Ashraf M. Salama

Ashraf M. Salama
Northumbria University · Architecture and Built Environment

B.Arch | MSc | PhD | FHEA | FRSA | AoU
Professor of Architecture and Urbanism & Head of Architecture and Built Environment, Northumbria University

About

236
Publications
190,376
Reads
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2,249
Citations
Introduction
Prof. Ashraf Salama is academic, scholar, and Chair in Architecture. He is Professor of Architecture and Urbanism and Head of the Department of Architecture and the Built Environment, University of Northumbria at Newcastle. He is co-Director of the UNESCO/UIA Validation Council for Architectural Education. Visit: https://www.ashrafsalamanet.net/ https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/our-staff/s/ashraf-salama/ https://researchportal.northumbria.ac.uk/en/persons/ashraf-salama
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - July 2022
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • Theme Leader - Architectural Pedagogy
August 2014 - July 2022
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • Head of Department
July 2014 - July 2022
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • Professor and Head of Department of Architecture-Theme Leader - Emerging Cities in the Middle East
Description
  • Professor and Head of Department of Architecture- (2014-2020), Theme Leader: Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South (2014-2022), Director of Research (2020-2022)

Publications

Publications (236)
Book
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"Research developed over the past two decades indicates that many problems that exist in the built environment have their roots in the current educational system of architecture and urbanism. Since architectural and urban education is the backbone for the practice of producing meaningful environments and since architectural and urban design is the...
Book
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Design education in architecture and allied disciplines is the cornerstone of design professions that contribute to shaping the built environment of the future. In this book, design education is dealt with as a paradigm whose evolutionary processes, underpinning theories, contents, methods, tools, are questioned and critically examined. It features...
Book
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This book discusses architectural excellence in Islamic societies drawing on textual and visual materials, from the Aga Khan Documentation Center at MIT, developed over more than three decades. At the core of the discussion are the efforts, processes, and outcomes of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA). The AKAA recognises excellence in arch...
Book
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Unveiling the multiplicity of factors producing urbanism in the fast-growing region of the Gulf, this book provides an in-depth overview of housing and migration dynamics in major Gulf cities. It shows that a top-down approach devised to control urban development patterns is a crucial element in understanding both migration and housing dynamics in...
Book
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While focusing on the architectural and planning aspects of Doha's intensive urbanization, this first comprehensive examination of the city sets this within the socio-political and economic context of the wider Arabian Peninsula. It features a comprehensive discussion on contemporary architecture and urbanism of Doha as an emerging regional metropo...
Chapter
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This chapter is premised on more than three decades of research into architectural education and design pedagogy. It argues that architectural education in the Middle East must be able to operate effectively within the global condition. It contends that the body of knowledge on architectural education can be enriched, and its scope can be expanded,...
Book
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This book is an effort towards an in-depth understanding of the architectural discourse in Egypt developed over more than eight decades. It offers a distinctive theoretical interpretation of the forces shaping the kaleidoscopic shifts in Egyptian architecture through the analysis of the micro space of architectural representation of twentieth centu...
Article
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Purpose Commemorating the 15th year anniversary of discourse, knowledge dissemination in architecture and urbanism through the contributions published in Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research, since March 2007, this article aims to capture, unpack and categorize the key content of published research outputs during the last f...
Article
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(Salama, A. M. and El-Ashmouni, M. M. (2022). Cultivating a Space for Decolonizing Architectural Knowledge. Bi-annual international journal of architecture in the Islamic world. Inaugural Issue, Volume 1, Issue 1, PP. 6-29. Joining the calls for dissolving past dominant geographies of architectural knowledge this essay calls for the need for decol...
Article
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) condition has prompted serious questions about the challenges faced by the established two-century-old canons of education in architecture and urbanism. This paper establishes an evolutionary account on how design education in architecture and urbanism has arrived at the pre-Covid-19 condition, explores curre...
Article
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Recent literature corroborates a lack of critical engagement with contemporary East-South African cities and a scarcity of focus on the quality of urban life in Africa at large. Geographically situated in Malawi's capital city, Lilongwe this study provides insights into the quality of urban life (QoUL) in three heterogenous neighbourhoods in the ci...
Article
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Purpose This study aims to develop an innovative and comprehensive framework to address water-related challenges faced by communities located in urban settlements in the area of Greater Cairo. It is commonly accepted that such global challenges that border issues of resilience, community development, social equity and inclusive growth, call for a c...
Chapter
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The chapters included in this section invite reflections and pave the road for discussing various notions of borders and boundaries as they manifest in architecture, urbanism, and the overall built environment of contemporary societies. In essence, they address key issues present themselves as manifestations of borders and boundaries as debated in...
Chapter
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With their varied socio-physical, socio-economic, socio-cultural, and socio-political presence, cities have always been highly differentiated spaces expressive of heterogeneity, diversity of activities, entertainment, excitement, and pleasure. They have been (and still are) melting pots for the formulation of and experimentation with new philosophi...
Article
Purpose This paper interrogates the impact of spatial transformations on urban life. It explores the level of individual and group satisfaction and sense of well-being within the urban public realm; this is undertaken by reporting on the outcomes of an assessment study of three key public open spaces in Belgrade, developed from a quality of urban l...
Article
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Purpose The highly contagious coronavirus and the rapid spread of COVID-19 disease have generated a global public health crisis. Crises are being addressed at various local and global scales through social distancing measures and guidelines, emerging working and living patterns and the utilisation of technology to partially replace physical learnin...
Chapter
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Since architecture is created in a field of tension between reason, emotion and intuition, I suggest that transformative pedagogy in architecture and urbanism should be viewed as training toward the manifestation of the ability to conceptualize, coordinate, and execute the idea of building. This act must furthermore be rooted in humane tradition. Ho...
Chapter
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This chapter adopts the premise that the method of design solution was intuitive and relied heavily on the experience, judgment, and talent of the individual designer. Although this approach to architecture has resulted in some of the most noteworthy achievements of previous generations, the profession today faces severe challenges which threaten i...
Chapter
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Providing a critical synthesis of design studio pedagogy this chapter articulates an approach for expanding design studio outcomes. The approach aims at empowering transformative pedagogy in architecture and urbanism. In generic terms, it establishes several constituents, scenarios, and techniques that help integrate an architect’s creativity and h...
Chapter
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Tracing the roots of the traditional or conventional approach to design education, this chapter aims to identify the characteristics of such an approach to design education by reviewing the literature that discusses the way architecture is approached in design education versus the way architecture is created in real life and the contextual constrai...
Chapter
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This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book introduces a new form of pedagogy in architecture and urbanism; transformative pedagogy — a term that refers to interactional processes and dialogues between educators and students that invigorate the collaborative creation and dis...
Chapter
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The main concern in this chapter is to examine the variations in design teaching practices. The identification of different teaching styles can provide insights toward the teaching methods of alternative teaching practices. In response to the dominance of the conventional approach to studio teaching, several revolutionary models have been developed...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to identify the transformations, which have taken place in Open House International (OHI) throughout its life span of 44 years while highlighting key aspects of research and publication trends. For this purpose, OHI volumes were grouped for chronological examination. Each group was subsequently analysed to establish the...
Article
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The purpose of this invited editorial article is to contribute an inclusive insight into some of the key aspects of arts-based research and methodological approaches in architectural and spatial design research. Following ontological and epistemological interpretations, the article is conceptual and involves critical analysis which is based on revi...
Article
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The Covid-19 pandemic has raised a series of questions about the challenges facing the two-centuries-old canons of architectural education, their suitability to a post-pandemic digital world, and what the future of architectural education in the current university system might be. https://commonedge.org/educating-architects-in-a-post-pandemic-worl...
Chapter
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This introductory chapter sets the stage for debating architectural excellence in Islamic societies. It presents a critical argument underpinned by theoretical inferences on the geography of knowledge situated within the history of colonisation. Positioning the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) in the midst of this argument and as a platform t...
Chapter
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The creation of architecture is a complex process that requires talent and a vivid imagination coupled with deep inquiry, as well as an appreciation of people and a sensitive interpretation of their environments. This chapter highlights the complexity of such a process which necessitates a holistic understanding of the six elements necessary for ar...
Chapter
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Worldwide, there has been and continues to be a surge in efforts to revitalise historic structures, sites, and cities, particularly those which have religious or cultural significance. This impetus is now impacting many Muslim societies where the trend towards rapid modernisation has witnessed the destruction of many historical environments. In the...
Chapter
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Sustainability has gained momentum in various disciplines worldwide, especially in the field of architecture in which it verified its centrality due to the emergence of complex global environmental and cultural challenges. In the context of Islamic societies, the AKAA has celebrated a wide array of projects that contributed to the expansion of the...
Chapter
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The issue of identity and locality has always occupied Muslim communities and traditional societies. Identity became a challenge in light of the ongoing globalising processes. The Aga Khan Award for Architecture has recognised a wide range of projects that were aimed to reach a balance between traditional, vernacular, and global aspirations. This c...
Chapter
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The various cycles of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture publish a holistic series of monographs and provide various platforms for discourse; these contribute immensely to a better and more lucid understanding of the evolving paradigm shift as to what the process of architecture actually entails. Fully cognisant that architecture is a complex proc...
Chapter
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In recent years, the notion of ‘smartness’ as it relates to the urban environment, the incorporation of smart technologies in urban places, and the associated impact on urban forms and civic life has become one of the widely acknowledged and growing challenges in urban design and planning and design.
Book
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New technologies have the power to augment many aspects of society, including public spaces and art. The impact of smart technology on urban design is vast and filled with opportunity and has profound implications on the everyday urban environment. Only by starting new conversations can we develop further contemporary insights that will affect how...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to construct a series of narratives by assessing a selection of the key literature generated by Open House International (OHI) over a period of 15 years. The paper also presents a brief review of the latest developments of the journal while introducing concise observations on the articles published in this editi...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop an analytical account on the contemporary architecture of Cairo with emphasis on the past three decades, from the early 1990s to the present. The paper critically analyses narratives of the plurality of “isms”, within architectural vocabulary and discourse, that resulted from the contextual particular...
Cover Page
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In the wake of the global pandemic crisis, there’s been speculation about how architecture, urban planning, and design might be permanently affected. Ashraf M. Salama, a professor at the Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, in Glasgow, Scotland, and the director of the university’s Cluster for Research in Architecture and Urbanism...
Article
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The study of land use dynamics in emerging cities will inform sustainable development in the future. Doha has witnessed urban transition phases. The study objectives are: (1) conduct a review of neighbourhood planning theories and (2) develop a prototype for downtown land use dynamics in emerging cities. The developed prototype considers physical a...
Research Proposal
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Guest Editors: Prof. Ashraf M. Salama, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK and Dr Beatriz Maturana Cossio, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile Intended Issue: Volume 15, issue 1, March 2021 The relationship between architecture, urbanism, and health is an overarching theme in this special issue. However, the primary objective and focus of thi...
Article
Full-text available
The highly contagious coronavirus and the rapid spread of COVID-19 disease have generated a global public health crisis, which is being addressed at various local and global scales through social distancing measures and guidelines. This is coupled with debates about the nature of living and working patterns through intensive utilisation of informat...
Article
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The neighborhood concept was first introduced in the 1920s by Clarence Perry. This paper adapts Clarence Perry's neighborhood concept and other neighborhood planning theories. It studies the land use dynamics of Fereej Abdul Aziz, one of downtown neighborhoods in Doha. The theory is reinterpreted to study three parameters: physical, mobility, and s...
Article
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South Asian communities have lived in Scotland since the late nineteenth century, experiencing a substantial growth in the post-war period. This paper contributes a new understanding of the spatial practices of South Asian communities in the city of Glasgow based on statistics and surveys. The authors aim to address the gap in literature by analysi...
Article
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Cities have always been sources of inspiration for poetry. However, the modern western cities, which are the origins of secularity, have inspired poets in different ways. Charles Baudelaire captured the poetic dimensions of modernity in Paris in the 19 th century. He wrote about the night life of Paris which became possible after street lighting. H...
Article
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With more than 60% of the world population living in urban areas, cities are becoming at the centre of attention in academic institutions and government organizations. However, there appears to be a continuous fragmentation in the types of knowledge developed where issues or concerns are always addressed in isolation and many factors critical to a...
Chapter
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Henri Lefebvre and his theory of space production gives important insights into how modern urbanisation has led to growing social imbalances and highly conflicted urban spaces endangering the environment worldwide. In spite of his general focus to elucidate the social space and its historic evolution, his ideas of a possible differential space post...
Article
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The city of Cambridge is home to the second oldest university in the English-speaking world (1209). Over the past decade the city’s estimated 6,000 Muslims have had to pray in turns at smaller, overcrowded Islamic centers and some converted properties. Strikingly, Cambridge’s perceived rival, the city of Oxford that holds the oldest university in t...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to focus on Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, giving a general overview of its urban context through five historical periods, as part of a research study on its modernist architectural heritage. Design/methodology/approach Designed to mimic the theatrical process which unfolds through acts and in...
Research Proposal
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In recent decades, the notion of incorporating smart technologies in urban places, and their impact on urban form and urban life has become one of the widely acknowledged and growing challenges in urban planning and design literature. Scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds relevant to city design started to discuss the profound implicatio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Following the successful transition of Archnet-IJAR to Emerald, the introduction of new process and editorial teams, and the production of the first issue last March (Volume 13, Issue 1), the purpose of this paper is to outline key aspects of the contributions published in this edition of Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural...
Article
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Purpose- Slums have existed as long as cities have and are a growing context in the developing world. The challenge is in their efficient, effective and inclusive management. The purpose of this paper is to frame slums in the broad aim of urban development and the pursuit of prosperity, as active players and positive contributors in every right-a s...
Article
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Expatriates constitute 89% of Qatar's total population, and are becoming important factors in the economic dynamism by satisfying employment sectors. The theoretical framework of this paper is based on Gordon's theory which distinguishes between migrants: housing streams and employment streams. The objectives are to: 1) Investigate housing distribu...
Article
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In recent years, the rapid growth of Gulf cities has led to a transformation of local settlement structures. The key objective of this paper is to deliver an overview of new housing patterns and how they impact spatial fragmentation. To identify the spatial distribution of new housing typologies and to explore the recent transformation of urban fab...
Book
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Cluster for Research in Architecture & Urbanism of Cities in the Global South (CRAUCGS) Our mission is to research architectural and urban transformations, investigate societal and environmental challenges and opportunities, and interrogate the multitude of influences that characterise the global south. The Cluster for Research in Architecture and...
Article
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A multitude of diverse attributes is required for effective urban performance at various scales ranging from the immediate context of public buildings to central urban spaces, and from urban corridors to residential neighbourhoods. Following their earlier works (GRIERSON, 2014; MUNRO and GRIERSON, 2016; SALAMA, 2011; SALAMA and WIEDMANN, 2013; and...
Article
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This paper examines young people’s ‘lived’ experience of urban spaces in Accra, the capital of Ghana, by focusing on the use of auto-photography as an appropriate method for this investigation. Accra has a very young population and low rates of employment among the young people, demographics that are often associated with societal instability and i...
Article
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With the majority of people living in cities it has become increasingly important to examine the relationship between the qualities and characteristics of an urban setting and the perceived satisfaction of its users. Discourses on Quality of Urban life (QOUL) show that the preponderance of existing empirical studies and measurement frameworks have...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a brief review of the latest developments of Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research while introducing ephemeral observations on the papers published in Vol. 13 No. 1, March 2019. Design/methodology/approach Through a classification of topical contents and an identification of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to contribute an inclusive insight into methodological research in architecture and allied disciplines and unravel aspects that include philosophical positions, frames of reference and spheres of inquiry. Design/methodology/approach Following ontological and epistemological interpretations, the adopted method...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
A multitude of diverse attributes is required for effective urban performance at various scales ranging from the immediate context of public buildings to central urban spaces, and from urban corridors to residential neighborhoods. Following their earlier works, Ashraf Salama and David Grierson frame these qualities under three main symbiotic pillar...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary is premised on more than three decades of research into architectural education and design pedagogy. It argues that architectural education in the Muslim world must be able to operate effectively within the global condition. It contends that the body of knowledge on architectural education can be enriched and its scope can be expand...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the 2000s, Doha has gone through enormous economic growth and urbanization processes. The massive migration inflows have suggested particular housing preferences that are driven by the demographic and lifestyle diversities of the multicultural population. Housing preferences of the multicultural population are defined in terms of housing loca...
Article
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Archnet-IJAR: International Journal of Architectural Research has recently published an outline article that commemorated a decade of discourse and published research on architecture and urbanism since its inaugural issue of March 2007 and up to March 2017. The article offered a comprehensive coverage of the distinguished status of the journal bein...
Chapter
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Architecture is an integral part of human activities and affects everyday experiences and actions. Today architects must face and respond to the challenge of creating built environments that support, nurture, enrich, and celebrate human activities. The creation of cities, towns, and buildings has always been the result of a combination of cultural,...
Article
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Recent figures of displaced people in the world have reached more than 60 Million suggesting that there has been an exponential increase in the rate of forced and voluntary mobility between cities. This has inevitably caused socially and politically constructed ‘borders’ to change. This paper examines the different levels of manifestation of migrat...
Article
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Archnet-IJAR, volume 12, issue # 1, March 2018 reveals the multitude and multiplicity of architectural and urban research, which I have discussed in an earlier editorial. The journal remains committed to cover issues of interest and concern to the global academic and professional community. This issue is intensive in terms of quality and quantity a...
Article
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‘Perspectives on Research Assessment in Architecture, Music, and the Arts – Discussing Doctorateness,’ edited by Fredrik Nilsson, Halina Dunin-Woyseth, and Nel Janssens, is a new important undertaking that re-establishes the essence, values, and needs of research in architecture, music, and the arts. Divided in three sections that accommodate twelv...
Article
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Ashraf M. Salama (2018). From the Global South: Pedagogical Encounters in Architecture, Charrette, The Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators, Volume 5, Number 1, PP 1-7 ____________________ The aim of this issue is to contribute to the global debate on architectural education with a view to complement the discourse advanced in the...
Article
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The various efforts in diversifying local economies in most Gulf States led to the emergence of new medium to high-income groups of migrant knowledge workers whose efforts are required to develop various new economic sectors. This paper aims to investigate the current housing conditions and perceptions of these migrant communities to identify key s...
Article
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The introduction of new housing typologies in emerging cities is rooted in dynamics including infrastructural investments, urban growth rates and new development policies. In accommodating new lifestyles, demand-driven patterns by tenants and property owners are the main factors consolidating development trends in future. This paper explores the re...
Article
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Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the successor states of former Yugoslavia, with a history of dramatic conflicts and ruptures. These have left a unique heritage of interchanging prosperity and destruction, in which the built environment and architecture provide a rich evidence of the many complex identity narratives. The public function and archite...
Article
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At the end of September 2017, through an electronic circular from the Association of Architectural Educators, I came to know a few months late that Professor Thomas A. Dutton has passed away in June 2017. Died at an age of 65 years, with his departure as an influential educator, architect, and community enabler, a great void and a vacuum in archite...
Conference Paper
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Restructuring historic centres in Gulf cities has been a trend in recent years. Yet, a large share of these centres is still populated by lower income migrant communities, particularly male labourers from South Asia. Qatar’s capital Doha and Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates are important examples, where the local identity of their city centres in...
Article
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Urban open spaces have substantially contributed to the development of cities in terms of image, function, form, and social engagement, and thus have been a central concern of urban researchers for several decades. This paper contributes to the contemporary urban discourse as it relates to the city and its users. It demonstrates a mechanism for cha...
Article
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This paper aims to accentuate the need for inquiry-based and process-centered architectural design pedagogy as a proactive approach to some of the negative tendencies that continue to portray mainstream teaching in architecture. Building the case for this approach is a key step towards recognizing it; this involves key juxtapositions of the product...
Article
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Demonstrating the essence of the journal as a truly international platform that covers issues of interest and concern to the global academic and professional community, this issue of Archnet-IJAR, volume 11, issue # 2, July 2017 includes various topics that manifest plurality and diversity as inherent qualities of architectural and urban research p...
Article
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An urban space is a vital stage for social interaction and city life. Measuring the city life is always related to social, economic and cultural conditions of an urban context. Social gathering increases the quality of urban space and improves economic vitality. This paper aims to explore how successful urban spaces could impact the growth and perf...
Article
Full-text available
Demonstrating the essence of the journal as a truly international platform that covers issues of interest and concern to the global academic and professional community, this issue of Archnet-IJAR, volume 11, issue # 2, July 2017 includes various topics that manifest plurality and diversity as inherent qualities of architectural and urban research p...
Article
Full-text available
Phenomenon as old as cities themselves, slums - in their many permutations - have been part of city management for a long time. Descriptions and definitions have gone through trends and so have the strategies to address their conditions and relationship to cities. Summarising various trends, definitions and approaches to solutions of slums, this pa...
Article
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Recently there has been a growing trend to encourage learning outside the classrooms, so-called 'universities without walls.' To this end, mechanisms for learning beyond the boundaries of classroom settings can provide enhanced and challenging learning opportunities. This paper introduces Appreciative Inquiry (AI) as a mechanism that integrates var...
Article
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This article commemorates a decade of discourse and published research on architecture and urbanism in ArchNet-IJAR (March 2007-March 2017). While the journal does not publish regular editorials associating each issue, it is believed that offering key highlights of growth since the inception of the journal is now due. The article presents the curre...