Athanassios Athanassiou

Athanassios Athanassiou
Greek Ministry of Culture · Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology–Speleology

Dr. Palaeontologist

About

80
Publications
30,536
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888
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
606 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
The Lower Pleistocene Karnezeika locality, lies in the Peloponnese, southern Greece, and its fauna corresponds to the Middle Villafranchian biochronological unit (MN17). The recovered mammal assemblage includes, among others, a few remains of a large Cercopithecid. Herein, we describe this material, including an upper second molar, a partially pres...
Conference Paper
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A partial proboscidean skeleton has been recovered during the systematic excavations at the Middle Pleistocene open-air site Marathousa 1 (MAR-1) in the Megalopolis basin (Peloponnese, Greece). The remains of the individual, an adult male of the European straight-tusked elephant Palaeoloxodon antiquus, display human-induced cut marks, which, togeth...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Megalopolis basin (Peloponnese, Greece) is known for its Pleistocene fossiliferous deposits. The basin’s stratigraphic sequence comprises fluviolacustrine deposits containing lignite seams and spans from ca. 900 ka to ca. 150 ka, thus covering part of the Early and the entire Middle Pleistocene. Since 2012 the basin has been investigated for st...
Article
More than 3000 fossil vertebrate specimens have been unearthed from the new Lower Pleistocene locality of Karnezeika, Peloponnese, Greece. The vast majority of the material (~90%) represents bovids, and their systematic study is provided herein. The bovid assemblage consists of four taxa. A significant portion of the collected bovid material belong...
Chapter
Hippopotamidae, an artiodactyl family of African origin, flourished in Europe during the Pleistocene. In Greece, it is reported from more than 20 continental localities, geographically dispersed from the northern to the southernmost part of the country and geochronologically dated from the earliest to the latest Pleistocene. Two species are recogni...
Chapter
Several Aegean islands are known for their Pleistocene endemic mammal species. In isolation from the mainland, these mammals adapted to insular environments evolving unique characters. Only flying animals (birds, bats, insects) and animals that are capable of long-distance overseas traveling—by swimming, rafting, or floating—managed to successfully...
Chapter
The paleontological research during the last 160 years in Greece has recovered continental deer fossils from at least 100 localities, which span geochronologically from the late Miocene to the end of the Pleistocene, while scanty dental remains date from the middle Miocene. The following species are documented: Procapreolus pentelici (late Miocene)...
Article
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In this article, we describe an almost complete macaque mandible from the Middle Pleistocene locality Marathousa 1 in the Megalopolis Basin of southern Greece. The mandible belonged to a male individual of advanced ontogenetic age and of estimated body mass~13 kg. Comparative metric analysis of its teeth permits its attribution to the Barbary macaq...
Chapter
The proboscidean family Elephantidae has an extensive fossil record in Greece that spans geochronologically from the latest Pliocene to the Late Pleistocene. Five continental species are recognised, four of which are classified in the genus Mammuthus and one in Palaeoloxodon. Palaeoloxodon antiquus is the most common species in terms of number of l...
Article
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We present an updated time frame for the 30 m thick late Miocene sedimentary Trachilos section from the island of Crete that contains the potentially oldest hominin footprints. The section is characterized by normal magnetic polarity. New and published foraminifera biostratigraphy results suggest an age of the section within the Mediterranean biozo...
Conference Paper
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Marathousa 1 (MAR-1), located in the Megalopolis palaeolake basin, southern Greece, preserves an exceptionally well-preserved archaeological and palaeontological assemblage. Radiometric dating, magnetostratigraphy, and geological and biochronological analyses indicate an age of 500-400 ka, and place the locality within the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS...
Conference Paper
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The sedimentary basins of Greece contain an important record of fossil vertebrates that has been known and studied for nearly two centuries. Here, we present our collective effort to review and summarize this fossil record. A combination of our original research and previously published records permits the complete reassessment of the identified ve...
Article
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Report on the 2014 excavation campaign at the Lower Palaeolithic site Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis Basin, Greece).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Following the discovery and excavation of the Lower Palaeolithic butchering locality Marathousa 1 (MAR-1; Megalopolis Basin, Peloponnesus, Greece), conducted by the Ephoreia of Paleoanthropology and Speleology, Greek Ministry of Culture in collaboration with the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, led to the discovery of a new open-air...
Conference Paper
Following the discovery and excavation of the Lower Palaeolithic butchering locality Marathousa 1 (MAR-1; Megalopolis Basin, Peloponnesus, Greece), conducted by the Ephoreia of Paleoanthropology and Speleology, Greek Ministry of Culture in collaboration with the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, led to the discovery of a new open-air...
Article
The Eastern Mediterranean islands, most of which belong to the Aegean archipelago, have a complex biogeographic history, which puts its stamp on their fauna and flora. A now extinct but most important faunal component, in terms of geographic spread and taxonomic diversity, are the elephants. The Eastern Mediterranean islands are particularly rich i...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we present the first results on the large mammal fauna from the new open-air Lower Palaeolithic locality Marathousa 1 (MAR-1) (Megalopolis Basin, Peloponnesus, Greece). MAR-1 belongs to the Marathousa Member of the Choremi Formation and its large mammal faunal list (collection 2013–2016) includes the castorid Castor fiber, the must...
Article
In the Middle Pleistocene open-air locality Marathousa 1 (Megalopolis Basin, Peloponnese, Greece), lithic artefacts are spatially and stratigraphically associated with faunal remains. Among the latter, birds are known by over 120 skeletal elements and represent an important part of the vertebrate fauna. The majority of them are identified as anseri...
Article
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Recently collected fossil material in the Villafranchian locality of Sésklo, as well as a re-evaluation of a pre-existing, partly-published museum collection, allow the recognition of a lower faunal level in the locality, older than the main Equus-dominated fossil assemblage, dated in the Early Pleistocene (MNQ17). The lower level yielded, instead,...
Article
Full-text available
The mining activities in the Middle Pleistocene lacustrine basin of Megalopolis (Peloponnesus, Greece) have exposed expanded sections of lacustrine sediments. In particular, the northernmost mine of Kyparíssia has yielded numerous vertebrate fossils, recovered during field surveys and small-scale rescue excavations. The stratified specimens indicat...
Article
Full-text available
Marathousa 1 is a Lower Palaeolithic open-air site located in the Megalopolis basin, an area in Southern Greece known for its fossiliferous sediments. Mining activities in the basin uncovered a thick sequence of Middle Pleistocene lacustrine deposits representing the environment of a palaeolake. Marathousa 1 was discovered in 2013 during a targeted...
Article
The lignite mine of Kyparíssia is situated in the northern part of the Middle Pleistocene fluvio-lacustrine basin of Megalopolis (central Peloponnesus, Greece). During the years 2004–2008 numerous vertebrate fossils have cropped out in the mining sections and collected or excavated during short-term field expeditions. The finds derive mainly from o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Megalopolis Basin (Peloponnesus, Greece) has long been known for its Middle Pleistocene mammal fossils (see [1] and references therein). In 2013 a palaeolithic/palaeoanthropological survey, conducted by a joint team from the Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology Speleology of the Greek Ministry of Culture and the University of Tübingen, led to the dis...
Article
Full-text available
We describe late Miocene tetrapod footprints (tracks) from the Trachilos locality in western Crete (Greece), which show hominin-like characteristics. They occur in an emergent horizon within an otherwise marginal marine succession of Messinian age (latest Miocene), dated to approximately 5.7 Ma (million years), just prior to the Messinian Salinity...
Article
Presented here are the deinotheriid dental and postcranial remains from the Late Miocene localities Pikermi and Halmyropotamos (Greece). The study and comparison of the available juvenile dental material from Pikermi with other relevant specimens from Europe showed that it belongs to the huge-sized Deinotherium proavum (= D. gigantissimum). Additio...
Article
Presented here are the deinotheriid dental and postcranial remains from the Late Miocene localities Pikermi and Halmyropotamos (Greece). The study and comparison of the available juvenile dental material from Pikermi with other relevant specimens from Europe showed that it belongs to the huge-sized Deinotherium proavum (= D. gigantissimum). Additio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Megalopolis Basin (Peloponnesus, Greece) has long been known for its Middle Pleistocene mammal fossils (see Melentis, 1961). In 2013 a palaeolithic/palaeoanthropological survey, conducted by a joint team of the Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology-Speleology of the Greek Ministry of Culture and the University of Tübingen in the frame of the ERC proje...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Three environmental proxies have been analysed in order to shed some light on our understanding of the vegetaon and climate during the past human visits in Marathousa 1 site. Phytoliths, a terrestrial proxy as well as diatoms and sponges, both wet body proxies, were extracted from the sediments following the same methodology as all of them belong t...
Article
Anancus arvernensis is frequent in the European Pliocene and Lower Pleistocene, but it is mostly represented by isolated molars, as mandibular and particularly cranial finds are rare. An almost complete mandible from Kallíphytos, a new locality in N. Greece, and a partial skull from Sésklo are described in the present study. The mandible is very ro...
Article
Cyprus, the largest Eastern Mediterranean island, hosted a highly impoverished endemic mammalian fauna during the Pleistocene to early Holocene times. This was a result of its extreme biogeographic isolation since its formation, which prevented the immigration of most terrestrial mammals, except for those with apparent sea channel crossing abilitie...
Article
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The peri-Mediterranean and western Asian Plio-Pleistocene faunas are characterised by the sporadic presence of a palaeotragine taxon with a complex nomenclatural history, usually referred to the genus Mitilanotherium. Due to its rarity, its morphological characters are incompletely known. Recently excavated giraffid material in the Lower Pleistocen...
Article
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The Late Miocene locality of Kerassiá (North Euboea, Greece) has yielded a rich Turolian fauna, which forms part of the Eastern Mediterranean Pikermian biome. A prominent specimen of the Kerassiá collection, a well-preserved rhinocerotid skull with associated mandible, is described herein. The specimen demonstrates the diagnostic cranial, mandibula...
Article
Fossil elephant remains were identified in Loussiká, NW Peloponnese, Southern Greece, when tusk fragments were recognized in a bulldozer backfill. An excavation carried out in 2001 and 2003 by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture revealed the partial skeleton of an adult male mammoth, referred to the Middle Pleistocene species Mammuthus trogontherii. T...
Conference Paper
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A new locality tracked down in the Eurotas Valley (Laconia, Greece) yielded mammalian dental remains of a young individual referred to as Hippopotamus antiquus. The findings are of very large size compared to already known specimens from Greece and W. Europe. The new locality is biochronologically dated at the Early–Middle Pleistocene.
Conference Paper
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Neogene/Quaternary deposits along the east shoreline of Thermaikos Gulf (Thessaloniki, Greece) occasionally yielded several isolated fossil vertebrate remains. A proboscidean tusk and an equid astragalus have been recently unearthed from a new palaeontological spot near Epanomν. The finds are referred to Mammuthus cf. meridionalis and Equus sp. Bas...
Conference Paper
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We present the first results on the fossil mammalian fauna recovered during the first excavation season at the new site Pikermi Valley-1 (PV1). The fauna comprises two hipparionine species (C. cf. mediterraneum, H. cf. brachypus), a giraffid (Bohlinia cf. attica), five bovids (Palaeoreas lindermayeri, Protragelaphus skouzesi, Tragoportax cf. amalth...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of fossil elephant remains was identified in Lousika, NW Peloponnesus, S. Greece, when tusk fragments were tracked down in a bulldozer backfill. An excavation carried out on 2001 and 2003 by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture revealed the partial skeleton of an adult male elephant, referred to the Pleistocene species Elephas antiquus. Th...
Article
The dietary morphological methods of mesowear and microwear were applied to ungulates of the late Pliocene fauna of Sésklo (Thessaly, Greece). The results provide evidence for the predominance of open grassland in the area, as the most common species, Equus stenonis, was a strict grazer. The rare cervid cf. Croizetoceros ramosus was the only browse...
Article
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Greece lies on the hypothesized migration route of archaic humans into Europe, and its paleolithic record is critical inaddressing issues of timing and routes of dispersal of the earliest European colonization. The Aliakmon Paleolithic survey, conducted on the Aliakmon river terraces in 2004-05, is the first systematic survey for this time period i...
Article
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The Pleistocene endemic fauna of Cyprus consists mainly of dwarf hippos and elephants, adapted to the insular environment. Among the rare elements of this endemic fauna is a small carnivore, the viverrid Genetta plesictoides, poorly known from scanty material that comes from two localities. Recent excavations in a rockshelter site at the area of Ag...
Article
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Recent systematic excavations near the village of Kerassia (Northern Euboea) have yielded a diverse mammal fauna of Late Miocene age. Among the most complete and prominent findings are a juvenile skull and an adult mandible that belong to two different horned rhinoceros species. The juvenile skull from the site Kerassia-3 (K3) is assigned to Cerato...
Article
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A new fossil mammal locality is described. It was discovered in fluvio-lacustrine sediments in the area of the village of Reghinio in Lokris, Central Greece. The fossil mammal remains comprise a partially preserved large cervid skull, as well as elephant tusk parts, which are referred to Eucladoceros sp. and Mammuthus cf. meridionalis respectively....
Article
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The locality of Sesklo (E. Thessaly, Greece) has yielded an interesting fossil fauna of Late Pliocene age (MNQ17). The Bovids are the most frequent elements, comprising mainly the genera Gazella and Gazellospira. The sample of Gazellospira rorricornis is described in this study. Its morphology and dimensions are typical, showing no considerable dif...
Article
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Among ungulates, Artiodactyls constitute the major part of the collected Greek Plio-Pleistocene (MNQI7-MNQ18) faunas, represented by numerous genera and species. Apart from bovids, the Plio-Pleistocene Greek record includes several suid, cervid and giraffid species, which are reviewed and discussed in the present work.
Article
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This paper reports the discovery of an incomplete proboscidean mandible near the village of Maroniá in eastern Crete. The fragment described here includes the first molar (m1) of a deinothere, that because of its large size is identified as Deinotherium giganteum. The specimen was found in shallow-water marine sediments. The presence of Deinotheriu...
Conference Paper
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A new proboscidean specimen was recently found and excavated in a Haliakmon River terrace, near the village Tsakoni (District of Kastoria, Greece). It is a rather small distal part of a tusk, 102 cm long. It is very badly preserved and the conservation procedure is still in progress. The specimen is characterised by moderate bend, without any consi...
Article
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Fossil Proboscidea are common in the Pliocene and Pleistocene sediments of Greece. They have been studied either as parts of a whole fauna, or, as is usually the case, as isolated finds of one or two molars or bones. The only representative of Elephantidae of the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene in Europe in general and in Greece in particular i...
Article
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Recent systematic excavations are in progress near the village Kerassiα in Northern Euboea. Since 1992, when the first excavations were carried out by the University of Athens (Department of Historical Geology and Palaeontology), a number of fossiliferous sites have been discovered in the area of Kerassiα. In the present report we discuss the avail...
Article
Full-text available
The locality of Sesklo has yielded a fauna of Late Pliocene age (MN17). The Bovids, the most frequent elements, comprise mainly the genera Gazella and Gazellospira. Euthyceros thessalicus n.g. n.sp., a form of odd morphology and as yet unknown affinities is characterised by considerably straight horn cores of almost semicircular cross-section. Inte...