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BABAN SHRAVAN Ingole

BABAN SHRAVAN Ingole
National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research · Hydrothermal Exploration

PhD

About

232
Publications
69,025
Reads
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4,242
Citations
Introduction
Current research interest: Major research projects: 1- Ecology and Biodiversity of the Hydrothermal Vents and Seamounts communities along the Mid-Ocean Ridges in the Indian Ocean, 2- Coral & Sponge associated community from the eastern Arabian Sea, 3- Mapping the Coral & associated biological communities from the Angria Bank, 4- Sponge associated fauna of Maharashtra & Goa coast. All the above studies are funded respectively by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (Govt. of India); UNDP (MoEF & CC)
Additional affiliations
April 2019 - March 2021
National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Currently working on the benthic Ecology & Biodiversity of Hydrothermal Vent & Antarctic Biology; & EIA of Deep-sea mining
January 2000 - present
Goa University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Teach Marine Biology; Benthic Ecology & Supervise/Guide M.Sc & PhD students
June 1981 - December 2017
National Institute of Oceanography
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • During my 39 years of research & teaching experience, I worked on coastal and the deep sea biology and with Scientists from various countries.
Education
August 1989 - July 1994
University of Mumbai
Field of study
  • Applied Biology
April 1989 - December 1989
Kyushu University
Field of study
  • Japanese Language
April 1988 - July 1992
Nagasaki University
Field of study
  • Benthic Ecology & Fisheries

Publications

Publications (232)
Article
Full-text available
Marked by strong El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effects during 2014-2016, global coral reefs underwent mass bleaching. Here, we conducted a comprehensive (2014-2019) study, coinciding with the 2014-16 ENSO, to investigate the response and resilience potential of marginal coral communities to the combined impact of recurrent thermal anomalies a...
Article
The 2014-2016 El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) caused a prolonged marine heatwave that led to widespread coral bleaching and mortality across the Indo-pacific coral reefs. Prediction of coral bleaching and assessment of bleaching impact on corals is vital for reef ecosystem functioning and services. Wherein, advanced satellite remote sensing app...
Article
In spite, of being the most threatened coastal habitats in the world, mangrove ecosystems offer a host of goods and services to the coastal communities. With over 4,975 sq.km of the mangrove area, India has the largest mangrove in Asia that constitutes about 45% of the total mangrove cover in South Asia. Mangroves are ecologically significant for t...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive alien species (IAS) influences the trophic organisation and food web structure in an invaded ecosystem, and therefore it is imperative to quantify the resultant ecological impacts. The globally recognised ecosystem modelling platform, Ecopath with Ecosim was used to delineate the impacts of IAS on a tropical freshwater pond ecosystem in In...
Article
Deep-sea sponges are an imperative component of benthos. They accumulate the suspended organic matter by filtering large quantities of water and, with their intricate structures, provide the most suitable habitats for various associated organisms. We describe three new cadorhizid sponges from the Central Indian Ridge (CIR), Indian Ocean. The sponge...
Article
Full-text available
Deep-sea sponges are an imperative component of benthos. They accumulate the suspended organic matter by filtering large quantities of water and, with their intricate structures, provide the most suitable habitats for various associated organisms. We describe three new cadorhizid sponges from the Central Indian Ridge (CIR), Indian Ocean. The sponge...
Article
Estuaries provide life support to aquatic biota and livelihood support to fishermen and local inhabitants. However, the ecosystem function of estuaries is impaired due to anthropogenic stressors and hence, the assessment of ecosystem health using ecological indicators will deliver the status of stability, maturity, and integrity of an estuary. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Heterobranch sea slugs are a group of often vibrantly coloured, shell-less, and soft-bodied molluscs which are also indicators of climate change and a source of natural products. The information on sea slug diversity and distribution from India is scarce with only 611 species reported so far. Our study aims to bridge the gap in the information on s...
Chapter
The Indian mid‐oceanic ridge system is under explored for hydrothermal vent fields. Most vent fields are discovered along the slow to intermediate spreading Central Indian and ultra‐slow spreading Southwest Indian ridges (CIR and SWIR). Detailed geological studies of Dodo, Solitaire, Edmond, Kairei, and Longqi vent fields and their fluids character...
Article
This study reports the first time record of the patchy coral reef (~ 2 km 2) of Terekhol in North Goa, the western coast of India during January-February 2020. There were more than 07 genera/species of hard corals in the reef and is dominated by a reef building Turbinaria mesenterina (Dendrophylliidae), which is considered as a sediment tolerant co...
Presentation
Full-text available
It is a brief CV for public
Technical Report
Full-text available
Maharashtra Genebank Programme Progress Report 2014-2020 Volume - I
Article
Estuaries provide enumerable ecosystem services to mankind in terms of provisional, regulating, supporting, recreational and information services. However, the persistent human-environment interactions for these services altered the ecological integrity of estuaries. Although the small estuaries receive little attraction in scientific studies due t...
Article
Coastal upwelling that occurs in the eastern Arabian Sea (EAS) drive the complex dynamics of the food chain. Macrofauna plays a key role in the functioning of coastal ecosystems, but few studies explored the taxonomic and functional patterns of macrofaunal communities under upwelling influence. These patterns have been investigated in this study by...
Article
Full-text available
Marginal reefs are known for severe stress-inducible perturbations such as high sedimentation, eutrophication, ocean warming and acidification from anthropogenic climate change. The corals striving in such stressful environments develop physiological adaptations induced by differential genomic expressions or association with thermal stress-tolerant...
Article
Full-text available
The bacterial diversity associated with eroding sponges belonging to the Cliona viridis species complex is scarcely known. Cliona thomasi described from the West Coast of India is a new introduction to the viridis species complex. In this study, we determined the bacterial diversity associated with C. thomasi using next-generation sequencing. The r...
Article
Coral reefs harbour remarkable high biodiversity. Reef fishes are among the most important communities in the coral reef ecosystem, significantly contributing to ecosystem functioning and reef resilience. However, under the continuous effect of climate change and human activities, corals and reef fishes are in peril. For the first time, we document...
Article
Full-text available
The fisheries resources of Mandovi Estuary, along the central west coast of India were analysed using the taxonomic, functional, feeding and population aspects and also to record and to prepare an inventory on fish and shellfish species. Finfish and shellfish taxa were monitored for four years (2016 to 2020) through surveys in small and regional ma...
Article
Full-text available
The suctorian ciliate Thecacineta calix is reported off the coast of Panama, Florida (USA) epibiont on meiobenthic harpacticoid copepod. This is the first report of T. calix from Florida coast. The length of stalk in the present specimens, epibiont on harpacticoids, ranged from one seventh to one eighth of the lorica length.
Article
Full-text available
Persistence of coral reefs is threatened globally due to intensified human activities and ongoing climate change. Coral reefs in India are also suffering from acute stress events like mass coral bleaching and coastal development activities, which has led some of the coral species on the verge of local extinction. Here, we present a revised checklis...
Article
Full-text available
The 2014–2017 mass bleaching event is considered the third massive coral global bleaching event in recorded history. Based on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Coral Reef Watch (CRW) product western India was under an alert level 2 (May – June 2015) with ten-Degree Heating Weeks (DHW) followed by level 1 (six-DHW) from Oc...
Article
Globally, coral reefs have drastically declined due to local and global environmental stressors. Concurrently, coral reef tourism is rapidly growing in developing economies, which is one of many anthropogenic stressors impacting reefs. At the Malvan Marine Sanctuary, a Marine Protected Area (MPA) on the West coast of India, we investigate the impac...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, coral reefs have drastically declined due to local and global environmental stressors. Concurrently, coral reef tourism is rapidly growing in developing economies, which is one of many anthropogenic stressors impacting reefs. At the Malvan Marine Sanctuary, a Marine Protected Area (MPA) on the West coast of India, we investigate the impac...
Article
Full-text available
The deep-sea blind lobster Willemoesia forceps A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 was collected at a water depth of 3433 m and is reported for the first time from the Central Indian Ridge (CIR). The species was identified based on morphological examination and supported by mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I (mtCOI) gene. The phylogenetic analysis shows...
Article
Full-text available
The honeycomb worm Sabellaria chandraae is the most common reef-building polychaete in the inter-tidal area along the southeastern Arabian Sea. We used the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase sub-unit I (mtCOI) gene to examine the levels of genetic variation the population. The samples were collected from seven intertidal areas along the southeaster...
Article
In this paper, measurements of 18 morphometric and five meristic characters of the yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda inhabiting the coastal waters of Ratnagiri, central west coast of India have been reported. Morphometric/numerical analysis confirmed that the identity of the studied seahorse species from Ratnagiri coastal waters as H. kuda. A negat...
Article
Full-text available
In any marine system, meiofauna plays a key role in the functioning of the food web and sustain important ecological processes. Benthic research has long been carried out both in spatial and temporal scale on the distribution, species diversity, community structure and abundance. Very few works have been reported on meiofauna along Odisha coast dur...
Data
Supplementary file for Mote et al. 2019: S1 - A photograph of Cliona thomasi sp. nov.; S2.1-2.5 - Tables with raw data for C. thomasi tylostyle dimensions of the type material and additional material; S3.1-3.4 - Size frequency distributions of C. thomasi tylostyle lengths; S4.1-4.22 Raw data for C. thomasi spicule dimensions and descriptive statist...
Article
Coral reef ecosystems depend on the balanced interplay of constructive and destructive processes and are increasingly threatened by environmental change. In this context bioeroding sponges play a significant role in carbonate cycling and sediment production. They occasionally aggravate erosional processes on disturbed reefs. Like other coral ecosys...
Article
Full-text available
The limited DNA sequence data of the polychaetes species are available from the Eastern Arabian Sea. We have sequenced 18S rDNA gene from 54 polychaetes species and 37 species identified up to the species level. The DNA bar-coding data provides for molecular identification of benthic polychaetes that will provide imminent into drivers of species di...
Article
Full-text available
Diverse biological communities mediate the transformation, transport, and storage of elements fundamental to life on Earth, including carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. However, global biogeochemical model outcomes can vary by orders of magnitude, compromising capacity to project realistic ecosystem responses to planetary changes, including ocean produc...
Article
Full-text available
Benzo(k)fluoranthene [B(k)F] is one of the widespread priority pollutants of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that has been scarcely studied for exposure assessment. With studies reporting a high amount B(k)F in sediments and water samples around the world, it has become vital to study its effects on aquatic organisms. In this connection, this stud...
Article
Full-text available
The present study explores the in vivo and in vitro genotoxic effects of lead nitrate, [Pb(NO3)2] a recognized environmental pollutant and cobalt chloride (CoCl2), an emerging environmental pollutant in polychaete Perinereis cultrifera using comet assay. Despite widespread occurrence and extensive industrial applications, no previous published repo...
Article
Full-text available
Isolated population of Indian horseshoe crabs, Tachy-pleus gigas plays an important role in the ecology of several marine organisms, and is being scrutinized for its abundance and morphology by many researchers. However, limited information is available about its genetic variability and evolution. Samples of horseshoe crab were collected from the e...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs are staggeringly diverse and complex ecosystem. But, this tropical wonder is currently degrading at alarming rates and, facing a high risk of extinction due to several anthropogenic and natural disturbances. Despite knowing the complex and huge reefs India has, and all the benefits this country gets from its reefs; the efforts to manage...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial-scale mining for polymetallic nodules could have a major impact on the deep-sea environment, but the effects of these mining activities on deep-sea ecosystems are very poorly known. The first commercial test mining for polymetallic nodules was carried out in 1970. Since then a number of small-scale commercial test mining or scientific di...
Data
Table of cruises related to simulated mining on the deep seafloor. (XLSX)
Data
Data used in meta-analysis. See headings tab for more details. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of changes in macrobenthic community using multivariate statistical techniques has been applied to find the structure by the environmental condition. The aim of the study was to evaluate macrofaunal community patterns between natural occurrence of coastal hypoxia condition (30 to 100 m depth) and normoxic bottom waters over the Southea...
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal tissue growth anomalies (STAs) of corals are capable of causing considerable degradation of reef health. This study is the first report of growth anomalies in Turbinaria corals and the first descriptive study of Indian corals. T. mesenterina colonies at 2 sites were affected by small, round to irregularly shaped growth anomalies. Prevalenc...
Poster
Full-text available
Located in the vicinity of Mormugoa harbour, Grande Island is a popular tourist destination. The subtidal area is comprised of natural ecological habitats such as coral, submerged rocks encrusted with corals, sponges and seaweeds, sandy bottoms and shipwrecks. The marine biodiversity of the patch reef has been relatively understudied with only few...
Article
Full-text available
The Grande Island, located at the central west coast of India is one of the less studied coral reef systems in India. In this study, we provide a comprehensive description of the coral community structure and health status of corals across the spatial scales at different depths in Grande Island. Such descriptions provide a baseline for evaluating f...
Article
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the ecological status of tropical coastal waters using the temperate benthic indices and examine the effect of seasonal variability on the performance of benthic indices. Macrobenthic samples were collected from northwest to southeast coast of India during 2003–2012 and we tested different univar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coral reefs globally are under a major threat of bleaching induced mortality due to factors like global warming, elevated SSTs, ocean acidification, high irradiance, high amount of sedimentation and disease outbreak. February, 2016 has been recorded as the warmest month following 2015 as the warmest year in record (NOAA). With increasing CO2 levels...
Article
There are few quantitative studies on deep-sea biodiversity from the Indian Ocean, particularly on the mid-ocean ridges (MOR). We investigated the benthic megafaunal community structure of the Indian Ocean MOR at the Carlsberg Ridge (CR) using underwater video observation by the Television Gripper (TVG) and Ocean Floor Observation System (OFOS) dur...
Article
Full-text available
DNA damage and oxidative stress in marine gastropod Morula granulata was measured after in vivo exposure to four different concentrations (10, 25, 50, and 100 μg/L) of phenanthrene. Comet assay was used for measurement of DNA damage, whereas oxidative stress was assessed using a battery of biomarkers such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST), catalas...
Article
Full-text available
We studied patterns of nematode distribution along the western Indian continental margin to determine the influence of habitat heterogeneity and low oxygen levels on the community's taxonomic and functional structure. A single transect, perpendicular to the coast at 14° N latitude was sampled from 34 to 2546 m depth for biological and environmental...
Article
Full-text available
In the Arabian Sea, organic matter produced during the upwelling period reaches the seafloor by the end of the monsoon and during the fall intermonsoon period (FIM). Studies on the benthic community is lacking during this period. Therefore, we predict that the FIM period is critical in structuring the coastal benthic community. Results indicated Co...
Article
Full-text available
Antioxidant defense plays a crucial role in the response of an organism to pollutants. Several processes stimulate the production of free radicals or deplete the antioxidant defense, which if not regulated properly, may cause oxidative stress in the organisms, leading to damage in DNA, proteins or lipids. Free radicals are also beneficial as it pla...
Poster
Full-text available
Climate change is playing a major role in coral bleaching all over the world. The period from mid-2014 till date has been declared as the third global bleaching event. Higher Sea surface temperature, strong El-Nino along with the effects of climate change is impacting corals globally. November 2015 was warmest November on record for the globe (NOAA...
Article
Full-text available
Sea cucumbers (holothurians) are marine invertebrates that are harvested worldwide, mostly for human consumption in Asian countries. To date, only eight species of synaptid holothurians of the genus Protankyra have been reported from the Indian Ocean. The present report forms the first record of Protankyra bidentata (Woodward & Barrett, 1858) from...