B. G. Berger

B. G. Berger
Bowling Green State University | BGSU · School of Human Movement, Sport, and Leisure Studies

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58
Publications
38,868
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2,204
Citations

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
The benefits of a 6‐month behavioral weight loss program were investigated by examining mood changes after a graded exercise test (GXT), changes in exercise enjoyment, and the relation of mood and enjoyment to program success. Obese, sedentary, postmenopausal women completed a demographic questionnaire, and physical and psychological measures. Wome...
Article
Full-text available
The mood benefits of Hatha yoga and swimming, two activities that differ greatly in aerobic training benefits, were examined. College students (N = 87) in two swimming classes, a yoga class, and a lecture-control class completed mood and personality inventories before and after class on three occasions. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated...
Article
Full-text available
Whereas exercise-induced mood enhancement has been well documented, the relationship between mood and exercise participation is less well understood. Mood states influence evaluative judgments that could plausibly influence a decision to exercise. Further, most exercise-mood research is limited to normal weight adults in response to a single exerci...
Article
Full-text available
The exercise motivation of American and Chinese college women was examined. American women were found to exercise more for fitness, physical attractiveness, and weight control, and the Chinese women more for enjoyment. Women in different stages of exercise behavior expressed different reasons for exercise in terms of enjoyment, fitness, health, moo...
Chapter
Quality of LifeQuality of Life and Physical ActivityPhysical FunctioningPhysical Activity and Subjective Well-BeingUse of Exercise to Moderate Daily Stress ResponsesPeak Moments in Physical Activity and the Quality of Life: PeakPerformance, Peak Experience, Flow, and Exercise HighEnjoyment of Physical Activity and Quality of LifeUndesirable Effects...
Article
Mood states influence evaluative judgments that can affect the decision to exercise or to continue to exercise. This study examined how mood associated with graded exercise testing (GXT) in sedentary, obese, postmenopausal women (N = 25) was associated with physical activity and predicted VO2max during and after a behavioral weight-loss program (BW...
Article
This paper focuses on the tangled web of obesity and exercise as it relates to subjective well-being. Many overweight individuals have low levels of subjective well-being as a reflection of anti-fat biases and sociocultural considerations. Since exercise helps balance the energy intake-output equation and is associated with mood benefits, improved...
Article
In this study, we examined whether enjoyment mediated the acute mood changes associated with exercise. Male volunteers (N = 95) completed a demographics questionnaire, POMS, and Lie-scale prior to rock-climbing (n = 42) or participating in a health education class (n = 53) which included lecture and video presentations on rock-climbing. Following t...
Article
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This paper highlights the use of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) in physical activity research by reviewing and synthesizing literature generated in exercise settings. The results of many studies using the POMS have supported the relationships between exercise and acute mood changes in normal populations and between exercise and chronic mood chan...
Article
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This study examined changes in mood and performance in response to high-intensity, short-duration overtraining and a subsequent taper. Pursuit cyclists (N = 8) at the United States Olympic Training Center completed the POMS and simulated 4-km pursuit performance tests throughout a six-week period. The six-week period included a baseline week, three...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated a possible relationship between exercise intensity and mood alteration that commonly is associated with physical activity. 91 college students completed the Profile of Mood States before and after 20 min. of jogging at three intensities: 55%, 75%, and 79% of age-adjusted maximum heart rate on different occasions. Exercisers...
Article
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Investigated the relationship between expectancy of psychological benefits (e.g., less stress, more self-esteem, better mood) from exercise and acute mood change in 2 experiments. In Exp 1, 71 18–51 yr old college students reported their expectancies by completing an open-ended instrument and the Profile of Mood States before and after jogging. Res...
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on the relationship between normal and abbreviated training sessions for young competitive swimmers and acute changes in mood. Several potential moderators of the relationship between exercise and mood also were examined. 25 girls and 23 boys, swimmers between the ages of 12 and 25 years, completed a shortened version of the Prof...
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Examines conceptual issues related to using exercise as a stress-management technique. The paper considers stress a complex process that involves the body and the mind. Coping strategies other than exercise include cognitive, somatic, and behavioral techniques. Research indicates exercise is as effective as other stress-management techniques. (SM)
Article
Full-text available
This study examined relationship between short-term changes in self-concept and mood associated with aerobic dance participation. Female aerobic dance participants (n = 75) and female university students (n = 42) completed multidimensional measures of mood (Profie of Mood States; Shacham, 1983) and selfconcept (Self-Description Questionnaire III; M...
Article
Full-text available
Explored the relationship between swimming and the reduction of psychological stress. 22 male and 14 female college students were randomly assigned to a swimming or record-keeping activity in the pool area. The stress-reducing influences of class atmosphere, student interaction, and time away from the classroom were identical in both swimming and t...
Article
The relationships of gender and gender-role to the effectiveness of three stress reduction techniques, jogging, the relaxation response, and group interaction, were examined. Students were either randomly assigned to a stress reduction technique (n = 280) or assigned to a no-treatment control group (n = 107). After initial testing which included th...
Article
Full-text available
Uses M. Csikszentmihalyi's (1982) model of sport values as a framework for examining the benefits of sports. An overview is given of the research evidence pertaining to the contribution of sport and physical activity to personal enjoyment, personal growth, social integration, and social change. In all 4 areas, there is seen to be a potential for si...
Article
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Compared the stress reduction benefits of jogging, a relaxation response, group interaction, and a control group in a nonclincial population of 305 undergraduates who were assigned to treatment. After completing the Profile of Mood States (POMS), demographic inventory, and a measure of social desirability, Ss practiced a stress reduction activity f...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of exercise mode and practice qualities on the stress reduction benefits of exercise was examined. College students in swimming, body conditioning, hatha yoga, fencing, exercise, and lecture-control classes completed the Profile of Mood States and the State Anxiety Inventory before and after class on three occasions. Swimmers had unus...
Article
Full-text available
Investigated the relationship between swimming and anxiety reduction in 2 programs differing in exercise frequency and duration. 100 college students in beginning or intermediate swimming classes completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and a cognitive-somatic anxiety questionnaire at the beginning, middle, and end of the course. Ss reported sig...
Article
This study illustrated the relationship between swimming, an aerobic activity, and mood. One hundred college students, voluntarily enrolled in beginning or intermediate swimming classes or in lecture-control classes, completed the POMS before and after class. Results of a 5-way ANOVA confirmed that, as predicted, swimmers reported significantly les...
Article
Full-text available
11 young adult men and 9 women in a running group, an organized exercise class (2 men and 10 women) and a group eating lunch at a YMHA (6 men and 4 women) were assessed as to pre- and post-State anxiety using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The three groups showed significant decreases in anxiety after the activity. This suggests that diversiona...

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