Aymeric Hermann

Aymeric Hermann
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS

PhD

About

50
Publications
11,252
Reads
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72
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
70 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022051015
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Introduction
My research focuses on the evolution of Pacific societies, and more specifically on material cultures, technology, exchange systems, and social organisations. My current projects involve the study of: the settlement history in Polynesia and Polynesian Outliers, the expression of past social events through a technological approach of material cultures, and inter-island interactions using geochemical sourcing. I also incorporate a strong ethno-historical element into my work when possible.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2016 - August 2017
University of French Polynesia
Position
  • Research and teaching assistant
January 2015 - December 2015
University of French Polynesia
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
January 2010 - October 2013
University of French Polynesia
Field of study
  • Prehistory and ethnoarchaeology
September 2008 - June 2009
Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Field of study
  • Prehistory and ethnoarchaeology
September 2007 - June 2008
Université de Rennes 2
Field of study
  • History and archaeology

Publications

Publications (50)
Chapter
Full-text available
Dossier d’Archéologie Polynésienne vol.6, Bilan de la recherche archéologique en Polynésie française 2005 - 2015, pp.25-32. ISSN: 1961-8506 http://www.culture-patrimoine.pf/spip.php?article942
Article
Full-text available
Dossier d’Archéologie Polynésienne vol.6, Bilan de la recherche archéologique en Polynésie française 2005 - 2015, pp.277-284 ISSN: 1961-8506 http://www.culture-patrimoine.pf/spip.php?article942
Article
Full-text available
Dossier d’Archéologie Polynésienne vol.6, Bilan de la recherche archéologique en Polynésie française 2005 - 2015, pp.315-322. ISSN: 1961-8506 http://www.culture-patrimoine.pf/spip.php?article942
Chapter
Full-text available
Dossier d’Archéologie Polynésienne vol.6, Bilan de la recherche archéologique en Polynésie française 2005 - 2015, pp.51-56. ISSN: 1961-8506 http://www.culture-patrimoine.pf/spip.php?article942
Article
Full-text available
Central Vanuatu is known for its chiefdoms based on titles and clan affiliations, which are reminiscent of the typical social organization in Polynesia. Moreover, the presence of several Polynesian-speaking communities in the outliers of Mele, Ifira and Emae proves that migrations from Polynesian islands occurred centuries before European contact....
Data
Ces fichiers sont un supplément à : These files are a supplement to: Hermann & Walworth 2020, Journal de la Société des Océanistes, 151: 239-262.
Data
The data repository includes a compilation of geochemical data and supporting analytical metadata, as well as the archaeological provenance and context for each sample. The database can be explored using the web application (https://pofatu.clld.org), and downloaded from Zenodo (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4134337) or GitHub (https://github.com/p...
Book
Full-text available
The tremendous progress made in Pacific island archaeology in the last 60 years has considerably advanced our knowledge of early Pacific island societies, the rise of traditional cultural systems, and their later historical developments from European contact onwards. Interdisciplinarity is particularly stimulating in the Pacific region, where the...
Article
Full-text available
Compositional analyses have long been used to determine the geological sources of artefacts. Geochemical "fingerprinting" of artefacts and sources is the most effective way to reconstruct strategies of raw material and artefact procurement, exchange or interaction systems, and mobility patterns during prehistory. The efficacy and popularity of geoc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Adzes are major tools in the history of techniques, especially in Oceania, where they are central to technical and symbolic systems of the Austronesian speaking societies. They provide critical information on social organization, rituals and exchange systems. L’herminette est un outil majeur de l’histoire technique, notamment en Océanie où elle occ...
Article
Full-text available
Parrotfishes are commonly exploited in artisanal fisheries in tropical and subtropical areas. Given their prolonged use, they are common finds in archaeological sites from Oceania. Despite their high occurrence in archaeozoological assemblages, the degree to which they have been exploited is difficult to estimate without any length and weight data....
Data
The data repository includes a compilation of geochemical data and supporting analytical metadata, as well as the archaeological provenance and context for each sample. The database can be explored using the web application (https://pofatu.clld.org), and downloaded from Zenodo (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3670127) or GitHub (https://github.com/p...
Article
Full-text available
Teti'aroa, located 28 nautical miles (52 km) north of Tahiti, lies at the periphery of the Windward Society islands. At the end of the eighteenth century, this atoll was presumably controlled by the chiefdom of Porionu'u, which included the districts of Pare and Arue on the north coast of Tahiti. This situation is confirmed by a number of ethnohist...
Article
Teti’aroa is the only atoll in the Windward group of the Society Islands, French Polynesia. It has been described in the ethnohistorical record as a secondary place of residence for the Tahitian royal family of Pare in the 18th Century. However, Teti’aroa’s history beyond this remains relatively unknown as the atoll is archaeologically understudied...
Presentation
This is a review of integrated approaches used in the study of Pacific islands’ history (Remote Oceania), with a focus on archaeological, linguistic and biological data and 3 main cultural historical phenomena : Lapita, PN, and PN outliers.
Presentation
Full-text available
Explaining linguistic diversity with more than internal causes and random linguistic changes requires to look at non-linguistic patterns associated with multiple social and ecological parameters. Linguistic diversity can also be related to external causes and therefore to horizontal transmission. Such phenomenon can be associated with complex migra...
Book
Full-text available
The Bounty from the Beach is a collection of cross-disciplinary essays, capitalising on a widely shared fascination for the Bounty story in order to draw scholarly attention to Oceania. It aims to reorient the Bounty focus away from the West, where most Bounty narratives and studies have emerged, to the Pacific, where most of the original events un...
Article
Full-text available
La lame d'herminette en pierre, élément ubiquiste des cultures matérielles polynésiennes, a toujours été utilisée pour établir une périodisation des séquences culturelles pré-européennes. Bien que cette approche ait permis d'aborder la diversité des traditions culturelles et de définir une typo-chronologie des occupations pré-européennes dans la ré...
Presentation
Full-text available
Approaching complex aspects of human societies through archaeological data is always a challenge. However, the study of material culture makes it possible to identify practical choices that people made while dealing with their social and natural environments. In Oceania, adzes were a central element of the material culture. They were used in all ki...
Article
Stone tool geochemistry provides hard evidence for post-settlement voyaging and inter-island contacts in East Polynesia. This offers promising information on inter-community exchange networks that are not documented by ethnographic accounts. Drawing on “geochemical fingerprints”, provenance studies have slowly integrated geological data in order to...
Presentation
Full-text available
Material culture and technology are major aspects of archaeology because the transformation of raw materials into objects and the general interactions between human societies and physical environments are social productions. In this paper, I discuss the history of material culture studies in Polynesia by examining it under the broader spectrum of t...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé : L’usage de l’herminette est intimement lié aux sociétés austronésiennes, et ce avant même leur entrée dans le Pacifique au cours du deuxième millénaire avant notre-ère. En Océanie, l’herminette constituait un outil essentiel dans la plupart des activités artisanales impliquant le travail du bois. Au-delà de cette fonction utilitaire, certa...
Presentation
Full-text available
Les îles de Polynésie française constituent des systèmes socio-écologiques relativement isolés et d’amplitude assez restreinte, ce qui fournit un contexte particulièrement favorable pour analyser les dynamiques socio-écologiques liées à l'environnement marin. A travers notre projet de recherche postdoctorale, nous cherchons à restituer les stratégi...
Article
Full-text available
The Atiahara site is the first and only excavated site on Tubuai Island (Austral archipelago, French Polynesia). It was accidently discovered in 1994 and has been excavated on several occasions since then, over a surface of 197 m2. This paper aims to present a compilation of the data available from the excavations, with a specific focus on stratigr...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper explores a specific aspect of stone tool technology in Eastern Polynesia: the craft specialization in stone adze production. The insights that are proposed here are based on the study of adze production in the Toerauetoru district of Tubuai (Austral archipelago, French Polynesia). I first go through 3 main questions: what is craft specia...
Chapter
Full-text available
Through a review of the recent literature, this paper summarizes two main aspects of mobility patterns within Austronesian societies in Oceania, namely the peopling of the Pacific islands and the inter-island interactions over long distances during the last three millennia. While the study of external exchange systems is traditionally restricted to...
Article
Full-text available
Dans le cadre de cet article, nous proposons une synthèse de la littérature archéolo-gique récente sur deux aspects fondamentaux de la mobilité dans les sociétés tradi-tionnelles d'Océanie : le peuplement progressif des différents archipels et les systèmes d'échange à longue distance mis en place depuis la période du Lapita. L'établissement d'un so...
Presentation
Full-text available
The development of concepts and improvement of theoretical aspects in social sciences were always strongly intertwined with ethnology and anthropology advances in Oceania. For more than a century, researchers have been focusing their work on different aspects of Oceanian societies: mainly socio-political structures (kinship, big-man and chiefdoms i...
Presentation
Stone adzes are common to all Austronesian societies, and this has been the case even before they reach the Pacific islands, during the second millennium BCE. In Oceania, adzes were used as an utilitarian tool, employed in any kind of activities involving woodworking. Beyond this value, some adzes were exchanged during inter-community meetings, as...
Thesis
Full-text available
The ubiquity of stone adze blades in archaeological sites and museum collections resulted in their use as “cultural fossils” to draw cultural evolutionary changes in the Polynesian islands. The typological approach proves useful for understanding the archaeological diversity in Oceania. Yet, it lacks efficiency when it comes to shedding light on th...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The Pofatu Database (https://pofatu.clld.org/) is the first open-access compilation of geochemical analyses and contextual information for archaeological sources and artefacts Due to the improvement and increased use of geochemical sourcing techniques in the last 20 years, the production and publication of archaeological compositional data have grown exponentially. The Pofatu Database is a large scale collaborative project that enables data sharing and curation. The database provides instrumental details, analytical procedures and reference materials used for calibration purposes or quality control. Thus, Pofatu ensures reproducibility and comparability in provenance studies.
Project
The Oceanic languages make up one of the largest subgroups of the Austronesian language family, the second biggest language family in the world. These 600+ language varieties span the entire Pacific Ocean – from Hawai'i to New Zealand, Palau to Rapa Nui. Due to the high number of languages spoken by widely varying speech communities over such a vast area, the Oceanic subgroup raises critical questions about linguistic diversity, language evolution, language contact, and language development. The CoOL project responds to these questions by combining methods of classic comparative historical linguistics, computational linguistics, and sociolinguistics to reconstruct the Oceanic past and to explore how high mobility, overlapping migrations, and complex interactions have impacted language histories. Ongoing work includes revising the classifications of Southern Oceanic and Polynesian languages, investigating the magnitude and causes of variation in linguistic diversification rates, modelling the evolution of linguistic disparity, identifying linguistic signals of early contact between speakers of Oceanic and non-Oceanic languages, discovering the source(s) and timing of the Polynesian Outlier westward migrations, and reconstructing linkages and dialect networks in the break-up of Proto Oceanic. https://www.shh.mpg.de/1286491/cool
Project
Archaeological Research on Teti'aroa atoll, Society Islands (French Polynesia)