Aurélie Goncalves

Aurélie Goncalves
Université de Nîmes | Unimes · STAPS

PhD

About

44
Publications
7,224
Reads
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778
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - present
Université de Nîmes
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2016 - December 2017
Université de Nîmes
Position
  • Research Associate
September 2015 - August 2016
Université d´Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
In older populations, falls are responsible for decrease autonomy and increased pain and injuries. With aging, fall risk is multifactorial and associated with sarcopenia, impaired balance, falls themselves and psychological factors such as fear of falling. The objectives of the present study were: (a) to test the effects of a short multicomponent p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, sanitary context and e-learning have greatly modified student lifestyles and led to deteriorations in their mental health. An increase in anxiety and depressive symptoms and sedentary behaviors, reduction in physical activity, and a stronger tendency to move toward unhealthy diet have been de...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Les effets délétères de la pandémie sur la santé des étudiants sont désormais largement démontrés. Cependant, certains domaines de recherche sont encore sous-explorés. En effet, 1. La majorité des recherches sont descriptives et n’identifient pas les facteurs impliqués dans ces détériorations de santé ; 2. Les études ont essentiellement été menées...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity is associated with vitamin D (VD) deficiency and arterial stiffness. This randomized control trial assessed the effects of VD supplementation during a weight-loss program on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid compliance in obese adolescents. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either a 12-week lifestyle program with...
Article
Full-text available
While it is now clear that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on the mental health of individuals, especially the most vulnerable ones such as students, we have very little knowledge about the long-term consequences. The objective of this study was to compare the mental health and coping of French university students during the different...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on university students, particulary on their mental health. However, little is yet known about how to prevent and/or reduce this impact. Prior to COVID-19, some studies have shown that online stress management programs were successful enough to improve students' mental health and stress adjustment strate...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many studies have highlighted the negative mental health consequences of lockdowns. However, to date, we do not know how these consequences change over time. The first objective of the present study was to track changes in adjustment strategies and clinical issues among French university students at different times of the pandemic. The...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have highlighted the impact of lockdowns on the lifestyle of university students. We do not, however, know how these lifestyles have changed over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of the present study was to describe changes in the levels of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and alcohol consumption in French univ...
Article
Points essentiels Les confinements ont augmenté les symptomatologies anxieuses et dépressives des étudiants Français. Au-delà des confinements, la situation sanitaire a augmenté la présence de symptômes anxieux chez les étudiants. Il semble que les étudiants aient augmenté leur temps d’activité physique et sportive durant le premier confinement, ma...
Article
Background and Aim Childhood obesity is associated with vitamin D (VD) deficiency and vascular dysfunction. Considering evidence indicates that VD may improve vascular function, this study, for the first time, assessed the effect of VD supplementation on microvascular reactivity in obese adolescents (OA). Methods and Results This randomized contro...
Article
Introduction. – Despite the high prevalence of depressive symptoms among women being overweight orhaving obesity, the role of stigma and causal attributions in the expression of these symptoms in Frenchwomen has been largely under-explored to date. Objective. – The aim of this research is to study the role of internalized stigmatization, stigmatizi...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting abrupt changes in daily life and ways of learning has had a significant impact on university students, especially on their mental health. However, little is known on how to prevent and/or reduce its impact to date. Prior to COVID, some studies have shown that online stress management programs were...
Article
Even before the current pandemic, university students were known to have high levels of hassles, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. In all probability, the advent of COVID-19 has substantially raised these levels. The present study measured the emotional state of university students during lockdown and identified the relevant situational and psychol...
Article
The increased prevalence and adverse health consequences of obesity has made it one of the leading public health issues in recent years. Importantly, several epidemiological studies have revealed significant associations between the body mass index (BMI) and organic food consumption. However, although these studies have suggested that this factor h...
Article
Falls can have multiple detrimental consequences in the elderly, and this is particularly relevant for women. To prevent the risk of falling, intervention programmes based on physical exercises focusing on balance appear to be the most efficient, which explains the multiplication of this type of action at the local level. However, these actions are...
Article
Les chutes peuvent avoir de multiples conséquences préjudiciables chez les personnes âgées et les femmes représentent la population la plus à risque. Les bénéfices de l’activité physique dans la prévention des chutes chez les personnes institutionnalisées ou peu autonomes ont largement été démontrés. Cependant, nous manquons de données sur les femm...
Preprint
Obesity in children is associated with vitamin D (VD) deficiency and cardiometabolic abnormalities. To analyze the effects of VD supplementation in adolescents with obesity enrolled in a weight-loss program. Adolescents with obesity (n=26) and with normal weight (n=23; controls) were matched for age, sex, and puberty stage. The obesity group follow...
Conference Paper
Introduction et but de l’étude Une part significative de la vitamine D présente dans l’organisme humain est produite au niveau de la peau par exposition à la lumière ultraviolette. Néanmoins, pour obtenir ou maintenir un statut en vitamine D satisfaisant, une majorité d’individus doit consommer de la vitamine D, soit incluse dans l’alimentation, so...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. MetS prevalence has been associated with diet inadequacy. Conversely, the cumulative incidence of MetS has been inversely associated with a Mediterranean-style diet that includes many different health-ben...
Article
Background: Most people require dietary vitamin D to achieve the recommended concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in the blood. However, the response to vitamin D supplementation is highly variable among individuals. Objective: We assessed whether the variability in cholecalciferol bioavailability was associated with single-nucleotide...
Article
Full-text available
Scavenger receptors like CD36 and SR-BI play a debated role in lipid transport across the intestinal brush border membrane. We used surface plasmon resonance to analyze real-time interactions between the extracellular protein loops (l) and various ligands ranging from single lipid molecules to mixed micelles. Micelles mimicking physiological struct...
Article
ScopeA single nucleotide polymorphism in the CD36 gene has recently been associated with plasma α-tocopherol concentration, suggesting a possible role of this protein in vitamin E intestinal absorption or tissue uptake.Methods and resultsTo investigate the involvement of CD36 in vitamin E transport, we first evaluated the effect of CD36 on α- and γ...
Article
Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) intestinal absorption is thought to be mediated by a carrier protein that still remains to be identified. Apical transport of vitamin K1 was examined using Caco-2 TC-7 cell monolayers as a model of human intestinal epithelium and in transfected HEK cells. Phylloquinone uptake was then measured ex vivo using mouse intestin...
Article
Food fortification is a strategy to overcome vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the involvement of the bovine milk protein β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg), a potential retinoid carrier, in vitamin A absorption. In vivo experiments were conducted by force-feeding mice with retinol or β-carotene associated with either β-L...
Article
Context: The postprandial chylomicron (CM) triacylglycerol (TG) response to dietary fat, which is positively associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease risk, displays a high interindividual variability. This is assumed to be due, at least partly, to polymorphisms in genes involved in lipid metabolism. Existing studies have focused...
Article
Full-text available
Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) and cluster determinant 36 (CD36) have been involved in cellular uptake of some provitamin A carotenoids. However, data are incomplete (e.g., there are no data on α-carotene), and it is not known whether genetic variants in their encoding genes can affect provitamin A carotenoid status. The objectives were...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal absorption of cholesterol and lipid micronutrients such as vitamin E has been shown to share some common pathways. The present study aims to further compare the uptake of cholesterol ([3H]cholesterol v. 22-(N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)-23,24-bisnor-5-cholen-3-ol (NBD-cholesterol)) and tocopherol in Caco-2 TC-7 cells an...
Article
Adequate vitamin D status is necessary and beneficial for health, although deficiency and insufficiency are very common. As cholecalciferol (vitamin D(3) ) structure is close to cholesterol structure, we hypothesized that phytosterols, frequently used to decrease cholesterol, intestinal absorption and consequently to reduce hypercholesterolemia, ma...
Article
Full-text available
It is assumed that vitamin D is absorbed by passive diffusion. However, since cholecalciferol (vitamin D(3) ) and cholesterol display similar structures, we hypothesized that common absorption pathways may exist. Cholecalciferol apical transport was first examined in human Caco-2 and transfected Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. Cholecalciferol u...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Since the beginning of the pandemic, university students have faced many challenges and without any preparation. Studies conducted during the first lockdown all show a deterioration in students' mental health and an increase in unhealthy lifestyles. Yet, we have no knowledge of the long-term effects of the pandemic on university students. To provide a better understanding of the short- and long-term consequences on the health and well-being of university students a first line of research of this project aims to identify the role of individual factors and situational factors on students' psychological health and lifestyle, at different times of the pandemic (with four measurement times). To provide decision support for universities to reduce the impact of the pandemic on students, a second line of research will evaluate the health effects of two innovative programs (one focused on stress and learning, the other on physical activity). To realize these two axes of research, our project adopts a pluridisciplinary approach based on clinical psychology, health psychology, cognitive psychology, social innovation by design, nutrition and physical activity.
Project
Face au vieillissement constant de la population, il est essentiel de réaliser un repérage précoce des signes de fragilité des personnes âgées afin de prévenir une éventuelle perte d’autonomie, et de favoriser le bien-vieillir. Dans ce but, trois recherches sont actuelles en cours ou en préparation : 1. Etude des signes de fragilité. 2. Etude de la malnutrition ; 3. Etude de l’effet préventif de l’activité physique sur la santé psychologique. L’étude 1 est actuellement en cours et est réalisée en collaboration avec l’Association Espace Social, elle vise à identifier les signes de fragilités des personnes âgées et/ou en situation de handicap à domicile, dans le but de favoriser le maintien à domicile, notamment à travers l’amélioration des pratiques professionnelles des services d’aide à domicile. L’étude 2 est une recherche-action longitudinale actuellement en cours visant à évaluer l’impact d’une alimentation de type « manger-mains » sur l’état nutritionnel et psychosociale des personnes âgées à domicile. L’étude 3 est un projet de recherche visant à évaluer l'impact d'interventions motivationnelles innovantes à l'aide d'objets connectés sur la pratique de l'activité physique des jeunes retraités et ses effets sur leur santé psychologique.