Avinash Kumar

Avinash Kumar
Manipal Academy of Higher Education | MAHE · Department of Community Medicine

MBBS, MD

About

45
Publications
10,026
Reads
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243
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
240 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (45)
Research
Full-text available
Introduction: Unprotected handling of sea food in industry will cause allergic manifestations like rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis etc.
Article
Full-text available
To recognize the perceived causes of substance abuse among the dental students and to look out for practical solutions. Undergraduate dental students of the second year took part in the study. Qualitative study with the methodology of free listing and pile sorting was implemented to determine, the reasons for the initiation of substance abuse and p...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To explore the various perceived causes and solutions for substance abuse among the nursing students in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. Methods: Group of nursing students belonging to second year participated in the study. A method of free listing and pile sorting was employed to discover the causes and solutions for substance abuse. The o...
Article
Background: Vaccine hesitancy (VH) has been identified by the World Health Organization as one among the top ten threats to global public health. There is limited literature regarding VH from developing countries like India. Methods: In this facility based cross-sectional study, 172 mothers of under-five children were assessed regarding VH using th...
Article
Aim To estimate the adherence to treatment among type 2 diabetic patients. Background Treatment adherence is a complex process which is controlled by multiple factors. Lack of treatment adherence is common with patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes and is becoming a very prevalent problem especially with the patients who suffer from non-communi...
Article
Full-text available
Magnesium sulphate is common adjuvant in central neuraxial blocks because of its analgesic action due to antagonistic action on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. It has been earlier used as epidural adjuvant in labour analgesia in dose of 50 mg. In current study magnesium sulphate was used epidurally in 25 mg dose and its effectiveness was assessed....
Article
BackgroundA public health problem that has been on the rise in the twenty-first century is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There are serious adverse effects on both maternal and fetal health following GDM. Potential complications can be reduced by early detection of risk factors, which predispose women to GDM.Objectives This study aims to iden...
Article
Background Diabetes mellitus is a serious chronic condition affecting millions of people globally. The focus of our future health care providers should not lie primarily on increasing the “quantity” of life but also on improving the quality of life of the patient. There has been found to be serious lack of awareness and adherence regarding self‐car...
Article
Background School children stay a significant hour of the day in their school and are the medium through which information can be carried to their parents and other family members, about basic information regarding Pre-Hospital Care. Objectives To determine the awareness about Pre-Hospital care among school teachers in Mangalore and to determine h...
Article
Background Poor adherence is generally associated with bad outcomes of the disease especially in Non-communicable disease like diabetes. Objectives To study the level of adherence and factors associated with adherence to anti-diabetes medication among patients with diabetes. Method ology: In this cross-sectional study, 124 diabetes patients atten...
Article
Full-text available
Background: HIV/AIDS has a greater impact on children. Besides being orphaned by the untimely demise of one or both parents due to the disease, these children are more prone for discrimination by the society. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 86 children orphaned by AIDS residing in care giving institutions for HIV positive children in Mang...
Article
A balanced sex ratio is important for a stable society. However, son preference and discrimination towards the female gender has resulted in an adverse sex ratio. The objective of this cross sectional study was to assess the preference of women in post natal period, regarding gender of their next child. In this hospital based study 155 post-natal w...
Presentation
Full-text available
We conducted a study that focused on the quantitative usage of placebos in clinical medicine, knowledge of placebos, the thoughts of the health care professional on the effectiveness of placebos and the ethical views of health care professionals on the topic of placebo use. This is the oral presentation prepared for the 5th International Conference...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: This study focuses on the quantitative usage of placebos in clinical medicine, knowledge of placebos, the thoughts of the health care professional on the effectiveness of placebos and the ethical views of health care professionals on the topic of placebo use. Methods: A time bound cross-sectional study was conducted among the physicians...
Article
Full-text available
Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the common cancers affecting both genders. Although the incidence of CRC is low in India there has been an increase in the past few decades. Objective To assess the awareness regarding colorectal cancer and its screening among medical students and interns. Methods This cross-sectional study was conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are the most effective long term, temporary method of contraception which have many benefits such as low cost, minimal side effects, etc. Despite this, IUD use is not prevalent in India; though, the expanding population stresses the dire need for effective contraceptive use. Aim: To determine the reasons fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Consumption of snacks in between the regular meals is a poor snacking behaviour. It is an established risk factor for several lifestyle-related disorders and has long-term effects among the younger individuals. Objectives To study the snacking behaviour and to assess their determinants among college-going students. Methods This cross-s...
Data
The data file includes the variables incorporated in this study.
Article
The objective of this artile is to assess the determinants of acceptance of conditional cash transfer scheme (Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)) among antenatal women in Mangalore.The study is on matched case control study. The study has been carried out in the Government maternity hospital of Manipal University and on the antenatal women visiting gover...
Article
Introduction: Ethics or morals are rules or norms for conduct to differentiate between right and wrong. As such medical students have to be provided with scientific knowledge including moral aspects. Before spreading and engraining bioethics in students, we need to determine the prevailing knowledge and attitudes towards bioethics. Methodology: A c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Rabies, a 100% fatal disease claims more than 59,000 human lives every year globally. One human life is lost every 15 minutes due to this deadly preventable disease. Timely initiation of post exposure prophylaxis following an animal exposure can result in 100% preventability of this fatal disease. Methodology: This facility based stu...
Research
Full-text available
Introduction: Measles is a disease predominantly seen in young children and infants. It is an unusual occurrence of the disease in the adolescent population warranting an investigation. This would help understand the possible cause-effect relation, changing epidemiology of the disease and immunity gaps to initiate targeted interventional strategies...
Article
Full-text available
Background Distress can bring about an unfavorable attitude among the patients toward tackling their disease which can affect adherence to medications. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of distress on adherence to medication among patients with diabetes. Methodology In this cross-sectional study, 124 type 2 diabetes patients above...
Article
Introduction: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) or Ebola Hemorrhagic fever is a severe hemorrhagic febrile disease which can be fatal. Person-person or animal-person transmission of EVD occurs through direct contact of blood, organs, other body fluids or mucous membrane of infected person. It is transmitted from person-person, animal-person, and contact wi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To describe the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical profile of women presenting with cervical carcinoma and to identify factors associated with the timing of presentation and prognosis. Materials and Methods A record-based descriptive study was carried out from 1st February to 31st March 2014 at Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mang...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Among the manifold uses of mobile phones, mobile-health (mHealth) has been an important one, which is the practice of public health initiatives by awareness raising and communication campaigns. Optimum utilization of mHealth is possible only through adequate awareness. Hence, we aimed to study the perceptions and knowledge about mHealt...
Article
Introduction: Globally more than three hundred thousand people die from burn related injuries. It is also one of leading cause for disability and deformities. Lack of safety consciousness, stringent laws and substandard household cooking equipments has led to the increase in incidences. Objectives: To assess the awareness of fire safety measures, a...
Article
Background: Globally, approximately 2.5 lakh deaths occur every year, with majority of cases from low and middle income countries. Burns is one of the major cause of mortality and morbidity in India with around a million people affected by burns every year. This study has been aimed to study the socio-demographic profile of burn patients and also t...
Article
Objective: The present study was designed to assess the knowledge and practice among diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital regarding diabetic foot care. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in government district hospital of Mangalore in the month of January 2014. A pre-designed semistructured questionnaire was used to collect the...
Article
Full-text available
A facility-based cross sectional study was carried out among 188 doctors working at the Kasturba Medical College in Mangalore, India, to assess the perception and practice of evidence based medicine (EBM) among medical professionals. Data was collected using a pre-tested questionnaire and results obtained were expressed in percentages. Results: The...
Article
Full-text available
p> Background . The burden of diabetes mellitus (DM) is on the rise especially in developing countries like India. Due to its chronic nature DM tends to cause many debilitating complications and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of them. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of DPN among patients attending a tertiary care h...
Article
Objectives: The aim was to assess and compare the perception of clinical faculty toward bedside teaching (BST) for undergraduate medical students and the barriers encountered by them. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was carried out among clinical faculty of three tertiary care hospitals attached to a medical college in Mangalore. A total...
Article
Full-text available
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is considered as one of the most sensitive indicators of health status of a community. Infant mortality figures in India are very high and the two important causes which contributes maximum to the IMR is inadequate breastfeeding and immunization. The major cause of death among under five children in India is neonatal sep...
Article
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Objective: The present study was designed to assess the association of emotional intelligence (EI) with academic performance among medical students. Methods: A self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the information. Schutte self-report EI test was used for the study and the items were scored from 1 (strongly disagree) t...
Article
Objective: The aim was to determine the awareness and practice of female college students in Mangalore in relation to cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 270 female students from various pre-university and degree colleges in Mangalore. A semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. C...
Article
Full-text available
The HIV/AIDS scenario all over the world is complicated by the stigmatic and discriminative attitudes toward the HIV-infected individuals. In this facility-based, cross-sectional study, 104 HIV-positive patients were assessed regarding their personal experience with HIV-related stigma and discrimination using a Revised HIV Stigma Scale. The associa...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of establishing integrated counseling and testing center (ICTC) is to detect HIV at the earliest time, providing information on modes of transmission and prevention of HIV by promoting behavioral change and reducing vulnerability, and informing individuals on HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. To know the awareness of the cli...
Article
Ethical and legal expectations are associated with the standard practices of healthcare professionals. The present research was carried out to study the perceptions and practices of nursing professionals towards healthcare ethics in hospitals of a medical institution in coastal South India. The study participants were administered a semi-structured...
Article
Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the clinic-epidemiological profile of snakebite cases admitted at a Tertiary Care Centre in South India. Materials and methods: A record based retrospective study was carried out at Kasturbha Medical College affiliated hospitals in Mangalore. All the snakebite cases admitted to the hospitals from Ja...

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