B. van Arem

B. van Arem
Delft University of Technology | TU · Department of Transport & Planning

Full Professor Transport Modelling

About

370
Publications
164,587
Reads
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9,121
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2009 - present
Delft University of Technology
January 2003 - December 2012
University of Twente
September 1991 - June 2009
TNO
Education
August 1986 - July 1990
University of Twente
Field of study
  • Applied Mathematics
August 1982 - July 1986
University of Twente
Field of study
  • Applied Mathematics

Publications

Publications (370)
Article
This paper studies a Gaussian process approximation for a class of stochastic traffic flow models. It can be used to efficiently and accurately evaluate the joint (in the spatial and temporal sense) distribution of vehicle-density distributions in road traffic networks of arbitrary topology. The Gaussian approximation follows, via a scaling-limit a...
Article
Full-text available
The performance of ride-sourcing services such as Uber and Lyft is determined by the collective choices of individual drivers who are not only chauffeurs but private fleet providers. In such a context, ride-sourcing drivers are free to decide whether to accept or decline ride requests assigned by the ride-hailing platform. Drivers’ ride acceptance...
Article
The continuing urbanization and corresponding increase in transport demand are putting pressure on the accessibility, safety, sustainability, livability, and efficiency of urbanized regions. Public transport is regarded as a sustainable mode of transport for these regions and therefore transport policies aim to increase its attractiveness. However,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Automated vehicles (AVs) might need an external human-machine interface (eHMI) that conveys their intent to human-driven vehicles (HDVs). However, it is unknown whether the eHMI should be placed on the AV or whether the same information should be displayed on the road infrastructure. This simulator-based study investigated the effect of eHMI presen...
Article
Worldwide, cities and urbanised areas attract more people and economic activities. In addition, new ways of working, shopping and recreation, mobility and ‘ownership’ are introduced – all influenced by digitalisation. The United Nations (2018) expect the world-wide population living in urbanised regions to grow from 55% to 68% by 2050. However, con...
Article
The operation of automated vehicles (AVs) on shared roads requires attention concerning their interactions with vulnerable road users (VRUs), such as cyclists. This study investigates the safety of cyclists when they interact with an AV and compares it with their interaction with a conventional vehicle. Overall, 29 cyclists participated in a contro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ride-sourcing drivers as individual service suppliers can freely adopt their own relocation strategies including waiting, cruising freely, or following the platform recommendations. These decisions substantially impact the balance between supply and demand, and consequently affect system performance. We conducted a stated choice experiment to study...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a framework to realise “meaningful human control” over Automated Driving Systems. The framework is based on an original synthesis of the results of the multidisciplinary research project “Meaningful Human Control over Automated Driving Systems” lead by a team of engineers, philosophers, and psychologists at Delft University of th...
Article
Traffic safety is arguably the most important traffic metric from a human perspective. Still, many millions of people are killed on roads every year. In this paper, the concept of Herd Immunity for Traffic Safety (HITS) is presented for the first time. This concept focuses on identifying and describing the increased level of safety that is achieved...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the manoeuvre complexity, models describing the platoon formation process on urban roads are lacking in the literature. Inspired by flocking behaviours in nature, we proposed a two-dimensional model to describe connected automated vehicle (CAV) group dynamics based on the potential theory, which is composed of the elastic potential energy fo...
Article
Full-text available
Advancements in technology are bringing automated vehicles (AVs) closer to wider deployment. However, in the early phases of their deployment, AVs will coexist and frequently interact with human-driven vehicles (HDVs). These interactions might lead to changes in the driving behavior of HDVs. A field test was conducted in the Netherlands with 18 par...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increase in perception capabilities of connected mobile sensor platforms (e.g., self-driving vehicles, drones, and robots) leads to an extensive surge of sensed features at various temporal and spatial scales. Beyond their traditional use for safe operation, available observations could enable to see how and where people move on sidewalks and c...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate and reliable lane detection is vital for the safe performance of lane‐keeping assistance and lane departure warning systems. However, under certain challenging circumstances, it is difficult to get satisfactory performance in accurately detecting the lanes from one single image as mostly done in current literature. Since lane markings are...
Article
Full-text available
Connected Automated Vehicles (CAVs) have the potential to improve traffic operations when they cooperatively maneuver in merging sections. State-of-the-art approaches in cooperative merging either build on heuristics solutions or prohibit mainline CAVs to change lane on multilane highways. This paper proposes a hierarchical cooperative merging cont...
Article
Full-text available
Control measures at merging locations aimed at either the mainline traffic or on-ramp traffic do not lead to a fairness in the distribution of total delay across the two streams. This paper presents a control strategy of combining a lane change control with a ramp metering system at motorway merges. The control strategy presents the opportunity to...
Article
The impact of automated vehicles (AV) on pedestrians’ crossing behavior has been the topic of some recent studies, but findings are still scarce and inconclusive. The aim of this study is to determine whether the drivers’ presence and apparent attentiveness in a vehicle influences pedestrians’ crossing behavior, perceived behavioral control, and pe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reliable and accurate lane detection is of vital importance for the safe performance of Lane Keeping Assistance and Lane Departure Warning systems. However, under certain challenging peculiar circumstances, it is difficult to get satisfactory performance in accurately detecting the lanes from one single image which is often the case in current lite...
Article
Connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) are expected to enhance traffic efficiency by driving at shorter time headways, and traffic safety by shorter reaction times. However, one of the main concerns regarding their deployment is the mixed traffic situation, in which CAVs and manually driven vehicles (MVs) share the same road. This study investigat...
Article
Full-text available
Driverless shuttles are a new automated road-based means of transport, small in size and capacity and with a relatively low operational speed. Classified as high-automation vehicles, these shuttles are capable of driverless operations in specific operational design domains. Given their characteristics, driverless shuttles have been studied as a fir...
Article
Full-text available
With shared mobility services becoming increasingly popular and vehicle automation technology advancing fast, there is an increasing interest in analysing the impacts of large-scale deployment of shared automated vehicles. In this study, a large fleet of shared automated vehicles providing private rides to passengers is introduced to an agent-based...
Preprint
The impact of automated vehicles (AV) on pedestrians’ crossing behavior has been the topic of some recent studies, but findings are still scarce and inconclusive. The aim of this study is to determine whether the drivers’ presence and apparent attentiveness in a vehicle influences pedestrians’ crossing behavior, perceived behavioral control, and pe...
Preprint
Full-text available
The performance of ride-sourcing services such as Uber and Lyft is determined by the collective choices of individual drivers who are not only chauffeurs but private fleet providers. In such a context, ride-sourcing drivers are free to decide whether to accept or decline ride requests assigned by the ride-hailing platform. Drivers' ride acceptance...
Article
Full-text available
With the advent of automated vehicles (AVs), new infrastructure planning concepts such as subnetworks of AV-ready roads have been proposed to improve the performance of transportation networks and to promote the adoption of AVs. However, these subnetworks should evolve over time in response to the growing AV demand, which necessitates a multi-stage...
Article
This paper presents a novel approach to improve traffic throughput near diverge and weave bottlenecks in mixed traffic with human-driven vehicles (HDVs) and connected automated vehicles (CAVs). This is done by the strategic assignment of CAVs across lanes. The main principle is to induce strategic and necessary lane changes (LCs) (by CAVs and HDVs)...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigated the attitudes and acceptance of automated shuttles in public transport among 340 individuals physically experiencing the automated shuttle ‘Emily’ from Easymile in a mixed traffic environment on the semi-public EUREF (Europäisches Energieforum) campus in Berlin. Automated vehicle acceptance was modelled as a function...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on network configurations to accommodate automated vehicles (AVs) on road networks during the transition period to full automation. The literature suggests that dedicated infrastructure for AVs and enhanced infrastructure for mixed traffic (i.e., AVs on the same lanes with conventional vehicles) are the main alternatives so far....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Shared transport creates an opportunity to facilitate the last mile connections of public transport (PT) trips. Nevertheless, user preferences for using such shared modes as last-mile connection have hardly been studied. To explore such preferences within urban areas we have designed and conducted a stated choice experiment in the province of Utrec...
Article
Full-text available
With the anticipated introduction of self-driving vehicles, new challenges arise for urban transport- and planning authorities. This study contributes to the efforts of formulating the potential opportunities and threats stemming from the introduction of larger fleets of self-driving vehicles to our cities, and what action could be taken by transpo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Automated vehicles (AVs) have the potential to complement our current public transport system and thereby improve the livability and accessibility. Many pilots have been conducted in the Netherlands, Europe, America and other countries worldwide, but permanently operating services are very limited. This paper aims to provide insight into possibilit...
Article
Full-text available
Most of cyclists’ fatalities originate from collisions with motorized vehicles. It is expected that automated vehicles (AV) will be safer than human-driven vehicles, but this depends on the nature of interactions between non-automated road users, among them cyclists. Little research on the interactions between cyclists and AVs exists. This study ai...
Article
Full-text available
We present a simulation-based approach to assess the safety impacts of vehicles equipped with Automated Driving Systems (ADS) in mixed traffic with Human-driven Vehicles (HV). Specifically, we compare two generic longitudinal strategies of ADS to handle a cut-in: Reactive ADS acting only when the cut-in vehicle crosses the target lane boundary, and...
Article
Full-text available
We regret that one of the author’s names (Ilse Menger) was misspelt in the article. The original article stated the authors as follows: Bart Wiegmans, Isle Menger, Behzad Behdani and Bart van Arem. In fact, the authors should have been listed as follows: Bart Wiegmans, Ilse Menger, Behzad Behdani and Bart van Arem. We apologise for this oversight.
Article
Full-text available
It is becoming increasingly important to gain real-life insights into the effects of vehicle automation with the continued introduction of cooperative and automated vehicles (CAV). This study reports on the findings of a field operational test (FOT) of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) vehicles on an arterial corridor with other traffic. T...
Chapter
For better and more efficient motorway traffic control strategies on a lane level, accurate modelling and prediction of traffic conditions is essential. Existing real-time traffic state estimation methods aggregate traffic across lanes. Hence, there is a need for lane-specific traffic flow models. The majority of the existing macroscopicMacroscopic...
Chapter
TheDaamen, WinnieVan Binsbergen, ArjanVan Arem, BartHoogendoorn, Serge P. Urban MobilityUrban mobility Observatory (UMO) will gather, store, and disseminate empirical multi-modal traffic, transport and mobility data, using a well-balanced set of innovative data collectionData collection methods. It will make these comprehensive data available for s...
Article
Full-text available
Lane drops are a common bottleneck source on motorway networks. Congestion sets in upstream of a lane drop as a result of the lane changing activity of merging vehicles. This causes the queue discharge rate at the bottleneck to decrease and drop below the capacity, leading to capacity drop and further congestion. The objective of this study is to m...
Article
Full-text available
Existing microscopic traffic models represent the lane-changing maneuver as a continuous and uninterrupted lateral movement of the vehicle from its original to the target lane. We term this representation as Continuous Lane-Changing (CLC). Recent empirical studies find that not all lane-changing maneuvers are continuous; the lane-changer may pause...
Article
Full-text available
Equity considerations in transportation planning literature have received increasingly more attention in the previous decades. While there have been theoretical suggestions to base transportation planning methods on the philosophical principle of “sufficientarianism” (whereby everyone is entitled to a minimum level of a good or service), the propos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Shared Automated Vehicles (SAVs) are a new road-based means of transport, usually small in size and capacity, with a relatively low operating speed and no (regular) possibility for the user to engage in any of the driving tasks. Past research focused on the implication of fully Automated Vehicles (AVs) in the transport sector, especially automated...
Article
Full-text available
Urban form develops in close feedback with different modes of transportation. The introduc-tion and adoption of automated vehicles (AVs) are expected to have an impact on the development of cities as well, as the use of AVs may, for example, lead to more efficient road use and less need for parking spaces. In order to study those impacts, we develo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Trajectory planning and coordination for connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) have been studied at isolated ``signal-free'' intersections and in ``signal-free'' corridors under the fully CAV environment in the literature. Most of the existing studies are based on the definition of approaching and exit lanes. The route a vehicle takes to pass thr...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigated the interrelationships between the UTAUT2 (Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology) constructs predicting intentions to use driverless automated shuttles. Survey data was gathered from individuals physically experiencing an automated shuttle in a mixed traffic environment on public roads in Trikala (Greece) as part...
Article
Full-text available
Dedicated Lanes (DLs) have been proposed as a potential scenario for the deployment of Automated and/or Connected Vehicles (C/AVs) on the road network. However, evidence-based knowledge regarding the impacts of different design configurations, utilization policies, and the design of their access/egress on traffic safety and efficiency is limited. I...
Article
Full-text available
We present an approach to assess the risk taken by on-road vehicles within the framework of artificial field theory, envisioned for safety analysis and design of driving support/automation applications. Here, any obstacle (neighboring entity on the road) to the subject vehicle is treated as a finite scalar risk field that is formulated in the predi...
Article
Gap selection and dynamic speed profiles of interacting vehicles at on-ramps affect the safety and efficiency of highway merging sections. This paper puts forward a hierarchical control approach for Connected Automated Vehicles (CAVs) to achieve efficient and safe merging operations. A tactical layer controller employs a second-order car-following...
Preprint
Full-text available
The present study investigated the attitudes and acceptance of automated shuttles in public transport among 340 individuals physically experiencing the automated shuttle ‘Emily’ from Easymile in a mixed traffic environment on the semi-public EUREF (Europäisches Energieforum) campus in Berlin. The highest mean rating was obtained for believing that...
Article
Full-text available
Ride-sourcing has recently been at the centre of attention as the most disruptive mode of transport associated with the so-called shared mobility era. Drivers, riders, the platform, policymakers, and the general public are considered as the main stakeholders of the system. While ride-sourcing platforms have been growing, so did the heightened tensi...
Article
Full-text available
Traffic congestion is a major societal challenge. By advising drivers on the optimal lane to drive, traffic flow can be improved, and congestion reduced. In this paper we describe the development of a lane-specific advice Human Machine Interface (HMI). Persuading drivers to follow an advice that is beneficial to the traffic situation, but may not b...
Article
Full-text available
New forms of shared mobility such as free-floating car-sharing services and shared automated vehicles have the potential to change urban travel behaviour. In this paper, we identify potential user classes for these new modes. For this, a stated choice experiment on mode choice among a sample of the Dutch urban population has been conducted, which f...