Attila Szabo

Attila Szabo
ELTE Eötvös Loránd University Budapest Hungary

PhD, DSc

About

265
Publications
257,366
Reads
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6,279
Citations
Citations since 2016
154 Research Items
3994 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
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Introduction
I completed my undergraduate and first postgraduate degree at Concordia University (BSc in Psycholoy and MSc in Biology) in Montreal, Canada. Then, I obtained my PhD in Sciences of Physical Activity from the University of Montreal. Later I taught at Nottingham Trent University in England, first as Senior Lecturer and later as Reader (Associate Professor) for nearly 9 years while also completing an MA in Education. In 2005, I moved to Budapest. Currently I am Professor of Psychology at ELTE Eötvös Loránd University. In 2017, I was conferred the degree of Doctor of Sciences (DSc) by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. My current research interests are in the areas of behavioral (exercise and Internet) addiction, impact of exercise on mental health, and placebo effects in human behavior.
Additional affiliations
March 2009 - September 2016
Eötvös Loránd University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2007 - present
Eötvös Loránd University
May 2006 - September 2007
Education
April 2015 - March 2017
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 1998 - May 2000
Nottingham Trent University
Field of study
  • Education
January 1990 - May 1993
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Psychophysiology (Sciences de l'activité physique)

Publications

Publications (265)
Article
The objective of this first literature review, in this area, is to unveil the current status of knowledge on superstition in sport. Its outcome reveals that superstitious behaviors vary with the type of sport, athletic level, as well as athletic role. In agreement with past theories, they increase with the level of challenge, as reflected by the im...
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The goal of the study was to validate the English version of the Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS; Csibi et al. 2016), which is a short and easy-to-use tool for screening the risk of smartphone application-based addiction. Another aim was to identify the most frequently used smartphone applications and their perceived importance...
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Sexual violence against children in sports receives little research attention. The aim of this Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-based systematic literature review was to synthesize the up-to-date knowledge and identify the already known and the still unknown information in this area. The literature search yielded s...
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Exercise addiction is widely studied in sport science and psychology, but at this time it is not recognized as an independently diagnosable mental or psychiatric disorder. Indeed, studies on exercise addiction assess a level of risk for disordered exercise behaviour, characterized by lack of control and negative personal consequences. It is argued...
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Exercise addiction is an extensively studied topic in the sport science and psychology literature as reflected by the more than 1000 papers published in the field. However, only about 12 cases were published in the area, which may suggest that there is difficulty in reaching and studying affected individuals. Relying on the Components Model of Addi...
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The present study tested the psychometric properties of the Chinese Revised Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI-R). In Study 1, 800 non-sport and 357 sports science students completed the Chinese EAI-R, the Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS), the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). They also reported their weekly exe...
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Background Although numerous studies have examined associations between personality traits and eating disorders in females, few studies have been conducted on female exercisers. Given the high risk of disordered eating in female exercisers, this study investigated the associations between the Big Five personality traits and disordered eating in fem...
Article
Background: Although numerous studies examined associations between personality traits and eating disorders in females, few studies have been conducted on female exercisers. Given the high risk of disordered eating in female exercisers, this study investigated the associations between the Big Five personality traits and disordered eating in female...
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1) Background: The common factors which potentially contribute to the development of eating disorders and exercise dependence during early adulthood are still relatively unclear. The present study aimed to examine the role of BMI, body image inflexibility, and generalized anxiety in these two behavioral problems in a sample of college students. 2)...
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This study was performed to investigate further the two-dimensional aspect of passion and its relationship to the risk of exercise addiction (REA) in nine nations and to clarify the unresolved gender differences. The here reported results stem from the reanalysis of data gathered in three previous empirical studies. The analyses demonstrated that h...
Preprint
Different aspects of motor performance were shown to be malleable to placebo and nocebo influences. However, there are equivocal findings too, and in some cases, only perceived but not actual performance was impacted. Therefore, the present laboratory investigation aimed to study if postural stability is susceptible to placebo and nocebo effects. D...
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Yoga is a popular leisure activity and health practice worldwide, especially among women. It could become a long-term lifestyle involving passion, but, like other exercises, it may become addictive. While exercise addiction is widely studied, addiction to yoga remains unexplored. In this cross-sectional study, we examined 215 highly experienced wom...
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This cross-sectional study aimed to explore specific online behaviours and their association with a range of underlying psychological and other behavioural factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Eight countries (Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Lithuania, Portugal, Japan, Hungary, and Brazil) participated in an international investigation involving...
Article
This retrospective study was a nonrandomized comparison of exercisers’ (runners and participants of a spinning class) states of consciousness with subjects of active-alert hypnosis (AAH) and students in a class (control). Three hundred and seventy-five participants completed the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI). Runners, spinners, and...
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This note is a reply to Brevers et al.’s (2022) the commentary. We first explain that the commentary's title is in discord with the theoretical implications of the Expanded Interactional Model of Exercise Addiction (EIMEA; Dinardi et al., 2021). Subsequently, we argue that in contrast to Brevers et al.’s arguments, exercise volume or intensive phys...
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Swimming is one of the world’s most popular recreational exercises and sports. Scholastic writings consistently demonstrate their physical and mental benefits. In contrast to earlier works, the current field experiment examined whether an ultrashort 50m bout of swimming could yield positive changes in affect. It also tested whether swimming aided b...
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The affective experience during and after exercise helps determine motivation, commitment, and adherence to sports. Choice reaction time (RT) is critical in decision-making and sports performance. In this within-subjects laboratory experiment, we scrutinized core affect and choice RT in 18 male adolescent basketball players during exercise sessions...
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Various levels of lockdown due to COVID-19 limit people’s habitual physical activity. Individuals addicted to exercise, health-oriented, and team-exercisers could be the most affected. We examined the COVID-19-related changes in exercise volume in 1079 exercisers from eight Spanish-speaking nations based on exercise addiction categories, primary re...
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Laughter yoga is claimed to have similar psychological and physiological effects to exercising. The objectives of the two studies reported here were to examine the visual and practice effects of laughter yoga in women. Study 1 was performed with 13 young women (mean age =21.92 ± SD = 1.66 years) who only experienced laughter yoga visually. Study 2...
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This study examined the relationship between hedonic smartphone use (entertainment, social media, games), perceived life stress, and satisfaction with life with smartphone addiction (SA). We tested the connections using structural equation modeling (SEM) on questionnaire data obtained from 410 participants (73.2% women). Results indicated a good ov...
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With the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments from many countries in the world implemented various restrictions to prevent the SARS-Cov-2 virus's spread, including social distancing measures, quarantine, in-home lockdown, and the closure of services and public spaces. This led to an increased use of social media platforms to make people feel more...
Preprint
Background and aims. In the last thirty years, the continuously increasing number of studies investigating Exercise Addiction (EA) stimulated interest in developing instruments assessing the risk of exercise addiction (REA). One widely used tool is the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) because it is a brief, easy-to-use, time-saving, and psychomet...
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The Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) is a brief validated instrument adopted by many to assess the risk of exercise addiction. Its revised version (the EAI-R) has been recently validated in English with a predominantly male sample. The current work examined the model fit, validity and reliability of the Hungarian version of the EAI-R (EAI-R-HU)....
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A validated Chinese version of Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised (EDS-R) is currently lacking. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of this translated scale in a Chinese sample. Following a forward–backward translation of the EDS-R, the Chinese version (EDS-C) and validated scales assessing associated constructs were ad...
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The data were collected to test the hypothesis that problematic smartphone use, defined as the risk of smartphone addiction, is positively related to the type/purpose of device use (hedonic, meaning pleasure/gratification) and perceived stress, while it is negatively related to life satisfaction. The data were collected online between October 2020...
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The COVID-19 pandemic struck Spain severely from the beginning. Prevention via information that fosters knowledge, reasonable concern, control, and personal care is the most effective means to slow down the pandemic. In this intervention field study, first, we assessed actual knowledge, concern, control, and care about the COVID-19 in 111 Spanish u...
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AbSZtrAKt Háttér és célkitűzések: A nők karrierjének alakulásában meghatározó fordulópont az anyává válás, ami különösen nehéz akkor, ha a karrier az élsportot jelenti. Az élsportolók körében kevés a kutatás, a sportoló anyák érzéseinek és nehézségeinek feltárása kimondottan hiányos. A vizsgálat célja a magyar élsportlónők anyává válásának feltárás...
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Recent research suggests that the risk of exercise addiction (REA) is primarily predicted by passion. However, this relationship stems from cross-sectional studies. The objective of this 12-week longitudinal investigation was to examine and compare the temporal changes in REA and passion among women and men (N = 149) who just started a new sport ac...
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The affective benefits of a single bout of exercise are widely reported, but several factors influence the affect measured after exercise. One is the last experience linked to the exercise session. In this laboratory study, we manipulated progressive treadmill exercise to ventilatory threshold by using cognitive tasks during and immediately after t...
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Background and aims Cited in over 100 articles, the interactional model of exercise addiction (Egorov & Szabo, 2013) forms the theoretical foundation of many studies on the risk of exercise addiction. Still, the inclusion of previously omitted determinants could make it more useful. Therefore, this review presents the expanded version of the origin...
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Introduction: Physical distancing under the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a significant impact on lifestyles, including exercise routines. In this study, we examined the relationship between mental health and addictive behaviors, such as excessive exercise and the use of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) across 12 spo...
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Background Above the six symptoms in the components model of exercise addiction, other symptoms may also reflect the risk of exercise addiction (REA). Based on past research, these additional symptoms (AS) include training when injured, missing social engagements, disordered eating, staleness, and distorted perception of the exercise volume. The ma...
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Directionally opposite to placebo effects are the nocebo effects that negatively impact people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions. An important but scarcely studied aspect of everyday functioning is motor performance, in which nocebo effects might impair athletic skills and the much-needed purposeful daily movements and motor actions. The aim of thi...
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Athletes train on a pre-determined training schedule. Scheduled behaviors are difficult to become “addictive” because urges and cravings cannot be scheduled. Still, many scholars think that elite or competitive athletes can become addicted to their sport or exercise. The aim of this systematic literature review was to analyze scholastic papers on e...
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Smartphones have rapidly become indispensable in modern life. The wide spectrum of activities and virtual interaction possibilities with the mobile device render some individuals prone to exaggerated use exhibiting core symptoms akin to substance addiction. The core common symptoms of addictions can be framed within the ‘components model of addicti...
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Exaggerated exercise volumes, lack of control, withdrawal symptoms and conflicts with family and friends are core symptoms of exercise addiction. The condition can lead to health problems and social isolation because exercise is given the highest priority in any situation. The prevalence of the risk of exercise addiction has mostly been assessed in...
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General psychosocial measures are assumed to be stable over time. However, such measures may be affected by the situation preceding assessment. In this study 28 participants completed the WHO-5 Well-Being Index, the Subjective Happiness Scale, and the Life Orientation Test which are general measures, and the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule...
Preprint
The Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised (EDS-R) has been suggested as screening tool for exercise dependence (ED), however, a validated Chinese version of this instrument is currently lacking. To this end, the present study translated and evaluated the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the scale. Following a forward-backward translation...
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Introduction: Little is known about the impact of restrictive measures during the COVID-19 pandemic on self-image and engagement in exercise and other coping strategies alongside the use of image and performance-enhancing drugs (IPEDs) to boost performance and appearance. Objectives: To assess the role of anxiety about appearance and self-compassio...
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Background and aims Exercise addiction may be conceptualized as a behavioral addiction in which a person develops an unhealthy obsession with exercise and physical activity. While exercise addiction is not a formally recognized disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual or the International Classification of Diseases, it has been studied and...
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Background. Evolution prepared humans to deal with physical challenges. Today, people encounter psychosocial stress more than physical stress. However, the physiological response to the contemporary forms of stress is still preserved as the biological evolution’s vestigial heritage. This laboratory investigation aimed to determine whether brief men...
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Background. Physical activity is essential for health, especially in an increasingly sedentary world. Being a parent involves responsibilities that could interfere with mothers’ physical activity. Research suggests that mothers are especially vulnerable to physical inactivity. Health promoters invest substantial effort in facilitating the physical...
Article
Yoga, judo and aikido are popular exercises expected to promote physical and mental health. This study examined four characteristics rooted in Eastern philosophy and religious practice, i.e. spirituality, mindfulness, body awareness, and self-compassion in healthy individuals regularly practicing these movements and a control group (n = 341). The r...
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Men having sex with men are known to exhibit heightened sexual activity. This raises the conjecture that different sexual orientations exhibit different levels of sex addiction risk, which is also affected by personality. The present study examined the prevalence of the sex addiction risk within the context of sexual orientation and personality in...
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"The exploration of factors underpinning Olympic success (number of medals won) extended to the Human Development Index (HDI). Analysis of the Rio Olympic Games supported the influence of geographic and social variables. Schooling was one of the most important predictors and together with population explained 64%; when adding geographic variables (...
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Background. Research suggests that exercise training and/or physical fitness may be associated with lower heart rate reactivity and faster recovery from psychosocial stress. This relationship was rarely studied in children despite the potential protective role of physical activity in stress that may start in early life stages. Methods. In this lab...
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Regular physical activity is associated with better sleep, but less sleep was related to reduced physical activity. However, past works did not consider perceived stress and life satisfaction which also affect sleep. Here we examined sleep quality, sleep duration, life satisfaction, and perceived stress in 149 physically active- and inactive partic...
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The aim of this report is to provide a picture about Hungarians' attitudes and behaviors 1 month after the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in Hungary. Based on survey data from 1,552 adults that were collected in mid-April 2020, it appears that Hungarians agree with and follow the preventive measures of the government. There are, however, differe...
Preprint
The COVID-19 pandemic affects the whole world. Spain is one of the most affected nations. Prevention via information that fosters knowledge, reasonable concern, control and personal care is the most effective means to slow down the pandemic. In this intervention study we assessed extant knowledge, concern, control and care about the COVID-19 in 111...