Azman Ismail

Azman Ismail
University of Kuala Lumpur | unikl · Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology

Doctor of Philosophy
Friction Stir Welding (Pipe & Flat Panel) - ROV - Shipbuilding - Green Technology - Big data

About

65
Publications
41,977
Reads
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93
Citations
Citations since 2016
50 Research Items
87 Citations
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Introduction
I am a senior lecturer and an active researcher at UniKL MIMET. I'm looking forward to any research collaboration in welding and joining technology especially in friction stir welding for plate and tubular structures, green tech, and big data
Additional affiliations
December 2014 - June 2016
University of Kuala Lumpur
Position
  • Lead reseacher
Description
  • Orbital fixture for offshore and onshore pipeline application.
August 2014 - June 2016
University of Kuala Lumpur
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Orbital clamping unit of friction stir welding for pipeline joining and applications.
January 2013 - December 2013
University of Kuala Lumpur
Position
  • Professional Trainer
Description
  • Deliver training for Hull Inspection Professional Certification.
Education
January 2012 - July 2020
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering
June 2007 - June 2009
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Field of study
  • Mechanical - Marine Technology
October 2001 - October 2003
Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University
Field of study
  • Industrial Education and Training

Publications

Publications (65)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aims to identify the significant difficulties concerned with trusted elements of mobile health records management (MHRM) systems. For instance, data migration and lack of staff training have created huge challenges for organizations using such technologies. As such, this study presents potential improvement methods for electronic medical...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Centre for Women Advancement & Leadership (CWAL) would like to invite you to contribute a chapter for our upcoming book entitled Women Leading the Advancement in Technology & Engineering to be published by Springer, a Scopus-indexed book chapter.
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of this study is to understand the increasing prominence of information governance in health records management. The paper reviews thirty-six (36) papers published from 2012 to the present to understand the relationship between records management and Information Governance (IG) which is often overlooked by the records’ management c...
Chapter
Full-text available
An investigation has been made of the diffusional bonded couples of gray cast iron and low carbon steel that has been subjected to heat treatment. The objective is to establish the post bond heat treatment’s parameters influence on the mechanical and structural properties of the diffusional bonded couples. The tensile strength of the diffusion bond...
Chapter
Full-text available
Diffusion welding is done on specimens of duplex stainless steel and low carbon steel under varied temperature and holding time. The specimens were clamped using jigs and pre-pressed at 10 MPa and heated in a furnace. Impact test were performed on the joined samples. The effect of process temperature and holding time on the impact strength of the d...
Book
This book presents the outcomes from the 2nd International Conference on Marine and Advanced Technologies 2021 (Icmat2021) which was organized by the Research and Innovation section, University Kuala Lumpur - Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology. The theme “Propelling to the Innovative Idea” highlights prominence of recent developme...
Article
Full-text available
Welding parameters for pipe joint friction stir welding (FSW) have been identified based on L-9 orthogonal arrays used in the Taguchi Method. Different welding parameters, such as rotation speed, travel speed and axial force, have been used to produce several good quality friction stir welded AA6063 pipe butt joints. The reliability of products obt...
Article
Full-text available
Health Information Technology such as Mobile Health Record Management (MHRM) and Electronic Health Record (EHR) depend on each other in maintaining the patients' medical record. For maintaining trust specifically in health information technology development, the relationship among the patients, providers and clinicians needs to be maintained. The p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) has initially been introduced by the TWI in England as an alternative welding method. This research is carried out to determine the optimum welding parameters that contribute to the least root deformation. The rotational speeds of 910 rpm, 1280 rpm and 1700 rpm are used. Meanwhile for the edge preparation, butt, stepped...
Chapter
Full-text available
The present work investigates the feasibility of the friction stir welding on the tee lap joint configuration using a conventional milling machine, Milko 37. The experiment was conducted in order to analyze the joining capability with different rotational and transverse speeds. In this experiment, a customized jig had been used to tightly clamp the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Underwater friction stir welding (UFSW) is a joining technique with an important role. This present study investigated the effects on the AA5083 plate butt joint configuration from various tool directions that were carried either as forward or as backward during the UFSW process. Experiments were conducted using different travel directions and weld...
Chapter
Full-text available
The joint is made by two different plate thicknesses: 1.5-mm thickness of AA5052, and 3-mm thickness of AA5083. The tool used is surface-hardened H13 so that it can soften and be mixed with a solid phase weld mechanically. The travel speed is in the range between 340 and 695 mm/min and the rotational speed in the range between 352 and 653 rpm. The...
Chapter
Full-text available
Composite materials have been a subject of interest with various special types of advanced materials during the last decades. Hybrid material lamination consists of layers of fibreglass and thin layers of aluminium sheets bonded by epoxy resin. The main objective of this research paper is to study the mechanical behaviour of hybrid material laminat...
Chapter
Full-text available
The use of the friction stir welding (FSW) process with the needs of inner mandrels or backing plates will limit the further application for industrial needs. Therefore, the self-support friction stir welding (SS-FSW) technique is used to run the joining process without the inner mandrel or backing support especially for pipes. In order to execute...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this study, a detailed practical investigation to determine the tensile strength of a thin aluminum plate joint and to produce a good thin aluminum plate joint. The purpose of this study is to run and find the right formula of rotational speed (rpm) and travel speed (mm/min) for the friction stir welding (FSW) process on an aluminum thin plate A...
Chapter
Full-text available
In order to find out the optimum input in terms of travel speed, the experiment was conducted by having a constant rotational speed with the increment of travel speed. These variables were selected based on the pre-setting speed available on a universal milling machine of Milko 37. Different welded specimens were produced by employing travel speeds...
Poster
Full-text available
ICMAT 2021 which will be hosted by Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology (UniKL MIMET) will furnish both spectators and presenters key elements to ponder upon.
Article
Full-text available
Residual stress refers to stress that remains in a structure when all applied stresses have been removed. It is important because the combination with applied stress can cause failure at the level below at which the failure could occur. A study has been carried out using the non-destructive neutron diffraction (ND) technique of ENGIN-X to quantify...
Book
This book “Advanced Engineering for Processes and Technologies II” provides a good platform for participating researchers and academicians to share their latest innovation, technology and research findings in the areas of marine engineering technology and applications, sea management as well as engineering education. It offers an opportunity for ac...
Article
Full-text available
Paper and pencil is now being increasingly replaced with the screen and keyboard. The scenario of the current reading adventure is made more advanced with the advent of digitised materials. This study investigates the reading preferences and behaviours of a group of logistics undergraduate students at two private colleges in Malaysia. The investiga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The diffusion bonding is one of the methods used to join dissimilar metals. Specimens of duplex stainless steel and low carbon steel were joined by diffusion bonding under varied temperature and holding time. The specimens were clamped using jigs and heated in a furnace. Tensile test was performed on the joined samples. The effect of bonding time a...
Article
Full-text available
English language is an international language which is predominantly used as the language of process and development. In Malaysia, English is the medium of communication in major development activity areas such as business, education, and others. Supply chain industry, particularly logistics, is one of the rapidly expanding economic sectors in Mala...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study analyses the contributing factors to problems with regard to speaking in English among maritime students at two tertiary institutions in Malaysia. This study looks at five paradigms: learners' personality, amount and quality of exposure to English, learners' attitude, learners' motivation, and pedagogical management of the English Langua...
Article
Full-text available
Aluminium plates are applied for constructing ship structures especially deck panels, bulkheads and superstructure. It is used to maintain a lightweight construction with good strength. The uniform shape of deck panel, bulkhead and superstructure make it possible for the FSW process to be utilized in these structures fabrication. In performing this...
Article
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is considered as state-of-the-art technology for joining aluminium alloys (AA). Several welding parameters with different rotational and travel speed combinations are used to produce good friction stir welded AA6063 pipe butt joint. The weld quality is then evaluated by optical microscope through observations of the macr...
Article
Full-text available
This Paper presents the study on the weldability of two similar and two different metallic materials. The weldability of the similar metallic materials considered in the study were aluminum alloy pipes of grade AA6063. As for the weldability of two different metallic materials were aluminum alloy of grade AA6061 to low carbon steel of grade A36, du...
Article
Full-text available
The increase of land reclamation project in Penang due to interest for advancement and frameworks of housing, businesses, and commercials. However, from the dredging activities and reclaimed land will affect the angler's livelihood in term of their economy, activities, environment, and health. Therefore, this research was conducted to analyse fishe...
Book
This volume contains many state-of-the-art applications for the development of new materials and technologies. It discusses computer-based engineering tools which are widely used and related to the simulation, evaluation of data and design processes. For example, modern joining technologies can be used to fabricate new compound or composite materia...
Chapter
Aluminium alloy 6063 pipe sections were friction stir welded to produce a sound joining. In this present study, the full weld cycle of heat input will be gathered for rotational speed ranging between 1000 and 1600 rpm and travel speed between 3 and 5 mm/s. There will be 5 specimens to be friction stir welded. It was found that, the heat input will...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although fusion welding of aluminium alloys is the most common method used for welding in the industry, it is always accompanied by defects like porosity, solidification, and cracking. Friction stir welding, which is a unique welding method that does not undergo a melting process has been invented and promotes a defect-free welded joint. Neverthele...
Chapter
Full-text available
Frictional heat generated during the friction stir welding (FSW) process will somehow affect the mechanical properties of friction stir welded joints. In this present study, the FSW of aluminium alloy (AA) 6063 pipe butt joints with 5 mm wall thickness has been performed, and the evaluation of fracture and hardness distribution across the weld cros...
Article
Full-text available
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or drone has been used worldwide nowadays and operate beyond our expectations. The potential of drone usefulness not only in the film industry or simply a leisure activity, search and rescue but also encompass various aspects of human life. Trawler activities in Malaysia are one of the problems that need to be worried....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present work investigates the feasibility of the friction stir welding on the tee-joint configuration using conventional milling machine, Milko 36. The experiments ware conducted in order to observe the joining capability with differents rotational and transverse speeds. In this experiment, a customized jig had been used to clamp the specimen a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a new promising solid state joining process which utilizes frictional heat to soften and joint (stirred) both metals together. This process is mainly invented to cater for a difficult-to-weld material such as aluminium but nowadays can be used to joint magnesium, copper, titanium, and steel. The only limitation is the...
Article
Full-text available
Fixtureless Fabrication Method (FFM) is a cognitive method containing knowledge in fabrication of ship hull without using any jig or support during fabrication. The purpose of this method is to avoid any wastage of materials during construction process. Fixture is a jig or support materials that used to stable the structure during construction. Nor...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater Friction Stir Welding (UFSW) is an advanced solid state welding technique that allows welding to be efficiently carried out underwater by utilising a non-consumable high rotating tool. The use of UFSW process will simplify the process of joining the two metals underwater. This present study will study the best welding parameters for prod...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Friction stir welding of pipe was carried out on a modified CNC Bridgeport 2216 milling machine. An auxillary orbital clamping unit was utilized with this unit in order to enable this milling machine to friction stir weld in a butt joint configuration. Several good samples were produced using several selected welding parameter combinations. In the...
Chapter
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid state joining process which utilizes the frictional heat of a high speed rotating tool to soften the adjoining sections and stirred/joined them together as one part without filler. In the FSW of pipe joining, a tool rotating at high speeds will start and stop at the same point in order to complete full weld cy...
Chapter
Swept friction stir spot welding, a derivative of friction stir welding is a solid-state process for joining materials by using frictional heat generated due to rotating tool along the weld line. The main objective of this study is to investigate the strength of the swept friction stir spot welded aluminum plate by changing the welding process para...
Chapter
Aluminum alloys are used in many applications in which the advantages of high strength and low weight have a significant impact, industries such as; ship building, aviation, and transportation industry [1]. Friction stir welding (FSW) is a new non-flammable welding technique particularly well suited to aluminum alloys, though this technique is also...
Article
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is originally designed to cater to metals which are difficult to weld such as aluminium. This solid state joining process utilizes frictional heat produced by the high rotating tool to soften and stir (joint) these adjoining sections together without utilizing filler metal or shielding gas. The present study analyzes the...
Article
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a new promising solid state joining process which utilizes frictional heat to soften and joint (stirred) both metals together. This process is mainly invented to cater for a difficult-to-weld material such as aluminium but nowadays can be used to joint magnesium, copper, titanium, and steel. The only limitation is the...
Conference Paper
Friction stir welding (FSW) is originally designed to cater to metals which are difficult to weld such as aluminium. This solid state joining process utilizes frictional heat produced by the high rotating tool to soften and stir (joint) these adjoining sections together without utilizing filler metal or shielding gas. The present study analyzes the...
Chapter
Full-text available
The temperature profile of friction stir welded aluminum alloy 6063-T6 pipe joints will be investigated in this paper. A pipe with an outside diameter of 89 mm and a wall thickness of 5 mm will be used as test pipe piece for this experiment on closed butt joint configuration by utilizing a Bridgeport 2216 CNC milling machine and orbital clamping un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study investigates the mechanical properties of aluminium A5083 in terms of hardness after it has been welded by friction stir welding (FSW) process. In this study, MILKO 37 milling machine was modified to run FSW process on 4 mm aluminium A5083 plate butt joint. In the experiments, variables of travel speed and tool rotational speed based on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents the microstructure of the aluminum A5083 butt joint surface after it has been joined by friction stir welding (FSW) process. The FSW process is a unique welding method because it will not change the chemical properties of the welded metals. In this study, MILKO 37 milling machine was modified to run FSW process on 4 mm plate of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research work is carried out in order to achieve the following objectives which are to investigate the effect of different rotational speed on the weld quality of metal of aluminum alloy AA 5083 during FSW and to analyze the optimum rotational speed towards tensile property improvement. The rotational speed is important in producing the frictio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The hybrid material is a new invention of the material combination which can be used in the shipbuilding industries. The main purpose of the invention is to have the lightweight structure and anti corrosion with better strength. This material called hybrid because of the combination of the metal and fiberglass, whereby the resin as an adhesive. Thi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tool geometry plays a major role in the weld quality of friction stir welded aluminum alloys. Because of lap joint, tool geometry must be designed specifically according to the thickness of the weld specimen. Therefore, in the present work, the effect of tool geometry will be analyzed for mechanical properties of aluminum alloy 5083 weld lap joint....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Arm rehabilitation activities require continuous monitoring process in order to provide information on rehabilitation results to be analyzed by therapist. The purpose of monitoring is to help them to improve and customize the rehabilitation process. Moreover, a portable and simple home-based rehabilitation device can help patients to improve daily...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A dedicated or specialized friction stir welding (FSW) machine is quite costly especially for pipe joining. Therefore, not many institutions manage to conduct their research on FSW at their facilities. Besides that, the difficulty to design a jig that can hold the complex shape such as pipe section tightly and easily to be removed during and after...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The external surface hardness of friction stir welded aluminum alloy 6063 pipe joint was investigated in this paper. The 89mm of outside diameter pipe with 5mm of wall thickness was used as test pipe piece for this experiment on closed butt joint configuration by utilising Bridgeport 2216 CNC milling machine and orbital clamping unit specially desi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a unique welding method and new invention for the welding technology world. FWS will not change the microstructure of the metal diverse unlike the conventional welding. It also can reduce the cost if compared to conventional welding cost. This study is about the modification of MILKO 37 milling machine to run FSW proc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a unique welding method and new invention for the welding technology world. FWS will not change the microstructure of the metal diverse unlike the conventional welding. It also can reduce the cost if compared to conventional welding cost. This study is about the modification of MILKO 37 milling machine to run FSW proc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process, there is a substantial amount of research done on aluminum plate but very few are found for aluminum pipe due to its tubular shape. A specially customized Orbital Clamping Unit (OCU) was used and fixed on the Bridgeport 2216 CNC milling machine in order to weld an aluminum alloy 6063 pipe butt joint at severa...
Article
Full-text available
Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a solid state welding process used mostly for joining of aluminium alloys. This FSW process is applicable for the aerospace, shipbuilding and pipelines industries. This process can be regarded as environmentally friendly as it requires no shielding gas and filler material, produces no arc or fumes. While research has...
Article
This research work is conducted in order to study and propose an identification system which is able to uniquely represent small boat particulars accurately. The present practice of registration and licensing system used by Marine Department and Department of Fisheries Malaysia, were unable to represent boat uniquely and accurately that not only it...

Questions

Questions (5)
Question
Pipe OD=90mm, wall thickness=5mm.
Many thanks for sharing your information. 
Question
 What is the most reliable (and low cost) method to be used? is there any similar system to measure strain?
Question
Dear colleagues, I'm looking for a motor to rotate my alu pipe during FSW process at very low speed (0-20mm/s) but at high torque. Could you recommend any type of motor? Currently, I got the lowest speed of 7rpm which a quite high from my required speed. Hope someone could help me on this. Thanks

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