present study is an attempt to capture the internal as well as external dynamics of India’s strategy towards BRICS. The chapter is divi...
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Foreign Direct Investment and Current Account Balance are the two important macroeconomic variables considered in overall Balance of Payments (BOP). India and United States have progressed by investing in each other resources and has a significant share in their respective total FDI Inflows. FDI Inflows as per the BPM6 of IMF falls in the Capital A...
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Foreign trade has played an important role in India’s economic growth in the past two decades. It has enhanced competitiveness; expanded business opportunities for domestic markets. By removing unnecessary barriers, it made easier for India and the US to export and import. Since the economic reforms introduced in the year 1991, India has radically...
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Financial inclusion is emerging as a new paradigm of economic growth that plays major role in driving away the poverty from the country. It refers to delivery of banking services to masses including privileged and disadvantaged people at an affordable terms and conditions. Financial inclusion is important priority of the country in terms of economi...
Article
India has been progressively liberalising its FDI regime to attract foreign investment which can fill the gap between the actual and desired level of investment in the country. Despite its policy measures, India has received far less share of FDI inflows in global FDI inflows. This needs to be improved so as to effectively implement the “Make in In...
Chapter
Purpose-The aim of this study is to ponder over the issue of the combined political and economic importance of the BRIC(S) countries. The study highlights the performance of BRICS countries on the basis of various economic and social indicators, as well as patterns of trade and investment. The chapter examines the origin and the status of the BRICS...
Article
The global economy is the home to different types of enterprises with each playing its own unique and distinct role. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are among the enterprises that has become the harbinger of growth and development. SMEs play myriad role in the global economy. Emerging economies such as those of Latin American Economic Region...
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Multinational Corporations (MNCs) are the drivers of globalization and internationalization. MNCs have substantially contributed to the world trade and development as has been identified by multilateral financial institutions such as IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization and UNCTAD, to name a few. Latin American Region is home to emerging econo...
Article
Although importing bovine meat from India to China is illegal, the actual trade flow is flourishing and impacts both beef markets significantly. This article assumes that the illegal bovine meat trade value from India to China equals to the difference between Indian’s officially announced exports value to Vietnam and the Vietnam’s officially announ...
Conference Paper
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Japan and China are now major investing countries in the world. In 2013, they accounted for about 16.8 percent of world's outward FDI and 6.1 percent of outstanding investment stocks. While investing abroad, they seem to have a different focus in selecting economies. In essence, the Japanese investors invest distinctively more in the developed econ...
Article
Indian rupee has been depreciating since May 2013 creating many dimensional trends and issues to be looked at or to be examined. If a currency is depreciating it implies that the value has gone down in relation to another currency. Presently, the value of rupee has declined from nearly Rs. 55 to a dollar to nearly 69 rupees a dollar. This is becaus...
Article
Indian rupee has been depreciating since May 2013 creating many dimensional trends and issues to be looked at or to be examined. If a currency is depreciating it implies that the value has gone down in relation to another currency. Presently, the value of rupee has declined from nearly Rs. 55 to a dollar to nearly 69 rupees a dollar. This is becaus...
Article
Indian rupee has been depreciating since May 2013 creating many dimensional trends and issues to be looked at or to be examined. If a currency is depreciating it implies that the value has gone down in relation to another currency. Presently, the value of rupee has declined from nearly Rs. 55 to a dollar to nearly 69 rupees a dollar. This is becaus...
Article
Indian rupee has been depreciating since May 2013 creating many dimensional trends and issues to be looked at or to be examined. If a currency is depreciating it implies that the value has gone down in relation to another currency. Presently, the value of rupee has declined from nearly Rs. 55 to a dollar to nearly 69 rupees a dollar. This is becaus...
Article
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Though India has been attracting FDI, deficiency namely- issues of Governance, insufficient infrastructural facilities and reforms, tax rationalization etc.are contributing to lackluster performance of FDI inflow in the country.
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ABSTRACT. Current article assesses emerging trends in global trade in the case of Brazil-India-China (BIC) Alliance. Although the globalized world is still recovering from the global 2008 crisis, it may be perceived that Brazil, India and China showed considerable growth during the crisis, continuing with the trend even after the crisis period. So...
Article
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One of the biggest and more persisting issues at global level has been inflation. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are no exception to this notion. Keeping in mind, the significance, impact and consequences of inflation on general masses in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa; the present paper tries to discuss the emerging t...
Article
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Resumo Este artigo é resultado de um projeto de pesquisa mais amplo que visa analisar os reflexos das crises capitalistas internacionais ocorridas a partir da década de 1990 nas economias-membros do Mercosul. Para o caso deste artigo, em particular, será realizada uma breve análise de indicadores econômicos do Mercosul desde o período de sua formaç...
Article
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Since independence of India, one of the biggest challenges that the country has been facing is reduction in poverty. More than six decades have been passed out; poverty has been persisting in the country especially in rural India (the real India) popularly known as ‘Bharat”. India contributes a third of the global poor. China contributes 13 per cen...
Article
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was transformed into World Trade Organization (WTO on January 1, 1995. Since then, WTO has been trying hard to protect the global multilateral Trading System and also to keep away the concept and practice of regionalism out of the globe. In November 2011, WTO initiated the Doha Development Round (DDR) o...
Article
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Resumo Ailing global world is yet to recover. According to the World Trade Organization, global trade growth in terms of volume has recorded an increase of 2 per cent as compared to 5.2 per cent witnessed in 2011. The present paper analysis the emerging trends in global and Brazil's and India’s foreign trade. The discussion reaches the question of...
Chapter
The global economy is not yet recovered fully from financial crisis of December 2007 and that a second recession known as dip-recession has affected the world economy. The United Nations (UN) Report in 2011 warned that the world was on the brink of another recession. The recession is already started in the US and the Europe. The European Union is o...