Arvydas Galinis

Arvydas Galinis
Lithuanian Energy Institute | LEI

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50
Publications
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337
Citations

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
With the publication of the European Green Deal, the European Union has committed to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050. The envisaged reductions of direct greenhouse gases emissions are seen as technically feasible, but if a wrong path is pursued, significant unintended impacts across borders, sectors, societies and ecosystems may follow. Without...
Article
In the next ten years, the Baltic countries ― Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania ― are planning large investments in renewable power generation and transfer capacity, substantial phase-out of fossil-based power generation, and desynchronization from the Russian electricity grid. In this article, the operational impacts of these changes on the Baltic en...
Article
For the future energy markets, where the role of fossil fuels will be minimized and district heating systems will become more efficient through the use of waste streams, a new concept is proposed based on tri-generation of Fischer–Tropsch (FT) products, heat, and power. The challenge of combining the transport sector with a District Heating (DH) ne...
Article
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In the European Green Deal, EU Commission has set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector by 90% by 2050 compared to the 1990 level. Most likely, transport decarbonization will rely on a rapid expansion of electric and hydrogen vehicle fleet, which would seriously affect not just overall electricity demand, but also the sh...
Article
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For future low-carbon energy systems with high shares of renewable energy, temporal representation becomes the dominant factor that impacts the model outputs and analysis conclusions; therefore, relevant and complex modelling approaches are required. We present and apply specific methodology for modelling wind power plants in long-term planning mod...
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The deployment of renewable energy sources (RES) is an essential strategic objective of sustainable energy development in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Their growing contribution to the total primary energy supply can significantly facilitate the transition to a low-carbon economy. The paper provides findings from an in-depth comparative analysis...
Article
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Electric mobility is promoted as a future transport option that has environmental and economic benefits and encourages sustainable urban transportation. The aim of this study is to reveal the changes in environmental and economic performance if we switched from internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) to battery electric (BEV) or hybrid electric...
Article
There is a growing understanding that energy strategies must not only consider least-cost energy supply options, but also consider various side effects and different perspectives, such as security, customer empowerment, and the impacts on research and innovation systems. However, a framework is needed to prepare and develop a particular country’s e...
Article
This study analyses the distributional impacts of investment subsidies paid to households that install residential energy technologies based on renewable energy sources. The subsidies, covering a significant part of the total investment, play a considerable role in households' energy decisions. Depending on their design, support measures may provid...
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Energy security is one of the critical priorities of energy policy in the European Union and particularly in the Baltic region that is currently transforming itself from an isolated energy island to a highly interconnected area. In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of energy security in Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania in the context of t...
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The improvement of energy efficiency is an essential strategic objective of sustainable energy sector development in the Baltic countries and can significantly facilitate the transition to a low-carbon economy. The paper provides findings from comparative analysis of energy intensity trends during the period 2000–2018 in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuan...
Article
The development of domestic energy generation is often expected to provide benefits to the economy through, for example, improved energy trade balance and jobs created. However, the economic impacts of energy development scenarios are not limited to the energy sector, and the decision makers must consider the impacts on the entire economy. In this...
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Demands on forest bioenergy feedstock are expected to increase in many countries due to climate change mitigation. However, sustainable use of forest biomass resources can be ensured only if local and landscape conditions are taken into account, linking energy use to its resource base. The aim of this study was to analyse the forest biomass potenti...
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The paper provides a comparative analysis of economic growth in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and discusses differences in development of the main sectors during the period 2000–2016. Based on detailed analysis of energy sector development, the driving factors influencing changes in primary energy consumption in each country and in the Baltic regio...
Chapter
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die leitungsgebundene Energieversorgung, insbesondere mit Strom-, Gas- und Fernwärme, in Litauen. Nationale Besonderheiten und Entwicklungen werden diskutiert. Aufbauend auf der Darstellung ausgewählter Zeitreihen wird der technisch-ökonomische Sachstand analysiert. Die Ausführungen weisen auf Verbesserungspote...
Article
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The representation of wind power plants electricity generation in economic models for energy planning is problematic, since generation in wind power plants is variable and it is not possible to predict accurately enough wind fluctuations for more than a few days. Often, wind power plants generation patterns from a single historical year are repeate...
Article
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In this paper, district heating scenarios towards carbon neutral district heat production in 2050 were formed for Helsinki region, Warsaw and Kaunas based on the plans and goals of the studied cities and the companies supplying district heat in these regions. It was found that increased use of biomass and waste as well as utilization of geothermal...
Article
Renewable energy and local resources play increasingly important role in the contemporary energy system. However, many energy planning models fail to represent peculiarities and constraints related to the use of bioenergy and other local resources. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of modelling methods used for the reflection o...
Article
Rengiant Lietuvai reikšmingus energetikos sektoriaus perspektyvinės plėtros projektus ir strateginius dokumentus, labai svarbu įvairiapusiškai išnagrinėti energijos naudojimo ūkio šakose kaitos tendencijas, numatyti racionalius perspektyvinius energijos poreikius taikant modernius energetikos planavimo metodus ir matematinius modelius, pagrįsti rac...
Article
Lithuania's electricity import share compared to consumption is one of the highest among the European countries. The newly constructed inter-system power links connecting Lithuania to Swedish and Polish power systems will widen the low-cost electricity import possibilities. The electricity markets of the entire region (Baltic, Nordic, Poland and Ge...
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The main purpose of this paper is to review the methodologies for quantitative evaluation of economic externalities (impacts on employment, current account balance, etc.) caused by the development of the energy sector and to reveal the possibilities to apply these evaluation methods in praxis. It is found that the most accurate results can be obtai...
Article
Analysis of the Lithuanian energy sector development over medium and long-term period and preparation of strategic documents is a complex problem. Comprehensive analysis of energy consumption trends and application of appropriate energy planning tools is required. Forecast of final energy demand should be prepared taking into consideration that fav...
Article
The closure of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, impact of recent global recession of the economy, as well as changes and problems posed by the global climate change require significant alterations in the Lithuanian energy sector development. This paper describes the current status and specific features of the Lithuanian power system, and in particular...
Article
This paper describes recent changes in the Lithuanian economy and the energy sector. It presents a methodology of energy planning in Lithuania, and describes the main principles of energy demand forecasting based application of econometric models and the simulation MAED model. It also presents a short description of the optimisation MESSAGE model a...
Chapter
This paper provides a description of the Lithuanian energy sector and its specific features, including changes in the structure of primary energy consumption and electricity generation, trends in primary energy, final energy and electricity demand. Energy policy related to the safety of Ignalina NPP and the construction of a new nuclear power plant...
Conference Paper
The current status of CO2 emissions caused by fossil fuel combustion and trends of future changes are discussed in this paper. At present Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) is dominating in the Lithuanian power system. It produces more than 70% of total electricity generation. After its closure at the end of 2009 power plants using fossil fuels wil...
Article
For the middle and long term modernisation analysis of the district heating system's heat production subsystem it is not enough to identify the economic indicators. A complex multi-criterion evaluation is required. This work describes the 3E (energy, economy, ecology) multi-criterion factor, which evaluates the significance of the main three criter...
Article
Aspects of continuing nuclear power plant operation in Lithuania are discussed in the paper. The major factors influencing the development of energy sector over a long-time period are analysed: growth of electricity demand, future scenarios of fuel price development, expected changes in electricity production cost in electricity markets of neighbou...
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Prognosis of environmental quality in Baltic states related with the closure of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant according to two electricity production scenarios was made. (Scenario 1 - closure date of Block 1 is 2005, closure date of Block 2 is 2011; Scenario 2 - closure date of Block 1 is 2005, exploitation of Block 2 will be extended at least until...
Article
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102 The paper deals with the application of the MESSAGE model for analysis of the energy sector development in three Baltic countries – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The main issue for the Baltic countries is an efficient, secure and environmentally benign manner of power system development after the pre-determined closure of the Ignalina NPP, the...
Article
The aim of this paper is to set out findings from analysis of the Lithuanian economy and energy sector development and to discuss the main provisions of the draft of the updated National Energy Strategy. The paper presents a short description of tendencies in the Lithuanian economy and energy sector during transition to a free market economy. The m...
Article
The paper deals with predicting carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide emissions generated by power production sector in the Baltic States in period up to year 2020. The economies of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are rapidly growing therefore forecast of emissions related with this occurrence becomes very important. The Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (IN...
Conference Paper
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Kaliningrad region possess similar natural conditions and are linked through their power supply networks. Although there are significant differences in the present use of non-renewable energy sources, the potential hidden in alternative and renewable resources is quite similar. The results of the joint research ca...
Chapter
In the strategy for the development on energy until 2015 the specifications of the present-day energy sector are given: strengths and weaknesses, opportunities for further development, which are expedient to be used, and the threats, which are necessary to be reduced as much as possible. The main strategic goals are identified with the consideratio...
Article
Awareness in Central and Eastern European countries of environmental problems is growing rapidly. Yet the social, economic, and political barriers to implementing drastic policy measures are still formidable. The acceptability of policy measures can be improved when the environmental and economic implications of alternative measures are shown in co...
Article
Awareness in Central and Eastern European countries of environmental problems is growing rapidly. Yet the social, economic, and political barriers to implementing drastic policy measures are still formidable. The acceptability of policy measures can be improved when the environmental and economic implications of alternative measures are shown in co...
Article
The paper presents the data relating to the environmental impact of the nuclear power plant in Lithuania. It analyses the emissions that have been taken place due to electricity generation since 1990 and does not concider those due to heat generation at combined heat and power plants. Historical evaluation of the impact is based on comparison of ac...
Article
The paper dsecribes some problems related to integration into EU, current state of the Lithuanian economy and energy sector and changes in energy consumption during transition period. It provides an anlysis of the main indictors of energy consumtion, such as the ratio of primary energy consumption to GDP, primary and final energy intensity and othe...
Conference Paper
The paper discusses specific features of the energy sector and Lithuanian foreign policy objectives related with integration into European Union, in particular expectations to increase competiveness, possibilities to increase security of energy supply, aspects of environment and safety. Policy instruments such as market liberalisation, price transp...
Chapter
The paper provides a short description of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), the current status of the national economy, and the energy sector. It presents the characteristics of the main Lithuanian power plants, economic development paths, the electricity demand scenarios based on assessment of the behavioural reaction of consumers to the project...
Article
As a consequence of the political changes in 1991, Lithuania is currently facing the challenge of developing an efficient energy supply system. Owing to the outdated energy system and the lack of domestic energy resources, Lithuania has to find the pathway for a sustainable economic development. However, such a strategy should be developed with con...
Article
Full-text available
Total installed capacity of the Lithuanian power plants is 6547 MW, including Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP) with 3000 MW installed capacity and the Lithuanian Thermal Power Plants (Lithuanian TPP) with 1800 MW. Combined Heat and Power plants (CHP) installations account for 780 MW, Kruonis Hydro Pumped Storage Power Plant (Kruonis HPSPP) for 8...
Article
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The paper presents methodological reflections on bottom up modelling of an integrated power market. The geographical scope of the modelling is the Baltic Sea Region (BSR), i.e., of considerable extension. This paper will discuss the structure of sub periods and profiles of electricity and heat demands, which is appropriate for such model. Special e...
Article
The awareness in countries in Central and Eastern Europe of environmental problems is growing rapidly. This is particularly true for problems related to the use of energy. Yet the social, economic and political barriers to implement drastic policy measures - for example the removing of subsidies on energy or a radical reconstruction of the energy s...
Article
Full-text available
Lithuania is on the integration way to the various world organisations and unions, e.g., NATO and EU. In parallel, Lithuania should ratify the main international treaties, charters and protocols, the Kyoto Protocol inter alia. It is not enough just to ratify the Protocol, all the obligations should be taken into account as well. It is an essential...

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