Auline Rodler

Auline Rodler
Cerema Ouest · Equipe BPE

PhD Thermal Science and Civil Engineering

About

33
Publications
4,179
Reads
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239
Citations
Introduction
I work in the area of building physics and energy efficiency. I am also focussing in the influence of the urban environment and urban microclimate on the buildings behaviour. Therefore, I work on developments linked to the urban climate tool Solene-Microclimat. Finally, I am interested in the larger scales, as the city. To describe the geometry of the city I work on urban indicators and classifications and on thermal airborne or satellite infrared images for UHI evaluation.
Additional affiliations
May 2018 - present
École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Nantes
Position
  • Chercheur
Description
  • Modélisation du climat en ville - modélisation thermique de bâtiments - modélisation de la ressource environnementale et des potentiels de rafraichissement - instrumentation énergétique de quartier pour la validation de modèles
January 2017 - March 2018
Le centre d'études et d'expertise sur les risques, l'environnement, la mobilité et l'aménagement
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Built2spec project
January 2016 - January 2017
École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Nantes
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Built2spec h2020 project : http://built2spec-project.eu/

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Urban morphology relates to the form, structure, physical characteristics, and arrangement of buildings affecting the urban microclimate. As the morphological characteristics vary across the city, small units such as urban blocks are analysed for microclimate estimation. However, microclimatic analysis of all the blocks in a city is computationally...
Article
Understanding and managing hydrological and microclimate conditions is needed for the adap-tation of our cities to global warming. Evapotranspiration, or latent heat flux, plays a key role in heat mitigation strategies. Its modelling, as the modelling of its impact on the urban microcli-mate, remains a scientific challenge, especially during hot peri...
Article
Expected Global warming and heatwaves coupled with the urban heat island effect (UHI) can overheat indoor environments of free-floating buildings in temperate climate regions. Overheating assessment requires practitioners to use appropriate climate data and suitable measurement indices. The aim of this article is first, to propose a practical appro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Existing state of the art often view passive strategies as a mean for energy efficiency, while their effect on summer thermal comfort in temperate climatic conditions has been given lesser attention. Assessing these strategies require practitioners to provide the right combination of tools; proper measurement indices; and perform simulations as clo...
Chapter
The SOLENE-microclimat model has been developed to investigate the consequences of urban context on local microclimate and indoor thermal conditions. It is dedicated to modeling urban microclimate and building thermal behavior at the district scale. The modeling approach is based on the coupling of several modules: radiative, thermal, and CFD model...
Chapter
This chapter presents a review bringing a critical overview of the different ways in which the urban microclimate is currently considered in building design simulations. Therefore, different building energy models (BEMs) and urban climate models (UCMs) are presented. The ways these tools communicate are presented and the impact of UHI and the micro...
Article
This study presents an one-way coupling approach between the ENVI-met microclimate model and the EnergyPlus building energy simulation program, to assess the effect of the urban greenery on the improvement of the buildings' cooling energy needs, in a dense urban area in Thessaloniki, Greece. Three commonly encountered urban tree species with differ...
Article
Le Cerema, qui accompagne les collectivités dans l'aménagement durable de leur territoire, étudie les solutions de rafraîchissement urbain et livre quelques clés de compréhension sur leur fonctionnement et leur efficacité.
Article
Full-text available
The contemporary design of public spaces integrates frequently urban cooling installations for thermal comfort in summertime. However, the details of the thermal experience that they provide is yet partially unknown. This paper studies how methods and techniques arising from microclimatology, urban studies and sensory studies can interact for chara...
Article
The urban context is often simplified or neglected in Building Energy Models (BEMs) due to the difficulties of taking accurately into account all the heat fluxes emanating from the environment. Oversimplifying the urban context can impact the accuracy of the BEM predictions. Nevertheless, several approaches can be used to allow for the impact of th...
Article
Pixel counting (PxC) emerged as a powerful technique for external solar shading calculations of buildings, providing accurate results with great computational efficiency even for dense geometries. Motivated by this fact and because the technique can be also adapted to cope with interior surfaces without further ado, this paper aims at experimentall...
Article
This article is a formalisation of the local climate zone (LCZ) classification on a local and micro scales. It is also an attempt to transpose this classification to a fine grained level of detail. The urban space is divided into virtual sensors for which five morphological indicators are calculated. Therefore, this work exposes a comparison of two...
Article
Full-text available
Non-destructive thermal diagnosis is necessary for identification and quantification of structural defects and verification of construction performances. In this paper, we test different inverse heat transfer models to identify the thermal conductivity of a building's wall in its environment. The approaches proposed and used in this paper rely only...
Article
Full-text available
Non-destructive thermal diagnosis is necessary for identification and quantification of structural defects and verification of construction performances. In this paper, we test different inverse heat transfer models to identify the thermal conductivity of a building's wall in its environment. The approaches proposed and used in this paper rely only...
Article
Numerical simulation is a powerful tool for assessing the causes of an Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect or quantifying the impact of mitigation solutions on local climatic conditions. However, the numerical cost associated with such a tool is quite significant at the scale of an entire district. Today, the main challenge consists of achieving both a...
Article
Full-text available
A building influences its surrounding external environment, and its indoor environment is usually sensitive to its surroundings. In order to obtain a more accurate prediction of the indoor thermal behaviour of a building or a building stock, it is necessary to consider the interactions between the indoor and outdoor thermal environments. The modell...
Article
Full-text available
Green areas induce smaller increases in the air temperature than built-up areas. They can offer a solution to mitigating the urban heat island impacts during heat waves, since the cool air generated by a park is diffused into its immediate surroundings through forced or natural convection. The purpose of this study is to characterize the effect of...
Article
In the case of highly efficient buildings the solar and internal gains have a higher impact on the energy balance than on classical constructions, with lower insulation. In this context, a model was developed which considers the three dimensional heat transfers through the walls. It simulates the transient behavior of rooms with the use of a refine...
Article
A thermal transient numerical model (M3D) which considers the three-dimensional heat transfer through the envelope of a room and the sun patch through a window has been developed and validated in a recent paper. The use of a refined spatial and temporal discretization allows considering more precise interactions between the sun patch projection wit...
Article
High performance simulation of low energy building requires ever more accurate descriptions of the systems under study to improve the building's performance. This paper describes a numerical model to simulate a single room, using a three-dimensional description of heat conduction in the envelope with environmental conditions that vary over short ti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A numerical model has been developed in order to accurately simulate the transient thermal behavior of a building (a single room). This model has already been described in (Rodler et al., 2013): the energy balance equations consider irradiation, convection, air enthalpy and three‐dimensional heat conduction. The particularity of the program i...
Article
Full-text available
Low energy building constructions become sensitive to internal gains : any internal heating source has an impact on the envelope. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the performance of current transient thermal models when adapted to low energy buildings. This work describes a numerical model to simulate a single room, using a refined spatial th...
Article
Full-text available
Are 3D heat transfer formulations with short time sted and sun patch evolution nececessary for building simulation?. ABSTRACT A numerical model is developed to accurately simulate the transient thermal behaviour of rooms with sun-facing windows, with the use of a refined spatial and temporal discretization. For each node, the energy balance equatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A numerical model is developed to accurately simulate the transient thermal behaviour of rooms with sun-facing windows, with the use of a refined spatial and temporal discretization. For each node, the energy balance equations are developed based on a consideration of radiation, convection, air enthalpy and three-dimensional heat conduction. As bui...
Article
This paper proposes to use a rather new modelling approach in the realm of solar radiation forecasting. In this work, two forecasting models: Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA) and Neural Network (NN) models are combined to form a model committee. The Bayesian inference is used to affect a probability to each model in the committee. Hence, each m...

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Projects (4)