Ayyoob Sharifi

Ayyoob Sharifi
Hiroshima University | HU · Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences

PhD

About

195
Publications
155,484
Reads
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6,366
Citations
Introduction
Ayyoob is an associate professor at Hiroshima University. His research is mainly at the interface of urbanism and climate change mitigation and adaptation. He actively contributes to global change research programs such as the Future Earth and is currently serving as a lead author for the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Before joining Hiroshima University, he was the Executive Director of the Global Carbon Project (Tsukuba Office).
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
Hiroshima University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2018 - February 2020
Hiroshima University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
March 2013 - June 2018
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
October 2010 - October 2013
Nagoya University
Field of study
  • Environmental Engineering and Architecture
October 2005 - October 2008
Iran University of Science and Technology
Field of study
  • Urban and Regional Planning
October 2001 - October 2005
University of Tabriz
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering - Geomatics

Publications

Publications (195)
Article
Full-text available
Since the early 20th century various planning movements have been developed. It would be useful to trace the evolution of these movements to see how their underlying principles have changed and how successful they have been in addressing the requirements of sustainable development. Literature on five selected movements is reviewed. These are, namel...
Article
Full-text available
Between 60% and 80% of global energy is consumed in urban areas and given the projected increase in world׳s urban population, this share is expected to further increase in the future. Continuity of energy supply in cities is affected by climate change and a growing array of other threats such as cyber attacks, terrorism, technical deficiencies, and...
Article
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Impacted by the compounding effects of climate change and urbanization, cities are facing a panoply of risks that threaten their sustainability. Recognizing the potentially catastrophic ramifications of inaction, local governments are increasingly involved in resilience-building activities that are informed by a vast body of research related to dif...
Article
Full-text available
In the era of digital revolution many cities around the world have invested significantly in the design and implementation of smart city projects and initiatives to provide solutions to the challenges of climate changes and urbanization. At the same time, various efforts have been made to evaluate performance and outcomes of those projects and init...
Article
Since the early days of the COVID-19 crisis the scientific community has constantly been striving to shed light on various issues such as the mechanisms driving the spread of the virus, its environmental and socioeconomic impacts , and necessary recovery and adaptation plans and policies. Given the high concentration of population and economic acti...
Article
Full-text available
Background The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires much planning and the provision of resources, especially regarding the necessary investments, technologies and infrastructures needed. Yet, it is presently unclear how available these elements are, what gaps exist, what changes have taken place in terms of their avai...
Article
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Africa is particularly affected by climate change due to its exposure to climate hazards, high vulnerability, and low adaptive capacity. Yet, Africa is also a continent rich in Indigenous and Local Knowledge (ILK) that has a long history of informing responses to climatic variability and change. This paper explores the extent to which ILK has been...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have transformed all aspects of human life. Enabled by these advances, over the past few decades, many smart city initiatives have been developed across the world. Subsequently, various efforts have been made to develop indicators and frameworks for the assessment of smart cities....
Article
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Abstract Objectives Homicide rate is associated with a large variety of factors and therefore unevenly distributed over time and space. This study aims to explore homicide patterns and their spatial associations with different socioeconomic and built-environment conditions in 140 neighbourhoods of the city of Toronto, Canada. Methods A homicide da...
Article
Purpose - It is still unclear how Asian universities incorporate the theory or practice of sustainable development (SD) in their research and education programmes. To address this gap, the purpose of this paper is to report on a study that has examined how universities in Asian countries handle and address matters related to SD. Design/methodology/...
Article
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Rivers are important ecosystems, vital to the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of humans and other species. Despite their environmental, social, and economic importance, current use of rivers is unsustainable, due to a combination of solid waste and high levels of pollutants. Plastic materials are among the most predominant of such pollutants. B...
Book
Full-text available
This volume of Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability covers topics on green finance and investment, collaboration building and public engagement, and industry governance towards carbon neutrality and environmental sustainability. First, it presents issues related to embodied carbon in the international trade, impacts of the green finance...
Article
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Data infrastructures, economic processes, and governance models of digital platforms are increasingly pervading urban sectors and spheres of urban life. This phenomenon is known as plat-formization, which has in turn given rise to the phenomena of platform society, where platforms have permeated the core of urban societies. A recent manifestation o...
Article
Accounting for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is critical for developing evidence-based action plans for climate change mitigation in cities. The recognition of this, over the past three decades or so, has led to an increasing interest in developing methods for urban CO2 accounting and mapping. This study examines 662 articles published over the pa...
Article
Tokyo is the capital of Japan and the hub of the country's economic and administrative activities. To maintain the momentum of sustained economic growth, Tokyo is transforming the structure of its economic activities, production efficiency, and consumption patterns. Consequently, the supply and demand structure of energy and material in the city ha...
Chapter
Smart cities are often characterized by using ICT-enabled solutions in various socio-economic, institutional, and environmental fields to enhance quality of life, sustainability, and resilience and to preserve the competitive potential of cities in an increasingly interconnected network of cities. While the concept of “smart city” has been around f...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the publication of the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4) in 2007, more attention has been paid to the interactions between urban climate change adaptation and mitigation measures. This has improved our understanding of the co-benefits and trade-offs of these measures. However, research on the...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the present study was to investigate the spatiotemporal trends of urban traffic accident hotspots during the COVID-19 pandemic. The severity index was used to determine high-risk areas, and the kernel density estimation method was used to identify the risk of traffic accident hotspots. Accident data for the time period of April 2018...
Article
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Two wars are raging in Ukraine and Russia: the pandemic and the conflict. The former called for the necessary redirection of funding for resilience and preparedness, and the latter is leading to the further redirection of financial flows from community resilience and climate action to military. Combined, both wars lead to a lack of funding for sust...
Article
This paper provides an overview of how food production influences climate change and also illustrates the impact of climate change on food production. To perform such an overview, the (inter)link between different parts of the food supply chain continuum (agriculture production, livestock farming, food processing, food transport and storing, retail...
Article
The inability of a system to plan for, respond to, and adapt to hazards and unfavorable occurrences can lead to social vulnerability. Managers and planners can use social vulnerability assessment to optimize budget allocation, devise mitigation measures, and prepare for disasters. The purpose of this study was to determine the social vulnerability...
Chapter
This study explores recent nationwide projects, including those related to smart cities, climate change, urban regeneration, and the K-New Deal, and in particular analyzes how the national smart city R&D project instills resilience in a smart city. This study analyzes a government-funded smart city R&D project in Daegu, South Korea with a focus on...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cities worldwide are exposed to an expansive range of climate-related disasters, and thus, enhancing urban resilience is increasingly critical and has become a major goal of city authorities. With the rapid development of technology, the concept of a “smart city” is also becoming popular. A vast body of research has been published on urban resilien...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In Iran, the frequent occurrence of disasters has always been a major problem. In recent decades, disasters have created considerable challenges, especially in cities. Hence, understanding the levels of urban resilience (UR) and planning for addressing vulnerabilities plays a key role in the era of increasing risks and uncertainties. The pr...
Article
This article explores the extent to which urban planning professionals in Iran are prepared to facilitate children’s inclusion in city decision-making. What do Iranian planners believe about the potential effectiveness of children’s inclusion? Evidence from research in Mashhad elicited ambivalent reactions on the part of planners. They held conflic...
Article
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The concept of smart cities peaked in 2015, bringing an increased influx of ‘smart’ devices in the form of the Internet of Things (IoT) and sensors in cities. As a result, interest in smart urban governance has become more prevalent in administrative, organisational, and political circles. This is sustained by both local and global demands for an i...
Preprint
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This study explores the impact of sanctions on the development of second home tourism in the context of a rentier state. The subject was examined with special reference to rural regions of Shemiranat County in Tehran, Iran, where second homes have developed over the past four decades. The results indicating that devaluation of the national currency...
Article
Full-text available
As complex man-made systems that are home to the majority of the world population, cities have always faced a wide range of risks such as earthquakes. As the backbone of urban systems, physical components, including buildings, transportation networks, communication networks, and open and green spaces, are also vulnerable to disasters. To enhance th...
Article
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Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are heavily dependent on the use of imported fossil fuels to address their energy needs. This has a negative impact on the environment, SIDS budgets, and energy security. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the role of renewable energy (RE) as a tool for energy security in SIDS. In this regard, using VOS...
Book
Full-text available
This volume of Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability covers topics on greenhouse gas emissions, climatic impacts, climate models and prediction, and analytical methods. Issues related to two major greenhouse gas emissions, namely of carbon dioxide and methane, particularly in wetlands and agriculture sector, and radiative energy flux vari...
Article
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Mobility is a subject of increasing importance in a time when cities have gained prominence, as they are home to over 56% of the world’s population and generate over 80% of global GDP. Urban planning principles have traditionally been developed to promote urban efficiency and enhance productivity. The emergence of ‘Smart Mobility’ has provided rese...
Article
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In many parts of the world, lake drying is caused by water management failures, while the phenomenon is exacerbated by climate change. Lake Urmia in Northern Iran is drying up at such an alarming rate that it is considered to be a dying lake, which has dire consequences for the whole region. While salinization caused by a dying lake is well underst...
Article
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Climate change is a global issue that must be considered and addressed immediately. Many articles have been published on climate change mitigation and adaptation. However, new methods are required to explore the complexities of climate change and provide more efficient and effective adaptation and mitigation policies. With the advancement of techno...
Article
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Apart from many social and economic problems worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has also led to a sudden halt in face-to-face climate-related meetings. Moreover, it has also negatively influenced the works related to the preparations for the 6th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and organizing the 26th Conferen...
Article
Nowadays, around 70% percent of global energy usage is consumed in urban areas. Undoubtedly, this figure will increase in coming decades due to population rise. As a result, energy resiliency can be considered as an important issue in urban context. Resilience of energy supply in urban areas can be categorized in two approaches, short-term and long...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid urbanization, environmental concerns and demand for sustainable cities contributed to the development of Neighbourhood Sustainability Assessment Tools (NSATs) such as LEED-ND and BREEAM-Communities. Whilst their success in increasing sustainability outcomes within the built environment is evident, there are unnoticed gaps in NSAT frameworks t...
Conference Paper
PANEL Session WE8: ICT and Smart-Resilient Cities and Sustainable Transitions (Workshop) This panel session focuses on ICT applications and enabling digital technologies for achieving the SDGs and governance of sustainability transition. The session focuses on the NERPS’ central theme of peace and sustainability, as well as transdisciplinary meth...
Article
Considering the rapid urbanization trends in many parts of the world and the increasing consequences of climate change, more and more cities are at risk of natural disasters and other environmental, socio-economic, and political disruptions. To address these issues, resilience thinking has attracted the attention of a wide range of stakeholders. Ho...
Poster
This presentation addresses the nexus between cities and resilience in dealing with disruptive pandemics, like the ongoing COVID-19. As it is evident in these months, there is no doubt that pandemics have significant impacts on peace and sustainability progression(s) of cities and communities around the world. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted some...
Poster
As part of this study, we aim to focus on three key aspects that suggest eco-urbanism transition in Chinese cities, including (1) ‘Eco Society’, 2) Eco Living, and 3) Eco Governance. In this approach, we look in to stakeholder constellations and multiplicity of eco development directions. By doing so, we highlight the importance of eco from a varie...
Article
Full-text available
Social resilience is an essential need for societies faced with adverse events such as pandemics. The recent COVID-19 outbreak has affected many communities around the globe. In fact, in addition to unprecedented mortality and infection rates, it has also caused major anxieties and social problems. Iran has been one of the hardest-hit countries and...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic has had many deep social and economic impacts that go beyond health issues. One consequence is that the pandemic has made it even harder to mobilize the financial resources needed to pursue SDG 13 (Climate Action) as a whole and to fund climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts in particular. This is especially acute in...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fires are a multidimensional phenomenon that affects many parts of the world, including the Zagros region of Iran. They are often caused by various factors that can have natural-, anthropogenic-, or combined origins. Considering the significant environmental and socio-economic impacts of forest fires, it is essential to take necessary measur...
Book
Full-text available
To cope with the challenges of climate change, it is essential to assess climate-induced impacts and explore possible solutions. Remote sensing techniques are capable of monitoring, collecting, interpreting, and mapping the physical characteristics of Earth’s surface and its associated spatiotemporal variations. These techniques outperform many dat...
Book
Full-text available
Anthropogenic activities are significant drivers of climate change and environmental degradation. Such activities are particularly influential in the context of the land system that is an important medium connecting earth surface, atmospheric dynamics, ecological systems, and human activities. Assessment of land use land cover changes and associate...
Research Proposal
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In dense urban areas, lack of public space is a current challenge in urban management. Urban spaces should be taken multifunctional roles to bring flexibility and opportunities to urban settings. Urban University campuses as occupied large areas should be well integrated into the urban structure to take the multifunctional roles besides the signifi...
Article
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Transient poverty (TP) is a phenomenon that, by its characterisation, references a condition that may not necessarily be permanent. Its occurrence may result from an external shock, such as a severe weather-related event or geographic, national, or global impact on the economy, such as a hurricane, financial crisis, or as most recently, a pandemic....
Book
Full-text available
Climate change has been widely recognised as a major challenge to the world, with significant environmental, economic and social consequences. Given this, addressing climate change is an urgent and profound task of society, a complex and difficult mission of several generations. To address the challenge of climate change, there is a need to develop...
Book
Full-text available
Our world is facing many challenges, such as poverty, hunger, resource shortage, environmental degradation, climate change, and increased inequalities and conflicts. To address such challenges, the United Nations proposed the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), consisting of 17 interlinked global goals, as the strategic blueprint of world sustaina...
Presentation
workshop session - day 2 Project summary presentation with stakeholders
Article
Geo-physical, socio-cultural, politico-institutional, and techno-economic context affect communities’ resilience competency to disasters. As the contextual characteristics of urban and rural communities differ, they may perform differently in resilience practice. Taking a case of the 2015 Nepal earthquake, this paper explored community resilience i...
Article
This paper aims to examine interactions between transportation sector and the environment in Tehran and provide recommendations to achieve a sustainable transportation system. Integrated Driving forces- Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework with X-Matrix is used as a methodology to achieve the research aim. The DPSIR framework is used fo...
Article
Urban heat, the combined effects of heatwaves and urban heat islands (UHIs), has been a severe challenge for many cities around the world. While there have been numerous studies on urban heat, society’s understanding of it is still insufficient, hindering its mitigation and adaptation. This paper aims to investigate people’s vulnerability to, and p...
Article
Full-text available
The 2021 Conference of Parties (COP) 26 was expected as a landmark meeting, noting the increased impacts of climate change and the subsequent warning reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and that of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). With global temperatures gradually increasing, COP26 und...
Chapter
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In the era of increasing risks and uncertainties induced by various stressors such as climate change and social and geopolitical conflicts, resilience is high on the agenda of planners, policy makers, and researchers. This is manifested in the increasing number of plans, programs, policies, and frameworks that are developed annually to enhance urba...
Chapter
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Cities, the main settlements of human beings, are facing mega challenges of climate change, urbanization, population increase, economic growth, and environmental deterioration. To address such challenges, the goal of sustainable cities and communities has been advocated by the United Nations. In particular, smart city has been applied to integrate...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this study is to optimize the location of hospitals in Gorgan, Iran, to provide desirable services to citizens in the event of an earthquake crisis. Design/methodology/approach This paper, due to target, is practical and developmental, due to doing method is descriptive and analytical and due to information gathering method...
Article
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As interest in smart city initiatives continues to grow rapidly, various involved actors and stakeholders increasingly rely on assessment frameworks or indicator sets for different purposes such as monitoring and benchmarking performance, identifying strengths and weaknesses, and determining priority intervention areas. Accordingly, many smart city...
Article
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Background Climate change is a problem which is global in nature, and whose effects go across a wide range of disciplines. It is therefore important that this theme is taken into account as part of universities´ teaching and research programs. Methods A three-tiered approach was used, consisting of a bibliometric analysis, an online survey and a s...