Audrey Brassard

Audrey Brassard
Université de Sherbrooke | UdeS · Department of Psychology

Ph.D
Professor (Full)

About

123
Publications
57,208
Reads
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1,274
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2017 - present
Université de Sherbrooke
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2006 - May 2017
Université de Sherbrooke
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2003 - December 2005
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 2001 - September 2006

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
This study examined whether attachment predicts changes in commitment and whether commitment predicts changes in attachment in both partners during the transition to parenthood. Both partners of 93 couples completed online questionnaires individually at the second trimester of pregnancy and at 4 months postpartum. Autoregressive cross-lagged path a...
Article
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) have both been associated with numerous negative repercussions. The first aim of this study is to understand IPV perpetrated by men within a clinical population, by examining the effects of two potential predictors: CSA and dyadic empathy (cognitive and emotional). The second aim of t...
Article
This study examines the respective contributions of two risk markers for intimate partner violence perpetrated by men seeking psychological help: psychopathic personality traits (primary and secondary), and attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance). In an effort to offer more specific and nuanced results, the severity of the violence perpetra...
Article
Despite an increase in research initiatives and prevention campaigns, intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a public health problem that affects many victims worldwide. The current study aims to examine whether psychological distress symptoms (anger, depression, and anxiety) are indirectly related to the perpetration of IPV (physical assault, psy...
Article
After documenting parenting couples' needs regarding perinatal sexuality, this study developed and evaluated a brief psycho-educational workshop on perinatal sexuality. Participants (16 future and 17 new parents) completed five steps: (1) online questionnaire (T1) assessing needs toward the workshop and sexoperinatal knowledge, attitudes, and perce...
Article
Early romantic relationships are salient to the development of healthy future relationships. Yet, little is known about the evolution of romantic relationships of emerging adults since most of the research has been conducted on married or well-established couples. The current study aims to examine how relationship satisfaction and negative communic...
Article
Attachment is an important predictor of relationship satisfaction and attachment insecurities are a risk factor for couples under stress. Drawing from the Vulnerability–Stress–Adaptation model, we investigated whether dyadic coping strategies (DCS) would explain the links between attachment insecurities and relationship satisfaction in 97 couples i...
Article
Full-text available
Infertility and its treatment are associated with a host of negative emotions, including perceived injustice. However, no quantitative study has examined the link between perceived injustice and psychological difficulties in couples seeking fertility treatment. This study examined the associations between perceived injustice and both partners' psyc...
Presentation
Full-text available
Cumulative childhood maltreatment (CCM; cooccurrence of different types of maltreatment) is associated with negative effects on intimate relationships in adulthood (Godbout et al., 2017), and appears to particularly impede survivors’ ability to maintain healthy and nonviolent intimate relationships (Brassard et al., 2019). Relatedness, which is the...
Article
Research has rarely considered intermediate variables in the association between attachment insecurities and relationship commitment. Based on attachment theory and Rusbult's Investment Model, we tested whether positive and negative partner behaviors explain this association in 91 distressed couples undergoing therapy. Path analyses based on the Ac...
Article
Attachment theory postulates that three behavioral systems are central to optimal couple functioning: attachment, caregiving, and sex. However, few studies have examined the concurrent contribution of these systems to understand sexual well-being. This daily diary study examined the intermediary role of attachment- and caregiving-related sexual mot...
Article
An attachment injury can occur when one partner violates the assumption that they will provide comfort and caring during a moment of increased need. For injured partners, unresolved attachment injuries can underlie an enduring stress reaction and lower relationship satisfaction. However, no research has examined the associations between the perceiv...
Article
Despite growing interest in understanding the effectiveness of consulting in organizational settings, the contribution of individual and interpersonal factors suggested in the literature has yet to be determined. This article examines the relationship among the client–consultant working alliance, the consultant’s attachment orientation, and consult...
Article
Attachment theory postulates that three behavioral systems-attachment, caregiving, and sex-are essential for optimal relationship functioning in couples. We examined the contribution of attachment insecurities, perceived partner support, and sexual satisfaction to relational instability in 274 couples seeking relationship therapy. The results under...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: Cumulative childhood interpersonal traumas (CCIT; cooccurrence of different types of traumas) is associated with negative effects on intimate relationships in adulthood (Godbout et al., 2017), and appears to particularly impede survivors’ ability to develop and maintain a non-violent intimate relationship (Brassard et al., 2019). Thro...
Article
Purpose: Sexual activity based fears during pregnancy are common, but very few studies have examined their association with relationship variables. Secondary analysis of associations between these fears during pregnancy and both partners' sexual function and dyadic adjustment were conducted.Materials and Methods: A sample of 67 French-Canadian firs...
Article
Objective: Child maltreatment is a prevalent problem, and a lot remains unknown regarding the prevalence and mechanisms involved in its intergenerational continuity. The present study examines the sequential role of maternal emotional dysregulation and mother-to-child attachment in the intergenerational continuity of specific maltreatment types (Ob...
Article
Few studies have simultaneously looked at the relative contribution of positive and negative behaviors to understand relationship outcomes. This study examined the relative roles of perceived partner support and psychological aggression in two relationship outcomes—relationship satisfaction and the willingness to invest in the relationship—as well...
Article
The attachment theory has commonly been used to examine intimate partner psychological aggression (IPPA), but few studies have examined its association with self-reported justifications for one's own use of IPPA. Behaviors, including the use of IPPA, are influenced, maintained, and function within the context of their justifications, highlighting t...
Presentation
Full-text available
Datablitz Les traumas interpersonnels cumulatifs en enfance (TICE; cooccurrence de différents types de trauma interpersonnels) peuvent négativement influencer les relations intimes à l’âge adulte (Godbout et al., 2017). Les TICE sont associés à une fréquence plus élevée d’expérience de revictimisation en contexte de relation intimes chez les femmes...
Article
There is growing evidence that provoked vestibulodynia (PVD), a frequent and debilitating condition, is characterized by central sensitization. This study aimed to examine predictive factors of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) efficacy in this chronic pain population. Exploratory analysis derived from a randomized controlled trial was...
Article
Background Research to date suggests that couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) are at a high risk of experiencing sexual difficulties. Aim This dyadic cross-sectional study aimed to provide a better understanding of the infertility-specific personal (ie, emotional, mind-body) and relational stressors associated with the sexual...
Article
Full-text available
Following the global outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, individuals report psychological distress associated with the “new normal”—social distancing, financial hardships, and increased responsibilities while working from home. Given the interpersonal nature of stress and coping responses between romantic partners, based on the systemic transaction...
Article
Sexual issues are common in couples who seek relationship therapy. However, few studies have examined the nature of the sexual issues reported by these couples and how these issues are addressed in relationship therapy. This study examined the nature of the sexual issues most often reported in 169 couples seeking relationship therapy, as well as th...
Article
This study aims to examine two explanatory factors of relationship satisfaction and parental alliance among both parents of a new child, namely romantic attachment and perfectionism. A sample of 80 couples completed individual online questionnaires. Path analyses based on the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model were carried out to explore the actor...
Article
The use of subtle strategies to have sex with an unwilling partner is harmful to a couple’s sexual well-being but these strategies remain understudied. This research examined the mediating role of communication patterns in the associations between attachment insecurities and sustained sexual coercion in 145 same- and cross-gender couples, and the m...
Presentation
Full-text available
Childhood maltreatment is associated with negative effects that can influence later intimate relationships (Godbout et al., 2017). Cumulative childhood interpersonal traumas (CCIT; cooccurrence of different types of traumas) may particularly impede survivors’ ability to develop and maintain a non-violent intimate relationship (Brassard et al., 2019...
Article
Practitioners working with male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) observe high rates of treatment dropout in their clientele, which can undermine their ability to reduce the occurrence of IPV. Studies have also mostly documented predictors of dropout from group-format IPV treatment programs, but not from individual-format treatment mo...
Article
Full-text available
For several decades, attempts have been made to understand the risk markers of intimate partner violence (IPV) to prevent its occurrence, but few studies have emphasized both partners' perspective in examining these markers. This study explored the associations between attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) and the perpetration of psychologi...
Article
Introduction Expecting a first child is a challenging period for relationship partners, especially in regard to their sex life. In fact, sexual satisfaction can diminish for most pregnant couples. Objective This research aimed to explore the associations between attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) and sexual satisfaction through relation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’expérience d’agression sexuelle dans l’enfance (ASE) ou de violence familiale augmenterait la probabilité d’émettre des gestes de violence conjugale à l’âge adulte (Fang & Corso, 2008; Jose & O’Leary, 2009). Or, il s’avère crucial de comprendre les mécanismes explicatifs de ces liens. La capacité à être empathique est examinée dans cette étude, e...
Article
Les changements socioculturels des dernières décennies ont transformé la façon dont les jeunes adultes s’engagent dans leurs relations amoureuses. Des études ont révélé des liens entre l’attachement amoureux et l'engagement conjugal. Pourtant, les mécanismes explicatifs de ces liens demeurent fragmentaires. La présente étude explore le rôle médiate...
Article
Introduction: During and after pregnancy, couples have to adapt to sexual changes. Although many couples have questions and preoccupations regarding those changes, they are rarely addressed by professionals and paraprofessionals in perinatal health care, mainly because of lack of knowledge and training. An online training session that addressed co...
Article
Full-text available
The Experiences in Close Relationships (Brennan et al, Attachment theory and close relationships, 1998) questionnaire is one of the most widely used measures of adult romantic attachment. Despite the advantages of the ECR, the length of this measure may discourage its use in clinical and research contexts. Consequently, the goal of this study was t...
Article
This study aimed to (a) evaluate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and revictimization among a representative sample of 1,001 women living in Quebec, Canada; (b) examine whether IPV was predicted by experiences of child maltreatment; and (c) explore the role of polyvictimization on IPV beyond the effect of any type of exposure. Resu...
Article
Les distractions cognitives lors des relations sexuelles seraient liées à une plus faible excitation sexuelle, à des difficultés sexuelles, ainsi qu'à l'insatisfaction sexuelle et conjugale. Cet article présente les résultats de deux études appuyant la création et la validation préliminaire de l'Échelle des distractions cognitives lors des relation...
Conference Paper
La conciliation entre la vie de famille et le travail représente un défi important pour bon nombre de familles et le manque de stratégies de conciliation contribue négativement à la santé mentale des travailleurs. Cette étude s’intéresse au rôle du nombre d’enfants, du soutien du partenaire et du nombre d’heures de travail sur les conflits bidirect...
Article
Environ un couple canadien sur six est confronté à l'infertilité. Le stress découlant du diagnostic et des traitements de fertilité peut affecter le bien-être psychologique des hommes comme des femmes. La présente étude examine l'expérience psychologique des hommes et des femmes québécois. L'analyse thématique des entrevues semi-structurées de huit...
Article
Using a new multidimensional model of relationship commitment, this study examined the association among attachment insecurities (avoidance and anxiety) and commitment (optimal, over, and under) in 159 relationally distressed, monogamous and mainly heterosexual couples. Dyadic analyses revealed that avoidant individuals reported less optimal and le...
Article
Prior research has suggested associations between cumulative childhood trauma (CCT), negative urgency, communication patterns, and psychological intimate partner violence (P‐IPV), but no study has examined these links using a dyadic approach. This study examined the sequential mediation of negative urgency and communication patterns in the link uni...
Article
Bien que la jalousie soit reliée négativement au bien-être individuel et conjugal, peu d’instruments validés en langue française sont disponibles. Cet article présente la traduction du Multidimensional Jealousy Scale (Pfeiffer & Wrong, 1989) et la validation de l’Échelle multidimensionnelle de jalousie, un questionnaire évaluant les dimensions cogn...
Article
Introduction: Attachment influences the way individuals anticipate, react, and seek support when faced with chronic pain. Although cross-sectional research indicates that attachment insecurity and pain self-efficacy are associated with pain intensity in chronic pain populations, little is known about their long-term effects on pain, and about the...
Article
Subclinical psychopathic personality traits have been associated with multiple indicators of couple distress and romantic attachment insecurities but essentially in community samples. This study examined dyadic associations between primary and secondary psychopathy and attachment anxiety and avoidance, assessed with self‐reported measures, in 183 F...
Chapter
Depuis, un nombre croissant, mais tout de même restreint, d’études ont tenté de mieux comprendre la réalité des hommes victimes de violence conjugale (p. ex., Cook, 2009; Hines et Douglas, 2010). L’objectif du présent chapitre est de fournir une analyse du phénomène de la violence conjugale subie par les hommes à la lumière des données empiriques a...
Article
The current study investigated whether childhood maltreatment and social cognition (emotional regulation, mentalization, causal attributions) are associated with romantic breakup adjustment in youth (resilience, psychiatric symptoms, distress); and whether social cognition mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adjustment to r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La dynamique de pouvoir conjugale au sein du couple fait référence au pouvoir décisionnel au sein d’une relation amoureuse (Farrell et al., 2015) et une égalité au niveau de cette dynamique est associée à un niveau plus élevé de satisfaction conjugale (Oyamot et al., 2010). Bien que des études empiriques aient documenté les effets délétères associé...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La dynamique de pouvoir conjugale fait référence au pouvoir décisionnel au sein d’une relation amoureuse (Farrell et al., 2015) et une égalité au niveau de cette dynamique est associée à un niveau plus élevé de satisfaction conjugale (Oyamot et al., 2010). Bien que des études empiriques aient documenté les effets délétères associés à l’expérience c...
Poster
Le trauma cumulatif en enfance (TCE) réfère à l’accumulation de traumas interpersonnels (p. ex. abus sexuel, physique et psychologique, négligence) et tend à être associé à des conséquences plus sévères que ne l’est l’expérience d’une seule forme de trauma (Briere et al., 2010). Les survivants de traumas peuvent présenter des difficultés relationne...
Article
This study tested the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a novel group intervention for couples seeking fertility treatment. Twenty-nine couples completed psychological, relational, and sexual outcome measures pre- and post-intervention. Repeated-measures ANOVAs revealed significant reductions in terms of depressive symptoms, rejection of ch...
Article
This study examined the mediating role of romantic perfectionism in the associations linking romantic attachment insecurity and self-perceived dyadic coping in a community sample of 170 mixed-sex couples. Path analyses, based on the actor-partner interdependence model, revealed that other-oriented perfectionism in men and women mediated the link be...
Article
This study examined romantic attachment and intimacy as correlates of oversexualized behaviours and attitudes among emerging adults. A sample of 587 participants (494 women, 93 men) aged between 18 and 29 completed a series of online questionnaires assessing oversexualization, romantic attachment, and intimacy. Hierarchical regression analyses were...
Article
Objective: This study focuses on perineal trauma during childbirth and its relationship to postnatal marital and sexual issues as expressed by the sexual function and perceived intimacy of new parent couples in Ontario. Methods: As part of a retrospective study on perinatal intimate and sexual experiences, 67 Canadian French-speaking couples fro...
Article
Les ruptures amoureuses et les divorces sont de plus en plus fréquents en Occident. La rupture d’une relation amoureuse est une épreuve difficile qui génère une détresse émotionnelle importante. Certains individus vivant une rupture peuvent même poser un geste suicidaire. Le lien entre la rupture amoureuse et le comportement suicidaire est bien doc...
Article
Les ruptures amoureuses et les divorces sont de plus en plus fréquents en Occident. La rupture d'une relation amoureuse est une épreuve difficile qui génère une détresse émotionnelle importante. Certains individus vivant une rupture peuvent même poser un geste suicidaire. Le lien entre la rupture amoureuse et le comportement suicidaire est bien doc...
Article
Objective. The purpose of the study was to examine the frequency of sexual difficulties and the associations among attachment insecurities (anxiety, avoidance) and sexual functioning (problems with sexual function, sexual dissatisfaction) in women and couples seeking fertility treatment. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, 88 Canadian women and 45...
Article
Despite sustained interest of both researchers and practitioners in favor of a reliable measure of management consulting effectiveness, the existing assessment instruments remain scarce, poorly validated and often inadequate. This study proposes a new instrument for assessing management consulting effectiveness from the consultant's point of view:...
Article
Objectives This study investigated the associations among romantic attachment insecurities (anxiety, avoidance) and depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviour (suicidal ideas, suicide attempts) following a romantic breakup. The moderating role of gender in these associations was also examined.Methods A sample of 50 French-Canadian adults who experi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate the association between fear-avoidance variables, pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function and pain intensity in women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) as well as the moderator effect of partner support. Methods: A total of 173 women diagnosed with PVD participated in the study. Fear-avoidance variables were evaluated with...
Article
Some couples find in infertility bonding opportunities that reinforce their relationship (Schmidt et al., 2005). Using an interpretative phenomenological analysis, this study examined marital benefits in three couples seeking fertility treatment. Interviews revealed five types of benefits: being engaged in a shared hardship, feeling closer to one a...
Article
Plusieurs chercheurs s’inquiètent de la sexualisation de l’espace public et de ses répercussions potentielles sur les adolescents et les adultes. Or, peu d’études documentent la sursexualisation des jeunes adultes, soit l’intégration des messages sexuels par l’adoption de conduites de surinvestissement de l’apparence, d’objectification, de séductio...
Article
Introduction: Psychological mechanisms associated with academic motivation and academic commitment constitute promising targets for the understanding of the undergraduate students' well being, during a particularly critical adulthood developmental period in terms of identity formation and vulnerability to psychopathologies. Objective: The present s...
Article
Three studies were conducted to develop and validate the new multimodal couple commitment questionnaire (MCCQ). Study 1 led to the creation and evaluation of the factor structure of the first version in 45 items of the questionnaire, with a sample of 139 adults. In Study 2, exploratory factor analyses among 317 adults from the community helped to r...