B. H. Foing

B. H. Foing
European Space Agency | ESA · European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC)

Prof. Dr. Habilitation, PhD Astrophysics & Space Techniques

About

774
Publications
57,291
Reads
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6,880
Citations
Introduction
B.H. Foing, ESA/ESTEC, Senior Advisor to ESA Director General, Chair Staff Association Committee (2012-2017), Senior scientist & Exploration Officer, Exec Director of ILEWG , previously president 1998, Chief Scientist, Head Research Division, SMART-1 lead scientist, ESA staff, Co-I space projects SOHO, XMM, BIOPAN, SMART1, Mars Express, COROT, ISS/Expose, ExoMars. Published 620 articles, 194 refereed papers, in space science & technology, edited 20 books & organized 55 intl symposia. http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_fTVp0kAAAAJ&hl=en
Additional affiliations
October 2009 - present
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Position
  • Special Professor
January 1993 - present
Position
  • Space scientist and explorer
Description
  • Google scholar references and citations http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_fTVp0kAAAAJ&hl=en
March 1986 - February 1993
Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Université Paris-Sud Orsay
Position
  • Researcher & Agrégé Professor

Publications

Publications (774)
Article
Full-text available
p>Laboratory measurements confirm that a 'buckyball' ion is responsible for two near-infrared absorption features found in spectra of the interstellar medium, casting light on a century-old astrochemical mystery. See Letter p.322</p
Article
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This review summarizes the use of High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) data as an instrumental tool and its application in the analysis of geological processes and landforms on Mars during the last ten years of operation. High-resolution digital elevations models on a local to regional scale are the unique strength of the HRSC instrument. The analy...
Article
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We shall report on the ILEWG charter, goals and activities, on ICEUM "lunar declarations" and follow-up activities, with focus on societal questions, and the Cape Canaveral Lunar Declaration 2008. ILEWG charter: ILEWG , the International Lunar Exploration Working Group is a public forum created in 1994, sponsored by the world's space agencies to su...
Article
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We describe the field demonstration of astrobiology instruments and research methods conducted in and from the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS) in Utah during the EuroGeoMars campaign 2009 coordinated by ILEWG, ESA/ESTEC and NASA Ames, with the contribution of academic partners. We discuss the entire experimental approach from determining the ge...
Article
Detection of two interstellar absorption bands coincident with spectral features of C60+ B. H. Foing* & P. Ehrenfreund† * Solar System Division, ESA Space Science Department, ESTEC/SO, 2200 Noordwijk AG, The Netherlands † Leiden Observatory, PO Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands MORE than a hundred well-defined absorption bands, arisin...
Article
Two rover missions to Mars aim to detect biomolecules as a sign of extinct or extant life with, among other instruments , Raman spectrometers. However, there are many unknowns about the stability of Raman-detectable bio-molecules in the martian environment, clouding the interpretation of the results. To quantify Raman-detectable biomolecule stabili...
Article
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Humankind has entered a new era of space exploration: settlements on other planetary bodies are foreseen in the near future. Advanced technologies are being developed to support the adaptation to extraterrestrial environments and, with a view on the longer term, to support the viability of an independent economy. Biological processes will likely pl...
Conference Paper
The EDEN ISS project is the first European bio-regenerative system tested in Antarctica. The habitability impact on the crew emerged in term of both psychological and nutritional benefit, making an important contribution to the advancement of international research on bio-regenerative systems both for the exploration of the Universe and for Earth a...
Article
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In 2019 it was exactly 100 years ago that the first two DIBs, diffuse interstellar bands, were discovered by Mary Lea Heger. Today some 500 + DIBs are known. In numerous observational, modelling and laboratory studies, efforts have been made to identify the carriers of these absorption features that are observed in the light of reddened stars cross...
Article
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BIOMEX (BIOlogy and Mars EXperiment) is an ESA/Roscosmos space exposure experiment housed within the exposure facility EXPOSE-R2 outside the Zvezda module on the International Space Station (ISS). The design of the multiuser facility supports—among others—the BIOMEX investigations into the stability and level of degradation of space-exposed biosign...
Conference Paper
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The Moon is at the center of attention in many current plans for spaceflight activities, particularly manned missions. Significant progress has recently been made in the transportation to the Moon, and several institutes work on systems and system components to support human life on the surface of the Moon. One of these activities is project MaMBA...
Conference Paper
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This paper outlines an argument for the International Lunar Decade (ILD) now planned for 2020-2030. The inspiration for the ILD is the International Geophysical Year (IGY) from July 1957 thru December 1958 involving 67 countries. IGY was conceived of and organized by scientists overcoming national boundaries and barriers between the Soviet bloc and...
Article
Industry clusters, considered the building blocks of modern economies, are an economic concept used to identify and define the geospatial density, growth and network behavior associated with innovation and economic performance. Our program proposes use of cluster analysis related to space-STEM education and space-industry to identify aerospace syst...
Article
Full-text available
Gas phase spectroscopic laboratory experiments for the buckminsterfullerene cation C60⁺ have resulted in accurate rest wavelengths for five C60⁺ transitions that have been compared with diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in the near infra-red. Detecting these in astronomical spectra is difficult because of the strong contamination of ground-based sp...
Article
Gas phase spectroscopic laboratory experiments for the buckminsterfullerene cation C60+ resulted in accurate rest wavelengths for five C60+ transitions that have been compared with diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in the near infra-red. Detecting these in astronomical spectra is difficult due to the strong contamination of ground-based spectra by...
Article
Prof. Foing is an advisor to the director general of the European Space Agency (ESA), a space astrophysicist at the European Space Research & Technology Centre (ESTEC), executive director of the International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILEWG), and research professor at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Florida Tech. He was chief scientist, cha...
Conference Paper
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Neukum Crater, located at about 28°E/45°S at Noachis Terra on Mars, contains various geomorphological features that indicate a diverse geological history forming the crater during the past up to 4 Ga years. Most prominent features of this 102 km-crater are the large dark dune field and the two pits on its floor. The basaltic composition of the dune...
Conference Paper
The Moon is at the center of attention in many current plans for spaceflight activities, particularly manned missions. Significant progress has recently been made in the transportation to the Moon, and several institutes work on systems and system components to support human life on the surface of the Moon. One of these activities is project MaMBA...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper presents the first pilot experiment result and formulated hypothesis after measuring the differences in gait’s posture under the influence of hypogravity, starting from the video realized by DLR on a normal horizontal treadmill and a vertical treadmill. The vertical treadmill is an instrument where the participant is able to walk vertica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industry clusters, considered the building blocks of modern economies, are an economic concept used to identify and define the geospatial density, growth and network behavior associated with innovation and economic performance. Our research uses cluster analysis related to space-STEM education and space-industry to identify aerospace system-sector...
Conference Paper
During the Apollo missions, it was discovered that on the Moon, people have a completely different way of moving and walking. Currently the DLR (German Aerospace Center) is running a study coordinated by Prof. Jörn Rittweger (head of the 'Space Physiology' division at the DLR institute) to investigate human-machine system interaction in hypogravity...
Article
Mission for Advanced Research and Technology; with spacecraft built and integrated in 2.5 years and launched 3.5 years after mission approval; 2) first mission leaving the Earth orbit using solar power alone; 3) most fuel effective mission (60 L of Xenon) and longest travel (13 month) to the Moon!; 4) first ESA mission reaching the Moon and first E...
Article
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The carriers of the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) are largely unidentified molecules ubiquitously present in the interstellar medium (ISM). After decades of study, two strong and possibly three weak near-infrared DIBs have recently been attributed to the C+60 fullerene based on observational and laboratory measurements. There is great promise f...
Article
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Scientists use the Earth as a tool for astrobiology by analyzing planetary field analogues (i.e. terrestrial samples and field sites that resemble planetary bodies in our Solar System). In addition, they expose the selected planetary field analogues in simulation chambers to conditions that mimic the ones of planets, moons and Low Earth Orbit (LEO)...
Poster
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One of the most prominent issue for habitability of the solar system and beyond is to adjust a habitat for human life. Since the human life adapted to terrestrial environment during millions of years of evolution, terrestrialization of the base should be a natural trend strictly applied in habitat design. We discuss basic concerns about introducing...
Article
Due to recent advances in laboratory spectroscopy, the first optical detection of a very large molecule has been claimed in the diffuse interstellar medium (ISM): C60+ (ionized Buckminsterfullerene). Confirming the presence of this molecule would have significant implications regarding the carbon budget and chemical complexity of the ISM. Here we p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: For this study several analyses were done in the UV/VIS spectrum using a USB4000 spectrometer. The focus of these analyses was to determine the detectability of certain elements that are known to influence the UV/VIS spectrum such as transitional metals, but also the influences of minerals, organics and volatiles [1]. Spectrometer: Th...
Poster
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Analog simulations has a very important role in preparation for space agencies to exploration of another celestial bodies. The main objective is to test procedures, tools and equipment for future use in those cutting-edge projects. As of the Extravehicular Activity (EVA) is the most crucial part of the mission and in fact this is the reason why we...
Poster
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Several spectroscopy analyses in the UV/VIS spectrum were performed using the remotely controlled USB4000 spectrometer during a field campaign in the Eifel volcanic area in Germany following previous ILEWG EuroMoonMars campaigns [0 - 9]. Four analogue Moon Extravehicular Activities (EVAs) where executed, during two of these EVAs an astronaut would...
Poster
Full-text available
For this study several analyses were done in the UV/VIS spectrum using a USB4000 spectrometer. The focus of these analyses was to determine the detectability of certain elements, rocks, water and organics using this spectrometer. This study consisted roughly of three parts: the measurements of a number of MoonMars analogue samples, the study of the...
Poster
Full-text available
Analog simulations has a very important role in preparation for space agencies to exploration of another celestial bodies. The main objective is to test procedures, tools and equipment for future use in those cutting-edge projects. As of the Extravehicular Activity (EVA) is the most crucial part of the mission and in fact this is the reason why we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
By 2050 we need to be working on fundamental scientific problems in an integrated fashion to provide insights into early planetary processes by exploring and characterizing the crust of the Moon.
Poster
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ILEWG developed within EuroMoonMars research programme since 2008 a Mobile Laboratory Habitat (ExoHab) at ESTEC. Its organization led to logistic concerns our team had to work on. EuroMoonMars 2017 contributed also to the installation of LunAres Analog Reseaech Station in Poland.
Poster
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Habitat Lunares is a simulated space base and chronobiological laboratory to perform advanced studies on humans in controlled conditions [1]. With common effort of Medical University in Poznań, Lunares became the first in Poland laboratory of extreme medicine. People living in this base are constantly monitored by telemedical devices. Additionally,...
Poster
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The 2017 EuroMoonMars analog habitat was intended to provide a knowledge about what is the minimum and necessary equipment needed when arriving on the Moon using off the shelf and cheap components and where the focus should be put on. Even though the purpose is neither to test new equipment and technologies nor to perform some human and psychologic...
Poster
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The ExoGeoLab lander is a project at ESA/ESTEC initiated in collaboration with ILEWG task groups [1-5]. It is a structure with a rover deployment hatch, that can be equipped with several instruments such as UV-VIS, NIR and Raman spectrometers, environmental sensors, cameras and a telescope. Those payloads can be remotely operated from a laptop conn...
Poster
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We developed an experiment growing plants for the human use, as a food or/and additional oxygen / energy source, that could be adapted on a Moon lander.
Poster
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ILEWG developed since 2008 a Mobile Laboratory Habitat (ExoHab) at ESTEC [1,2]. It was tested as a minimal MoonMars habitat during a short test simulation in July. The simulation was a foretaste of the PMAS mission on 31 July-14 August in LunAres base at Pila [3], with mission control in Torun, Poland. Subsequent LunAres simulation missions Lunex1...
Poster
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The 8th year of the ILEWG EuroMoonMars programme [1] was celebrated by the workshop and the analogue mission 2017. The team of space enthusiasts simulated the landing on the Moon having pre-landed Habitat ExoHab, ExoLab 2.0, and the Storage Unit on the Moon and the control centre on Earth. We give here the first-hand experience from a reporter (A.N...
Poster
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ILEWG developed since 2008, ”EuroMoonMars” an evolving pilot research programme starting with a Robotic Test Bench (ExoGeoLab) and a Mobile Laboratory Habitat (ExoHab) at ESTEC . They can be used to validate concepts and external instruments from partner institutes. Field campaigns have been conducted in ESTEC, EAC, at Utah MDRS station , Eifel, Ri...
Article
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This paper discusses operational lessons learnt from the 2013 EuroMoonMars-B (MDRS crew 125) analogue campaign for future habitat operations on the Moon and Mars. The two-week campaign conducted a series of geologic, technological, operational, and human factors research toward the goals of the International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILEWG)....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the future, humans will live in more hostile environments, for example as a result of increased desertification on Earth or following the establishment of habitat settlements in Space. To prepare for this contexts, the European Space Agency (ESA) is now looking into developing a Moon analogue mission facility where to test future technologies, a...
Conference Paper
In light of upcoming plans for human Moon/Mars missions, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and its partners are developing a greenhouse to be tested at the German Neumayer station III in Antarctica: the EDEN ISS project. One critical component of future human exploration of unknown worlds will be the supply of edible food for crewmembers. Thus, dev...
Article
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How high do we jump on the Moon? Should we build architecture with steps or should we support climbing? The hypogravity will lead to vestibular system malfunction, loss of muscular mass, and stiffness of the legs, negatively affecting a person’s balance: Yes, we can climb, but we can also easily lose our balance and trip up. To avoid all of this, w...
Article
Full-text available
How high do we jump on the Moon? Should we build architecture with steps or should we support climbing? The hypogravity will lead to vestibular system malfunction, loss of muscular mass, and stiffness of the legs, negatively affecting a person’s balance: Yes, we can climb, but we can also easily lose our balance and trip up. To avoid all of this, w...
Chapter
In the past, anthropometrical data have been collected only on microgravity, or measured from Apollo mission images, leading to low accuracy of the data [1]. Starting with Virtual Reality—based experiments, this research provides an investigation into methodologies that focuses on the collection of basic anthropometrical and postural data needed to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
All human habitat problems fall into three major categories – the environment, the habitat itself, and the occupants. By breaking these problems down into common themes and addressing them directly, we can build a common knowledge base for all three challenges faced by humanity. A crew living in space has the new problems of coping with radiation,...
Article
Full-text available
Geobiology, and in particular mineral-microbe interactions, has a significant role to play in current and future space exploration. This includes the search for biosignatures in extraterrestrial environments, and the human exploration of space. Microorganisms can be exploited to advance such exploration, such as through biomining, maintenance of li...
Conference Paper
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Considering that in microgravity, demineralization (calcium loss in particular) occurs with an average of 1-2 % every 30 days, astronauts on a trip to Mars could easily experience osteoporosis and break bones without the possibility of re-entry for physical rehabilitation. Starting with the research done since 2006 by the Microgymn group, this pape...
Article
The SMART-1 end-of-life impact with the lunar surface was simulated with impacts in a two stage light-gas gun onto inclined basalt targets with a shallow surface layer of sand. This simulated the probable impact site, where a loose regolith will have overlaid a well consolidated basaltic layer of rock. The impact angles used were at 5° and 10° from...
Article
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We review the results of the 1988 multiwavelength campaign on the late-type eclipsing binary YY Geminorum. Observations include: broad-band optical and near-infrared photometry, simultaneous optical and ultraviolet (IUE) spectroscopy, X-ray (Ginga) and radio (VLA) data. From models fitted to the optical light curves, fundamental physical parameters...
Conference Paper
We present the summary of results of the 2013 EuroMoonMars-B analogue operations mission conducted at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS). The two-week campaign involved a series of operations, human factors, and scientific exploration research towards goals of the International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILEWG). The primary research obje...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a spectral survey of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in the NIR range, from 0.9 to 2.5 micron. The observations were designed to detect new DIBs, confirm previously proposed NIR DIBs, and characterise their behaviour with respect to known line-of-sight properties (including the optical DIBs present in our spectra). X-shooter a...
Conference Paper
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One major reason for exploring Mars is the similarity of surface features to those present on Earth. Among the most important are morphological and mineralogical indicators that liquid water has existed on Mars at various locations over the entire history of the planet, albeit in decreasing abundance with time. Due to the strong evidence for aqueou...
Conference Paper
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Due to the strong evidence for aqueous processes at or near the surface, Mars is the most Earth-like body in the Solar System. After 10 years of ESA’s Mars Express orbiting the planet its High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) covered about 90 % of the surface in stereo and color with resolutions up to 10 m/pixel [1]. Digital elevation models of up t...
Article
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This ArtScience Research project with support from ESA/ESTEC and ILEWG describes an artistic biodome installation as paradigm for freedom in space and science.
Article
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The status of DIB research (Herbig 1995) has strongly advanced since the DIB conference in Boulder in 1994. In the same year we reported the discovery of two near IR diffuse bands coincident with C60 +, that was confirmed in subsequent years. Since then a number of DIB observational studies have been published such as DIB surveys, measurements of D...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first results of an exploratory VLT/X-Shooter survey of near-infrared diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) in diffuse to translucent interstellar clouds. These observations confirm the presence of recently discoved NIR DIBs and provide more accurate rest wavelengths and line widths. Example spectra are shown for the reddened, AV ~ 10 ma...
Article
The ORGANIC experiment on EXPOSE-R spent 682 days outside the International Space Station, providing continuous exposure to the cosmic-, solar- and trapped-particle radiation background for fourteen samples: 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and three fullerenes. The thin films of the ORGANIC experiment received, during space exposure, an...