Axel de Zélicourt

Axel de Zélicourt
Université Paris-Sud 11 | Paris 11 · Institute of Plant Sciences - Paris-Saclay

PhD

About

50
Publications
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Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Root endophytes establish beneficial interactions with plants, improving holobiont resilience and fitness, but how plant immunity accommodates beneficial microbes is poorly understood. The multi‐stress tolerance‐inducing endophyte Enterobacter sp. SA187 triggers a canonical immune response in Arabidopsis only at high bacterial dosage (>108 CFUs ml−...
Article
Full-text available
Enterobacter sp. SA187 is a root endophytic bacterium that maintains growth and yield of plants under abiotic stress conditions. In this work, we compared the metabolic wirings of Arabidopsis and SA187 in the free-living and endophytic interaction states. The interaction of SA187 with Arabidopsis induced massive changes in bacterial gene expression...
Article
Salinity severely hampers crop productivity worldwide and plant growth promoting bacteria could serve as a sustainable solution to improve plant growth under salt stress. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying salt stress tolerance promotion by beneficial bacteria remain unclear. In this work, six bacterial isolates from four different desert...
Article
Full-text available
Author summary Plants as sessile organisms are facing multiple stresses during their lifetime. Among them, abiotic stresses, such as salt stress, can cause severe crop yield reduction, leading to food security issues in many regions of the world. In order to respond to growing food demands, especially in the context of the global climate change and...
Data
RNAseq analysis. Whole genome analysis based on TAIR10 annotation. For each comparison, log2 fold change is indicated as well as adjusted p-value (q-value). (XLSX)
Data
GO term analysis. GO term significant enrichment for every cluster. Gene enrichment analyses were performed using AmiGO1 website (http://amigo1.geneontology.org/cgi-bin/amigo/term_enrichment), using default parameter. (XLSX)
Data
Meteorological data for field trials in Hada Al-Sham. Precipitations and maximal/minimal temperature recorded in experimental agriculture facility in Hada Al-Sham where field trials with alfalfa were conducted in seasons 2015–16 and 2016–17. (PDF)
Data
Quantification of root colonization by SA187. Efficiency of root colonization evaluated by counting colony forming units (CFU) and normalized per root centimeter. Seedlings were grown on ½ MS medium (Control) or ½ MS with 100 mM NaCl for 5 days. Bars represent SE, n = 9, each sample consists of 5 roots. Asterisks indicate a statistical difference b...
Data
Growth of SA187-treated Arabidopsis mutants in hormonal pathways under normal conditions. Fresh weight (mg) of SA187-colonized plants after growth on ½ MS for 17 days. All plots represent the mean of three biological replicates (n > 36). Error bars represent SE. + acs represents the heptuple mutant acs1-1 acs2-1 acs4-1 acs5-2 acs6-1 acs7-1 acs9-1,...
Data
The effect of ACC and KMBA treatment on Arabidopsis growth in comparison to SA187-inoculated seedlings. Complete data to spider graphs in Figs 7C and 8B. Fresh weight (A), root length (B), and lateral root density (C) of 17-day-old seedlings grown on ½ MS + 100 mM NaCl for the last 12 days. Values represent means of three biological experiments, ea...
Data
The effect of inactivated and GFP-tagged SA187 on Arabidopsis growth. (A) Fresh weight of 17-day-old Arabidopsis seedlings exposed to salt stress (½ MS + 100mM NaCl) for 12 days in the presence of heat-inactivated SA187 in comparison to living SA187. (B) Fresh weight of 17-day-old Arabidopsis seedlings exposed to salt stress (½ MS + 100mM NaCl) for...
Data
Primers used during this study. (PPTX)
Data
Scheme of SA187 inoculation and plant treatments. Sterilized seeds were placed on agar plates containing either ½ MS or ½ MS + SA187 (2·105 cells/ml), defining the mock- and SA187-inoculated plants, respectively. Five days after germination, mock and SA187-inoculated were transferred on control agar plates (½ MS) or stress agar plates (containing 1...
Data
Root hair length of 16-day-old seedlings. Average root hair length of 10% longest root hairs (n > 100) in 16-day-old seedlings grown vertically on ½ MS medium with or 100 mM NaCl. Seedlings were transferred 5 days after germination from ½ MS agar plates without (mock) or with SA187. Only root hairs emerged after the seedling transfer were measured....
Data
Ethylene emission by SA187 on synthetic medium. (A) Ethylene emission of in vitro SA187 cultures at different stages after inoculation. Average OD600 values at each time point are given. Grey bar: LB medium without SA187; Green bars: LB medium with SA187. (B) Ethylene emission corrected for background ethylene levels emitted by controls and standar...
Article
Full-text available
Enterobacter sp. SA187 is an endophytic bacterium that has been isolated from root nodules of the indigenous desert plant Indigofera argentea. SA187 could survive in the rhizosphere as well as in association with different plant species, and was able to provide abiotic stress tolerance to Arabidopsis thaliana. The genome sequence of SA187 was obtai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Microbial-associated molecular patterns activate several MAP kinases, which are major regulators of the innate immune response in Arabidopsis thaliana that induce large-scale changes in gene expression. Here, we determine whether microbial-associated molecular pattern-triggered gene expression involves modifications at the chromatin leve...
Article
Full-text available
Life in arid regions and, in particular, hot deserts is often limited due to their harsh environmental conditions, such as large temperature fluctuations and low amounts of water. These extreme environments can influence the microbial community present on the surface sands and any rhizosphere members surrounding desert plant roots. The Jizan desert...
Article
To respond to abiotic stresses, plants have developed specific mechanisms that allow them to rapidly perceive and respond to environmental changes. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) was shown to be a pivotal regulator of abiotic stress responses in plants, triggering major changes in plant physiology. The ABA core signaling pathway largely relie...
Article
Full-text available
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a major phytohormone mediating important stress-related processes. We recently unveiled an ABA-activated MAPK signaling module constituted of MAP3K17/18-MKK3-MPK1/2/7/14. Unlike classical rapid MAPK activation, we showed that the activation of the new MAPK module is delayed and relies on the MAP3K protein synthesis. In this a...
Article
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a major phytohormone involved in important stress-related and developmental plant processes. Recent phosphoproteomic analyses revealed a large set of ABA-triggered phosphoproteins as putative MAPK targets, although the evidence for MAPKs involved in ABA signalling is still scarce. Here, we identified and reconstituted in vivo...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary diversity can be driven by the interaction of plants with different environments. Molecular bases involved in ecological adaptations to abiotic constraints can be explored using genomic tools. Legumes are major crops worldwide and soil salinity is a main stress affecting yield in these plants. We analyzed in the Medicago truncatula leg...
Article
Legume crops related to the model plant Medicago truncatula can adapt their root architecture to environmental conditions, both by branching and by establishing a symbiosis with rhizobial bacteria to form nitrogen-fixing nodules. Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress affecting plant yield and root growth. Previous transcriptomic analyses identifi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Root architecture plays an important role in water and nutrient acquisition and in the ability of the plant to adapt to the soil. Lateral root growth and development is the main determinant of the shape of the root system, a trait controlled by internal cues and external factors. In this chapter, we discuss the impact of abiotic stresses, mainly dr...
Article
Full-text available
Fusarium and Alternaria spp. are phytopathogenic fungi which are known to be virulent on broomrapes and to produce sphinganine-analog mycotoxins (SAMs). AAL-toxin is a SAM produced by Alternaria alternata which causes the inhibition of sphinganine N-acyltransferase, a key enzyme in sphingolipid biosynthesis, leading to accumulation of sphingoid bas...
Article
Full-text available
Plant defensins are small basic peptides of 5-10 kDa and most of them exhibit antifungal activity. In a sunflower resistant to broomrape, among the three defensin encoding cDNA identified, SF18, SD2 and HaDef1, only HaDef1 presented a preferential root expression pattern and was induced upon infection by the root parasitic plant Orobanche cumana. T...
Article
Resistance to the dicotyledenous parasite Orobanche cumana in sunflower is characterized by a low number of parasitic attachments and a confinement of the parasite in host tissues leading to its necrosis. To help understand what determines such resistance mechanisms, molecular, biochemical and histological approaches were employed before (early res...
Conference Paper
Root developmental plasticity is a major agricultural trait controlling plant adaptation to environmental constraints, such as nutrient deficiency or abiotic stresses. In legumes, root system architecture is determined by the formation of two different organs, lateral roots and symbiotic nitrogen-fixing nodules. Comparative transcriptomic analyses...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Identification of salt tolerance promoting bacteria (STPB) from the desert of Jizan, Saudi Arabia, using model organism Arabidopsis thaliana and promote salt tolerance in major crops. Characterization of the mechanisms underlying the salt tolerance of SA187 conferred to Arabidopsis thaliana .