Athena Andreadis

Athena Andreadis
University of Massachusetts Medical School | UMMS · Department of Cell Biology

MIT, PhD in BIology 1984

About

73
Publications
5,057
Reads
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11,116
Citations
Citations since 2016
0 Research Items
2607 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Athena Andreadis worked at the Department of Cell Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School. Athena does research in Cell Biology and Molecular Biology. Their most recent publication is 'Tau Splicing and the Intricacies of Dementia'.
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - July 2013
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 1996 - present
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Position
  • Harvard University

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein that fulfills several functions critical for neuronal formation and health. Tau discharges its functions by producing multiple isoforms via regulated alternative splicing. These isoforms modulate tau function in normal brain by altering the domains of the protein, thereby influencing its localization, conform...
Article
Full-text available
Alternative pre-mRNA processing is a central element of eukaryotic gene regulation. The cell frequently alters the use of alternative exons in response to physiological stimuli. Ceramides are lipid-signaling molecules composed of sphingosine and a fatty acid. Previously, water-insoluble ceramides were shown to change alternative splicing and decrea...
Article
Saitohin (STH) is a gene unique to humans and their closest relatives whose function is not yet known. STH contains a single polymorphism (Q7R); the Q allele is human-specific and confers susceptibility to several neurodegenerative diseases. In previous work, we discovered that STH interacts with Peroxiredoxin 6 (Prdx6), a unique member of that fam...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies are characterized by fibrillar inclusions composed of the microtubule-associated protein, tau. Recently, we demonstrated that the N-terminus of tau (amino acids [aa] 2-18) in filamentous aggregates or N-terminal tau isoforms activate a signaling cascade involving protein phosphatase 1 and glycogen synt...
Article
Full-text available
Aggregated filamentous forms of hyperphosphorylated tau (a microtubule-associated protein) represent pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. While axonal transport dysfunction is thought to represent a primary pathogenic factor in AD and other neurodegenerative diseases, the direct molecular link between pathogenic...
Chapter
From the earliest time of its discovery as an essential nutrient, vitamin A has been known to be vital for the eye, both for its development and for its adult function. In the mature organism, the earliest sign of vitamin A deficiency is night-blindness, and in the developing embryo vitamin A deficiency causes the ventral eye to be defective, leadi...
Article
Tau is a neuronal-specific microtubule-associated protein that plays an important role in establishing neuronal polarity and maintaining the axonal cytoskeleton. Aggregated tau is the major component of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), structures present in the brains of people affected by neurodegenerative diseases called tauopathies. Tauopathies i...
Article
The majority of human genes undergo alternative splicing, which is frequently altered in response to physiological stimuli. DARPP-32 (dopamine and cAMP regulated phosphoprotein, 32kDa) is a component of PKA-dependent signaling pathways. Here we show that DARPP-32 binds directly to the splicing factor tra2-beta1 (transformer 2). DARPP-32 changes the...
Article
Comment on the following article: Politics Life Sci. 2009 Sep;28(2):27-47. The subject of the article is the Genetic Virtue Project, a proposed interdisciplinary effort between philosophers, psychologists and geneticists to discover and enhance human ethics using biotechnology genetic correlates of virtuous behavior.
Article
The microtubule-associated protein tau is important to normal neuronal activity in the mammalian nervous system. Aggregated tau is the major component of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), structures present in the brains of people affected by neurodegenerative diseases called tauopathies. Tauopathies include Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal d...
Article
Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies are characterized by the intracellular accumulation of insoluble filaments of the microtubule-associated protein tau. The six canonical tau isoforms in the adult brain consist of an N-terminal "projection" domain followed by a proline-rich region, a microtubule-binding repeat region, and a C-terminal tail....
Article
Book review of Current Hypotheses and Research Milestones in Alzheimer’s Disease, edited by Ricardo Maccioni and George Perry, Springer Science+Business Media, 2009, ISBN 9780387879949.
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 6 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette whose expression profile differs from that of the other tau regulated exons, implying the involvement of distinct regulatory factors. Previous work had established the...
Article
The microtubule-associated protein tau is important to normal neuronal function in the mammalian nervous system. Aggregated tau is the major component of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), present in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's and frontotemporal dementia with Parkinsonism (FTDP). Splicing misregulation of adult-specific...
Article
Altered splicing of transcripts, including the insulin receptor (IR) and the cardiac troponin (cTNT), is a key feature of myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1). CELF and MBNL splicing factor members regulate the splicing of those transcripts. We have previously described an alteration of Tau exon 2 splicing in DM1 brain, resulting in the favored exclusio...
Article
Alternative splicing is altered in myotonic dystrophy of type 1 (DM1), a syndrome caused by an increase of CTG triplet repeats in the 3' untranslated region of the myotonic dystrophy protein kinase gene. Previously, we reported the preferential skipping of Tau exon 2 in DM1 brains. In this study, we analyze the alternative splicing of Tau exon 6 wh...
Article
Full-text available
Microtubules in the axon are more resistant to severing by katanin than microtubules elsewhere in the neuron. We have hypothesized that this is because of the presence of tau on axonal microtubules. When katanin is overexpressed in fibroblasts, the microtubules are severed into short pieces, but this phenomenon is suppressed by the coexpression of...
Article
Pathological inclusions containing fibrillar aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau protein are a characteristic feature in tauopathies, which include Alzheimer's disease (AD). Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes alternative splicing in the brain. Exon 10 encodes one of four microtubule-binding repeats. Exon 10 inclusi...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein that fulfills several functions critical for neuronal formation and health. Tau discharges its functions by producing multiple isoforms via intricately regulated alternative splicing. These isoforms modulate tau function in normal brain by altering the domains of the protein, thereby influencing its conformat...
Article
DJ-1 is a novel oncogene and a causative gene for the familial form of Parkinson's disease (PD). DJ-1 has been shown to play roles in anti-oxidative stress by eliminating reactive oxygen species and in transcriptional regulation of genes. Loss of these functions of DJ-1 is thought to trigger the onset of PD. In this study, to identify genes for whi...
Article
Full-text available
Saitohin is a gene unique to humans and their closest relatives, the function of which is not yet known. Saitohin contains a single polymorphism (Q7R), and its Q and R alleles belong to the H1 and H2 tau haplotype, respectively. The Saitohin Q allele confers susceptibility to several neurodegenerative diseases. To get a handle on Saitohin function,...
Article
In this study we describe the identification and characterization of a novel cytosolic protein of the guanine exchange factor (GEF) family. The human cDNA corresponds to predicted human protein FLJ00128/FLJ10357 located on chromosome 14q11.2. The deduced protein sequence contains in its C-terminus a RhoGEF domain followed by a pleckstrin domain. It...
Article
Full-text available
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 2 modulates the tau N-terminal domain, which interacts with the axonal membrane. Exon 10 codes for a microtubule binding domain, increasing the affinity of tau for microtubules. Both exons are excluded from fetal brain...
Article
The microtubule-associated protein (MAP) tau is found primarily in neurons and errors in its regulation are associated with Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. Tau expression is transcriptionally regulated and tissue-specific. In this study, starting with a approximately 7500-bp fragment from the mouse tau gene, which include...
Article
Organization of cytoskeletal elements is critical for cellular migration and maintenance of morphology. Tau protein, which binds to and organizes microtubules, is instrumental in forming and maintaining the neuronal axon. Disturbances in tau expression result in disruption of the neuronal cytoskeleton and formation of pathological tau structures (n...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein (MAP) whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Our previous work with exon 6 established that tau shows a unique expression pattern and splicing regulation profile, and that it utilizes alternative splice sites in several human tissues. The mRNAs from these splici...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex-regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 10 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette, which is adult-specific and codes for a microtubule-binding domain. Mutations that affect splicing of exon 10 have been shown to cause frontotemporal dementia with p...
Article
Full-text available
The abnormal phosphorylation of tau protein on serines and threonines is a hallmark characteristic of the neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The discovery that tau could be phosphorylated on tyrosine and evidence that Abeta signal transduction involved tyrosine phosphorylation led us to question whether tyrosine phosphorylation of...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. In humans, exon 10 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette which is adult-specific and which codes for a microtubule binding domain. Mutations that affect splicing of exon 10 have been shown to cause inherited fron...
Article
The regulation of tau protein expression during different stages of cellular differentiation and development as well as its functional role in morphogenesis, neurofibrillary tangle formation, and neurodegeneration have been topics of extensive study but have not been completely clarified yet. Tau undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalia...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. The N-terminal domain of the protein interacts with the axonal membrane, and is modulated by regulated inclusion of exons 2 and 3. These two tau exons are alternatively spliced cassettes, in which exon 3 never appears indep...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of molecular motors that modulate the neuronal cytoskeleton has been elusive. Here, we show that a molecular motor protein, myosin Va, is present in high proportions in the cytoskeleton of mouse CNS and peripheral nerves. Immunoelectron microscopy, coimmunoprecipitation, and blot overlay analyses demonstrate that myosin Va in axo...
Article
Frontotemporal dementias (FTDs), including corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), are neurodegenerative tauopathies characterized by widespread CNS neuronal and glial tau pathologies, but there are no tau transgenic (Tg) mice that model neurodegeneration with glia tau lesions. Thus, we generated Tg mice overexpres...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. The N-terminal domain of the protein interacts with the axonal membrane, and is modulated by differential inclusion of exons 2 and 3. These two tau exons are alternatively spliced cassettes, in which exon 3 never appears in...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 10 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette that is adult-specific and encodes a microtubule-binding domain. Mutations increasing the inclusion of exon 10 result in the production of tau protein which predominantly con...
Article
Full-text available
We identified the rat Sam68-like mammalian protein (rSLM-2), a member of the STAR (signal transduction and activation of RNA) protein family as a novel splicing regulatory protein. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, coimmunoprecipitations, and pull-down assays, we demonstrate that rSLM-2 interacts with various proteins involved in the regulation of...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in the presenilin proteins cause early-onset, familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). We characterized the cellular localization and endoproteolysis of presenilin 2 (PS2) and presenilin 1 (PS1) in brains from 25 individuals with presenilin-mutations causing FAD, as well as neurologically normal individuals and individuals with sporadic Alzhei...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 6 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette whose expression profile is distinct from that of the other tau regulated exons, implying the utilization of distinct regulatory factors. Previous work had established...
Article
Most retinoic acid (RA) in the embryonic mouse is generated by three retinaldehyde dehydrogenases (RALDHs). RALDH1 (also called E1, AHD2 or ALDH1) is expressed in the dorsal retina, and RALDH2 (V2, ALDH11) generates most RA in the embryonic trunk. The third one, RALDH3 (V1), synthesizes the bulk of RA in the head of the early embryo. We show here t...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 10 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette that is adult-specific and that codes for a microtubule binding domain. Recently, mutations that affect splicing of exon 10 have been shown to cause inherited frontot...
Article
In an effort to analyze the genetic role of tau in Alzheimer's disease (AD), 17 polymorphisms were identified. Eleven of these polymorphisms were in complete linkage disequilibrium and segregated as two haplotypes, A and B. The A and B haplotypes were investigated in 269 AD cases and 238 controls from two different sources, a clinic-based group (me...
Article
Full-text available
Pallido-ponto-nigral degeneration (PPND) is one of the most well characterized familial neurodegenerative disorders linked to chromosome 17q21–22. These hereditary disorders are known collectively as frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). Although the clinical features and associated regional variations in...
Article
Previous studies of a tau polymorphism in Caucasian subjects with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) showed an over-representation of one genotype, A0/A0, versus normal control subjects. This result suggested that tau may be playing a genetic role in the progression of PSP. This study examines whether the over-representation of A0/A0 is Caucasian...
Article
Full-text available
Thirteen families have been described with an autosomal dominantly inherited dementia named frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), historically termed Pick's disease. Most FTDP-17 cases show neuronal and/or glial inclusions that stain positively with antibodies raised against the microtubule-associated protein T...
Article
Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism, chromosome 17 type (FTDP-17), a recently defined disease entity, is clinically characterized by personality changes sometimes associated with psychosis, hyperorality, and diminished speech output, disturbed executive function and nonfluent aphasia, and rigidity. Neuropathological changes include frontotemp...
Article
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undergoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exon 6 of the gene is an alternatively spliced cassette whose expression pattern and splicing regulation had not been previously analyzed in the human. The expression profile of exon 6 is completely different from that of t...
Article
An Australian family with autosomal dominant presenile nonspecific dementia was recently described. The disease results in behavioral changes, usually disinhibition, followed by the onset of dementia accompanied occasionally by parkinsonism. Twenty-eight affected individuals were identified with an age of onset of 39 to 66 years (mean, 53 +/- 8.9 y...
Article
Familial frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a complex disorder with lack of distinctive histopathological markers found in other types of dementia. Most of the linkage reports from FTD families map the disease loci to chromosome 17q21-22. However, FTD is genetically heterogeneous, as linkage also has been reported to chromosome 3. In the present stud...
Article
Familial frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a complex disorder with lack of distinctive histopathological markers found in other types of dementia. Most of the linkage reports from FTD families map the disease loci to chromosome 17q21-22. However, FTD is genetically heterogeneous, as linkage also has been reported to chromosome 3. In the present stud...
Article
A dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in a tau intron was identified and used in a case-control study to analyze the genetic association of tau with several neurodegenerative diseases with tau pathology. Subjects with the homozygous tau AO alleles were excessively represented in the progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) group, compared with the age-mat...
Article
The microtubule-associated protein tau is produced from a 6-kb mRNA expressed primarily in neurons. A 2-kb tau mRNA has also been characterized, which produces a tau isoform that localizes to the nucleus, and an 8-kb mRNA is expressed in the PNS. Mapping and sequencing of the human tau gene start showed that it has an unusually GC-rich 5'-untransla...
Article
The microtubule-associated protein τ is produced from a 6-kb mRNA expressed primarily in neurons. A 2-kb τ mRNA has also been characterized, which produces a τ isoform that localizes to the nucleus, and an 8-kb mRNA is expressed in the PNS. Mapping and sequencing of the human τ gene start showed that it has an unusually GC-rich 5′-untranslated regi...
Article
Full-text available
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein whose transcript undegoes complex regulated splicing in the mammalian nervous system. Exons 2 and 3 of the gene are alternatively spliced cassettes in which exon 3 never appears independently of exon 2. Expression of tau minigene constructs in cells indicate that exon 2 resembles a constitutive exon, while a...
Article
Full-text available
A cosmld containing eight exons of the gene coding for the microtubule-associated tau protein was subjected to the exon trapping assay. All the constitutive exons contained in the cosmld (4, 5, 7 and 9) were efficiently captured regardless of size. Of the four alternatively spliced exons, three (3,4A and 8) were not isolated by the assay, but the b...
Article
Full-text available
The microtubule-binding protein tau is important in establishing and maintaining neuronal morphology and is a major component of the neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) characteristic of Alzheimer's brain. The neuron-specific tau transcript undergoes complex alternative splicing. The human tau gene has been cloned and mapped. The restriction analysis an...
Article
The nucleotide sequence and deduced polypeptide sequence of the Salmonella typhimurium leuB are reported, as well as a conserved region that might bind the enzyme substrate.
Article
Full-text available
The BC3H1 cell line has been used widely as a model for studying regulation of muscle-related proteins, such as the acetylcholine receptor, myokinase, creatine kinase, and actin. These cells, derived from a nitrosourea-induced mouse brain neoplasm, have some of the morphological characteristics of smooth muscle and have been shown to express the va...
Chapter
This chapter describes the use of promoter selection and alternative pre-mRNA splicing to generate complex contractile protein phenotypes. The regulated expression of structurally distinct developmentally regulated and cell type-specific protein isoforms is a fundamental characteristic of eukaryotic cells. The molecular mechanisms responsible for g...
Chapter
One of the fundamental characteristics of multicellular organisms is their ability to generate diverse phenotypes among cells sharing a common genome. These specific cell phenotypes result from the regulated expression of protein isoforms that are structurally distinct, developmentally regulated and cell specific. The molecular mechanisms responsib...
Article
Full-text available
It has been known that enzyme activity associated with the yeast LEU1 and LEU2 gene product (beta-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase) drops sharply when yeast is grown in the presence of leucine. RNA blot hybridizations with LEU2-specific probes establish that this is accompanied by a 5-fold repression in LEU2 mRNA levels. A similar repression was noted...
Article
The LEU2 structural gene and its regulatory sequences were isolated on a 2200 bp Xho I-Sal I fragment. Sequencing of the 5'-noncoding region showed that at -151 there is an open reading frame of 23 codons of which six are for leucine. The leucine codon usage in this reading frame follows exactly that of other yeast genes. At the carboxy-terminal en...

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