Augusto Zanella

Augusto Zanella
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry TESAF

https://unipd.academia.edu/AugustoZanella
Climate change. CO2 balance of an island. Humus forms classification. Agriculture and soil biodiversity.

About

112
Publications
58,010
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Introduction
A) CO2equivalent balance of an island, in Italy Storage: growth of biomass and biodiversity; Emission: human activities, heating and air conditioning, cooking, travel, sports and entertainment; progressive shift from fossil to photovoltaic energy sources. B) Research and dissemination activities to sensitize farmers and people to the protection of biodiversity. C) Morpho-functional classification of soil and humus forms.
Additional affiliations
February 1994 - present
University of Padova
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 1987 - January 1994
Université Paris-Sud 11
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Chercheur à contrats. Stage de trois ans au Centre International de Phytosocilogie de Bailleul (Nord-Pas de Calais, France). Travaux de typologie forestière et phytosociologie appliquée à la gestion des forêts
Education
January 1990 - February 1994
Université Paris-Sud 11
Field of study
  • Ecology
October 1986 - December 1989
International Center of Phytosociology
Field of study
  • Phytosociology
September 1985 - June 1986
Université Paris-Sud 11
Field of study
  • General Ecology

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Full-text available
It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedon classification key published in 2018 to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English; we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedons (roughly the top 30–40...
Article
Full-text available
It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedon classification key published in 2018 to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English; we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedons (roughly the top 30–40...
Preprint
Full-text available
It was time to take stock. We modified the humipedons classification key published in 2018, to make it easier and more practical. This morpho-functional taxonomy of the topsoil (humipedon) was only available in English: we also translated it into French and Italian. A standardized morpho-functional classification of humipedon (roughly the top 30-40...
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Article
Full-text available
Soils and crops are particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses. In many agrosystems, soil biodiversity and ecosystem services provided by soils are under threat from a range of natural and human drivers. Agricultural soils are often subject to agronomic practices that disrupt soil trophic networks and make soils less produ...
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Article
Full-text available
One of the new objectives laid out by the European Union’s Common Agriculture Policy is increasing environmental sustainability. In this paper we compare the degree of average dependence index for each member state (ADIMS) in EU28 from 2007 to 2019 in order to verify the following: 1) whether there was a difference in this index when comparing two...
Presentation
Full-text available
Report of the landscape analysis first results in the Venice Biodistrict pilot area
Article
Full-text available
Sustained nitrogen (N) deposition has a wide-ranging impact on terrestrial ecosystems. However, still little attention has been paid to responses of urban soil fauna to the increasing N deposition. To clarify such effects on the soil properties and soil fauna in typical urban lawns (featuring Cynodon dactylon vegetation), a control experiment was c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Soils and crops are nowadays particularly vulnerable to climate change and environmental stresses. In many agrosystems, soil biodiversity and the ecosystem services soil provides are under threat from a range of natural and manmade drivers. Agricultural soils are often subjected to agronomic practices that disrupt soil trophic networks to a large e...
Presentation
Full-text available
Resultati analisi abitudini alimentari condotte in un campione di 680 intervistati.
Presentation
Full-text available
Video presented at the IUFRO WORLD DAY September 28-29 2021: https://www.iufroworldday.org Please, watch or download it there: https://datacloud.tesaf.unipd.it/s/qMgtlYj1KeEJ2i7 What's soil in the concept of Critical zone?
Conference Paper
Full-text available
IUFRO WORLD DAY video: https://datacloud.tesaf.unipd.it/s/qMgtlYj1KeEJ2i7
Poster
Full-text available
Living beings organize themselves into ecosystems. When they are on the coast they arrange themselves along a gradient that goes from the sea to the mainland (Botanical Garden of Porto Caleri), in an evident and regular way. This is well known and is what happens on a larger scale from the plains to the mountains (phytoclimatic bands), or even from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the study we evaluate the importance of impollinating service in agricolture
Conference Paper
Full-text available
WEBINAR: https://unipd.zoom.us/j/5745799331 TITLE: SOIL BIODIVERSITY AND MANAGEMENT - Practical tools and actions for facing the future JUNE 24th 14h30-16h30 1. Topsoil classification QUESTION: Is there a wise way to use the soil? 15h30 - 16h30 GENERAL DISCUSSION JUNE 25th 14h00-15h00 2. 2.1. Soil and biodiversity QUESTION: Is soil biodiversity rea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
WEBINAR: https://unipd.zoom.us/j/5745799331 TITLE: SOIL BIODIVERSITY AND MANAGEMENT - Practical tools and actions for facing the future JUNE 24th 14h30-16h30 1. Topsoil classification QUESTION: Is there a wise way to use the soil? 15h30 - 16h30 GENERAL DISCUSSION JUNE 25th 14h00-15h00 2. 2.1. Soil and biodiversity QUESTION: Is soil biodiversity...
Experiment Findings
We considered an island. We are trying to have the list of all living beings.
Experiment Findings
We considered an island. We are trying to have the list of all living beings.
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Partly unintentionally, humans have dramatically changed the planet they live on. Just as dogs can no longer become wolves again, so a domesticated planet Earth will not come back from the Anthropocene. Scientists try to mobilize citizens. More socioeconomic than scientific reasons explain why scientists' alarming predictions are not considered wit...
Data
Quotation from Waksman, S. A. (1936). HUMUS. Origin, chemical composition and importance in nature. The Williams & Wilkins Company. The whole “outlook” of the authors can be found here: https://soilcarboncoalition.org/files/Waksman-Humus.pdf, particularly at pages 397-398.
Data
Pages 10 to 14 of the Volume I of the FAO-Unesco Soil Map of the World. Using an electronic tool, it is easy to enlarge the quoted parts and read them. Otherwise, just open the site http://www.fao.org/soils-portal/soil-survey/soil-maps-and-databases/faounesco-soil-map-of-the-world/en/ and download the whole volume.
Article
Full-text available
Continuing nitrogen (N) deposition has a wide-ranging impact on terrestrial ecosystems. To test the hypothesis that, under N deposition, bacterial communities could suffer a negative impact, and in a relatively short timeframe, an experiment was carried out for a year in an urban area featuring a cover of Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) and simula...
Article
Full-text available
At the end of October 2018, a storm of unprecedented strength severely damaged the forests of the eastern sector of the Italian Alps. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the University of Padua. After eight months of discussion, the authors of this article wrote a consensus text...
Article
Full-text available
At the end of October 2018, a storm of unprecedented strength severely damaged the forests of the eastern sector of the Italian Alps. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the University of Padua. After eight months of discussion, the authors of this article wrote a consensus text...
Data
Riassunto COVID-19 ha messo sottosopra il mondo. C'erano tutti i segni di uno sbilanciamento in atto; biologico: biodiversità in declino e riscaldamento climatico; sociale: migrazioni, divario crescente tra il benessere dei paesi democratici = ricchi e quelli dittatoriali = poveri. È necessario continuare a cercare ispirazione nella scienza per ri...
Preprint
Full-text available
RIASSUNTO COVID-19 ha messo sottosopra il mondo. C'erano tutti i segni di uno sbilanciamento in atto; biologico: biodiversità in declino e riscaldamento climatico; sociale: migrazioni, di-vario crescente tra il benessere dei paesi democratici = ricchi e quelli dittatoriali = poveri. E necessario continuare a cercare ispirazione nella scienza per ri...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Evaluation of the pollination service and effects on regional agricultural policy
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 has turned the world upside down. The signs of an ongoing imbalance were all present; biological: declining biodiversity and a warming climate, and social: migrations , the growing distance between the welfare of democratic=rich and dictatorial=poor countries. It is necessary to continue gaining inspiration in Science. Admitting that: 1) T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Il gruppo SETA (Scienze e tecnologie agrarie) ha inviato una lettera al Parlamento italiano in cui consigliava di non adottare una misura legislativa a favore dell'agricoltura biologica e biodinamica rispetto a quella convenzionale. Un altro gruppo di scienziati ritiene invece che il governo italiano debba favorire l'agricoltura biologica e biodina...
Article
Full-text available
The SETA group (Agricultural Science and Technology) sent a letter to the Italian Parliament advising them not to adopt a legislative measure that favors organic and biodynamic agriculture compared to the conventional one. Another group of scientists thinks instead that the Italian government should favor organic and biodynamic agriculture and expl...
Article
Full-text available
The SETA group (Agricultural Science and Technology) sent a letter to the Italian Parliament advising them not to adopt a legislative measure that favors organic and biodynamic agriculture compared to the conventional one. Another group of scientists thinks instead that the Italian government should favor organic and biodynamic agriculture and expl...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The SETA group (Agricultural Science and Technology) sent a letter to the Italian Parliament advising them not to adopt a legislative measure that favors organic and biodynamic agriculture compared to the conventional one. Another group of scientists thinks instead that the Italian government should favor organic and biodynamic agriculture and expl...
Poster
Full-text available
The name TerrHum comes from the abbreviation of the words Terrestrial (not hydromorphic, not submerged soils) and Humipedon (superficial part of a soil, richer in organic matter and composed of organic and organo-mineral soil horizons). This application allows classifying all forest topsoils except submerged ones. The app is built on the indication...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The forests of 473 Italian Alpine municipalities were severely damaged by a strong wind at the end of October 2018. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the TESAF department of the University of Padua. 26 international scientists (listed: 25; anonymous: 1) responded to the appeal...
Presentation
Full-text available
An overview of a novel, extended classification of humus forms, with explanation of basic concepts and numerous examples taken from the fields of sylviculture and agriculture.
Article
Full-text available
Plant protection is essential for providing high-quality food in adequate quantities. However, the use of insecticides often induces adverse effects on environment and human health. The Agency for the Environmental Protection of Tuscany (Italy) arranges pesticide ingredients in five classes basing on their impact on human health. We classified the...
Article
Full-text available
The name TerrHum is an abbreviation of the words “Terrestrial” (not hydromorphic, not submerged) and “Humipedon” (organic and organic-mineral humus horizons). With this application, it is possible to describe and classify ,terrestrial forest and grassland topsoils in a system published as a Special Issue entitled “Humusica 1– Terrestrial Natural Hu...
Article
Full-text available
Nella valutazione della sostenibilità ambientale i metodi di indagine biologici assumono sempre più rilevanza e vengono utilizzati insieme ai tradizionali metodi chimici e fisici. Questi metodi biologici prevedono l'impiego di bioindicatori, vale a dire organismi, o parti di essi, o popolamenti naturali che danno informazioni sulla qualità dell'amb...
Presentation
Full-text available
Il suolo è importante perché da da mangiare e bere a tutti i viventi, anche all'umanità. E' importante anche perché ricicla tutto quanto. E' il sistema digestivo del pianeta Terra. Questo vuol dire che tutti gli organismi morti (anche parti di essi) vengono smontati nel suolo e i pezzi costituenti di questi organismi sono messi a disposizione per l...
Poster
Full-text available
The knowledge of a little number of specific terms is necessary to investigate and describe forest topsoils: diagnostic features lead to the designation of diagnostic organic and organic-mineral horizons. The vertical arrangement of diagnostic horizons defines humus systems each of them subdivided humus forms. Below you find the description of a iO...
Article
Full-text available
Born in Trento (Italy, 2003) for the purpose of standardising vocabulary and units of humus form classification, after publishing a first synthetic classification e-book (Zanella et al. 2011) they do not cover all site conditions in the European area. Although having basic concepts and general lines, the European (and North American, Canadian, the...
Article
Full-text available
Functional studies of tree decline have mainly focused on process inside the plant showing possible alterations of carbon transport, storage and hydraulic functions. However, the processes occurring at the plant-soil interface have been seldom investigated. Our objective is to examine carbon functional alterations in the belowground compartment in...
Article
Full-text available
The processes of formation and evolution of Histic humipedons are related to the soil/water dynamics. In a first part of the paper we present diagnostic features and horizons necessary for describing the intergrade humipedons existing between Histic and Hydro humipedons. Called Epihistic (“superficial” Histic), these humipedons are very common and...
Article
Full-text available
Terms and concepts have been defined in Humusica 1, article 1 and the functioning of humus systems has been discussed in Humusica 1, article 2. Here a short overview of the matter, showing humus systems in their environment, is provided for beginners, before making field investigations. The present work is intended as a part of the field manual (HU...
Article
Full-text available
Soils formed in tidal and subtidal environments often do not show sufficient accumulation of undecomposed plant tissues to be classified as Histosols. In this article we present a first attempt of morpho-functional classification of aquatic humus, a revision of the terminology and of the diagnostic features employed by pedologists in the descriptio...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper should be read after the six preceding articles dealing with fundamental concepts, vocabulary, principles and keys of our morpho-functional classification of humus systems and forms, the whole book being conceived as a guide for field studies. It now concerns seven questions which may arise when passing from knowledge to practice...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we present the Terrestrial intergrades from never or only few days submersed humipedons, without permanent hydromorphic signs, until humipedons with presence of signs of partial asphyxia. Specific terms are defined and diagnostic horizons illustrated, both with the help of text explanations and photographs. The article ends with a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the specific terms of vocabulary and diagnostic horizons necessary for a field classification of submerged Histic humipedons (peats, moors). It is simply an exposition of definitions placed side by side with photographic samples, with rather practical interest. The knowledge reported here is mandatory for people wanting to use t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper corresponds to an illustrated field key of classification of Histic humipedon. Vocabulary and diagnostic horizon definitions are in Humusica 2, article 9. The process of classification can follow a step by step way or simply be realised choosing the right diagnostic horizon on a table and composing the whole profile as in a game of const...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to present a sort of state of the art from a soil classification point of view. How far are soils from their original natural state? A few years ago, the two most important soil classification systems added a classification of anthropogenic soils. Even so, the concept of anthropogenic soil differs slightly in the two syst...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of a little number of specific terms is necessary to investigate and describe humipedons. This “new vocabulary” allows individuating and circumscribing particular diagnostic horizons, which are the fundamental bricks of the humipedon. Few “components” defined by specific terms characterize a specific “humipedon horizon”; few “humipedon ho...
Article
Full-text available
Litter biodegradation is a process of life. Organisms feed, reproduce, die and decompose. Decomposition is essential, and it is never complete. In addition, the elements generated by this process become new bricks for building more complex structures in a dynamically evolving environment. In this article, we show some pictures of the main actors in...
Article
Full-text available
Techno humus systems correspond to man-made topsoils under prominent man influence. They may be purposely conceived for supporting agricultural activities or dumping of waste products, sometimes abandoned to an unknown evolution. Both categories needed a more scientific frame. This is the reason we classified them as morpho-functional humus systems...
Article
Full-text available
This article is an as simple as possible key of classification of terrestrial (aerobic, not submersed) topsoils (organic and organic-mineral series of soil horizons). Based on the introduction exposed in Humusica 1, article 1, and using vocabulary and definitions listed in article 4, a classification is proposed for better understanding the biologi...
Article
Full-text available
Humusica 1 and 2 Applied Soil Ecology Special issues are field guides for humipedon classification. Contrary to other similar manuals dedicated to soil, the objects that one can describe with these guides are living, dynamic, functional, and relatively independent soil units. This is the reason to why the authors dedicated the whole article number...
Article
Full-text available
Planet Earth is covered by very common Terrestrial (not submersed), Histic (peats) and Aqueous (tidal) humi-pedons. Beside these typical topsoils there are other more discrete humipedons, generated by the interaction of mineral matter with microorganisms, fungi and small plants (algae, lichens and mosses). In some cases roots and their symbionts ca...
Article
Full-text available
The article is structured in six sections. A first portion is dedicated to the state of the art concerning climatic change and agriculture. Internet available IPCC maps and cartographic documents made by scientific Centres of research were used for illustrating forecasted climatic changes. In Sections 2 and 3, bibliographic evidences were collected...
Article
Full-text available
The Special Issue Humusica 1 corresponds to a field guide for the classification of terrestrial humus systems and forms. The present first article of the issue defines vocabulary, objects and concepts necessary for: (a) field investigation, (b) understanding the process of classification, (c) assigning ecological significance to the defined morpho-...