Aziz Hafidi

Aziz Hafidi
Université Clermont Auvergne | Univ BPC · Département de Biologie

Ph.D

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54
Publications
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1,210
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Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
Accumulated evidences suggest important roles of glial GAP-junctions in pain. However, only a few studies have explored the role of neuronal GAP-junctions or electrical synapses in neuropathic pain (NP). Therefore, the present study explores the role of connexin 36 (Cx36) in NP using the chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-Io...
Article
Impulsive-compulsive disorders in Parkinson’s disease patients have been described as behavioural or substance addictions including pathological gambling or compulsive medication use of dopamine replacement therapy. A substantial gap remains in the understanding of these disorders. We previously demonstrated that the rewarding effect of the D2/D3 a...
Article
Full-text available
RationaleImpulsive-compulsive disorders (ICD) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been described as behavioral or substance addictions including hypersexuality, gambling, or compulsive medication use of the dopamine replacement therapy (DRT). ObjectivesA remaining challenge is to understand the neuroadaptations leading to reward bias in...
Article
Dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) has been attributed to both dopamine replacement therapies (DRT) and the mesencephalic dopaminergic lesion. The DRT reinforcement effect is due to its action on the reward system, particularly on the nucleus accumbens (NAc). This nucleus receives two major projections, a glutamatergic from the prefrontal cortex...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study investigated mesencephalic dopamine depletion effects on static mechanical allodynia (SMA) elicited by chronic constriction of the infraorbitary nerve (CCI-IoN). Methods: Dopamine depletion (6-OHDA administration into the medial forebrain bundle) effects on CCI-IoN-induced SMA were explored using behavioral (nocifensive be...
Article
Aims: To explore the possible relationship between protein kinase C gamma (PKCγ) and phosphorylated forms of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (pERK1/2) in the rat medullary dorsal horn and the facial hypersensitivity indicative of dynamic mechanical allodynia (DMA) following chronic constriction of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-IoN). Meth...
Article
Dopamine is implicated in different orofacial pain-related diseases. The mechanisms underlying this invalidating pain are not yet understood. Therefore, the present study investigated if unilateral or bilateral lesions of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) could induce a trigeminal static mechanical allodynia (SMA) comparable to that obtained after...
Article
Background: GABA disinhibition within the spinal dorsal horn has been implicated in pain hypersensitivity on injury in different neuropathic models. However, GABA alteration has been explored in only one study on trigeminal neuropathic pain. Methods: The present study investigated the implication of GABA in trigeminal dynamic mechanical allodyni...
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Full-text available
Background Pain constitutes the major non motor syndrome in Parkinson's disease (PD) and includes neuropathic pain; however current drug therapies used to alleviate it have only limited efficacy. This is probably due to poor understanding of the mechanisms underlying it. Aims We investigated a major class of trigeminal neuropathic pain, dynamic me...
Article
Dopamine dysregulation syndrome in Parkinson's disease has been attributed to dopamine replacement therapies and/or a lesion of the dopaminergic system. Dopaminergic neuronal loss targets the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). We hypothesize that dopamine replacement therapy is responsible for the potential reinforcement effect...
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Trigeminal neuropathic pain affects millions of people worldwide. Despite decades of study on the neuronal processing of pain, mechanisms underlying enhanced pain states after injury remain unclear. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-dependent changes play a critical role in triggering central sensitization in neuropathic pain. These receptors ar...
Article
Dopamine dysregulation syndrome in Parkinson's disease has been attributed to dopamine replacement therapies and/or a lesion of the dopaminergic system. The dopaminergic neuronal loss targets the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). We hypothesize that dopamine replacement therapy is responsible for the potential reinforcement eff...
Article
Rho GTPases proteins are essential for cytoskeletal reorganization and play important roles in the development of neuronal dendrites and axons. Several studies have implicated two members of the Rho GTPase family Rho-A and Rac1 activities in the neuronal polarization and the formation of axons and dendrites. In order to correlate cellular expressio...
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The small protein otospiralin has initially been identified as an inner ear specific molecule. However, compelling evidence from high throughput sequencing projects suggested that otospiralin is likely expressed in the central nervous system. Here, we tested this hypothesis using a combination of molecular biology, immunological, and histological t...
Article
Dynamic mechanical allodynia is a widespread symptom of neuropathic pain for which mechanisms are still poorly understood. The present study investigated the organization of dynamic mechanical allodynia processing in the rat insular cortex after chronic constriction injury to the infraorbital nerve (IoN-CCI). Two weeks after unilateral IoN-CCI, rat...
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Streptoccocus pneumoniae infection can result in local and systemic diseases such as otitis media, pneumonia and meningitis. Sensorineural hearing loss associated with this infection is mediated by the release of an exotoxin, pneumolysin. The goal of the present study was to characterize the mechanisms of pneumolysin toxicity in cochlear hair cells...
Article
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Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are known to contribute to the regulation of free cytosolic calcium concentration. This family of intracellular calcium channels plays a significant role in calcium-induced-calcium-release (CICR), and have been implicated in calcium-dependent processes requiring exquisite spatio-temporal regulation. In order to characteri...
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Although injured neurons of inferior colliculus (IC) display a robust axonal outgrowth through a lesion site at postnatal day six (P6) in vitro, and are capable to re-innervate their target cells, injured neurons from P10 IC are unable to regenerate their axons across the lesion site. This axonal regenerative failure has been attributed to an incre...
Article
Subtracted cDNA libraries from the mouse developing inferior colliculus were previously constructed between postnatal day (P) 6 and 10. In the P10-P6 subtracted library, neuroleukin, calmodulin I, cortactin, and Rho7 were identified. The goal of the present study was to analyze their distribution, at the mRNA and protein levels, in both the adult a...
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The expression of Slo channels (alpha subunits of BK channels) was investigated in the developing mouse cochlea using a polyclonal antibody against the C-terminal part of the protein (residues 1098-1196). The first BK channel immunoreactivity was observed in the cochlea at E18, where it was localized within the cytoplasm of cells lining the area of...
Article
CNTF receptor alpha (CNTFRα) is involved in the development, the maintenance and the regeneration of a variety of brain structures. However, its in vivo distribution has not been determined in the auditory system. CNTFRα expression was studied in developing and adult rat brainstem auditory nuclei using immunohistochemistry. At birth, the CNTFRα imm...
Article
Voltage-gated calcium channels are important for neurotransmission at the level of inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs). These channels open when mechanical stimulation depolarises the hair cell membrane and the resulting calcium influx triggers neurotransmitter release. Voltage-gated calcium channels expressed in hair cells are know...
Article
Voltage-gated calcium channels are important for neurotransmission at the level of inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs). These channels open when mechanical stimulation depolarises the hair cell membrane and the resulting calcium influx triggers neurotransmitter release. Voltage-gated calcium channels expressed in hair cells are know...
Article
Severed axons of the inferior colliculus (IC) commissure can regenerate across a lesion in organotypic cultures from postnatal day (P) 6 gerbils, but this regenerative capacity is lost by P12 (Hafidi et al. [ 1995] J Neurosci 15:1298-1307, [1999] J Neurobiol 41:267-280). In the present study, we examined the mechanisms underlying this age-dependent...
Article
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Macroglia distribution in the developing and adult gerbil inferior colliculus (IC) was investigated using two oligodendrocytic [myelin-associated-glycoprotein (MAG) and oligodendrocyte-specific molecule (Rip)] and two astrocytic [glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S100] markers and immunohistochemistry. There was a spatio-temporal pattern o...
Article
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Large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels are known to play a prominent role in the hair cell function of lower vertebrates where these channels determine electrical tuning and regulation of neurotransmitter release. Very little is known, by contrast, about the role of BK channels in the mammalian cochlea. In the current study, we...
Article
While the distribution of substance P in the auditory system is well illustrated, the localization of its receptors has not yet been documented. The goal of our study was to characterize the distribution of the tachykinin receptors NK1-R, NK2-R and NK3-R in the brainstem auditory nuclei of the adult rat using immunohistochemical techniques. The imm...
Article
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Inferior colliculus (IC) slice cultures from postnatal (P) day 6-8 gerbils exhibit axonal regeneration across a lesion site, and these regrowing processes can form synapses. To determine whether regenerative capacity is lost in older tissue, as occurs in vivo, slices from P12-21-day animals were grown under similar conditions. While these cultures...
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This study describes the developmental expression of three neurotrophins, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) and neurotrophin (NT-4) in the rat auditory brain-stem using immunohistochemistry. At postnatal day 0 (PND 0), neurotrophins expression was virtually absent from all auditory nuclei in the brainstem, even though...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes the developmental expression of three neurotrophins, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 (NT‐3) and neurotrophin (NT‐4) in the rat auditory brainstem using immunohistochemistry. At postnatal day 0 (PND 0), neurotrophins expression was virtually absent from all auditory nuclei in the brainstem, even though s...
Article
Peripherin, an intermediate filament protein, is present in neuronal subpopulations of both peripheral and central nervous systems. The distribution of peripherin was studied in the adult rat cochlea using immunohistochemistry on whole mount material, in cryostat sections and sections of plastic embedded tissue. In the spiral ganglion, peripherin l...
Article
The distribution of glutamate receptors GluR2/3 and NR1 was analysed immunohistochemically during development of the rat cerebellum. GluR2/3 immunoreactivity appeared by postnatal day P0 in somata of Purkinje cells. Throughout P7, P15, P20 and adulthood, GluR2/3 immunoreactivity was found in the entire Purkinje cell dendritic arbor reaching to the...
Article
To investigate the etiology of hole formation in the gerbil and rat central auditory system, organotypic cultures were grown in control and veratridine-containing media. The latter condition is known to increase neuronal activity. Tissue was obtained at postnatal day 6 and grown for 6–9 days in vitro, a period prior to the formation of holes in viv...
Article
We previously demonstrated that inhibitory synaptic transmission influences dendrite development in vivo. We now report an analogous finding in an organotypic culture of a glycinergic projection nucleus, the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), and its postsynaptic target, the lateral superior olive (LSO) of gerbils. Cultures were generated...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate whether glial-associated molecules exhibit a pattern of expression that could influence oriented dendrite outgrowth in the gerbil lateral superior olive (LSO). In particular, we have previously noted that axon fascicles are oriented parallel to isofrequency laminae in the medial limb of the LSO, as are LSO d...
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Neuron survival and axonal regeneration become severely limited during early postnatal development. In conjunction with our recent organotypic analysis of regeneration in the auditory midbrain, we wished to determine whether neurotrophins could serve as a trophic substance during the postnatal period. Therefore, the current study examines the devel...
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The expression of fimbrin in the developing rat cochlea was analyzed using an immunohistochemical technique with fimbrin antibody. The cochlea displayed temporal and lateral-longitudinal gradients for fimbrin expression during development. Fimbrin immunoreactivity first appeared in the inner hair cell stereocilia of the basal turn on the first gest...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine whether postnatal mammalian central neurons retain the capacity for axonal regeneration across a lesion site in organotypic cultures of the auditory midbrain. Brain slices from the gerbil inferior colliculus (IC) were obtained from postnatal 6-8 d old animal and cultured for 6-15 d in vitro. IC explants contai...
Article
The goal of this study was to determine the distribution and diversity of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes within the lateral superior olive of the gerbil. We used morphometric analyses and several immunocytochemical markers to assess differences in glial cell composition between the lateral (low-frequency projection) and the medial (high-frequency...
Article
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In this study, we analysed the distribution of the intermediate filament peripherin in the developing cochlea of the rat. At gestational day 16, weak immunolabeling was observed in neuronal somas throughout the spiral ganglion. At gestational day 20, the peripherin labeling increased in intensity throughout the spiral ganglion. At gestational day 2...
Article
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This report describes the ontogenesis of cochlear stereocilia using scanning electron microscopy for analysis of cilia appearance, and fluorescence microscopy of phalloidin, a label for F-actin, to determine the maturation of the cilia framework. Surface and frozen-sectioned preparations of the otic capsule were obtained from several stages of rat...
Article
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The goal of this study was to extend our knowledge of MAP2 localization in the peripheral nervous system of mammals, since most results on MAP2 distribution are obtained in the central nervous system (CNS). This study shows the presence of microtubule-associated protein 2b (MAP2b) and MAP2c in the inner ear and describes the immunocytochemical dist...
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Nerve growth factor receptor (NGF-R) localization was studied immunohistochemically in the cochlea and in the brainstem of the perinatal rat, using a specific monoclonal antibody directed against the rat NGF-R. In the cochlea, NGF-R immunoreactivity is positive during the whole perinatal period studied, and is located at the hair cell level, in fib...
Article
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We have studied the innervation of the developing cochlea by immunocytochemical staining of the cytoskeletal proteins, neurofilament (NF), and spectrin (brain spectrin and erythrocyte spectrin). NF immunoreactivity was seen in spiral ganglion cell bodies and their processes and in fibers of the intraganglionic spiral bundle (IGSB) on gestational da...
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Immunocytochemical methods were used to study the distribution of neurofilament (NF) proteins in vestibular ganglion neurons of the adult rat. Monoclonal antibodies against the three triplet proteins were used. By indirect immunofluorescence and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method, two populations of neurons were distinguished. One population with...
Article
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Ontogenesis of spiral ganglion in the rat was studied using antibodies to three subunits of neurofilaments (NFs): NF 68 KDa, NF 160 KDa and NF 200 KDa. The expression of immunoreactivity was examined with 3 immunocytochemical methods: indirect immunofluorescence, peroxidase-antiperoxidase and avidin-biotin complex. Aim of the study was to detect th...
Article
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Spiral ganglion neurons from adult rats were treated with several monoclonal antibodies that react with neurofilaments (NFs) and NF subunits. An antibody against NFs used with immunocytochemical techniques showed a strong reaction with most neuron processes in the spiral ganglion, whereas only a few neurons presented a reaction. Using monoclonal an...

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