Ashwin Ravikumar

Ashwin Ravikumar
Center for International Forestry Research | CIFOR

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25
Publications
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Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Smallholders play a major role in the expansion of oil palm as a global commodity crop. Yet outside of Southeast Asia, there is limited research on how it impacts smallholder livelihoods. This paper examines how different smallholder modes of production have emerged in the largest oil palm producing region of the Peruvian Amazon, Ucayali, and prese...
Article
Full-text available
Policy makers, academics, and conservationists often posit that poor coordination between different land use sectors, and between levels of governance, is an underlying challenge for reducing deforestation and forest degradation. This paper analyzes this argument using data from interviews with over 500 respondents from government, nongovernmental...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Key messages •• REDD+ is an inherently multilevel process that requires attention across diverse levels and sectors of governance to bring about change on the ground. •• REDD+ strategies often focus on direct drivers of deforestation (and local actors). Effectively addressing the underlying causes likely requires challenging more powerful actors an...
Technical Report
Full-text available
¿Quién toma decisiones sobre el uso de la tierra, cómo son tomadas estas decisiones, y quién influye sobre quién, cómo y por qué? Este documento de trabajo forma parte de una serie basada en investigación sobre instituciones y procesos de toma de decisiones de múltiples niveles. La serie tiene por objeto proporcionar perspectivas sobre por qué los...
Article
When agricultural commodities are traded globally, consumer demand in one region influences the crops planted in another, often leading to widespread environmental and social transformation at the production sites. As a commodity crop that prospers in tropical environments, oil palm has become controversial for its role as a driver of deforestation...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Who makes land use decisions, how are decisions made, and who influences whom, how and why? This working paper on two states in southern Mexico is part of a series based on research studying multilevel decision-making institutions and processes. The series is aimed at providing insight into why efforts to keep forests standing, such as initiatives...
Article
Full-text available
Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) was originally conceived to address the global problem of climate change by reducing deforestation and forest degradation at national and subnational levels in developing countries. Since its inception, REDD+ proponents have increasingly had to adapt global ideas to local dema...
Article
Decades of development history show that rural agricultural policies and government support for specific en vogue crops can seriously alter land rights, land tenure regimes and land use strategies for local people in tropical forests. Today, oil palm is such a crop, and it is an emergent commodity that is proliferating in the Peruvian Amazon. This...
Article
Full-text available
Revenues derived from carbon have been seen as an important tool for supporting forest conservation over the past decade. At the same time, there is high uncertainty about how much revenue can reasonably be expected from land use emissions reductions initiatives. Despite this uncertainty, REDD+ projects and conservation initiatives that aim to take...
Article
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Cities are key sites of action for adaptation to climate change. However, there are a wide variety of responses to hazards at the municipal level. Why do communities take adaptive action in the face of weather- and climate-related risk?We studied what cities are doing in response to existing natural hazards, such as floods, droughts, and blizzards...
Research
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Key points • In the absence of robust national or subnational policies for benefit sharing, land-use change initiatives in Indonesia have developed their own approaches to distributing benefits. At the local level, support and capacity building are needed to strengthen intermediary institutions in order to improve governance and increase legitimacy...
Article
Full-text available
A key premise underlying discussion about deforestation in Amazonian Peru is that small-scale or so-called migratory agriculture is the main driver of deforestation. This premise has been expressed in government documents and public outreach events. How the Peruvian government understands drivers of deforestation in the Amazon has profound implicat...
Article
Full-text available
Una premisa clave del debate sobre la deforestación en la Amazonía peruana es que la agricultura de pequeña escala, también conocida como agricultura migratoria, es el impulsor principal de la deforestación. Esta premisa se ha expresado tanto en documentos del Gobierno como en eventos de difusión pública. La manera en que el Gobierno peruano entien...
Article
Full-text available
In summary: • Complex horizontal and vertical relationships require greater appreciation, and improved communication and understanding could lead to more integrated, equitable and sustainable land- use decisions. • Solutions such as altering functions and oversight (such as those of district heads) and improving land-use planning are unlikely to be...
Article
Full-text available
Although REDD+ was conceived as a national approach to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, many of the early advances have been at the subnational level. It is critical to link these subnational efforts to emerging national REDD+ frameworks, including with respect to finance and benefit distribution, setting reference leve...
Article
Full-text available
In the discourses on who should benefit from national REDD+ implementation, rights-based approaches are prominent across various countries. Options on how to create viable property rights arrangements are currently being debated by scholars, policy makers and practitioners alike. Many REDD+ advocates argue that assigning carbon rights represents a...
Article
Full-text available
In the discourses on who should benefit from national REDD+ implementation, rights-based approaches are prominent across various countries. Options on how to create viable property rights arrangements are currently being debated by scholars, policy makers, and practitioners alike. Many REDD+ advocates argue that assigning carbon rights represents a...
Article
Forestry decentralization and devolution reforms involve the transfer of rights, resources and responsibilities related to the governance of forest resources. One of the consequences of these reforms is a reconfiguration of the patterns of interactions between multiple governance actors, which may create friction as actors with different interests...
Article
Full-text available
The mixed outcomes of seemingly well-intentioned partnerships that try to create mutually beneficial agreements between local communities and private firms remain a puzzle. This study looks for answers to this puzzle by reviewing a large number of empirical studies in a wide variety of contexts. The kinds of local skills and expertise that are impo...
Article
Full-text available
Krister Andersson 1 and Ashwin Ravikumar 1 The UNFCCC requires countries that participate in the REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries) program to monitor both forest carbon inventories as well as the governance of REDD+ activities and their social consequences. Exactly how this should be done,...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
There is growing acknowledgement that when conservation respects local values, practices and institutions, then better conservation outcomes will result. Yet this idea remains contrary to the conventional logic behind much conservation practice globally. We believe the lack of applied research linking governance, conservation effectiveness and the wellbeing of Indigenous Peoples and local communities represents a key evidence gap that hinders progress in conservation and social policy. This project aims to address that gap through 1) a global review of existing empirical evidence and 2) assembling a series of diverse case studies from around the world exhibiting progressive and innovative conservation governance. The project was initiated by members of IUCN CEESP's Theme on Human Wellbeing and Sustainable Livelihoods and funded by IUCN CEESP https://www.iucn.org/commissions/commission-environmental-economic-and-social-policy .
Archived project
Este proyecto busca identificar quienes determinan el cambio de uso de suelo en 10 paisajes en Chispas y Yucatán, prestando atención a diferentes niveles de 'gobernanza'. Nos preguntamos quienes ganan y quienes pierden de estos cambios de uso de suelo, tomando en cuenta una gama de escenarios - REDD+, ANPs, agricultura comercial y ganadería .