Asko Nivala

Asko Nivala
University of Turku | UTU · Department of Cultural History

Doctor of Philosophy

About

41
Publications
4,150
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Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on nineteenth-century Romanticism and digital humanities. In 2022–2024, I will be the Principal Investigator in the research project Atlas of Finnish Literature 1870–1940 (Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden atlas 1870–1940, The Alfred Kordelin Foundation, Major cultural project grant). In 2017–2022, I have been working as a postdoctoral researcher with the project Romantic Cartographies (TIAS and the Academy of Finland).

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Linking large digitized newspaper corpora in different languages that have become available in national and state libraries opens up new possibilities for the computational analysis of patterns of information flow across national and linguistic boundaries. The significant contribution this article presents is to demonstrate how word vector models c...
Article
Full-text available
The digital collections of newspapers have given rise to a growing interest in studying them with computational methods. This article contributes to this discussion by presenting a method for detecting text reuse in a large corpus of digitized texts. Empirically, the article is based on the corpus of newspapers and journals from the collection of t...
Article
Full-text available
Tiedostamattoman ”löytäminen” yhdistetään Sigmund Freudin 1900-luvun alussa kehittämään psykoanalyysiin. Aikalaisensa Eduard von Hartmannin ohella Freud viittaa Unien tulkinnassaan (Die Traumdeutung, 1899) 1800-luvun alun romantiikan filosofeihin F. W. J. Schellingiin, Arthur Schopenhaueriin ja Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubertiin. Tästä ei kuitenkaan...
Article
Millainen oli Elias Lönnrotin Kalevalan (1835, 1849) suhde romantiikan aatteisiin? 1800-luvun alun romantiikka mainitaan edelleen eräänlaisena taustakontekstina kansalliseepoksen kokoamisesta puhuttaessa, mutta Kalevalan yhteydet romantiikkaan ovat saaneet viime vuosina vähemmän huomiota. Pohdin tässä artikkelissa Kalevalan mahdollisia yhteyksiä eu...
Article
Full-text available
2010-luvulla ei ole voinut välttyä tekoälyä koskevalta keskustelulta. Teknologiayrittäjä Elon Muskin mukaan tekoäly on ydinaseita vaarallisempi uhka ihmiskunnalle. Samaan aikaan Muskin johtama Tesla kehittää automaattiohjauksella varustettuja autoja, jotka pysyvät ainakin suurimman osan ajasta kaistaviivojen välissä. Muskin suhtautuminen tekoälyyn...
Article
Full-text available
The assassination of Nikolay Bobrikov, the Governor-General of Finland, on 16 June 1904 was a turning point in Finnish history. It was reported in hundreds, if not thousands, of newspapers worldwide. This article follows the spread of that news, particularly its spread over the first week after the assassination. The study draws on the digital news...
Article
This article explores Finnish newspapers and periodicals produced between 1771 and 1920 with a focus on the reuse of texts. While the reprinting of particular texts in a range of different locations can be regarded as an old and well-acknowledged practice in the press, not until the digitization of these historical documents has a systematic examin...
Article
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Drawing on a new materialist approach, this article discusses the concepts of the virtual and virtual topology, and their fruitfulness for historians' empirical work. It starts by following Gilles Deleuze's argument that the virtual, the transformative potential of the real, has to be distinguished from the possible, which is merely an imagined dou...
Article
Full-text available
Muiden yhteiskunnan alueiden tavoin myös humanistiset tieteet digitalisoituvat. Tekstien digitointi tuo tutkijan saataville huomattavan laajoja tutkimusaineistoja ja suurten tietomäärien analyysiin kehitettyjä menetelmiä sovelletaan entistä useammin humanistisissa tieteissä. Digitaalinen humanismi on kohdannut kritiikkiäkin: laskennallisten menetel...
Research
This is a search interface for text reuse clusters from Finnish newspapers and journals 1771-1910. The database Text Reuse in Finnish Newspapers and Journals, 1771–1910 has been created by the consortium Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640–1910, funded by the Academy of Finland, 2016–2019. The search in...
Article
Alexander Jakovljević. Schillers Geschichtsdenken: Die Unbegreiflichkeit der Weltgeschichte. Berlin: Ripperger & Kremers Verlag, 2015. 381 pp. Among the many contributions of Immanuel Kant's Critique of Judgment (1790) was to question the dogmatic belief in providence: Kant argued that the human mind represents both organic nature and human histor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present the results of text reuse detection, based on the corpus of scanned and OCR-recognized Finnish newspapers and journals from 1771 to 1910. Our study draws on BLAST, a software created for comparing and aligning biological sequences. We show different types of text reuse in this corpus, and also present a comparison to the software Passim,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a software for retrieving and exploring duplicated text passages in low quality OCR historical text corpora. The system combines NCBI BLAST, a software created for comparing and aligning biological sequences, with the Solr search and indexing engine, providing a web interface to easily query and browse the clusters of duplicated texts. W...
Book
The nineteenth-century Romantic understanding of history is often confused with the longing for the past Golden Age. In this book, the Romantic idea of Golden Age is seen from a new angle by discussing it in the context of Friedrich Schlegel’s works. Interestingly, Schlegel argued that the concept of a past Golden Age in the beginning of history wa...
Article
Full-text available
Digital collections of the National Library of Finland (NLF) at http://Digi.kansalliskirjasto.fi contain over 10 million pages of historical newspapers, journals and some technical ephemera. The material ranges from the early Finnish newspapers from 1771 until present day. The material up to 1910 can be viewed in the public web service, where as an...
Book
Full-text available
The notions of culture and civilization are at the heart of European self-image. This book focuses on how space and spatiality contributed to defining the concepts of culture and civilization and, conversely, what kind of spatial ramifications "culture" and "civilization" entailed. These questions have vital importance to the understanding of this...
Chapter
This volume discusses a practical approach to cultural transfer and exchange through the concept of »memory box«. Ideas of displacement, transfer, and cultural memory are explored through case studies from Scotland to Italy and Germany and from Finland and France to the American colonies. The authors develop an understanding of memory boxes as cult...
Chapter
This volume discusses a practical approach to cultural transfer and exchange through the concept of »memory box«. Ideas of displacement, transfer, and cultural memory are explored through case studies from Scotland to Italy and Germany and from Finland and France to the American colonies. The authors develop an understanding of memory boxes as cult...
Article
Full-text available
Tübingenin yliopiston filosofian emeritusprofessori Manfred Frank (s. 1945) tunnetaan vaikutusvaltaisten varhaisromantiikan tulkintojensa lisäksi välitystyöstään nykyajattelussa. Filosofian historian tutkimuksissaan Frank on perehtynyt suurten nimien ohella vähemmän tunnettujen ajattelijoiden kirjeenvaihtoon ja muistikirjoihin. Saksalaisprofessori...
Book
Full-text available
Tulkinnan polkuja. Kulttuurihistorian tutkimusmenetelmiä on suunnattu kulttuurihistorian opiskelijoille johdatukseksi tieteenalan tutkimusmenetelmiin. Kirjassa on kaksitoista artikkelia, jotka ulottuvat keskiajalta 2000-luvulle, viranomaislähteistä elokuvaan, aisteista uusmaterialismiin. Monet tekstit perustuvat monitieteellisten tutkimusten käytän...
Article
Full-text available
German early Romanticism was an intellectual movement that originated in the era between the great French Revolution of 1789 and the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars in 1803. Usually, it is defined in contrast to the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment is presented as the age of reason, criticism and scientific naturalism, while the Romantics are port...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Newspapers were the first big data for a mass audience. Their dramatic expansion over the nineteenth century created a global culture of abundant, rapidly circulating information. The significance of the newspaper, however, has largely been defined in metropolitan and national terms in the scholarship of the period. The collection and digitisation that was performed by local institutions further situated newspapers within a national context. Oceanic Exchanges: Tracing Global Information Networks in Historical Newspaper Repositories, 1840–1914 (OcEx) brings together leading efforts in research concerning computational periodicals from the US, Mexico, Germany, the Netherlands, Finland and the UK to examine patterns of information flow across national and linguistic boundaries in nineteenth-century newspapers. By revealing the global networks through which texts and concepts travelled, OcEx creates an abundance of new evidence about how readers around the world perceived each other through the newspaper. Consortium PI: Ryan Cordell, Northeastern University. For further details, see https://oceanicexchanges.org/
Project
The objective of the project Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640–1910 (COMHIS) is to reassess the scope, nature, development, and transnational connections of public discourse in Finland, 1640–1910. Two complementary approaches will be utilized, one based on the use of library catalogue metadata and the other based on the full text-mining of all the digitized Finnish newspapers and journals published before 1910.
Project
Most texts are spatial implying a network of important places. This was especially typical of the Romantic era (1790–1840) that was characterised by the growing interest in historical and natural sites. My postdoctoral research project provides a new interpretation of English and German Romanticism by changing the focus from temporal to spatial. I analyse the spatiality of Romantic texts by reconstructing the various geographic maps they implied.