Asem Khalil

Asem Khalil
Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law | MPIL · Department of Public International Law

About

77
Publications
13,534
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
85
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - July 2015
Birzeit University
Position
  • Associate Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law and Public Administration
June 2012 - July 2015
Birzeit University
Position
  • Dean of the Faculty of Law and Public Administration

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a critical reading of the concept of settler colonialism in Palestine. It engages with the most prominent theorists, Patrick Wolfe and Lorenzo Veracini, taking into consideration the differences between their analyses of the colonial context of the Palestinian territories colonized in 1967. The paper investigates the distinction...
Article
Full-text available
Recent political and legal developments within the Arab region have resurrected previously dormant historical debates and endowed them with a new life and vitality. The theory of exceptionality has been prominent within these debates, being repeatedly reasserted in different constitutional drafts, and even celebrated, as a means through which polit...
Article
Constitutional transformations frequently introduce and open up political spaces for new actors, as was shown during the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ when national movements emerged to demand the removal of long-established authoritarian regimes and instigated a series of institutional power struggles. Subsequent analysis of these events by academics ha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper tentatively asserts that legal studies in Palestine should be considered as a distinct field of knowledge rather as a profession, in which localized legal education helps maintaining the existing legal hierarchies. In advancing this argument, it attempts to establish a second hypothesis: such field of knowledge is related an intrinsicall...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تنطلق هذه الدراسة من افتراض أن "التعددية القانونية" في فلسطين هي وسيلة لفهم الظواهر القانونية، كما أنها تشكل مدخلاً للدولة للتعامل مع الأنظمة المعيارية التي لا يرتبط وجودها بالدولة. لا تهدف هذه الورقة إلى وضع حدود بين قانون الدولة و"القانون العشائري". بدلاً من ذلك، فهي تهدف إلى إظهار مدى أهمية وجود الفئتين، وأنه يمكن للعديد من الم...
Article
Full-text available
تبدأ هذه الورقة بنظرة عامة مقارنة لمعنى وهدف المواطنة، يليه عرض لمختلف طرق الوصول إلى الجنسية أو فقدانها. بعد ذلك ستعرض لاجتهادات قضائية (من الولايات المتحدة، ألمانيا، فرنسا وجنوب أفريقيا) تظهر دور المحكمة في التعامل مع العديد من التحديات التي تواجه المواطنة. وأخيراً، تعرض الخلاصة للمزيد من التساؤلات التي تحتاج إلى معالجة من قبل المحاكم. This pape...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تنطلق هذه الدراسة من افتراض أن "التعددية القانونية" في فلسطين هي وسيلة لفهم الظواهر القانونية، كما أنها تشكل مدخلاً للدولة للتعامل مع الأنظمة المعيارية التي لا يرتبط وجودها بالدولة. لا تهدف هذه الورقة إلى وضع حدود بين قانون الدولة و"القانون العشائري". بدلاً من ذلك، فهي تهدف إلى إظهار مدى أهمية وجود الفئتين، وأنه يمكن للعديد من الم...
Chapter
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تتناول الورقة مفهوم الحقوق الأساسية منذ نشأة الإعلان العالمي لحقوق الإنسان، وتدفقها الى الدساتير الوطنية والفهم المتغير لها بالرغم من ثبات النصوص وتشابهها لدى الاجتهادات القضائية في العالم. من خلال تقديم نظريتان لفهم الحقوق الدستورية في العالم؛ ففي حين تعتبر بعض المحاكم أن تقييد أحد الحقوق مشروعاً – وبالتالي يخضع لاختبار التناسبية...
Chapter
Full-text available
Palestine’s accession to a large number of international treaties occurred in the absence of a constitutional provision that clarified their status within the domestic legal system. In 2018 the Supreme Constitutional Court unsuccessfully tried to fill this gap, and further exacerbated the problem it sought to resolve.
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: عقب قرار الجمعية العامة باعتبار فلسطين دولة غير عضو في الأمم المتحدة بمركز مراقب، نهاية تشرين ثاني 2012، ذهبت الرسمية الفلسطينية تقدم صكوك الانضمام للعديد من الاتفاقيات الدولية متعددة الأطراف، على شكل دفعات، وحتى نهاية عام 2018 بلغت وفقا لـ"التقديرات" حوالي مائة اتفاقية. وقبالة صمت القانون الأساسي الفلسطيني عن التصريح بتحديد جملة م...
Article
Full-text available
The Objective of this report is to provide an updated Jerusalem human rights and governance cluster sector report, to furnish the ground for delineating concrete policies and feasible sector program and project interventions to face sector challenges and shortcomings. The scope of this human rights and governance overview focused: First, Human Righ...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I will discuss whether Economic and Social Rights (ESRs) constitute fundamental rights in Palestine, as a result of their entrenchment in the constitutional text, the Basic Law of the Palestinian Authority; and if yes, which ones. In fact, while in International Human Rights Law (IHRL), ESRs are presented as a monolithic category of...
Article
Full-text available
English Abstract: Palestine’s accession to a large number of international treaties occurred in the absence of a constitutional provision that clarified their status within the domestic legal system. In 2018 the Supreme Constitutional Court unsuccessfully tried to fill this gap, and further exacerbated the problem it sought to resolve. Arabic Abst...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract:تنطلق الدراسة من أهمية موضوعها الذي يعالج حالة الطوارئ باعتبارها إحدى الحالات الواردة ضمن نظرية الظروف الاستثنائية، التي تُشرع لمواجهة خطر معين حال وجسيم تعاصره الدولة، بموجبها يحق للسلطة التنفيذية تجميد الأحكام الدستورية والتشريعية العادية بشكل مؤقت بما يخدم المصلحة العليا لمواجهة هذا الظرف الطارئ. تناولت الدراسة بعض المواضيع المرت...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تتتبع هذه الورقة الأثر الذي تركه الربيع العربي على عملية بناء الدولة الفلسطينية والتهميش التدريجي للقضية الفلسطينية الذي رافقها بالإضافة إلى أثر اعتبار فلسطين دولة مراقب غير عضو في الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة. English Abstract: This paper discusses the impact of the Arab Spring on the Palestinian State-Building Process, as a resu...
Article
State of necessity is used in international law to preclude the wrongfulness of a state’s action which is in prima facie violation of international law. It has a recognized presence in criminal and civil law, and is recognized in the civil law tradition and in the common law tradition, where an actor, confronted with two options, may choose the les...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تسعى الدراسة لبحث حالة الضرورة في بعض التشريعات العربية، باعتبارها خروجا عن الأصل العام. ولذلكتم استعراض الإطار القانوني الناظم لحالة الضرورة، بما فيها تعريف حالة الضرورة والضوابط القانونية لإعمالها، و تم التعرض لآليات الرقابة على حالة الضرورة من حيث صلاحية البرلمان بالمراجعة الاجرائية والرقابة الدستورية على القرارات المتخذة في إطا...
Article
Full-text available
Arabic Abstract: تهدف الدراسة إلى دراسة وتحليل النظام السياسي للسلطة الفلسطينية في ضوء القانون الأساسي المعدل لعام 2003، مبينا أن هذا النظام السياسي يتضمن بذور فنائه، وموضحا لماذا لم يساعد القانون الأساسي في إدارة الصراع على السلطة بين الفصائل المتنافسة. بل على العكس، يدعي الباحث أن القانون الأساسي ساهم في وصول النظام السياسي إلى طريق مسدود. ثم ستق...
Article
Full-text available
يستند الحكم، بالنسبة إلى الفلسطيني، على المكان الذي يعيش فيه الفرد الفلسطيني وعلى وضعيته القانونية في النظام القائم، وغالبًا ما تتسبب الجهود الرامية إلى إصلاح هذا الوضع في ترسيخه. طريقة الحكم في فلسطين تختلف عن طريقة "الحكم" في سائر بلدان العالم. فالحكم خارج فلسطين يعني القواعد التي تحدد كيف يحيا المواطنون حياتهم اليومية تحت مبدأ المساواة بالحقوق....
Article
Full-text available
يرتبط الاستخدام التقليدي للتعددية بالتركيز على الاختلاف والتنوع والحقيقة هو أنها بالأساس مفهوم يعزز من المساواة والوحدة – بالرغم من الاختلاف والتنوع. تشير التعددية في الحقيقة إلى إمكانية التعاضد والتكاتف والعيش المشترك كنموذج سياسي/قانوني ممكن بالرغم من كل ما يدفع لما هو عكس ذلك تماما، سواء كان ذلك بحكم الواقع والطبيعة البشرية والاختلافات الواضحة ل...
Article
Full-text available
The article is interested to show how governance works in Palestine with its relation to Basic Human rights, it starts by displaying a hypothetical situation regarding three Women whom holds different shapes of "Palestinian" IDs in which each of these three women has separate protocol of accessing and obtaining certain human rights. The article pro...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary interest in the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ extends beyond the study of constitutional law or the field of legal studies more generally. One cross-cutting topic that has attracted the attention of jurists and non-jurists alike is the wave of constitutional changes that have accompanied the revolts that have occurred in many Arab countries...
Chapter
This paper aims at assessing the Arab Spring's impact on the Palestinians, in particular in their quest for statehood and their state-building efforts, with particular emphasis on relevant constitutional law and institutions. While it may be impossible to measure the impact of an incomplete process of change in the Arab world on an incomplete state...
Article
Full-text available
The drafting and the adoption of a Basic Law for the Palestinian Authority was a drawn-out and laborious process. This written constitution was an achievement: Palestinian political representatives had endorsed the pillars of Constitutionalism, reproducing this commitment within a single written document. This was a single instance of a wider globa...
Book
Full-text available
مجموعة مقالات حول النظام الدستوري الفلسطيني تم إعادة تجميعها ونشرها في كتاب.
Chapter
Full-text available
this chapter discusses the EU’s promotion of the rule of law and judicial reform in the areas controlled by the Palestinian Authority (PA) in the West Bank. The main part of this chapter is dedicated to an analysis of the legal borders in the Palestinian territories, and their pronounced fragmentation into different areas of jurisdiction. We will d...
Article
In this paper, I first argue that, since the British mandate, citizenship regulations in Palestine contributed to dispossession of the rights of Palestinians, thus preparing for the Palestinian refugee problem and eventually its consolidation. I then argue that citizenship regulations in host countries were exclusionary towards refugees in general,...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the possible impact of global crisis on the economic and social rights of Palestinian refugees in host Arab countries. While the impact of global crisis is not felt only by refugees, this article will only address the case of Palestinian refugees in the Arab states that host the majority of Palestinian refugees; that is, in E...
Article
The paper emphasized the conceptual and didactical, rather than the legal or political, need to note the distinction between the West Bank and Gaza Strip when it comes to legal protection and assistance for refugees. He demonstrated how Israel used the pre-1967 geographical division to widen the gap between Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza St...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I suggest that we consider constitutionalism as an opportunity for contemporary Arab states. I begin by arguing that modern constitutionalism at its core involves the idea of government limited by a concern to restrict states’ margins of manoeuvrability by imposing limitations on them in the name of rule of law and human rights imper...
Article
A new Israeli military Order no. 1650 regarding the Prevention of Infiltration took effect in April 2010. Human rights organizations expressed alarm at the new powers Israeli military forces will have in dealing with Palestinians who do not hold ‘lawful documents’ of stay in the occupied Palestinian territory. The objective of this paper is to inve...
Article
Refugees and migrants’ choice to move from host country to third ones depend largely on the margin of rights they enjoy in host country, the freedom of movement to their country of origin and to third countries. This paper argues that Palestinian refugeehood is a major destabilizing factor in the Arab region. Host countries, as much as third countr...
Article
In this paper I discuss the nature and role of rules by legislated statutes, enacted by the Palestinian Authority since its establishment in 1994, and the rules by military orders, enacted by Israel since its occupation of the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip since 1967. I investigate on the difference between both enactments, th...
Article
A new Israeli military Order no. 1650 regarding Prevention of Infiltration took effect on April 2010. Alarmed voices were raised from human rights organizations on the large powers Israeli military forces will have in dealing with cases of Palestinians who do not hold 'lawful documents' of stay in the occupied Palestinian territory. The objective o...
Article
Full-text available
I will try to show how the establishment of the Palestinian Authority as such constituted a breakthrough for the possibility to establish the Rule of Law in Palestine after Oslo; to establish a system substantially different from the Israeli military government of the “areas” that fell under its control in 1967, deemed “occupied territory” by the i...
Article
The paradox of modern constitutionalism resides in having two imperatives, apparently irreconcilable, i.e. a governmental power generated from the ‘consent of the people’ and, in order to be sustained and effective, that power must be divided, constrained and exercised through distinctive institutional forms. This paradox reflects the dilemma arisi...
Article
In this paper the focus is on the Palestinian political system, its current crisis, its roots and its future. The current crisis reached its apex with the clash of arms between Palestinian factions, which took place in 2007. Its historical roots, however, are much older and deeper. They are inherently connected to the legacy inherited by the Palest...
Article
Since its establishment in 1994, the Palestinian Authority has shown great interest in changing the Palestinian legal system through direct legislative intervention, despite its limited territorial, functional and personal jurisdiction. Yet for migration issues, the legislative intervention has been the exception rather than the rule. Such legislat...
Article
Full-text available
Informal justice refers to the social phenomenon consisting of settling disputes between litigants outside state courts, the formal justice system. “Tribal judges” are the main actors of tribal justice. In recent years, though, conciliation committees were established, sometimes spontaneously, but most of the time, through the direct intervention o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper tackles the issue of Palestinian refugees in host Arab states, their legal status and rights. The paper's criteria can be found in those universally accepted standards applicable on refugees, as a special category of persons in need of national and international protection and assistance, and on those minimum guarantees (human rights and...
Article
This paper speculates about the political system for the state of Palestine. The point of departure is the Palestinian Authority, in control, since 1994, of parts of the occupied Palestinian territory. Without underestimating other possible factors, this paper argues that the failure of the Palestinian Authority, the blockage of its political syste...
Article
Full-text available
Migration law covers the regulation of entry, residence and settlement, border-crossing and departure, sanctions for the transgression of such rules, as well as the protection of migrants through the legal regulation of their rights, often proclaimed on the international level and sometimes incorporated in national law.The legislative position of t...
Article
This paper will look at leading Palestinian thinking and public perceptions on the following: First, the relationship between the three powers of state; different perceptions of the principle of the ‘separation of powers’ in Palestinian literature including the potential separation between the PLO and the PA. Second, the systems which create, amend...
Article
This paper is interested in presenting the status of rights of Palestinians working in Israeli settlements. Available reports suggest that they are subjected to discrimination, exploitation and human-rights violations both in terms of employment conditions and safety measures. In October 2007, the Israeli High Court ruled unanimously that Israeli l...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of irregular migration refers, by definition, to non-citizens who happen to enter, reside and work in a third country, different from their country of origin and/or citizenship in violation of domestic law. In the light of the exceptional case of the occupied Palestinian territory, this paper challenges the concept of "irregular migrati...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter is about the relationship between law and development. More specifically, it is about statutory laws and economic development. The case study will be Palestine after Oslo. Statutory laws are used, in contemporary states or proto-state, as it is the case with the Palestinian Authority, to effectuate change; but change is the natural des...
Article
Full-text available
This report examines the repercussions of citizenship laws on Palestinian identity, and in case of the establishment of a Palestinian state, the repercussions on Palestinian nationality. I trace the origin of Palestinian nationhood, common identity, and peoplehood and show how state laws that were or still in force on parts of Palestine had shaped...
Article
Full-text available
Most modern states have adopted written and rigid constitutions. The existence of a constitution presupposes a constituent power, distinguished from other constituted powers, created by the constitution itself. A constituent power presupposes the ability of a society to develop its capacity to act as a collective, in order to gain (or regain) an ac...
Article
Full-text available
The paper considers circular migration with regard to Palestinian migrant workers and alien workers in Palestine, in context of the EU Communication on Circular Migration (2007). Throughout the paper, the unusualness of the Palestinian situation, both with regards to border control and the lack of sovereignty of the Palestinian Authority is underli...
Article
Full-text available
In modern times, the constitution is considered to be the most appropriate legal instrument to perpetuate a political compromise between entities, groups and individuals composing the state. It intends to guarantee the respect of this ‘social contract’ to which individuals and groups adhere, in order to stop reclaiming rights through violence but r...
Article
Full-text available
Leading forces of a revolution endeavour to congeal its achievements, particularly the new distribution of political power, in a constitution that is superior to all other laws of the land. Nevertheless, constituent power remains inherent in the people, and they may enact it through mass mobilisation that may be bloody sometimes, or peaceful. Const...
Article
Full-text available
Family unification refers to the administrative procedure through which foreign nationals are granted, on the request of a relative, a legal status in the territory of the state where the applicant is legally staying. In the case of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), the regulation of family unification is anomalous, with regards to the conc...
Article
Full-text available
Since its establishment, in 1994, the Palestinian Authority has encouraged the ‘return’ of Palestinians to the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Authority has also enacted an investment promotion law in order to attract foreign capital and investments. These two policies are motivated by the assumption that human and financial capitals are...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at revealing the shortage in legislations and policies adopted by the Palestinian Authority (PA) regarding migration issues, such as regulating the movement of population and foreigners, their residency status, their entry to and exit from the country. Besides, there is lack of clear mechanism for the integration of foreigners and r...

Network

Cited By