Asunción López-Manjón

Asunción López-Manjón
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Basic Psychology (Cognitive Processes)

PhD

About

22
Publications
8,598
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239
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
116 Citations
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
This paper analyses the extent to which textbook images are designed using the Instructional Criteria for Image Analysis (ICIA) model in textbooks. The ICIA proposed that learning through images involves interaction between the learner, the image, and the activities with images proposed to the student. Images from the main text and activity section...
Article
The aim of this research is to generate criteria to help in the choice of textbooks focusing in the graphical or visual competence fostered in their activities. The criteria are tested by comparing different primary education textbooks by several Spanish publishers by means of how graphicacy is considered in the activities about the human body. The...
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The aim of this study is to analyse how graphicacy is promoted through activities with images of the human body in third to sixth year primary school textbooks from three different publishers. The analysis was based on categories related to type of image, type of task, procedures, cognitive processing level required and whether there are explicit i...
Article
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Les imatges utilitzades en l'ensenyament, considerades com a sistemes externs de representacio, suposen un desafiament educatiu a causa de les nombroses dificultats que tenen els estudiants amb aquest tipus de material. L'objectiu del treball es determinar si el tractament de les imatges en els llibres de text seleccionats facilita el seu aprenenta...
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The study analyzes students' conceptions of the representational nature attributed to images in biology. The conceptions regarding the relationship between representation and referent can be categorized into realism and constructivism. 171 students aged 12, 14, and 16 participated in the study. Some had had specific instruction in biology and some...
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This study analyzes the natural conceptions of the visual representations of the human body that guide selection, design, and didactic treatment in the new elementary science textbooks (3rd grade to 6th grade) of Mexico's Integral Reform of Basic Education. Two types of conceptions are described: an intuitive conception, which assumes simplicity an...
Article
This study analyzes the natural conceptions of the visual representations of the human body that guide selection, design, and didactic treatment in the new elementary science textbooks (3rd grade to 6th grade) of Mexico's Integral Reform of Basic Education. Two types of conceptions are described: an intuitive conception, which assumes simplicity an...
Article
Full-text available
Tesis doctoral inédita. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología Básica, Social y Metodología, 1991 Bibliografía: p.344-364
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There is no agreement about the robustness of intuitive representations of the circulatory system and their susceptibility to change by instruction. In this paper, we analyse to what extent students with varying degrees of biology instruction and different ages (High School Health Science and Social Science students and first and final year Univers...
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Teaching history, compared to other school subjects is characterised from country to country by widely varying content. This has been commented on by both historians ( and ) and psychologists (J of Narrative and Life History 4 (1994) 295). In this paper, some of the events that occurred in 1492 and their representation in history textbooks have bee...
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El objetivo de esta investigación es la comprobación de la capacidad predictiva de los distintos modelos existentes sobre razonamiento y representación en silogismos lineales: modelo de la imagen, lingüístico-proposicional, mixto y de niveles de representación. Se utilizaron 64 tipos de silogismos lineales con el fin de cumplir los requisitos mínim...
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This paper deals with the extent to which subjects' causal historical explanations are influenced not only by domain specific knowledge but by specific characteristics of the historical event studied. Four historical events were presented. 120 students of different ages (15 or 17 years old) and domain specific knowledge (psychology and history) wer...
Chapter
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This study analyses how secondary students and psychology and history Master students explain why the "discovery" of America happened. All participants were interviewed individually, analysing their understanding of historical agents and motives involved in this historical event. Significant differences were found betwwen groups with respect the ty...
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Se llevó a cabo un estudio sobre la diferencia entre expertos y profanos respecto a la categorización de las enfermedades utilizando 60 sujetos (20 médicos de familia, 20 enfermeras y 20 profanos universitarios). La similitud percibida de varias enfermedades se ha estudiado presentando una tarea de agrupamiento que incluía 29 enfermedades. El conte...
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En este experimento se examina la influencia de las teorías intuitivas sobre la enfermedad cuando se presentan problemas de correlación con contenido medico a sujetos expertos y profanos en medicina. Los sujetos participantes fueron 20 expertos (médicos de familia) y 20 profanos universitarios de la misma edad. Se les presentaban datos a favor y en...
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El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la línea de investigación sobre Psicología de la Instrucción desarrollada en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Esta línea se ha originado, en térrninos generales, a partir de los problemas que tenía planteados la teoría de Piaget en torno al estudio de las operaciones formales. El intento de explicar los r...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la línea de investigación sobre Psicología de la Instrucción desarrollada en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Esta línea se ha originado, en térrninos generales, a partir de los problemas que tenía planteados la teoría de Piaget en torno al estudio de las operaciones formales. El intento de explicar los r...
Article
Full-text available
En: Estudios de Psicología Madrid 2000, n. 65-66 ; p. 39-60 El objetivo de esta investigación es la comprobación de la capacidad predictiva de los distintos modelos existentes sobre razonamiento y representación en silogismos lineales: modelo de imagen, ligüístico-proposicional, mixto y de niveles de representación. Se utilizaron sesenta y cuatro t...
Article
Bibliografía p. 239-249 Describir los principios estructurales del discurso periodístico. Explicitar las representaciones y estrategias que desempeñan un cierto rol en la interpretación, la memorización y la reproducción de la información periodística por parte de los lectores. Saber cómo la comprensión de la prensa puede ser introducida como una e...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project was support by MINNECO, Spain, and the European Union. The objective of this research project is to develop a system for evaluating reading comprehension in Spanish, as both a second and a foreign language (L2), which can be used in conjunction with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF) and which will complement existing evaluations of linguistic competence in foreign languages by identifying factors which are more psychological in nature and which, up to now, have not always been taken into account. This is, therefore, an interdisciplinary project which integrates two teams of researchers. One team consists of cognitive psychologists from the Autonomous University of Madrid (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid) who specialize in the comprehension of text and discourse. The other team is comprised of linguists mostly specializing in the teaching of Spanish as a foreign and second language. The majority of these are members of the Department of Applied Linguistics at the University of Nebrija. Altogether, 14 researchers are involved. The Project will analyze psychological processes and outcomes which complement linguistic processes and will investigate 4 main areas: a), The evaluation of comprehension with reference to the text being read, in which different text genres (in original and adapted versions) will be analyzed with a view to modifying them according to linguistic and cognitive criteria, in order to make them more suitable for use at beginner levels of Spanish as a L2; b), The evaluation of the cognitive variables involved during the reading comprehension process (for example, types of background knowledge, levels of mental representation, the generation of inferences) in order to identify the criteria which influence their use. This part of the study will compare the reading competence and reading processes of non-native students of Spanish when reading in their L1 and in Spanish as their L2, as well as the reading competence of native Spanish readers reading in Spanish (L1) and in the L2 they are studying; c), The evaluation of cognitive variables with reference to task type. For example, ‘open’ tasks such as summaries, paraphrase or writing headings, or ‘closed’ tasks such as multiple choice; d), A comparison between how expert readers and evaluators assess open answers with how a computational model, which has already been developed, evaluates the same answers. Although the results of the study will be directly relevant to the comprehension and production of written discourse, it is expected that they will also be of relevance to the comprehension and production of oral language.