Ashley Blawas

Ashley Blawas
Duke University | DU · Division of Marine Science and Conservation

B.S.E. Biomedical Engineering

About

9
Publications
874
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181
Citations

Publications

Publications (9)
Article
Estimates of the energetic costs of locomotion (COL) at different activity levels are necessary to answer fundamental eco-physiological questions and to understand the impacts of anthropogenic disturbance to marine mammals. We combined estimates of energetic costs derived from breath-by-breath respirometry with measurements of overall dynamic body...
Article
Background and objectives: Ischemic events, such as ischemic heart disease and stroke, are the number one cause of death globally. Ischemia prevents blood, carrying essential nutrients and oxygen, from reaching tissues, leading to cell and tissue death, and eventual organ failure. While humans are relatively intolerant to ischemic events, other sp...
Article
Plasticity in the cardiac function of a marine mammal facilitates rapid adjustments to the contrasting metabolic demands of breathing at the surface and diving during an extended apnea. By matching their heart rate ( f H ) to their immediate physiological needs, a marine mammal can improve its metabolic efficiency and maximize the proportion of tim...
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Full-text available
Ischemic events, such as ischemic heart disease and ischemic stroke, are the number one cause of death globally. Ischemia prevents blood, carrying essential nutrients and oxygen, from reaching the tissues leading to cell death, tissue death, and eventual organ failure. While humans are relatively intolerant to these ischemic events, other species,...
Article
Among the many factors that influence the cardiovascular adjustments of marine mammals is the act of respiration at the surface, which facilitates rapid gas exchange and tissue re-perfusion between dives. We measured heart rate ( f H ) in six, adult male bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops truncatus ) spontaneously breathing at the surface to quantify t...
Article
Full-text available
Previous reports suggested the existence of direct somatic motor control over heart rate (fH) responses during diving in some marine mammals, as the result of a cognitive and/or learning process rather than being a reflexive response. This would be beneficial for O2 storage management, but would also allow ventilation-perfusion matching for selecti...
Article
Video abstract: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxqKniwIVf4 In the current study we used transthoracic echocardiography to measure stroke volume (SV), heart rate (fH), and cardiac output (CO) in adult bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), a male beluga calf (Delphinapterus leucas, body mass [Mb] range: 151-175 kg), and an adult female false kil...
Article
Full-text available
Recent data indicate that approximately 12% of children in the United States are affected by neurodevelopmental disorders, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), learning disorders, intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Accumulating evidence implicates a multifactorial etiology for these disorders, with...

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