Avadhut D Joshi

Avadhut D Joshi
Johns Hopkins Medicine | JHUSOM · Department of Neurosurgery

PhD

About

39
Publications
2,311
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1,200
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Background Mebendazole is an anthelmintic drug introduced for human use in 1971 that extends survival in preclinical models of glioblastoma and other brain cancers. Methods A single center dose escalation and safety study of mebendazole in 24 patients with newly diagnosed high-grade gliomas (HGG) in combination with temozolomide was conducted. Pat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Glioblastoma is a deadly brain cancer with a median survival time of ~15 months. Ionizing radiation plus the DNA alkylator temozolomide (TMZ) is the current standard therapy. PAC-1, a procaspase-3 activating small molecule, is blood-brain barrier penetrant and has previously demonstrated ability to synergize with diverse pro-apoptotic che...
Conference Paper
Background Previous studies have suggested an association between idiopathic acute anterior uveitis (AAU) and spondyloarthritis (SpA), including showing that at least 40% of AAU patients have undiagnosed SpA. However, the clinical factors to predict the incident diagnosis or future development of SpA remain poorly recognized. Objectives The object...
Article
PAC-1 is an oral administered procaspase-3 activating drug developed to overcome the malignant cell's barrier to apoptosis. The promising preclinical safety and efficacy of PAC-1 has led to its consideration for a first in human phase 1 clinical trial for recurrent and advanced malignancies. We have found that because PAC-1 is able to reach intracr...
Article
Mebendazole (MBZ), first used as an antiparasitic drug, shows preclinical efficacy in models of glioblastoma and medulloblastoma. Three different MBZ polymorphs (A, B and C) exist and a detailed assessment of the brain penetration, pharmacokinetics and anti-tumor properties of each individual MBZ polymorph is necessary to improve mebendazole-based...
Article
Background: 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) and dichloroacetate (DCA) are inhibitors of cancer-cell specific aerobic glycolysis. Their application in glioma is limited by 3-BrPA's inability to cross the blood-brain-barrier and DCA's dose-limiting toxicity. The safety and efficacy of intracranial delivery of these compounds were assessed. Methods: Cytot...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier, we reported that CTLA4 expression is inversely correlated with CD38 expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. However, the specific role of CTLA4 in CLL pathogenesis remains unknown. Therefore, to elucidate the possible role of CTLA4 in CLL pathogenesis, CTLA4 was down-regulated in primary CLL cells. We then evaluated prolife...
Data
List of primers and sequences of oligonucleotide antisense RNA (F = Forward, R = Reverse). (DOCX)
Data
Patients’ Characteristics. Peripheral blood samples from 105 CLL patients were screened for the CD38 prognostic marker. Multi-variant analysis of CLL subgroups based on high (>30% positive cells) and low (<30% positive cells) percentages of the CD38 marker were correlated with other known prognostic markers. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common intracranial cancer but despite recent advances in therapy the overall survival remains about 20 months. Whole genome exon sequencing studies implicate mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase pathways (RTK) for driving tumor growth in over 80% of GBMs. In spite of various RTKs being mutated or alte...
Data
Illumina analyses demonstrating amplification of EGFR in 020913 cells. (TIF)
Data
Inhibition of phosphorylation in 020913 cells when treated with a combination of Gefitinib and Sunitinib. (TIF)
Data
IC50 values of RTK inhibitors in GBM oncosphere and adherent cell lines. (DOCX)
Data
Fold change in proliferation of 020913 (A) and 060919 (B) cells. 020913 and 060919 cells were treated with FDA-approved RTK inhibitors at 10% of their IC50 concentration. Combination of gefitinib (2 µM) and sunitinib (4 µM) demonstrate increased inhibition in 020913 and 060919 the cell growth compared to other combinations. (TIF)
Data
Vandetanib (Zactima™) combination treatment. 020913 cells were treated with vandetanib in combination with other FDA approved drugs such as imatinib (ima), sunitinib (sun) and sorafenib (sor). Vandetanib is an EGFR and VEGFR inhibitor. (TIF)
Data
RTK combination treatment. 020913 cells were treated with FDA approved and unapproved RTK inhibitors at 25% of their IC50 concentrations. (TIF)
Data
Calculation of FDA equivalent dose of RTK inhibitors for the animal studies. (XLS)
Article
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is an autosomal dominant subtype of nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) characterized by the development of sebaceous gland tumors and visceral malignancies. The most common subtype of MTS is characterized by germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes leading to microsatellite instability (MSI). Central nervou...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common and invasive astrocytic tumor associated with dismal prognosis. Treatment for GBM patients has advanced, but the median survival remains a meager 15 months. In a recent study, 20,000 genes from 21 GBM patients were sequenced that identified frequent mutations in ion channel genes. The goal of this st...
Article
Full-text available
Mutation at the R132 residue of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), frequently found in gliomas and acute myelogenous leukemia, creates a neoenzyme that produces 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) from α-ketoglutarate (α-KG). We sought to therapeutically exploit this neoreaction in mutant IDH1 cells that require α-KG derived from glutamine. Glutamine is conv...
Article
Umbilical cord blood cells (UCBC) are a rich source of immature immune effector and accessory cells, including dendritic cells. UCBC-derived cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) generated against human breast cancer or neuroblastoma have shown an increased tumor-specific cytotoxicity compared to peripheral blood (PB)-derived CTLs. The precise mechanism o...
Article
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is a malignant brain cancer that develops after accumulating genomic DNA damage that often includes gene amplifications and/or deletions. These copy number changes can be a critical step in brain tumor development. To evaluate glioblastoma genomic copy number changes, we determined the genome-wide copy number alteratio...
Article
The Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) signaling pathway is reported to stimulate glioblastoma (GBM) growth. In this work we evaluated the effect of FGF2, FGF receptor (FGFR), and small molecule inhibition on GBM cells grown in traditional media, or cultured directly in stem-cell media. These lines each expressed the FGFR1, FGFR3 and FGFR4 receptors. A...
Article
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by an accumulation of neoplastic B cells due to their resistance to apoptosis and increased survival. Among various factors, the tumor microenvironment is known to play a role in the regulation of cell proliferation and survival of many cancers. However, it remains unclear how the tumor m...
Article
Previous studies from this laboratory have characterized RAW117-P murine large cell B-cell lymphoma and its in vivo selected highly malignant and liver metastatic RAW117-H10 subline for their biological and biochemical properties. In this study, to understand the molecular basis of low and high metastatic behavior of these variant sublines, we have...
Article
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) has one of the worst clinical outcomes among the B-cell lymphomas, with a median survival of only 3 to 4 years. Therefore, a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms that regulate MCL proliferation/survival is needed to develop an effective therapy. Because sonic hedgehog (Shh)-GLI signaling has been shown to be...
Article
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia with heterogenous clinical course. Prognostic markers such as CD38 expression has proven to be reliable in predicting clinical outcome where high CD38 expression correlates with poor prognosis and low CD38 expression is associated with good prognosis. Recently, our lab has...
Article
In B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), high CD38 expression has been associated with unfavorable clinical course, advanced disease, resistance to therapy, shorter time to first treatment, and shorter survival. However, the genes associated with CLL patient subgroups with high and low CD38 expression and their potential role in disease progre...
Article
In B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Rai stage, immunoglobulin gene mutational status, chromosomal abnormalities, CD38 and ZAP-70 expression were used as prognostic markers. In this study, to understand the molecular basis of chromosomal abnormalities leading to tumor progression, 90 CLL patients were grouped into poor prognosis (with 11q...
Article
Tumors of the nervous system, including neuroblastoma and glioblastoma, are difficult to treat with current therapies. Despite the advances in cancer therapeutics, the outcomes in these patients remain poor and, therefore, new modalities are required. Recent literature demonstrates that cytotoxic effector cells can effectively kill tumors of the ne...
Article
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common B-cell leukemia among older populations in Western countries. The clinical course of B-CLL is heterogeneous: in some patients the disease course is indolent, in others it is aggressive. The B-CLL subgroups with chromosome 11q23 deletion have been associated with aggressive disease cours...
Article
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is associated with poor clinical outcome among all the B-cell malignancies. MCL cells have a characteristic phenotype including IgM+, IgD+, CD5+, CD10−, CD19+, CD20+, Bcl2+, CD23−, CD24+, and have a (11:14) (q13:q32) translocation, involving the Bcl-1 locus and the IgH heavy chain joining region, resulting in up-regulatio...
Article
This work describes the identification and impact of somatic genomic abnormalities in human chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Using molecular cytogenetics (FISH) and G-banding cytogenetic analysis, chromosome abnormalities were detected in 37 of 46 (80.4%) CLL patients. 13q14 deletion was the most common finding followed by trisomy 12 and 11q22.3...
Article
B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in the elderly with heterogeneous clinical outcome. Rai stage, immunoglobulin heavy chain mutation status, Zap-70 expression, CD38 expression and chromosome abnormalities are used as prognostic markers. Among these, CD38, a differentiation marker of T lymphocytes, has been reported...
Article
Previously we have demonstrated that peripheral blood samples with B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) have different gene expression profiles associated with chromosome aberrations detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In particular, the vast majority of differentially expressed genes were related to the presence of the 11q2...
Article
Full-text available
The Her2/neu oncogene encodes a transmembrane protein with homology to the epidermal growth factor receptor. Overexpression of this gene contributes to the aggressiveness of breast cancer and poor prognosis. Therefore, Her2/neu is an ideal target molecule for generating effective cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) against breast cancers. This study rep...

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