Ashley N. Linden-Carmichael

Ashley N. Linden-Carmichael
Pennsylvania State University | Penn State · Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center

Ph.D.

About

94
Publications
4,712
Reads
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899
Citations
Citations since 2017
68 Research Items
819 Citations
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Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Pennsylvania State University
Position
  • Professor
August 2013 - April 2016
Old Dominion University
Position
  • Instructor
Description
  • Professor of Record for: Health Psychology (PSYC 306), Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 201), and Research Methods in Psychology (PSYC 318W).
May 2011 - August 2013
Old Dominion University
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • Project coordinator for Dr. Cathy Lau-Barraco's funded NIAAA funded K01 career grant. Co-moderated/coded focus groups, coordinated and facilitated brief motivational intervention for non-student emerging adult drinkers.
Education
August 2012 - August 2016
Old Dominion University
Field of study
  • Applied Experimental Psychology
August 2010 - August 2012
Old Dominion University
Field of study
  • Experimental Psychology
August 2006 - May 2010
Central Michigan University
Field of study
  • Psychology, Sociology

Publications

Publications (94)
Article
Background: Heavy episodic drinking (HED) or consuming 4+/5+ drinks in one occasion for women/men is linked consistently with alcohol-related harms. Recent research suggests that many individuals drink at levels more than twice this cutoff (8+/10+ drinks), commonly referred to as "high-intensity drinking." Prevalence rates of high-intensity drinki...
Article
Previous research has called the validity of the commonly used 4 +/5 + (women/men, respectively) definition for heavy episodic drinking (HED) into question. This definition does not allow researchers to capture the considerable heterogeneity among heavy, “at risk” drinkers. Spline regression methods were used to identify a flattening in the curve i...
Article
Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use is prevalent among young adult drinkers and associated with increased risk for harms. Less understood about SAM use is whether increased risk is incurred on SAM use occasions relative to occasions in which individuals used only 1 substance. From a sample of young adult SAM users, we compared occasions in...
Article
Prevalence of heavy alcohol use remain high, and daily marijuana use is at an all-time high in young adults. As perceptions of drug effects may guide risky decision making, understanding subjective feelings for alcohol and marijuana use is critical. Existing laboratory-based and diary metrics (0-100 rating of "how drunk/high do you feel?") may be p...
Article
Objective: Combined use of alcohol and cannabis has increased in recent years among certain age groups, and it is well established that individuals who use both alcohol and cannabis (especially if they use both at the same time) are at increased risk for substance-related harms relative to individuals who use only one substance. Far less attention...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol use predicts short- and long-term memory impairment. However, it is unclear how alcohol influences subjective memory, which refers to perceptions of one’s own memory functioning. This study examined associations between daily alcohol use and memory lapses (i.e., subjective memory) and evaluated perceived impact of memory lapses on daily lif...
Article
Full-text available
Background Childhood maltreatment (CM) can be an impediment to normative development and consistently predicts increased risk for substance misuse and polysubstance use (polySU). Yet, a subset of individuals who experience CM exhibit successful adaptations across the lifespan. Although there is an expansive literature on socioemotional and cognitiv...
Article
Simultaneous use of alcohol and cannabis or marijuana ("SAM") use is prevalent among young adults and associated with adverse outcomes. Impulsivity is a key construct associated with alcohol and other substance use in this age group, but scant work has considered the role of individual facets of impulsivity on SAM use. The present study compared la...
Article
Introduction: Prevalence of alcohol and marijuana use is highest in young adulthood and an increasing number of young adults report simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use, which is consistently linked with numerous negative consequences. To better understand reasons for engaging in SAM use and to refine measurement of subjective effects of SA...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The co-morbidity of binge eating and heavy drinking (BE + HD) is a serious concern due to the high prevalence rates and associated elevated severity. Clarifying the momentary factors that increase risk for binge eating and heavy drinking among BE + HD is important for expanding theoretical models of BE + HD and informing treatment recommend...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose – The co-morbidity of binge eating and heavy drinking (BE+HD) is a serious concern due to the high prevalence rates and associated elevated severity. Clarifying the momentary factors that increase risk for binge eating and heavy drinking among BE+HD is important for expanding theoretical models of BE+HD and informing treatment recommendatio...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The COVID-19 pandemic has potential for long-lasting effects on college students’ well-being. We examine changes from just before to during the pandemic in indicators of health and well-being and comprehensive profiles of health and well-being, along with links between covariates and profiles during the pandemic. Participants 1,004 stude...
Article
Objective: Simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana (SAM) is common among U.S. college students, but little research has examined specific substance use behaviors during SAM use episodes. This study identified latent classes of SAM users based on their SAM, alcohol-only, and marijuana-only use episodes. Method: College student SAM users (N = 28...
Preprint
Full-text available
Influential psychological theories hypothesize that people consume alcohol in response to the experience of both negative and positive emotions. Despite two decades of daily diary and ecological momentary assessment research, it remains unclear whether people consume more alcohol on days they experience higher negative and positive affect in everyd...
Article
Background: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and mental health disorders may change and co-occur in complex patterns across adult ages, but these processes can be difficult to capture with traditional statistical approaches. Objective: To elucidate disorder prevalence and comorbidities across adult ages by using time-varying effect models (TVEMs),...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Substance use and use disorders in the US have had significant and devastating impacts on individuals and communities, and the escalating substance use crisis calls for urgent and innovative solutions to effectively detect and provide interventions for individuals in times of need. Recent mHealth-based approaches offer promising new oppo...
Article
Background: Substance use and use disorders in the United States have had significant and devastating impacts on individuals and communities. This escalating substance use crisis calls for urgent and innovative solutions to effectively detect and provide interventions for individuals in times of need. Recent mobile health (mHealth)-based approache...
Article
Full-text available
Alcohol use is typically associated with impaired cognitive functioning on tasks related to attention and concentration. However, it remains unclear whether these impairments persist across days in ways that are noticeable to the individual. We examined this using the daily diary project of the Midlife in the United States Refresher cohort. Partici...
Article
Background and aims The simultaneous use of alcohol and cannabis (“simultaneous alcohol and marijuana [SAM] use”) is common among young adults and associated with negative substance-related consequences. SAM use may be tied to fluctuating mood states such as negative affect and individual characteristics including trait level of anxiety and sex. Ho...
Article
Introduction Subjective ratings of cannabis effects are important predictors of use-related consequences. However, psychometric research is fairly limited, particularly for measures to capture variability in daily life when diverse modes of cannabis administration and co-substance use are common. Methods This study evaluated the predictive utility...
Article
Purpose Social isolation, anxiety, and depression have significantly increased during the COVID-19 pandemic among college students. We examine a key protective factor—students’ sense of belonging with their college—to understand (1) how belongingness varies overall and for key sociodemographic groups (first-generation, underrepresented racial/ethni...
Chapter
Alcohol use disorder is by far the most prevalent substance use disorder in the general population and is a major contributor to disease worldwide. Recovery from the disorder is a dynamic process of change, and individuals take many different routes to resolve their alcohol problems and seek to achieve a life worth living. Total abstention is not t...
Article
Full-text available
At the population level, use of multiple substances (or “co-use”) is prevalent in young adulthood and linked with increased risk for experiencing substance-related harms. Less understood is the heterogeneity of substance use behaviors within individuals and across days, as well as the proximal predictors of these daily use patterns. The present stu...
Article
The present study examined associations between exercise and alcohol use at the between- and within-person levels, including temporal sequencing and the impact of gender. Participants were 221 college students that completed an online survey and 14 daily surveys assessing their daily exercise and alcohol use. Individuals who reported higher exercis...
Article
Background Recent reports indicate that simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use is a growing health concern among college students. As SAM use consists of both alcohol and marijuana, risk factors associated with either can serve as plausible targets by prevention efforts to reduce SAM use. Objectives: To explore this, the current study investi...
Article
Objective: As cannabis products are becoming increasingly available and young adults are increasingly using vaporizers to consume cannabis, there is a need to understand how this population is using different modes of administration and the extent to which specific modes are associated with differential cannabis use outcomes. Toward this end, the...
Article
Background: Pre-gaming, or drinking before going out, is common among young adults and associated with heavier drinking and negative consequences. However, findings have been mixed as to whether a unique, day-level association between pre-gaming and negative consequences exists independent of alcohol intake. It is also unknown whether young adults...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the prevalence of psychological outcomes (i.e., symptoms of depression and anxiety) by age and age-varying associations between physical activity and psychological outcomes among rural cancer survivors. Participants (N = 219; ages 22–93) completed sociodemographic, psychological, and physical activity questionnaires. Time-varying effect...
Article
Time perspective is conceptualized as a multidimensional construct that assesses individuals’ feelings and thoughts about the past, present, and future. The current study examined relationships between feelings (time attitudes) and thoughts (time orientation) about time and substance use behaviors across three adolescent samples. Participants inclu...
Chapter
In this chapter, we guide the reader through model specification and interpretation in time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) with a continuous dependent variable. We begin by discussing selecting data that meet the requirements for TVEM and structuring the dataset. Next, we discuss technical details, including two variants of spline regression to est...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss the use of time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) for examining time-varying associations in intensive longitudinal data (ILD). We will demonstrate the application of TVEM to examine associations across real-time using data from a 21-day daily diary study assessing interparental and parent-child conflict. Particular focus w...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss extensions of time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) for binary and count outcomes. Specifically, this chapter will present model specification and interpretation of (a) logistic TVEM for binary dependent variables and (b) Poisson TVEM for count dependent variables. Interpretation of logistic models will cover time-varying...
Chapter
In this chapter, we introduce readers to the use of time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) to estimate prevalences and associations that vary as a function of continuous age. Tests of age-varying associations can include either (a) tests of how associations change throughout development as people age in longitudinal studies or (b) tests of how associa...
Chapter
In this chapter, we introduce the use of time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) to examine historical change in the prevalence of health behaviors, investigate how these historical trends vary across population subgroups, and estimate the time-varying associations between risk factors and health behaviors. The empirical example focuses on the historic...
Chapter
We begin with a conceptual overview of time-varying effect modeling (TVEM), focusing on definitions of “time” and how this modeling framework extends the commonly used linear regression framework. In this first chapter, we describe the concept and promise of TVEM and convey the utility of TVEM findings for researchers (e.g., epidemiologists, preven...
Chapter
In this final chapter, we begin with a discussion of several considerations related to the interpretation of results from time-varying effect modeling (TVEM), including time lags and conceptual differences between TVEM and multilevel modeling for analyzing longitudinal data. We then present several ways that TVEM holds potential to advance the soci...
Article
Young adults' subjective feelings of alcohol's effects are a key predictor of engagement in risky behavior such as deciding whether to drive after drinking. To best inform prevention messaging and tailor intervention techniques that target high-risk drinking, it is critical that our measurement best captures subjective feelings. Standard sliding sc...
Article
This book is the first to introduce applied behavioral, social, and health sciences researchers to a new analytic method, the time-varying effect model (TVEM). It details how TVEM may be used to advance research on developmental and dynamic processes by examining how associations between variables change across time. The book describes how TVEM is...
Article
Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use—or use of both substances with overlapping effects—is common among emerging adults and is linked to increased risk for problematic substance use outcomes. The current study identified subgroups of emerging adult SAM users based on their typical alcohol and marijuana use patterns and compared groups on ke...
Article
Introduction and Aims Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use is reported by roughly 30% of young adult drinkers. Among SAM users, SAM use days have more negative substance‐related consequences than single‐substance days. Little information is available about contextual factors contributing to the likelihood of SAM use on a particular day. Thi...
Article
Background: Individuals who engage in alcohol and cannabis co-occurring use are at heightened risk for negative outcomes than individuals who only use alcohol or only use cannabis, but far less is known about implications of alcohol and cannabis co-occurring use for prescription drug misuse (PDM). Objectives: This study aimed to (1) identify whethe...
Article
Among young adults, subjective feelings of alcohol's effects often guide risky decision making. The majority of studies measuring subjective effects have used singular indices ("How drunk do you feel?") which limits our understanding of young adults' full range of subjective states and their individual differences in subjective effects language. To...
Preprint
Full-text available
Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a significant impediment to normative developmental trajectories and consistently predicts increased risk for a range of adverse outcomes, including substance misuse and polysubstance use (polySU). Yet, a subset of individuals who experience CM exhibit successful adaptations across the lifespan. Though there is an exp...
Article
Affect regulation models state that affect both motivates and reinforces alcohol use. We aimed to examine whether affect levels and rates of change differed across drinking versus nondrinking days in a manner consistent with affect regulation models. Four hundred four regularly drinking adults, aged 18-70 years, completed ecological momentary asses...
Article
Background: Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use, or using alcohol and marijuana in such a way that their effects overlap, is associated with negative health and behavioral outcomes. Objectives: Our study sought to fill gaps in our knowledge on this emerging public health concern by comparing SAM users and alcohol-only users on individual-l...
Article
Background: This study sought to inform research with noncollege-attending emerging adults, an at-risk, and understudied population, by identifying patterns of response following a brief alcohol intervention. This study was a reanalysis of data from a randomized controlled intervention trial testing a brief, personalized feedback alcohol interventi...
Article
Background Alcohol and marijuana co‐users are at heightened vulnerability for experiencing a variety of negative alcohol use outcomes including heavier alcohol use and driving under the influence. The current study explored willingness to experience negative consequences as a potential factor underlying the association between co‐user status and ne...
Article
This event-level study examined within-person differences in consequences for college students who engaged in alcohol-only, marijuana-only, or simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use across 18 weekend days. Participants (n = 451) were asked to report consequences they experienced on each occasion across five different types of events: (a) heav...
Article
Introduction and Aims High‐intensity drinking (HID), or consuming 8+ (10+) drinks in one sitting for women (men), is associated with significant harm. We compared the likelihood of individuals using protective behavioural strategies (PBS) on days with varying levels of drinking (HID, heavy episodic‐only drinking [4‐7/5‐9 drinks for women/men], mode...
Data
Figure S1 V‐HYS data: Intercept‐only models for a) psychotic, b) depressive, and c) anxiety symptoms (solid line represents estimated mean). CI = confidence interval. Figure S2 V‐HYS data: The time‐varying interaction (b) of cannabis use frequency by early onset on a) psychotic, b) depressive, and b) anxiety symptoms. Models are adjusted for SES,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Age of first marijuana use is a key predictor of later educational outcomes, but limited work has identified demographic factors that impact this association across continuous ages of first use. The purpose of this study was threefold: (1) to identify the age-varying prevalence of later college degree attainment as a function of age of...
Article
Heavy episodic drinking (HED) is prevalent among college students and associated with harms. However, many students engage in “high-intensity drinking” (HID) by drinking at thresholds beyond HED. HID relative to HED-only is associated with elevated risk for acute and severe negative consequences. When used, protective behavioral strategies (PBS) ar...
Article
Aims: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are linked with numerous severe detrimental outcomes. Evidence suggests that there is a typology of individuals with an AUD based on the symptoms they report. Scant research has identified how these groups may vary in prevalence by age, which could highlight aspects of problematic drinking behavior that are parti...
Article
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine changes in contemporary patterns of marijuana use and attitudes over time. Given shifts in state-by-state marijuana legislation, there is a reason to believe that the patterns of high school seniors' marijuana use behavior and attitudes about use have changed from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Data are fro...
Article
Full-text available
Aims We tested the age‐varying associations of cannabis use (CU) frequency and disorder (CUD) with psychotic, depressive, and anxiety symptoms in adolescent and adult samples. Moderating effects of early onset (≤15 years) and sex were tested. Design Time‐varying effect models were used to assess the significance of concurrent associations between...
Article
Background: Considerable research has examined impulsivity between individuals, but less research has focused on whether impulsivity fluctuates within a person. Although previous research supports trait levels of impulsivity as a risk factor for increased alcohol involvement, it is unclear whether daily (i.e., state) fluctuations in impulsivity coi...
Article
Background: Emerging adults with lower educational attainment are at higher long-term risk for problematic drinking and alcohol use disorders. Efforts to gain a more in-depth understanding of the drinking habits of nonstudent emerging adults are critical to reduce disparities and to shed light on targets of intervention for this vulnerable group....
Article
Objective The main objective of this study was to test proposed mediators and moderators of a personalized feedback alcohol intervention (PFI) on alcohol use. Data for the current investigation came from an earlier randomized controlled trial of a PFI targeted for nonstudent heavy drinkers between 18‐25 years. Method Participants were 164 (65.9% m...
Article
Background: Young adults report the heaviest drinking of any age group, and many are at risk for experiencing an alcohol use disorder. Most research investigating young adult drinking has focused on single indicators of use. Using multiple dimensions of consumption, such as federal guidelines for daily/weekly drinking and engagement in drinking at...
Article
Aims Alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) use is associated with negative consequences including hazardous alcohol use and driving under the influence. While many studies have focused on correlates of AmED use among college samples, very few have examined patterns of AmED use during adolescence and young adulthood within the general population. A...
Article
Recent research indicates that individuals drank more heavily and experienced more harms on days they consumed alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs). Limited research, thus far, has examined predictors of AmED use on a daily level. Drinking motives, or reasons for drinking, are shown to discern AmED users from non-users, but the extent to which...
Article
Despite a growing literature on college students’ sexual behaviors, little is known about how sexual behaviors, and their associations with alcohol, differ for college and noncollege attenders, and whether these patterns represent changes during college or an extension of pre-college behaviors. This paper applied time-varying effect models to data...
Article
Aims: To identify subgroups of adult drinkers characterized by typical drinking patterns. Methods: We used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III to classify drinkers based on several indicators of drinking. Past-year drinkers aged 18-64 were included (n = 22,776). Results: Latent class analysis revea...
Article
Objective: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is associated with a range of substance-related problems. The majority of prior research on CABs is based on cross-sectional and retrospective reports, which do not account for intraindividual differences in use and may be subject to recall biases. The current research used a daily diary, within-...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that a drinker's environmental and social context can be differentially associated with drinking outcomes. Further, although many researchers have identified that more frequent use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) is associated with lower alcohol consumption and negative consequences, scant research has examined how one'...
Article
Background: The link between use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) and alcohol-related harms is well established, but limited research has examined the context in which AmEDs are consumed. Identifying the social and environmental characteristics of use may illuminate whether AmEDs are used in settings that could increase the likelihood o...
Article
Objective: The current study examined event-level characteristics (e.g., contextual factors, risk behaviors) during the most recent episode of Molly use among a sample of college students who reported previously using Molly. Participants: Participants (N = 151; 66.7% female) were drinkers aged 18 to 25. Data were collected from October to Novemb...
Article
Objective: Popular media have highly publicized alternative forms of alcohol use (e.g., eyeballing, inhaling alcohol vapor) among college students as a growing concern, possibly associated with severe health risks. Formative research indicates rarity of use. Participants and methods: College students (Study 1: n = 411; Study 2: n = 687) complete...
Article
Full-text available
Background: While nonstudent emerging adults are at elevated risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems, there remains a paucity of research devoted specifically to addressing drinking in this group. Objectives: The present study sought to offer unique insights into nonstudent drinking by examining drinking variability across 30 days using a...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that nonstudent emerging adults, as compared to their college-attending peers, are at higher risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems, including alcohol use disorders.The present study sought to extend the limited research on nonstudent drinking by (1) identifying sub-groups of nonstudent drinkers based on their drinking pa...
Article
Mixing alcohol with diet beverages, as compared to mixing the same amount of alcohol with a regular beverage, is associated with greater intoxication. This may occur because diet mixers increase alcohol absorption rates. Thus, it is plausible that the use of diet mixers may increase the risk of alcohol-related harms. The current study sought to (1)...
Article
Background: Caffeinated alcoholic beverages (e.g., Red Bull and vodka) are popular but associated with negative consequences. CABs may be particularly popular during Spring Break, a potentially risky social event. Objectives: We aimed to identify the prevalence of Spring Break caffeinated alcohol use, determine how caffeinated alcohol use Spring...
Article
Background: Although the majority of research on partner drinking styles has examined married couples, dating partners may influence one another's problem behaviors including alcohol use. Objectives: This study identified patterns of at-risk alcohol use in college women and their dating partners using a person-centered statistical approach (i.e....
Article
Background: While prior research has shown that age of first intoxication (AI) is associated with negative alcohol outcomes, limited research has examined factors accounting for this relationship. Alcohol expectancies, or beliefs about the effects of alcohol, may explain such associations as both positive and negative expectancies have been shown...
Article
Background: Emerging adults have the highest prevalence of heavy drinking as compared to all other age groups. Given the negative consequences associated with such drinking, additional research efforts focused on at-risk consumption are warranted. The current study sought to identify patterns of situational antecedents to drinking and to examine t...
Article
In the current investigation, we sought to examine "day-of-the-week" drinking of an at-risk sample of nonstudent emerging adults and whether specific factors are associated with differential drinking patterns. Our study aims were to (a) identify differences in weekday versus weekend drinking, and (b) examine specific expectancies (i.e., sociability...
Article
Research suggests that nonstudent emerging adults may be at elevated risk of alcohol-related problems in adulthood. The present study utilized a qualitative approach to broaden our understanding of the drinking-related perceptions and experiences of heavy drinking nonstudents, with the ultimate goal of generating meaningful knowledge that could aid...
Article
Research shows that heavier alcohol use is associated with physical aggression. Scant research has examined the way in which alcohol relates to other forms of aggression, such as indirect aggression (e.g., malicious humor, social exclusion). Given the possible negative consequences of indirect aggression and the limited evidence suggesting alcohol...
Article
Background: Molly is one form of MDMA that is touted to be more "pure" and potentially less harmful than other forms, such as ecstasy. Media reports and case studies suggest this drug is popular among college students and is related to adverse health problems. The current study sought to address the gaps in our knowledge about Molly by examining w...
Article
The present study sought to further understand the association between caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use and alcohol-related risks. In particular, we focused on the role of two identified expectancies specific to CAB use: intoxication enhancement and avoidance of negative consequences. Although outcome expectancies are consistent predictors...
Article
Objective: Use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to be associated with alcohol outcomes among college students in general. Only a few studies, however, have examined how mental health is related to PBS and alcohol use. Furthermore, research has not yet investigated these associations in a longitudinal framework. Consequently...
Article
An extensive body of research asserts alcohol expectancies, or beliefs regarding the effects of alcohol, as an important influence on drinking. However, the extent to which expectancies are related to drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has yet to be examined. Existing alcohol mediational models suggest associations between...
Article
Background: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is related to alcohol-related risk. Limited research has examined outcome expectancies and CAB consumption. Objectives: This study tested the predictive utility of caffeine and alcohol expectancies in CAB use outcomes (i.e. quantity, frequency, and alcohol-related harms). Methods: Participan...
Article
The present study examined time perspective orientation as an underlying factor in explaining the associations between psychological health and alcohol use outcomes. Participants were 250 college students (182 women) from a mid-size public university. Participants completed measures of time perspective orientation, alcohol consumption and problems,...
Article
Caffeinated alcoholic beverages (CABs) are increasingly popular among young adults. The use of such beverages is associated with negative consequences including heavy alcohol use, risky sexual and driving behaviors, as well as other drug use. The prevalence of CAB use and their related harms warrants greater focus into the factors that may explain...
Article
The present study sought to further examine the role of peers on alcohol use and problems among young adults. In particular, we focused on a specific subset of peers in one's social network mostly for activities related to alcohol use called “drinking buddies.” The presence of drinking buddies in one's social network has been shown to predict heavy...
Article
Objective: The current study examined (1) drinking motives as a mediator of risky drinking behaviors (ie, pregaming and drinking games) and alcohol-related problems and (2) whether gender moderates the association between risky drinking behaviors and negative consequences. Participants: Participants (N = 368; 68% female) were drinkers aged 18 to...
Article
This study examined the role of normative perceptions of peer drinking in the relationship between depressive symptoms and alcohol use among college students. Participants (n = 225, 73.3% female) completed measures of depressive symptoms, alcohol use, descriptive alcohol norms, and injunctive norms. Results revealed a positive relationship between...
Article
Growing evidence suggests that the consumption of caffeinated alcoholic beverages (CAB) may be riskier than alcohol alone. Efforts to identify patterns of CAB use and the correlates of such drinking patterns could further our conceptualization of and intervention for this health issue. Consequently, the current study aimed to (1) identify distinct...
Article
The present study examined whether drinking motivations and depressive symptoms would have a stronger impact on alcohol-related problems among adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and their dating partners as compared to non-ACOAs and their dating partners. Participants were 197 undergraduate (60 ACOAs, 137 non-ACOAs) 18 to 25year-old female drinke...
Article
Protective behavioral strategy (PBS) use is associated with less alcohol consumption and fewer alcohol-related problems. Further, greater endorsement of social or enhancement drinking motives (i.e., positive motives) is associated with less frequent PBS use. Limited research has, however, explored coping or conformity motives (i.e., negative motive...
Article
Objective: The use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) has been shown to reduce heavy alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems among college students. Limited research has examined how mental health is related to PBS use in the prediction of alcohol outcomes. Consequently, the aims of the present study were to (a) examine the relatio...
Article
The aim of the study was to examine the separate and combined influence of perceived norms, negative reinforcement drinking motives, and social anxiety on alcohol outcomes. Participants (N = 250) completed measures of injunctive norms, social anxiety, drinking motives, alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems. Data collection occurred in 2010. Whe...

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