Aynaz Lotfata

Aynaz Lotfata
University of California

Doctor of Philosophy
Urban health - Spatial Epidemiology- Urban Geography - Geospatial Analysis -Machine Learning

About

84
Publications
23,718
Reads
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195
Citations
Citations since 2017
69 Research Items
194 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - October 2017
Mississippi State University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Full-text available
Enhancing walkability provides a holistic solution to a variety of urban problems. Walkability is a quantitative and qualitative measurement of how inviting or un-inviting an area is to pedestrians. Adding a quantitative approach to qualitative research can provide a more holistic (and quantifiable) view of the built environment on a microscale. Ne...
Preprint
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Background: In recent times, the concept of smart cities has gained remarkable traction globally, driven by the increasing interest in employing technology to address various urban challenges, particularly in the healthcare domain. Smart cities are proving to be transformative, utilizing an extensive array of technological tools and processes to im...
Article
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious animal disease caused by a ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus, with significant economic costs and uneven distribution across Asia, Africa, and South America. While spatial analysis and modeling of FMD are still in their early stages, this research aimed to identify socio-environmental determinants of F...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Mental disorders pose a significant global challenge, particularly accentuated by the escalated prevalence during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. In addressing this critical issue, the utilization of web-based telehealth systems emerges as a promising solution to provide essential healthcare services to individuals grappling with mental...
Article
Full-text available
Background Some studies have established associations between the prevalence of new-onset asthma and asthma exacerbation and socioeconomic and environmental determinants. However, research remains limited concerning the shape of these associations, the importance of the risk factors, and how these factors vary geographically. Objective We aimed (1...
Article
Road crashes are a major cause of fatalities worldwide, posing significant challenges for road safety experts in selecting appropriate crash frequency estimation models. This study introduces Localized Safety Performance Functions (C-SPFs), which explore the spatial variation of crash frequency and the spatial correlation between dependent variable...
Article
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In recent years, a growing body of research has investigated the factors influencing land surface temperature (LST) in different cities, employing diverse methodologies. Our study aims to be one of the few to examine the socio-environmental variables (SV) of LST with a holistic approach, especially in primate cities in developing countries, which a...
Article
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This conceptual, qualitative interdisciplinary research investigates, systematically and holistically, climate-adaptive spatial design interventions for high-density informal urban areas in arid climates, which remain understudied despite their vulnerability to heat stress and the heat-vulnerable groups populating them. Five streetscape design prot...
Article
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The study aims to identify fire patterns in Mashhad, the second-most populous city in Iran, between 2015 and 2019. Spatial scan statistics were utilized to determine the spatiotemporal patterns of 29,889 fire events in the research area. There were four primary types of fires: (1) structural fires (39%), (2) vehicle fires (11%), (3) green and open...
Chapter
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The ongoing debate on the adaptation of urban environments in the context of climate alterations and the COVID-19 pandemic underlines the need for an organization of urban spaces and structures that promote active mobility, socialisation, sports, and recreational activities. This emerging need intersects with the broader issue of the built environm...
Article
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Background Implementing workplace preventive interventions reduces occupational accidents and injuries, as well as the negative consequences of those accidents and injuries. Online occupational safety and health training is one of the most effective preventive interventions. This study aims to present current knowledge on e-training interventions,...
Article
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Maninjau Lake is one of Indonesia's lakes used for hydroelectric power plants, tourism, and fish farming activities. Some activities around the lake cause pollution, leading to massive fish kills. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor water quality regularly. One of the critical water quality parameters is biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: The increase in physical inactivity prevalence in the USA has been associated with neighborhood characteristics. While several studies have found an association between neighborhood and health, the relative importance of each component related to physical inactivity or how this value varies geographically (i.e., across different neighb...
Article
Full-text available
Mental distress is an epidemic that endangers global well-being and contributes to various illnesses. In the United States, the prevalence of mental distress has risen rapidly in recent years. However, this topic is understudied in spatial information research, as current literature lacks focus on spatially varying relationships between mental dist...
Article
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International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment. As the guest editors of this issue, we called researchers to reflect on the questions of what makes regions, localities and urban spatial elements (anti)adaptive. How can the likelihood of urban elements' adaptability to disasters/stressors be defined? And how can urban elements...
Article
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In recent years, remote sensing technology has enabled researchers to fill the existing statistics and research gaps on evapotranspiration in different land use classes. Thus, a remotely sensed-based approach was employed to investigate how evapotranspiration rates changed in differ- ent land use/cover classes across the Lake Urmia Basin from 2016...
Article
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There are different area-based factors affecting the COVID-19 mortality rate in urban areas. This research aims to examine COVID-19 mortality rates and their geographical association with various socioeconomic and ecological determinants in 350 of Tehran's neighborhoods as a big city. All deaths related to COVID-19 are included from December 2019 t...
Article
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In the United States, the rise in hypertension prevalence has been connected to neighborhood characteristics. While various studies have found a link between neighborhood and health, they do not evaluate the relative dependence of each component in the growth of hypertension and, more significantly, how this value differs geographically (i.e., acro...
Chapter
In any hazard risk studies, protecting vulnerable groups should be addressed while people have different capacities and levels of resilience to risk. In this entry, we promote the analysis of vulnerability to climate-driven hazards by applying the intersectionality prospect. We call for intersectionality as a qualitative approach that can foster th...
Chapter
The multifunctionality of urban elements is inevitable in the growing complexity of cities to make highly nested social and spatial contexts resilient to unexpected conditions. The “multifunctional spaces” concept is used besides the mixed-use, multi-use, and multi-purpose definitions, often without any distinction. Designing multifunctional urban...
Article
Implementing infrastructure development projects using public–private partnership (PPP) delivery method has not been widely successful, particularly in developing countries such as Iran. Therefore, it is essential and indispensable to evaluate the critical success factors (CSFs) for completing abandoned public sports facilities projects (APSFPs) vi...
Article
Full-text available
: Some studies have established relationships between neighborhood conditions and health. However, they neither evaluate the relative importance of neighborhood components in increasing obesity nor, more crucially, how these neighborhood factors vary geographically. We use the geographical random forest to analyze each factor’s spatial variation an...
Article
Full-text available
During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Jakarta, Indonesia, the government designated some hospitals as specific COVID-19 healthcare centers to meet demand and ensure accessibility. However, the policy demand evaluation was based on a purely spatial approach. Studies on accessibility to healthcare are widely available, but those that cons...
Article
Full-text available
During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Jakarta, Indonesia, the government designated some hospitals as specific COVID-19 healthcare centers to meet demand and ensure accessibility. However, the policy demand evaluation was based on a purely spatial approach. Studies on accessibility to healthcare are widely available, but those that cons...
Article
Full-text available
Water availability in lakes must be studied in order to better manage ecosystems within lake basins and meet economic development needs. Despite being Iran’s largest lake, Lake Urmia’s water level and surface area have declined dramatically over the past two decades. During the same period, Lake Van in Turkey maintained a relatively stable water le...
Poster
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A Community-based health intervention has long been defined as any intervention, policy, program, or action aimed at improving health and reducing health inequalities for individuals living in high-risk neighborhoods or areas with limited geographical resources, as well as high-risk individuals with underlying diseases. Health initiatives at the lo...
Article
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To date, research has largely ignored residential determinants of obesity prevalence. There is very little information on whether these impacts change spatially and operate at different spatial scales. As a result, the purpose of this study is to identify the housing determinants of obesity in Chicago, Illinois, using multiscale geographically weig...
Article
Iran's Yazd Province has expanded its economy during the past 40 years due to requests from investors and decisions made by the Provincial Planning and Development Council. This article aims to aid the council's decision-making process by presenting an analytical method for determining whether a region is suitable, unsuitable, or conditionally suit...
Article
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Previous research has largely ignored the neighborhood’s vitality in creating a relaxing and safe environment for the prevalence of physical activity. Neighborhood vitality is critical for a healthy urban environment, and outdoor safety can only be ensured by reducing crime and repurposing underutilized spaces. A global regression and two local reg...
Book
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This chapter applies a design-based approach to integrate the innovative greenery measures in a high-density unplanned area of Imbaba to mitigate the urban heat island (UHI) effect and provide high quality open spaces by creating a chain of cooling public spaces called “Takeeba.” The literature review was applied to propagate the formulation of the...
Article
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Purpose Tehran’s health-care system is growing, yet it lacks emergency planning procedures. The premise of this study is that the urban environment around a hospital is just as robust as the hospital itself. This study aims to look at hospital resilience in an urban setting to see where it may be improved to keep the hospital operational during a d...
Article
Introduction Obesity is an epidemic that threatens global wellbeing and contributes to an array of illnesses. The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased substantially in past decades. Focusing on the city of Chicago, IL, USA as a case study, we investigate spatiotemporally varying relationships between obesity and three characteri...
Article
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The literature informs assumptions about the relationship between obesity prevalence and socioeconomic and environmental factors. Little is known about the relationship between obesity, air temperature, unhealthy behaviors, and socioeconomic factors in the USA. We used regressive models like Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), Geographically Weighted Reg...
Book
Full-text available
The multifunctionality of urban elements is inevitable in the growing complexity of cities to make highly nested social and spatial contexts resilient to unexpected conditions. The “multifunctional spaces” concept is used besides the mixed-use, multi-use, and multi-purpose definitions, often without any distinction. Designing multifunctional urban...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates hypothesized dual uses of the public schools to increase walking accessibility to open spaces as a part of the permanent urban interventions. The Two-step Floating Catchment Area (2SFCA) method was adopted to measure the 20 min walking accessibility of the public schools in Cook County, the home of the Chicago Metropolitan. We...
Article
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The pandemic's lockdown has made physical inactivity unavoidable, forcing many people to work from home and increasing the sedentary nature of their lifestyle. The link between spatial and socio-environmental dynamics and people's levels of physical activity is critical for promoting healthy lifestyles and improving population health. Most studies...
Article
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Purpose – It is observed that the COVID-19 Pandemic mostly restricts people’s movement and walking habits. In this direction, this study aims to highlight how the walking behaviors of individuals affected in different geographies’ neighborhoods before and during the Pandemic. Design/methodology/approach – This paper focuses on the relationship betw...
Article
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Facilities management along with health care are two important aspects in controlling the spread of infectious diseases with regard to controlling the outbreak of global COVID-19 pandemic. Hence, with the increasing outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of examining the relationship between the built environment and the outbreak of infectio...
Research Proposal
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In dense urban areas, lack of public space is a current challenge in urban management. Urban spaces should be taken multifunctional roles to bring flexibility and opportunities to urban settings. Urban University campuses as occupied large areas should be well integrated into the urban structure to take the multifunctional roles besides the signifi...
Article
Full-text available
In any hazard risk studies, protecting vulnerable groups should be addressed while people have different capacities and levels of resilience to risk. In this entry, we promote the analysis of vulnerability to climate-driven hazards by applying the intersectionality prospect. We call for intersectionality as a qualitative approach that can foster th...
Poster
Full-text available
Publish at International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment In this Special Issue, we welcome contributions to reflect on; • What makes regions, localities and urban spatial elements (anti)adaptive? How can the likelihood of urban elements adaptability to disasters/stressors be defined? • How does multifunctionality of urban e...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To reduce financial and human losses, managing risks associated with earthquakes is essential in practice. However, in using common risk management methods, experts are often faced with ambiguities that can create profound challenges for risk management. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a logical and straightforward risk assessment mod...
Article
Full-text available
People who live with respiratory diseases like asthma are more likely at risk of serious illness. Spatial analytic techniques allow for discovering areas of concern and finding correlates of asthma prevalence. The purpose of the study is to describe socioeconomic factors associated with asthma prevalence in Cook County, IL, and to identify the sign...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tehran's healthcare system is under increasing strain due to population expansion and a lack of disaster preparedness measures. The purpose of this paper is to analyze hospital resilience in an urban setting to identify areas for improvement to keep the studied hospital operational during a crisis. In this study, the Urban Resilience Index (URI) in...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Having easy access to the flu and COVID-19 vaccination sites may be important for controlling the spread of the infection. Chicago implemented a broad strategy of opening COVID-19 vaccination locations across the city in a variety of locations. Design/methodology/approach We defined access as having vaccinations within one mile. Data came...
Preprint
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Background People who live with respiratory diseases like asthma are more likely at risk of serious illness. Spatial analytic techniques allow for discovering areas of concern and finding correlates of asthma prevalence. Objective There is growing interest in disentangling the impacts of socioeconomic and environmental factors on respiratory health...
Article
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Urban green spaces are important to the physical activity, mental wellbeing, and health of urban residents. In medium-sized cities in Iran, urban green spaces have been ignored during the past decades. In this study, remote sensing and geographic information system was used to investigate the green space distribution in the built-up areas.According...
Article
· Common temporary projects include community gardens and other green spaces, special events such as festivals or concert series, and stores or restaurants. · Temporary use practices can encourage a socio-ecological approach to land use and increase the likelihood that a vacant space will eventually find permanent use.
Article
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The objective of this study is to analyze groundwater types and the extent of seawater intrusion in terms of ion concentrations in groundwater sample using USGS monitoring wells. Groundwater quality indices [fsea, GQI (dom), GQI (mix), GQI (swi)] were used to estimate the spatial distributions of groundwater types in the US coastal aquifers. Result...
Article
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Purpose The elevated level of nitrate in groundwater is a serious problem in Texas aquifers. To control and manage groundwater quality, the characterization of groundwater contamination and identification of the factors affecting the nitrate concentration of groundwater are significant. The purpose of this paper is to determine factors which have s...
Article
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This paper focuses on the social function of historical public space in Turkey that has been transformed with rise of modernism. Before that, it functioned as a suburban recreational area. The increasing demand for urban lands has been led to its transformation and its function as an urban component. The historical pattern of urban space can be con...
Article
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Structuring and Planning Public Space based on Right to Protest: Comparing Zuccotti Park, Tahrir Square and Taksim Square
Article
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The study underlines that time is a socially practiced phenomenon and is a product of the interaction of socioeconomic and spatial practices in society. This study discusses an urban space where the process of globalization has intersected with the inter-subjective time to shape people daily life. The dialectical relationship between global and con...
Article
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In August 2016, Louisiana parishes witnessed record rainfall levels, resulting in catastrophic flooding in the Amite and Comite Rivers. In this study, we analyze the spatial patterns of the social vulnerability index (SVI) in each flood zone within Louisiana parishes of East Baton Rouge, Ascension, and Livingston. We use geographically weighted reg...
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Urban spaces throughout history have played a significant role in the socio-economic life of the inhabitants and have served as the center for communication and transformation in the cities. Study of historical periods and the development of urban space lead to our understanding of human perception toward life in different periods. The historically...
Article
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The temporality of capitalism is contradictory to the human-based development of urban society.
Article
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People describe street by “the place identity; the street culture; people feelings and use of space; everyday life; people and characteristics; shared space; land use and transportation; change in the aesthetic of the place; street economy and politics; and mythologies.” This paper pursues the philosophical discussions to dig into values of street...
Article
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Snow cover helps regulate the temperature of the Earth's surface. Snowmelt recharges groundwater, provides run-off for rivers and creeks, and acts as a major source of local water for many communities around the world. Since 2000, there has been a significant decrease in the snow-covered area in the Northern Hemisphere. Climate change is the major...
Article
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Inhabitants find the traces of public life through continuous construction, remembering and transference of memories in built spaces. Built spaces convey previous experiences through physical markers in space and collective memory about the place and adapt to today's emergences of public life by terrorism, wars, urban conflicts, environmental chang...
Article
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Recently, urbanism interventions have caused major changes in the spatial and physical structure of Iran cities. These interventions have changed primary spatial organization pattern and the city′s main structure. In the process of this physical development in many historical cities, it has not been enough attention to the structure and historic co...
Article
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The City of Atlanta has seen phenomenal urban expansion, racial re-composition, and migration patterns over decades. In this paper, we try to answer overarching question: Has the economic development and urban sprawl in Atlanta been accompanied by racially diverse neighborhoods? Or has the economic development in Atlanta led to a racially integrate...
Article
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Urban Diversity in the Middle East: A Case Study of Tehran.
Article
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Purpose: In spatial processes, the terms strategy and tactic have frequently appeared without any clear distinguishing, whereas strategies and tactics have epistemologically characterized differently. Strategic knowledge have tries to defining visions of urban space through answering "What" and "Why" questions and its knowledge is the abstract know...
Article
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Purpose : Ethics has captured the attention of many today for a variety of reasons as well as in urban issues, has been applied the phrase "ethical space", including moral experiences of the world around us. How much our urban spaces contribute us to accumulate right experiences following that right knowledge about the world. That means ethical spa...
Article
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Planning community has been long discussing emerging paradigms within the planning theory in the face of the changing conditions of the world order. The paradigm shift concept was introduced by Thomas Kuhn, in 1960, who claimed the necessity of shifting within scientific knowledge boundaries; and following him in 1970 Imre Loktas also gave priority...
Conference Paper
Although the building structure and its performance looks different, but also structure always has crucial, affect on building architecture. Structural design goal is to create some aesthetic and functional form providing standards required in architectural design of building. Thinkable point in interaction between structure and architecture is the...
Conference Paper
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The dramatic economical , cultural and social transformation of cities will demand new tendencies in planning thought .Classical thoughts with their predictable and inflexible virtues could not solve contemporary problems .It was essential to reconstruct methodology of thoughts on phenomena .Emphasizing on linear tendencies of city planning thought...
Book
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Book chapter: Art of Fractal and Architecture