Awad A Shehata

Awad A Shehata
1- Avian and Rabbit Diseases Department Faculty of Vetrinary Medicine-University of Sadat City. 2-Prophy Institute for Applied Prophylaxis Germany ; 3- Research and Development Section-PerNAturam GmbH

Professor

About

120
Publications
48,371
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,962
Citations
Introduction
Currently, I work as a R&D Manager, Section of research and development, PerNaturam GmbH, Gödenroth, Germany. Also, I am Prof. at Sadat City University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Avian and Rabbit Diseases Department, Egypt
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
PerNaturam GmbH
Position
  • R&D Manager
Description
  • Development of natural products for chickens to reduce the application of antimicrobials
Education
January 2007 - January 2011
University of Leipzig
Field of study
  • Virology

Publications

Publications (120)
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is currently spreading worldwide. The pandemic has already had significant adverse effects on human civilization, the environment, and the ecosystem at national and global levels. Moreover, the various sectors of the food production chain, p...
Article
Full-text available
In the past few years, the concept of “gut health” has established itself as a norm in the scientific literature and animal production [...]
Article
Full-text available
Influenza and coronaviruses, zoonotic respiratory RNA viruses, cause global pandemics with major public health issues. These viruses exist as quasispecies due to the rapid evolution driven by their error-prone viral RNA polymerases and/or genomic organizations. They also show similar waves of infections/cases during the pandemic. However, there are...
Article
Full-text available
Bee pollen is a natural cocktail of floral nectar, flower pollen, enzymes, and salivary secretions produced by honeybees. Bee pollen is one of the bee products most enriched in proteins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, lipids, minerals, and vitamins. It has a significant health and medicinal impact and provides protection against many diseases, inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Poxviruses as a group have variable levels of host ranges and virulence. For example, smallpox , which is caused by the variola virus, only infects humans with fatal outcomes, whereas related viruses, such as cowpox viruses can infect multiple hosts, but only cause mild disease in humans. Recently, the monkeypox virus (MPXV) re-emerged and infected...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the Ficus sycomorus extract on Eimeria intestinalis in experimentally infected rabbits. For this purpose, forty male 30-day-old rabbits (Blanc de Bouscat) were divided into four groups (n = 10 in each group). Rabbits kept in the first group served as negative control (non-treated-non-infected)....
Presentation
Full-text available
Coronaviruses are diverse and can infect a wide range of animal species, including humans. Besides the wide genetic diversity of coronaviruses, these viruses are also characterized by a complex ecology due to the frequent interspecies transmission across diverse hosts. They are well recognized to alter their tissue tropism and cross interspecies ba...
Article
Full-text available
Poultry farming is a significant source of revenue generation for small farmers in developing countries. It plays a vital role in fulfilling the daily protein requirements of humans through meat and eggs consumption. The recently emerged pandemic Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) impacts the poultry production sector. Although the whole world is af...
Article
Full-text available
Concerning human and environmental health, safe alternatives to synthetic pesticides are urgently needed. Many of the currently used synthetic pesticides are not authorized for application in organic agriculture. In addition, the developed resistances of various pests against classical pesticides necessitate the urgent demand for efficient and safe...
Article
Full-text available
The gut microbiota has been designated as a hidden metabolic ‘organ’ because of its enormous impact on host metabolism, physiology, nutrition, and immune function. The connection between the intestinal microbiota and their respective host animals is dynamic and, in general, mutually beneficial. This complicated interaction is seen as a determinant...
Article
Full-text available
In December 2019, the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported in China with serious impacts on global health and economy that is still ongoing. Although interspecies transmission of coronaviruses is common and well documented, each coronavirus has a narrowly restricted host range. Coronaviruses utilize...
Article
Full-text available
In December 2019, the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported in China with serious impacts on global health and economy that is still ongoing. Although interspecies transmission of coronaviruses is common and well documented, each coronavirus has a narrowly restricted host range. Coronaviruses utilize...
Article
Full-text available
An increasing human population necessitates more food production, yet current techniques in agriculture, such as chemical pesticide use, have negative impacts on the ecosystems and strong public opposition. Alternatives to synthetic pesticides should be safe for humans, the environment , and be sustainable. Extremely diverse ecological niches and m...
Article
Full-text available
This review was focused on global data analysis and risk factors associated with morbidity and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 from different countries, including Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Central Eastern Europe, Egypt, India, Iran, Pakistan, and South Asia, Africa, Turkey and UAE. Male showed higher confirmed and death cases compared to fem...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a severe global pandemic with major public health issues. Public health sectors implemented several control strategies, such as social distancing, hygienic measures, and the development of anti-viral drugs and vaccines. However, the situation is still critical due to sever...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aimed to investigate the potential use of nano-bromocriptine in improving the laying performance of late laying hens by modulating the prolactin gene expression. A total of 150 NOVOgen brown laying hens aged 70 weeks were randomly allocated into three groups of 50 birds each. The first group was kept as a control, while the second...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein Q677P/H mutation and furin cleavage site (FCS) have been shown to affect cell tropism and virus transmissibility. Here, we analyzed the frequency of Q677P/H and FCS point mutations in 1,144,793 human and 1042 animal spike protein sequences and from those of the emergent variants B.1.1.7, B.1.351, P.1, B.1.429 + B.1.427,...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, a phytochemical of Ficus sycomorus (Moraceae family) was screened, and the effect of this extract on rabbit performance indices, immunity, and carcass quality measures was determined. Ficus sycomorus samples were collected, air-dried, and extracted with 70% methanol to prepare a solution of 100 mg/mL concentration. The extract...
Article
Full-text available
Poult enteritis and mortality syndrome (PEMS) is one of the most significant problem affecting turkeys and continues to cause severe economic losses worldwide. Although the specific causes of PEMS remains unknown, this syndrome might involve an interaction between several causative agents such as enteropathogenic viruses (coronaviruses, rotavirus,...
Article
Full-text available
Marek's disease (MD), caused by a highly contagious and oncogenic herpesvirus, causes immunosuppression and tumors in chickens. Although several reports on the occurring lymphomas (MD-like conditions) in turkeys have been published, less attention has been paid to the disease in this species. Recently, Marek's disease virus (MDV) has been demonstra...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of a multistrain potential probiotic (Protexin Ò), acids, and a bacterin from multidrug-resistant E. coli O26, O78, S. Enteritidis (1,9,12 g.m1,7), and S. Typhimurium (1,4,5,12.i.1,2) on the immune response, haematological parameters, cytokines, and growth parameters of broiler chickens challenged with bacterin live serotypes were inves...
Article
Full-text available
Several factors and problems are influencing turkey production and health. These include intense global competition between producing countries, permanent changes in social, political and consumer perceptions regarding food safety, animal welfare and environmental protection. Several human foodborne infections are linked to poultry and poultry prod...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of a multistrain potential probiotic (Protexin®), acids, and a bacterin from multidrug-resistant E.coli O26, O78, S.Enteritidis (1,9,12 g.m1,7), and S.Typhimurium (1,4,5,12.i.1,2) on the immune response, haematological parameters, cytokines, and growth parameters of broiler chickens challenged with bacterin live serotypes were investiga...
Article
Full-text available
Coronaviruses are ubiquitous and infect a wide spectrum of animals and humans. The newly emerged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a worldwide pandemic. To address the role that animals may play in the evolution of SARS-CoV-2, the full genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 isolated from animals were compared with SARS...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 caused by a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) originated in Wuhan (Hubei province, China) during late 2019. It has spread across the globe affecting nearly 21 million people with a toll of 0.75 million deaths and restricting the movement of most of the world population during the past 6 months. COVID-19 bec...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was performed on 180-day-old commercial Cobb chicks to assess the effects of the probiotic candidate Enterococcus faecalis-1, the Poulvac Escherichia coli vaccine, and their combination on growth parameters, intestinal microbial composition, immune response, and protection against challenge with the avian pathogen E. coli O78. The...
Article
Full-text available
Salmonella is one of the most frequent food-borne pathogens and remains public health threat globally. The control of Salmonella in poultry, the main reservoir of non-typhoidal salmonellae, is a fundamental approach to ensure the safety of poultry products for human consumption. In the present study, a new live attenuated Salmonella enterica serova...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing global emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens is categorized as one of the most important health problems. Therefore, the discovery of novel antimicrobials is of the utmost importance. Lichens provide a rich source of natural products including unique polyketides and polyphenols. Many of them display pharmaceutical benefits...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing global emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens is categorized as one of the most important health problems. Therefore, the discovery of novel antimicrobials is of the utmost importance. Lichens provide a rich source of natural products including unique polyketides and polyphenols. Many of them display pharmaceutical benefits...
Article
Full-text available
Salmonella is one of the most frequent food-borne pathogens and remains public health threat globally. The control of Salmonella in poultry, the main reservoir of non-typhoidal salmonellae, is a fundamental approach to ensure the safety of poultry products for human consumption. In the present study, a new live attenuated Salmonella enterica serova...
Article
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a gamma-coronavirus, causes infectious bronchitis (IB), a major respiratory disease of chicken. Its high mutation rate in conjunction with recombination of the RNA genome constantly creates IBV variants that are difficult to control by currently available vaccines. In this study, we addressed the question whether...
Article
Low pathogenic avian influenza H9N2 is still circulating in the Middle East causing respiratory manifestations and severe economic losses in poultry. In the present study, an H9 plasmid-based DNA vaccine targeting the HA gene of H9N2 A/CK/Egypt/SCU8/2014 was developed and evaluated in turkeys. The full length of HA was cloned into vector plasmids u...
Article
Full-text available
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a well-known pathogen with a serious impact on human and veterinary public health. To determine antibiotic resistance of MRSA in poultry, 4248 nasal swabs were collected from 840 poultry farms in 18 different Wilayas (provinces) of Algeria. Swabs were collected between 2011 and 2018 from breedin...
Article
Full-text available
A pneumonia outbreak with unknown etiology was reported in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, in December 2019, associated with the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. The causative agent of the outbreak was identified by the WHO as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), producing the disease named coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID...
Article
Full-text available
The current study conducted to investigate the effects of a multi-strain commercial probiotic mix and prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO) on broiler performance parameters, cecal microbiota composition, and protection against challenge with avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) O78. For this purpose, 101-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly al...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was performed on 180-day-old commercial Cobb chicks to assess the effects of the probiotic candidate Enterococcus faecalis-1, the Poulvac Escherichia coli vaccine, and their combination on growth parameters, intestinal microbial composition, immune response and protection against challenge with the avian pathogen E. coli O78. The...
Article
Full-text available
p class="Default">Myxomatosis is an endemic infectious, severe and often fatal disease of rabbit caused by myxoma virus. In the present study, myxomatosis outbreaks were reported in 7 domestic rabbit farms in Egypt. Rabbits showed oedema of the eyelids, facial oedema and blepharoconjunctivitis. The morbidity and lethality rates were 18-100% and 20-...
Article
Full-text available
Poultry are considered the primary source of Campylobacter species infections in people. We aimed to detect various virulence factors of Campylobacter species, using PCR and evaluation of antimicrobial resistance patterns, in a total of 350 samples collected from chickens: 300 samples from dead birds with postmortem lesions, 50 from normal birds. O...
Article
Full-text available
The probiotic effect of Enterococcus faecalis-1 (isolated from healthy chickens) on growth performance, immune response, and modulation of the intestinal microbiota of broilers was assessed with a total of 100 day-old commercial Cobb chicks. The chicks were randomly divided into two equal groups. The control group received a basal diet, while the t...
Article
Full-text available
A total of 50 poultry farms of commercial broilers (N = 39) and commercial layers (N = 11) suffered from respiratory problems and mortality during the period from January 2016 to December 2017 were investigated. Also, samples were collected from quail (N = 4), Bluebird (Sialis, N = 1), and Greenfinch (Chloris chloris, N = 1) for analysis. Respirato...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, a total of 180 intestine, liver, kidney, yolk sac and spleen samples collected from dead chicken embryos (n=40), dead duck embryos (n=40) and commercial broilers (n=100) suffering from unabsorbed yolk sacs were investigated for Salmonella. The isolated salmonellae were screened for virulence genes using multiplex PCR and antim...
Article
Full-text available
In late 2016, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus subtype H5N8 clade 2.3.4.4 was reported in Egypt in migratory birds; subsequently, the virus spread to backyard and commercial poultry in several Egyptian governorates, causing severe economic losses to the poultry industry. Here, a recombinant subunit commercial H5 vaccine prepared fro...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a trivalent-inactivated oil-emulsion vaccine against challenge by different clades highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses including HPAI-H5N8 and the virulent genotype VII Newcastle disease virus (NDV) (vNDV). Materials and Methods The vaccine studied herein is composed of...
Article
Full-text available
Process validation is the most critical regulatory requirement for licensed biopharmaceuticals and vaccine facilities. It is also considered as an economic issue through understanding and controlling any process and subsequently minimizing the processes failures. The process design (PD), process qualification (PQ) and continued process verification...
Article
Full-text available
The current study conducted to investigate the effects of a multi-strain commercial probiotic mix and prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO) on broiler performance parameters, cecal microbiota composition, and protection against challenge with avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) O78. For this purpose, 101-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly al...
Article
Full-text available
The current study conducted to investigate the effects of a multi-strain commercial probiotic mix and prebiotic (isomaltooligosaccharide, IMO) on broiler performance parameters, cecal microbiota composition, and protection against challenge with avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) O78. For this purpose, 101-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly al...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, four very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) isolates from flocks of chickens with vaccination failure in Egypt in 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2014 were characterized. The four viruses, designated USC2003, USC2007, USC2010 and USC2014, were detected by reverse transcription PCR, subjected to sequencing of both genomic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the begin of 2007, co-circulation of both H9N2 and H5N1 in Bangladesh causing several epidemics in poultry industry in Bangladesh. Exchange of gene segments between co-circulating influenza strains enhance the potential of pandemic spread of these viruses. In Bangladesh, viruses of subtype H9N2 served as donor of internal gene segments for di...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to characterize Enterococcus faecalis (n = −6) and Enterococcus faecium (n = 1) isolated from healthy chickens to find a novel perspective probiotic candidate that antagonize Clostridium botulinum types A, B, D, and E. The isolated enterococci were characterized based on phenotypic properties, PCR, and matrix-assisted laser...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the effect of aerosolized and water-supplemented Lactobacillus casei, L. plantarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermented herbal extract (FHE) on air quality and immune response of broilers was studied. The experiments were performed in commercial broiler barns each accommodating 22,000 broiler chicks. Chickens kept in the house that...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium represent the major serovars associated with human salmonellosis. Contamination of meat products with these serovars considered the main source of infection. Methodology: In this study, one hundred raw chicken meat samples were investigated for the presence of Salmonella spp and...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical observations and diagnostic procedures carried out to elucidate the cause of high mortality in 2-8-wk-old ornamental ducks (mandarin, wood, falcated, and silver teal ducks) are described. At necropsy, ducklings showed general pallor of skeletal and heart muscles, subcutaneous gelatinous transudates, pericarditis, ascites, and severe edema...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Einleitung: Brucellen-Infektionen beim Menschen haben heutzutage ihren Ursprung überwiegend in Entwicklungsländern. Infektionen mit Brucella (B.) microti sind unter anderem bei Feldmäusen beschrieben worden. Mit dieser Studie sollte geklärt werden, ob sich B. microti in Hühnerembryonen vermehren kann und welche histopathologischen Befunde auftreten...
Article
Full-text available
Avian influenza H9N2 viruses have become panzootic in Eurasia causing respiratory manifestations, great economic losses and occasionally being transmitted to humans. To evaluate the replication properties and compare the different virus quantification methods, four Eurasian H9N2 viruses from different geographical origins were propagated in embryon...